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U.S. Energy Information Administration
In 2013, EIA employed 346 full-time equivalents (FTE). The fiscal year 2013 budget for the agency totaled $99.5 million.
Because the United States supported Israel in the 1973 Arab-Israeli War, Arab states of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) instituted an oil embargo against the U.S. As a result of the embargo and diminishing production at home, the United States suffered a shortage in oil and gasoline, as well as skyrocketing prices.
The embargo, which was lifted in March 1974, "propelled energy issues to the top of the national agenda and ultimately led to the creation of a separate agency for energy." In 1973, President Richard Nixon launched Project Independence with the goal of achieving national energy independence within 10 years. In 1974, Congress created the Federal Energy Administration (FEA), which was subsumed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) upon its establishment in 1977. In 1976, enactment of the Energy Conservation and Production Act resulted in the creation of the Office of Energy Information and Analysis (OEIA) within the FEA. OEIA was a predecessor to today's EIA, which was formed in 1977 as a division of the newly-formed Department of Energy.
EIA's mission statement is as follows:
|“||The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) is the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. EIA collects, analyzes, and disseminates independent and impartial energy information to promote sound policymaking, efficient markets, and public understanding of energy and its interaction with the economy and the environment. EIA is the nation's premier source of energy information and, by law, its data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the U.S. government.||”|
—U.S. Energy Information Administration
EIA produces a broad assortment of reports, which include data, analysis and forecasts. These reports are released on a daily, weekly, monthly, quarterly, annual and incidental basis. Notable reports are noted in the table below:
The table below lists key federal-level BLM staff as of August 2014.
|EIA executive staff as of August 2014|
|Howard K. Gruenspecht||Deputy Administrator||Detailsemail@example.com|
|John Conti||Assistant Administrator for Energy Analysis||Detailsfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Stephen Harvey||Assistant Administrator for Energy Statistics||Detailsemail@example.com|
|Gina Pearson||Assistant Administrator for Communications||Detailsfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Thomas D. Williams||Assistant Administrator for Resource and Technology Management||Detailsemail@example.com|
|Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, "Senior Executive Biographies," accessed August 19, 2014|
The organization chart below is current as of August 2014.
Budget and finance
The table below summarizes EIA appropriations and full-time equivalents (FTEs) for fiscal years 2013 (actual), 2014 (enacted) and 2015 (requested).
|EIA appropriations and FTEs, FY 2013, 2014 and 2015 ($ in thousands)|
|Category||FY 2013 (actual)||FY 2014 (enacted)||FY 2015 (requested)||Percent difference (2014 to 2015)|
|Salaries and benefits||50,642||53,563||55,997||4.54%|
|Other related expenses||14,796||14,968||14,897||-0.47%|
|Source: U.S. Department of Energy, "FY 2015 Congressional Budget Request," March 2014|
- U.S. Energy Information Administration, "About EIA," accessed August 19, 2014
- U.S. Department of Energy, "FY 2015 Congressional Budget Request," March 2014
- U.S. Department of State Office of the Historian, "Oil Embargo, 1973-1974," accessed August 1, 2014
- National Public Radio, "The 1973 Arab Oil Embargo: The Old Rules No Longer Apply," October 16, 2013
- U.S. Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, "History," accessed August 1, 2014
- U.S. Energy Information Administration, "Legislative Timeline," accessed August 19, 2014
- U.S. Energy Information Administration, "Mission and Overview," accessed August 19, 2014
- Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
- U.S. Energy Information Administration, "Products and Services," accessed August 19, 2014
- U.S. Energy Information Administration, "Senior Executive Biographies," accessed August 19, 2014