United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit
- 1 Vacancy warning level
- 2 Active judges
- 3 Jurisdiction
- 4 Caseloads
- 5 Notable cases
- 6 History
- 7 Former judges
- 8 Federal courthouse
- 9 See also
- 10 External links
- 11 References
The United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit, sometimes referred to simply as the Eleventh Circuit, is one of the thirteen federal appellate courts. The court was established in 1981 and has twelve posts. The court is located at the Elbert P. Tuttle U.S. Court of Appeals Building in Atlanta.
Vacancy warning level
There are no pending nominations for the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit.
Article III judges
|Judge Adalberto Jordan||2/15/2012-Present||Susan Black||University of Miami, 1984||University of Miami, 1987|
|Judge Stanley Marcus||Clinton||11/12/1997-Present||Peter Fay||Queens College CUNY, 1967||Harvard Law, 1971|
|Judge Beverly Martin||Obama||1/20/2010 - Present||Robert Lanier Anderson||Stetson University, 1976||University of Georgia Law, 1981|
|Judge Julie Carnes||Obama||7/21/2014-Present||James L. Edmondson||University of Georgia, 1972||University of Georgia Law, 1975|
|Judge Gerald Tjoflat||Ford||10/1/1981 - Present||1989-1996||New Seat|94 Stat. 1994||Duke Law, 1957|
|Judge Frank Hull||Clinton||9/18/1997 - Present||Phyllis Kravitch||Randolph-Macon Woman's College, B.A., 1970||Emory U. Law, J.D., 1973|
|Judge Charles Wilson (Florida)||Clinton||8/9/1999 - Present||Joseph Hatchett||Notre Dame, B.A., 1976||Notre Dame Law, J.D., 1979|
|Judge William Pryor||W. Bush||6/10/2005 - Present||Emmett Cox||Northeast Louisiana U., B.A., 1984||Tulane Law, J.D., 1987|
|Chief Judge Edward Carnes||H.W. Bush||9/10/1992 - Present||Frank Johnson, Jr.||University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, B.S., 1972||Harvard Law, J.D., 1975|
|Judge Robin Rosenbaum||Obama||5/12/2014-Present||Coe College, B.A., 1970||Suffolk U. Law, J.D., 1973|
|Judge Jill Pryor||Obama||9/8/2014-Present||Stanley Birch, Jr.||College of William & Mary, 1985||Yale Law, 1988|
Active Article III judges by appointing political party
This graph displays the percent of active judges by the party of the appointing president and does not reflect how a judge may rule on specific cases or their own political preferences.
|Senior Judge Peter Fay||Ford||10/1/1981 - 1/19/1994||1/19/1994 - Present||Rollins College '51||University of Florida Law '56|
|Senior Judge Robert Lanier Anderson||Carter||10/1/1981 - 1/31/2009||1999-2002||1/31/2009 - Present||Yale College '58||Harvard Law '61|
|Senior Judge Phyllis Kravitch||Carter||10/1/1981 - 12/31/1996||12/31/1996 - Present||Goucher College '41||University of Florida Law '43|
|Senior Judge James L. Edmondson||Reagan||5/7/1986-7/15/2012||2002-2009||7/15/2012-Present||Emory University, 1968||University of Georgia Law, 1971|
|Senior Judge Emmett Cox||Reagan||4/18/1988 - 12/18/2000||12/18/2000 - Present||University of Alabama '57||University of Alabama Law '59|
|Senior Judge Joel Dubina||H.W. Bush||9/15/1986 - 10/26/2013||2009-2013||10/26/2013 - Present||University of Alabama, B.S., 1970||Samford U. Law, J.D., 1973|
|Senior Judge Susan Black (Eleventh Circuit)||H.W. Bush||8/12/1992 - 2/25/2011||2/25/2011 - Present||Florida State U. '64||University of Florida Law '67|
|Senior Judge James Hill||Reagan||10/11/1981 - 10/15/1989||10/15/1989 - Present||University of Southern California '48||Emory Law '48|
Senior judges by appointing political party
This graph displays the percent of senior judges by the party of the appointing president and does not reflect how a judge may rule on specific cases or their own political preferences.
The Eleventh Circuit has appellate jurisdiction over cases heard in one of its subsidiary districts. These cases can include civil and criminal matters that fall under federal law. Appeals of rulings by the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals are petitioned to the Supreme Court of the United States. Justice Clarence Thomas is the Circuit Justice for the Eleventh Circuit.
The United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit has appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts:
|Federal Court Caseload Statistics*|
|Year||Starting case load:||Cases filed:||Total cases:||Cases terminated:||Remaining cases||Terminations on merits:||Terminations on Procedure||Cross Appeals:||Total Terminations:||Written decisions per Judge**|
|*All statistics are taken from the Official Federal Courts' Website (for District Courts) and reflect the calendar year through September. **This statistic reflects only judges that are active for the entire 12 month period.|
For a search-able list of decisions from the Eleventh Circuit, please see:
Eleventh Circuit Searchable Opinions
|• Eleventh Circuit holds that Alabama’s low property tax does not discriminate against poor and minority students (2014)||Click for summary→|
|Students in two poor Alabama counties filed suit against the state, claiming that the low amount of property taxes collected in the state discriminates against poor and minority students. Portions of Alabama’s tax code cap the amount of property tax that can be collected and what types of property fall under that provision of the code. The students argued that the laws were meant to keep rural school districts, which are comprised of mostly black students, from raising funds.
United States District Judge Lynwood Smith previously dismissed the students’ case. In his lengthy order dismissing the case, Judge Smith said while that sections of the laws to which the students objected were enacted for a racially motivated reason, the laws did not disparately impact students across the state. As a result, he could not find the laws unconstitutional.
The Eleventh Circuit’s three-judge panel, consisting of Judges Adalberto Jordan, Robert Lanier Anderson and Brock Hornby (sitting by designation), agreed with Judge Smith. Judge Jordan wrote for the panel. In his opinion, he said that the students lacked standing to bring a challenge to mileage-cap provisions, which the students said is a bar to raising property tax rates. Further, he indicated that Judge Smith did not err in finding that the property classification system was not devised with any racial malice in mind.
Judge Jordan also pointed out that voters in both counties in which the students reside voted against raising property tax rates. Neither county collects at the maximum allowed rate.
Alabama’s property tax rate is $539 per capita, which is the lowest in the nation.
| • Federal injunction against immigration law (2011)|
Judge(s):Rosemary Barkett, Edward Carnes and Frank Hull ((dead link) USA v. State of Alabama, No. 11-14532)
|Click for summary→|
|On October 14, 2011, the Eleventh Circuit ruled on a federal injunction filed against an Alabama immigration law passed in June 2011. The court's ruling did not block all sections of the law, but did add additional blocks to those put in place by U.S. District Judge Sharon Blackburn's ruling in September 2011. Among the sections of the law that were temporarily blocked by the circuit court was one requiring public schools to check the immigration status of all enrolled students, and another making it a misdemeanor for immigrants to fail to carry registration on their person. However, the court allowed the state to enforce some key points of the law, including one that required police to try to determine the immigration status of an individual during lawful stops and arrests, one that invalidated contracts involving illegal immigrants, and one making it a felony crime for illegal immigrants to enter into a business transaction in the state of Alabama.
The full story can be found here.
Parts of the law blocked by Judge Blackburn's ruling included:
Parts of the law blocked by this Eleventh Circuit decision included:
UpdateIn October 2013, the State of Alabama reached a settlement with the American Civil Liberties Union, one of the major challengers of the immigration law. The settlement ended the federal lawsuit and parts of the law voided by the Eleventh Circuit, including the requirement that schools check student citizenship and police detain individuals who could not prove citizenship during stops. It also required the state to pay attorney fees and expenses for bringing the suit.
The Eleventh Circuit was established on October 14, 1980, under 94 Stat. 1994 which broke the then Fifth Circuit up into the Fifth Circuit and the Eleventh Circuit. All of the judges who resided in the newly created Eleventh Circuit were transferred to the new appellate court. The court has had twelve judicial posts since its creation.
The districts within the Eleventh Circuit were originally part of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit. The Eleventh Circuit Act of 1980 was enacted by Congress and effective as of October 1, 1981. For this reason, Fifth Circuit decisions from before this split are considered binding precedent in the Eleventh Circuit.
The following table highlights the development of judicial posts for the Eleventh Circuit:
|October 14, 1980||94 Stat. 1994||12|
Former chief judges
In order to qualify for the office of chief judge in one of the federal courts, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy in the office of chief judge is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position. Unlike the Chief Justice of the United States, a chief judge returns to active service after the expiration of his or her term and does not create a vacancy on the bench by the fact of his or her promotion.