United States District Court for the Central District of California
- 1 Vacancy warning level
- 2 Active judges
- 3 Jurisdiction
- 4 Caseloads
- 5 Notable cases
- 6 History
- 7 Federal courthouse
- 8 See also
- 9 External links
- 10 References
The United States District Court for the Central District of California is one of ninety-four United States district courts. The court serves about seventeen million people in southern and central California, making it the largest federal judicial district by population. The district operates out of courthouses in Santa Ana, Riverside and two locations in Los Angeles. When decisions of the court are appealed, they are appealed to the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, based in downtown San Francisco at the James R. Browing Federal Courthouse. Initial appeals are heard in Pasadena at the Richard Chambers Courthouse.
Vacancy warning level
There are no pending nominations for the United States District Court for the Central District of California.
Article III judges
|Judge James Selna||1945||San Jose, CA||W. Bush||3/27/2003 - Present||Spencer Letts||Stanford U., A.B., 1967||Stanford Law School, J.D., 1970|
|Judge Dean Pregerson||1951||Los Angeles, CA||Clinton||8/1/1996-Present||Wallace Tashima||University of California, Los Angeles, 1972||University of California, Davis, 1976|
|Judge John Walter||1944||Buffalo, NY||W. Bush||5/1/2002-Present||John Davies||Loyola University of Los Angeles, 1966||Loyola University of Los Angeles School of Law, 1969|
|Judge Otis Wright||1944||Tuskegee, AL||W. Bush||4/16/2007 - Present||Gary Taylor||California State U. at Los Angeles, B.A., 1976||Southwestern School of Law, J.D., 1980|
|Judge George Wu||1950||New York, NY||W. Bush||4/17/2007 - Present||Ronald Lew||Pomona College, B.A., 1972||University of Chicago Law School, J.D., 1975|
|Judge Percy Anderson||1948||Long Beach, CA||W. Bush||5/1/2002 - Present||Kim McLane Wardlaw||University of California, Los Angeles, A.B., 1970||University of California, Los Angeles, School of Law, J.D., 1975|
|Judge Cormac Carney||1959||Detroit, MI||W. Bush||04/09/2003 - Present||Carlos R. Moreno||University of California-Los Angeles, 1983||Harvard Law School, 1987|
|Judge David Carter||1944||Providence, RI||10/22/1998-Present||William Rea||University of California, Los Angeles, 1967||University of California, Los Angeles, School of Law, 1972|
|Judge Dale Fischer||1951||Orange, NJ||W. Bush||11/5/2003 - Present||New Seat|116 Stat. 1758||University of South Florida, B.A., 1977||Harvard Law School, J.D., 1980|
|Judge Andrew Guilford||1950||Santa Monica, CA||W. Bush||6/26/2006 - Present||Dickran Tevrizian||University of California, Los Angeles, A.B., 1972||University of California, Los Angeles, School of Law, J.D., 1975|
|Judge Philip Gutierrez||1959||Los Angeles, CA||W. Bush||2/16/2007 - Present||Terry Hatter||University of Notre Dame, B.A., 1981||UCLA School of Law, J.D., 1984|
|Judge Virginia Phillips||1957||Orange, CA||Clinton||11/15/1999 - Present||William Byrne, Jr.||University of California, Riverside, B.A., 1979||University of California, Berkeley, Boalt Hall School of Law, J.D., 1982|
|Chief judge George King||1951||Shanghai, China||Clinton||6/30/1995 - present||10/1/2012-present||New Seat|104 Stat. 5089||University of California, Los Angeles, A.B., 1971||University of Southern California Law School, J.D., 1974|
|Judge Robert Klausner||1941||Los Angeles, CA||W. Bush||11/15/2002 - Present||William Keller||University of Notre Dame, B.A., 1963; U. of Notre Dame, B.S., 1964||Loyola Law School, J.D., 1967|
|Judge James Otero||1951||Los Angeles, CA||W. Bush||02/12/2003 - Present||Richard Paez||California State U., 1973||Stanford Law School, 1976|
|Judge Manuel Real||1924||San Pedro, CA||L.B. Johnson||November 3, 1966 - Present||1982 - 1993||New Seat|80 Stat. 75||University of Southern California, B.S., 1944||Loyola Law School, Los Angeles, CA, LL.B., 1951|
|Judge Christina Snyder||1947||Los Angeles, CA||Clinton||11/10/1997 - Present||Edward Rafeedie||Pomona College, B.A., 1969||Stanford Law School, J.D., 1972|
|Judge Stephen V. Wilson||1941||New York, NY||Reagan||10/17/1985 - Present||New Seat|98 Stat. 333||Lehigh U., B.A., 1963||Brooklyn Law School, J.D., 1967|
|Judge Margaret Morrow||1950||Columbus, NE||Clinton||2/24/1998 - Present||Richard Gadbois||Bryn Mawr College, A.B., 1971||Harvard Law School, J.D., 1974|
|Judge Fernando Olguin||Obama||12/17/2012 - Present||Jacqueline Nguyen||Harvard, 1985||University of California, Berkeley Law, J.D., 1989|
|Judge Dolly Gee||1959||Hawthorne, CA||Obama||1/4/2010 - Present||George Schiavelli||University of California at Los Angeles, B.A., 1981||University of California at Los Angeles School of Law, J.D., 1984|
|Judge Beverly Reid O'Connell||1965||Ventura, CA||Obama||4/11/2013 - Present||Valerie Baker Fairbank||University of California, Los Angeles, B.A. 1986||Pepperdine U. Law, J.D., 1990|
|Judge John A. Kronstadt||1951||Washington, D.C.||Obama||4/14/2011 - Present||Florence-Marie Cooper||Cornell University, B.A., 1973||Yale Law School, J.D., 1976|
|Judge Josephine S. Tucker||1961||St. Louis, MO||Obama||6/22/2010 - Present||Alicemarie Stotler||William Jewell College, B.A., 1983||Harvard Law School, J.D., 1986|
|Judge Michael Fitzgerald (California)||1959||Los Angeles, CA||Obama||3/15/2012 - Present||Howard Matz||Harvard, A.B., 1981||University of California, Berkeley Law, J.D., 1985|
|Judge Jesus Bernal||1963||Culiacan, Sinaloa, Mexico||Obama||12/11/2012 - Present||Stephen Larson||Yale, B.A., 1986||Stanford Law, J.D., 1989|
|Judge André Birotte, Jr.||1966||Newark, New Jersey||Obama||7/22/2014-Present||Gary Feess||Tufts University, 1987||Pepperdine University Law School, 1991|
Active Article III judges by appointing political party
This graph displays the percent of active judges by the party of the appointing president and does not reflect how a judge may rule on specific cases or their own political preferences.
|Senior Judge Valerie Baker Fairbank||W. Bush||2/16/2007 - 3/1/2012||3/1/2012 -Present||UC Santa Barbara, 1971||UCLA School of Law, J.D.|
|Judge Gary Feess||Clinton||7/7/1999-3/13/2014||3/13/2014-Present||Ohio State University, 1970||University of California at Los Angeles, 1974|
|Senior Judge Terry Hatter||Carter||12/20/1979 - 4/22/2005||1998 - 2001||4/22/2005 - Present||Wesleyan U., B.A., 1954||University of Chicago Law School, J.D., 1960|
|Senior Judge Bill Keller||Reagan||10/4/1984 - 10/29/1999||University of California, Berkeley, B.S., 1956||University of California, Los Angeles, School of Law, LL.B., 1960|
|Senior Judge Ronald Lew||Reagan||5/7/1987 - 9/19/2006||9/19/2006 - Present||Loyola U., Los Angeles, CA, B.A., 1964||Southwestern U. School of Law, J.D., 1971|
|Senior Judge Consuelo Marshall||Carter||9/30/1980 - 10/24/2005||2001 - 2005||10/24/2005 - Present||Howard University, B.A., 1958||Howard University, LL.B., 1961|
|Senior Judge Mariana Pfaelzer||Carter||9/23/1978 - 12/31/1997||12/31/1997 - Present||University of California, Santa Barbara, A.B., 1949||University of California, Los Angeles, School of Law, J.D., 1957|
|Senior Judge Robert Timlin||Clinton||9/15/1994 - 2/1/2005||Georgetown University, 1954||Georgetown University Law Center, 1959|
Senior judges by appointing political party
This graph displays the percent of senior judges by the party of the appointing president and does not reflect how a judge may rule on specific cases or their own political preferences.
|Magistrate Judge Charles F. Eick||01/29/1988 - Present||Tulane U., B.A., 1975||University of Texas Law, J.D., 1978|
|Magistrate Judge Stephen Hillman||07/16/1992 - Present||University of California, B.A., 1972||University of Washington Law, J.D., 1975|
|Magistrate Judge Paul Abrams||01/14/2002 - Present||University of California at Berkeley, B.A., 1979||University of California at Berkeley Law, J.D., 1983|
|Magistrate Judge Robert Block||02/17/1995 - Present||University of California, Los Angeles, B.A., 1972||University of California, Los Angeles Law, B.A., 1978|
|Magistrate Judge Jacqueline Chooljian||01/09/2006 - Present||University of California, Los Angeles, B.A., 1982||University of Southern California Law, B.A., 1986|
|Magistrate Judge Victor Kenton||07/02/2001 - Present||University of Connecticut, B.A., 1969||University of California, Los Angeles Law, J.D., 1974|
|Magistrate Judge Fred Mumm||04/03/2006 - Present||University of Virginia, B.S., 1976||College of William and Mary Law, J.D., 1979|
|Magistrate Judge Margaret Nagle||7/25/1997-Present||Boston College, 1972||Columbia Law, 1975|
|Magistrate Judge Arthur Nakazato||08/13/1996 - Present||University of Pittsburgh, B.A., 1975||Temple U. Law, J.D., 1978|
|Magistrate Judge Alicia Rosenberg||03/13/2007 - Present||Wellesley College, B.A., 1982||University of California, Los Angeles Law, J.D., 1985|
|Chief Magistrate Judge Suzanne Segal||07/31/2002 - Present||Claremont McKenna College, B.A., 1982||Cornell Law, J.D., 1987|
|Magistrate Judge Patrick Walsh||05/14/2004 - Present||University of Texas, B.B.A., 1966||University of Arizona Law, J.D., 1969|
|Magistrate Judge Andrew Wistrich||04/04/1994 - Present||University of California, Berkeley, A.B., 1972||University of Chicago Law, J.D., 1976|
|Magistrate Judge Carla Woehrle||06/10/1996 - Present||Pomona College, B.A., 1972||Loyola U. - Los Angeles Law, J.D., 1977|
|Magistrate Judge Ralph Zarefsky||07/30/1997 - Present||Northwestern U., B.A., 1972||Stanford Law, J.D., 1976|
|Magistrate Judge Vijay Chand Gandhi||04/14/2010 - Present||California State U., Fullerton, B.A., 1994||University of Southern California, J.D., 1997|
|Magistrate Judge Sheri Pym||04/19/2011 - Present||Williams College, B.A., 1989||University of California, Los Angeles, Law, J.D., 1994|
|Magistrate Judge David Bristow||6/25/2009 - Present||California State University, 1985||University of the Pacific, 1993|
|Magistrate Judge John McDermott (California)||7/2/2009-Present||Ohio Wesleyan University, 1968||Harvard Law, 1971|
|Magistrate Judge Jean Rosenbluth|
|Magistrate Judge Michael Wilner||4/1/2011-Present||Dartmouth College, 1988||University of Pennsylvania Law, 1991|
|Magistrate Judge Douglas McCormick||8/23/2013 - Present||UC Irvine, 1991||UCLA School of Law, 1995|
|Magistrate Judge Alka Sagar||9/1/2013 - Present||UCLA, 1981||UCLA School of Law, 1984|
|Magistrate Judge Kenly Kiya Kato||7/1/2014-Present||UCLA, 1993||Harvard School of Law, 1996|
|Magistrate Judge Louise A. LaMothe||1/10/2014-Present||Stanford School of Law, 1971|
The Central District of California has original jurisdiction over cases filed within its jurisdiction. These cases can include civil and criminal matters that fall under federal law.
There are three court divisions, each covering the following counties:
|Federal Court Caseload Statistics*|
|Year||Starting case load:||Cases filed:||Total cases:||Cases terminated:||Remaining cases:||Median time (Criminal)**:||Median time (Civil)**:||Three-year civil cases#:||Vacant posts:##||Trials/Post|
|*All statistics are taken from the Official Federal Courts' Website and reflect the calendar year through September.|
**Time in months from filing to completion.
For cases in the Central District of California, see United States Department of Justice-California or Recently Issued Opinions and Orders-Central District of California (dead link).
| • California's death penalty ruled unconstitutional (2014)|
Judge(s):Cormac Carney (Jones v. Chappell, 2:09-cv-02158-CJC)
|Click for summary→|
|On July 16, 2014, Judge Cormac Carney ruled that California's death penalty system violated the Eighth Amendment's prohibition of cruel and unusual punishment, and was therefore unconstitutional. He also found that executions following the California system's inherent delays would "serve no retributive or deterrent purpose and [would] be arbitrary."
Judge Carney concluded his opinion by stating that California's continued delays "resulted in a system that serves no penological purpose," and that "[s]uch a system is unconstitutional." Judge Carney then vacated Jones's death sentence.
| • California foie gras ban (2013)|
Judge(s):Stephen V. Wilson (Association des Eleveurs de Canards et d’Oies du Quebec v. Harris, D.C. No. 2:12-cv-05735-SVW-RZ)
|Click for summary→|
|Judge Stephen V. Wilson presided over a suit brought by out-of-state producers of foie gras over California’s Bird Feeding bill, which served as a ban on the sale of fattened duck liver. The plaintiffs filed a motion for a temporary emergency injunction, arguing that the law was unconstitutionally vague and adversely affected interstate commerce. Judge Wilson denied the motion, ruling that because it was not timely filed, the arguments must be made in court.
The plaintiffs appealed to a three-judge panel of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, where their arguments were heard by Judges Harry Pregerson, Raymond C. Fisher, and Wiley Daniel. The appeals court affirmed Judge Wilson’s ruling, and remanded the case back to his courtroom.
| • Toyota lawsuits (2010-2012)|
Judge(s):James Selna (In re: Toyota Motor Corp. Unintended Acceleration Marketing, Sales Practices, and Products Liability Litigation, 8:10-ml-02151-JVS-FMO)
|Click for summary→|
|Judge James Selna was chosen on April 9, 2010, to preside over 200 lawsuits involving the car maker Toyota. A group of twenty-six attorneys sued Toyota for negligence after the company was forced to recall many vehicles due to sudden acceleration problems. In December 2012, a settlement between Toyota and the claimants was announced. While the exact amount was not known, Toyota was said to have paid $1.2 to $1.4 billion directly to car owners, in order to install new brake systems into millions of cars.|
| • "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" policy (2010)|
Judge(s):Virginia Phillips (Log Cabin Republicans v. United States of America, et al, CV 04-08425-VAP(EX))
|Click for summary→|
|In September 2010, Judge Virginia Phillips ruled that the U.S. military's policy of "Don't Ask, Don't Tell," which outlined the rules regarding homosexuals serving in the armed forces, violated the First and Fifth Amendments of the U.S. Constitution. The ruling found in favor of the plaintiffs, stating that the policy restricted soldiers' rights to substantive due process and free speech. However, the policy was not overturned as a result.
| • Bus shutdown case (2010)|
|Click for summary→|
|Judge King ordered Tierra Santa, an interstate bus transportation company, to cease its operations on March 6, 2010. This came after the Federal Motor Carrier Administration ordered the company to stop operations after a tragic bus accident on March 5, 2010, in Arizona. According to federal authorities, the bus operator during that accident was operating illegally.|
| • Erin Andrews stalker case (2010)|
Judge(s):Manuel Real (USA v. Barrett, 2:09-mj-02270-DUTY)
|Click for summary→|
|Judge Manuel Real presided in the case of Michael David Barrett, a former insurance executive from Illinois who was accused of stalking ESPN sideline reporter Erin Andrews in Wisconsin, Tennessee, and Ohio. Barrett pleaded guilty as part of a plea agreement, and originally agreed to a twenty-seven-month prison sentence. However, Andrews pleaded to Judge Real that she wanted Barrett locked up for as long as possible. Despite her plea for a longer sentence, the judge sentenced Barrett to twenty-seven months in prison on March 15, 2010.|
| • Supermarket labor fraud (2010)|
Judge(s):Percy Anderson (USA v. McGowan et al, 2:08-cr-01116-PA)
|Click for summary→|
|Judge Percy Anderson sentenced two former supermarket managers to probation for telling locked out employees to use false social security numbers to get re-hired during a grocery strike in 2003 and 2004. The two former zone managers for Ralph's Supermarkets were sentenced on March 22, 2010, to two years of probation. They were convicted of falsifying Internal Revenue Service and Immigration and Naturalization Service documents.|
| • Medical Capital Holdings (2009)|
Judge(s):David Carter (Securities and Exchange Commission v. Medical Capital Holdings Inc et al, 8:09-cv-00818-DOC-RNB)
|Click for summary→|
|On July 20, 2009, Judge David Carter barred Medical Capital Holdings Inc. from selling additional securities in an offering that raised at least $76.9 million. The ruling was in response to a complaint alleging fraud against the company filed by the Securities and Exchange Commission. Judge Carter also froze the assets of the company and its subsidiaries, and appointed a temporary receiver to oversee the firm. The SEC filed a complaint on July 16, 2009, alleging that the financial services company committed fraud as far back as 2003. The SEC complaint also alleged that the company lied to shareholders over not reporting $1.2 billion in notes outstanding and $992.5 million in notes that went into default.|
| • California Prop 8 case (2009)|
Judge(s):David Carter (Arthur Smelt et al v. United States of America et al, 8:09-cv-00286-DOC-MLG)
|Click for summary→|
|On July 17, 2009, Judge David Carter threw out a lawsuit involving Proposition 8 on a federal constitutional challenge.
A homosexual couple sued the State of California claiming the 2008 ballot measure violated the Defense of Marriage Act of 1996.The judge's ruling found the plaintiffs were legally married before the enactment of Proposition 8. Because the California Supreme Court in May of 2009 ruled that their marriage would be upheld, there was no "injury" caused by the measure.
| • Green cards (2009)|
|Click for summary→|
|Judge James Selna presided in a case involving age restrictions on immigration green cards. A group of green card holders sued the federal government, claiming that if children turned age twenty-one while their parents were awaiting a green card, they could have new applications signed on their behalf. However, the judge ruled on October 13, 2009, that if a child turned age twenty-one, they must restart the application process.|
| • Beat.com case (2009)|
Judge(s):John Walter (Capitol Records, LLC et al v. Bluebeat Inc. et al, 2:09-cv-08030-JST -JC)
|Click for summary→|
|Judge John Walter was the presiding judge in a lawsuit involving the music website BlueBeat.com. The judge on November 5, 2009, issued a restraining order on the music website on selling songs from the legendary music group The Beatles. EMI, which held the rights to The Beatles music, alleged the website illegally sold Beatles songs. In March 2011, BlueBeat.com agreed to pay over $1 million to EMI in a settlement.|
| • MySpace suicide case (2009)|
Judge(s):George Wu (USA v. Lori Drew, 2:08-cr-00582-GW-1)
|Click for summary→|
|Judge George Wu was the presiding judge in the case of a Missouri woman who was convicted of computer fraud charges stemming from an Internet hoax that prompted a teenage girl to commit suicide. On July 2, 2009, Judge Wu decided to tentatively acquit Lori Drew, who was convicted in November 2008. The decision reversed a jury's verdict which convicted the woman of computer fraud charges.
The case received a lot of national attention and created an uproar on the issue of internet security.
On August 28, 2009, Judge Wu officially reversed the conviction of Lori Drew. The judge found that the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act was not applied beyond a reasonable doubt in convicting Drew of a misdemeanor. Wu said that the federal law that governed terms and conditions of visiting a website was "constitutionally vague."Almost three months later, federal prosecutors said they would not appeal Judge Wu's dismissal of charges against Drew.
| • Economic espionage case (2009)|
Judge(s):Cormac Carney (USA v. Dongfan Chung, 8:08-cr-00024-CJC-1)
|Click for summary→|
|In 2009, Judge Cormac Carney presided over the trial of a Chinese-born engineer who was charged with stealing trade secrets critical to the U.S. space program.
Dongfan "Greg" Chung was found guilty on July 14, 2009, of six counts of economic espionage and other charges, including hoarding 300,000 pages of sensitive documents in his home. The charges included that Chung destroyed information about a U.S. space shuttle and a booster rocket.
Chung was a space engineer for Boeing, and used to work for Rockwell Automation. During the investigation, federal investigators found papers in Chung's home that included top-secret information about a fueling system for a booster rocket. It was against company policy for Boeing employees to take sensitive documents home. The documents that investigators found were part of Boeing's $50 million investment for the booster rocket system.Chung was the first person convicted under the Economic Espionage Act of 1996. The 1996 law was created to help the government crack down on stolen information from private companies that contracted with the federal government. The law applied to contractors that provided technology services for the U.S. space and military programs.
| • Billboards lawsuit (2009)|
Judge(s):Audrey Collins (World Wide Rush LLC et al v. Los Angeles City of et al, 2:07-cv-00238-ABC -JWJ)
|Click for summary→|
|Judge Audrey Collins was the presiding judge in a highly charged lawsuit involving World Wide Rush, LLC and the City of Los Angeles. The lawsuit claimed that the City of Los Angeles wrongfully refused permits to approve billboards in the city. The judge disallowed the lawsuit on the basis there was not enough evidence World Wide Rush could prove beyond a reasonable doubt.|
| • LAPD consent decree case (2009)|
|Click for summary→|
|On July 17, 2009, Judge Gary Feess lifted a decade-long consent decree on the Los Angeles Police Department.
The consent decree happened after the Rampart scandal which affected the anti-gang unit of the police force. The scandal was one of a number of incidents that bruised the image of the department during the 1990s. In 1999, a federal judge ordered that the Los Angeles Police Department appoint an independent monitor and comply with 100 reforms including a ban on all racial profiling.After noted improvements as to how the LAPD conducted its operations, the independent monitor asked the judge for an end to the decree. In ending the decree, the judge approved a transition agreement that would move oversight of the department to the Los Angeles Police Commission. The agreement ordered units of the department to report to the police oversight body. Judge Feess told the parties that the court would keep jurisdiction over the agreement.
| • Sealed records lawsuit (2009)|
Judge(s):Stephen V. Wilson
|Click for summary→|
|On August 4, 2009, the Los Angeles Times and the Associated Press filed a motion asking Judge Stephen V. Wilson to unseal court transcripts in a lawsuit over a Jewish activist who was killed in prison. The motion came after Judge Wilson sealed the records concerning a protective order from the Bureau of Prisons that protected the identity of a prisoner. Judge Wilson closed the civil trial, and only allowed information released to the public after "sensitive information" was removed.|
| • Medi-Cal injunction (2008-2009)|
Judge(s):Christina Snyder (California Medical Association, et al v. Toby Douglas, et al, CV 11-9688 (MANx))
|Click for summary→|
|In August 2008, Judge Christina Snyder issued an original injunction against the California Department of Health Services and the California Legislature. Judge Snyder granted California an injunction on state-mandated cuts of reimbursement rates against Medi-Cal providers.
The original lawsuit was filed by Medi-Cal providers after the state legislature approved ten percent cuts of reimbursement rates for Medi-Cal providers in February 2008. The legislation was approved by both houses of the California legislature and was approved by Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger. The cuts went into effect on July 1, 2008.
On August 18, 2008, Judge Snyder granted a partial injunction against the State of California. Judge Snyder blocked the ten percent cut for providers. However, Snyder ruled that managed-care plans and acute-care hospitals not under contract with the State were subject to the ten percent reductions.
After the August ruling, David Maxwell-Jolly, who headed Medi-Cal, argued that the injunction should apply only to payments for services provided on or after August 18, the day the judge issued the order. Snyder accepted the arguments of Mr. Maxwell-Jolly, and granted the adjustment which prompted appeals by all parties to the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals.
In a separate ruling on February 27, 2009, Snyder issued an injunction against the State of California. Snyder barred the state from imposing a five percent cut in Medi-Cal payments to pharmacies.On July 10, 2009, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals reversed Judge Snyder's decision of withholding reduced reimbursements from July 1 to August 18, 2008. The Ninth Circuit's ruling came amid a serious budget deficit the state faced.
| • Withheld medical treatment for detainee (2008)|
Judge(s):Dean Pregerson (Castaneda v. The United States of America California et al, 2:07-cv-07241-DDP-JC)
|Click for summary→|
|Judge Dean Pregerson ruled that immigration officials' decision to withhold medical treatment from a detainee was "beyond cruel and unusual." The detainee, Francisco Castaneda, died of penile cancer on February 16, 2008.
According to the suit, the government denied the detainee treatment for eleven months, refusing to authorize a biopsy for a growing lesion, despite the urging of numerous medical professionals. Instead, the government gave Castaneda antihistamines, ibuprofen, and extra boxer shorts. The judge characterized the treatment in his ruling as "nothing."Per Los Angeles Times staff writer Henry Weinstein, "Pregerson blasted public health officials' 'attempt to sidestep responsibility for what appear[ed] to be . . . one of the most, if not the most, egregious' violations of the constitutional prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment that 'the court ha[d] ever encountered.'"
The Central District of California was established by Congress on March 18, 1966. Following this act, ten judicial posts were transferred from the Southern District of California, with the addition of three new judicial posts. Over time, fifteen more judicial posts were added for a total of twenty-eight posts.
The following table highlights the development of judicial posts for the Central District of California:
|March 18, 1966||80 Stat. 75||13|
|June 2, 1970||84 Stat. 294||16|
|October 20, 1978||92 Stat. 1629||17|
|July 10, 1984||98 Stat. 333||22|
|December 1, 1990||104 Stat. 5089||27|
|November 2, 2002||116 Stat. 1758||28|
Former chief judges
In order to qualify for the office of chief judge in one of the federal courts, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy in the office of chief judge is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position. Unlike the Chief Justice of the United States, a chief judge returns to active service after the expiration of his or her term and does not create a vacancy on the bench by the fact of his or her promotion.
For more information about the judges of the Central District of California, see former federal judges of the Central District of California.
Four separate courthouses serve the Central District of California.
- United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
- News: Federal Courts, Empty Benches:The Wednesday Vacancy Count 3/7/2012, March 7, 2012
- Central District of California, "Official Website"
- United States Attorney's Office, "Central District of California"
- Central District of California, "Opinions and Orders"
- Central District of California, "Judges' Procedures and Schedules"
- Offices of the United States Attorneys, "U.S. Attorneys Listing," accessed July 31, 2014
- United States District Court for the Central District of California, Jurisdiction
- New York Times, "California Death Penalty System Is Unconstitutional, Federal Judge Rules," July 16, 2014
- Los Angeles Times, "Federal judge rules California death penalty is unconstitutional," July 16, 2014
- Jones v. Chappell, C.D. Cal. 2:09-cv-02158-CJC (2014)
- Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
- The Braiser, "Foie Gras Farmers And Restaurants File Lawsuit To Strike Down ‘Vague’ Ban In California," July 5, 2012
- San Francisco Chronicle, "Foie gras ban triggers California lawsuit," July 3, 2012
- Los Angeles Times, "Judge denies effort to stop California foie gras ban," July 18, 2012
- ABC 7, "Group wants online foie gras ordering nixed in California," June 12, 2013
- The Braiser, "Court of Appeals Rules that California Can Ban Foie Gras Production," September 2, 2013
- Los Angeles Times, "California ban on foie gras upheld by federal appeals court," August 30, 2013
- Ventura County Star, "In brief: SoCal federal court to hear Toyota lawsuits," April 10, 2010
- Beasley Allen Legal News, "Beasley Allen's Miles appointed by court to lead Toyota litigation," May 14, 2010
- MarketWatch, "Kirtland & Packard LLP: Toyota Judge Appoints Michael Louis Kelly to Lead Counsel Committee," May 17, 2010 (dead link)
- LexisNexis: Litigation Resource Community, "Toyota Agrees to Fund Settlement of Unintended Acceleration Cases Worth Up to $1.4 Billion," December 28, 2012
- New York Times, "Judge Rules That Military Policy Violates Rights of Gays," September 9, 2010
- Associated Press, "Judge says she’s inclined to reject government request," October 18, 2010
- Google, "Judge orders bus firm to stop interstate service," March 7, 2010
- Seattle Post-Intelligencer, "Erin Andrews Stalker Gets Jail Time," March 15, 2010 (dead link)
- San Jose-Mercury News, "Probation ordered in SoCal supermarket labor fraud," March 22, 2010 (dead link)
- Los Angeles Times, "Medical Capital Holdings' securities sales blocked," July 21, 2009
- The Examiner, "Lawsuit over Proposition 8 is tossed by federal judge," July 17, 2009
- Associated Press, "Judge: Immigrant kids who 'age out' lose place," October 14, 2009 (dead link)
- TopNews, "Federal judge temporarily restrains Beat.com from selling or streaming Beatles songs," November 6, 2009
- Billboard, "BlueBeat.com to Pay EMI Nearly $1 Million for Illegally Selling Beatles Hits," March 29, 2011
- ChinaNet, "Federal judge acquits Missouri woman charged with computer fraud," July 2, 2009
- Wall Street Journal, "Judge Officially Reverses Lori Drew’s Conviction," August 31, 2009
- San Jose Mercury News, "No appeal of dismissed conviction in MySpace case," November 20, 2009 (dead link)
- Associated Press, "Chinese-born engineer guilty of economic espionage," July 17, 2009 (dead link)
- Los Angeles Times, "Federal judge hands L.A. a billboard lawsuit victory," November 12, 2009 (dead link)
- Associated Press, "Federal judge ends LAPD consent decree," July 17, 2009
- Merced Sun-Star, "LA news outlets challenge sealed federal lawsuit," August 4, 2009
- CaliforniansAware, "Judge Closes Entire Civil Trial in Los Angeles," July 24, 2009
- Courthouse News Service, "Court blocks 10 percent cut on Medi-Cal payments," July 10, 2009 (dead link)
- San Francisco Chronicle, "Cut in Medi-Cal payments to pharmacies blocked," February 28, 2009
- Los Angeles Times, "Fed's actions 'beyond cruel,'" March 18, 2008
- Federal Judicial Center, "History of the Central District of California," accessed July 31, 2014
- United States Courts, "Frequently Asked Questions"
- United States Courts, "On Being Chief Judge," February 2009
- U.S. District Court for the Central District of California, "Court Locations," accessed on August 20, 2014
State of California
|Ballot measures by year||
1910 | 1911 | 1912 | 1914 | 1915 | 1916 | 1919 | 1920 | 1922 | 1924 | 1926 | 1928 | 1930 | 1932 | 1933 | 1934 | 1935 | 1936 | 1938 | 1939 | 1940 | 1942 | 1944 | 1946 | 1948 | 1949 | 1950 | 1952 | 1954 | 1956 | 1958 | 1960 | 1962 | 1964 | 1966 | 1968 | 1970 | 1972 | 1973 | 1974 | 1976 | 1978 | 1980 | 1982 | 1984 | 1986 | 1988 | 1990 | 1992 | 1993 | 1994 | 1996 | 1998 | 2000 | 2002 | 2003 | 2004 | 2005 | 2006 | 2006 (local) | 2008 | 2008 (local) | 2009 | 2009 (local) | 2010 | 2010 (local) | 2011 (local) | 2012 | 2012 (local) | 2014 | 2016 |
|State executive offices||
Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Controller | Treasurer | State Auditor | Superintendent of Public Instruction | Commissioner of Insurance | Secretary of Agriculture | Secretary for Natural Resources | Director of Industrial Relations | President of Public Utilities |
Chief Judge: George King • James Selna • Dean Pregerson • John Walter • Otis Wright • George Wu • Percy Anderson • Cormac Carney • David Carter • Dale Fischer • Andrew Guilford • Philip Gutierrez • Virginia Phillips • Robert Klausner • James Otero • Manuel Real • Christina Snyder • Stephen V. Wilson • Margaret Morrow • Fernando Olguin • Dolly Gee • Beverly Reid O'Connell • John A. Kronstadt • Josephine S. Tucker • Michael Fitzgerald (California) • Jesus Bernal • André Birotte, Jr.
|Magistrate judges||Charles F. Eick • Stephen Hillman • Paul Abrams • Robert Block • Jacqueline Chooljian • Victor Kenton • Fred Mumm • Margaret Nagle • Arthur Nakazato • Alicia Rosenberg • Suzanne Segal • Patrick Walsh • Andrew Wistrich • Carla Woehrle • Ralph Zarefsky • Vijay Chand Gandhi • Sheri Pym • David Bristow • John McDermott (California) • Jean Rosenbluth • Michael Wilner • Douglas McCormick • Alka Sagar • Kenly Kiya Kato • Louise A. LaMothe •|
|Former Article III judges||
Gilbert Jertberg • Carlos Moreno • Kim McLane Wardlaw • Alicemarie Stotler • Audrey Collins • Florence-Marie Cooper • Robert Kelleher • Stephen Larson • Spencer Letts • Howard Matz • George Schiavelli • Robert Takasugi • Harry Pregerson • Pamela Rymer • Richard Paez • Warren Ferguson • Cynthia Holcomb Hall • Ferdinand Francis Fernandez • Leon Rene Yankwich • Albert Lee Stephens, Jr. • Lourdes Baird • Robert Bonner • William Byrne, Jr. • William Byrne, Sr. • Charles Carr • Thurmond Clarke • Elisha Crary • Jesse Curtis • John Davies • Robert Firth • Richard Gadbois • William Gray (California) • Peirson Hall • Andrew Hauk • Irving Hill • Harry Hupp • James Ideman • David Kenyon • Malcolm Lucas • Lawrence Lydick • Linda McLaughlin • Edward Rafeedie • William Rea • Gary L. Taylor • Dickran Tevrizian • Laughlin Waters • Francis Whelan • David Williams (California) • Jacqueline Nguyen • Atsushi Wallace Tashima •
|Former Chief judges|