United States District Court for the Central District of Illinois
- 1 Vacancy warning level
- 2 Active judges
- 3 Jurisdiction
- 4 Caseloads
- 5 Notable cases
- 6 History
- 7 Federal courthouse
- 8 See also
- 9 External links
- 10 References
The United States District Court for the Central District of Illinois is one of ninety-four United States district courts. The district operates out of courthouses in Peoria, Urbana, Springfield and Rock Island, Illinois. When decisions of the court are appealed, they are appealed to the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals, based in Chicago, Illinois, at the Everett M. Dirksen Federal Courthouse and Building.
Vacancy warning level
There are no pending nominations for the United States District Court for the Central District of Illinois.
Article III judges
|Judge Sue Myerscough||October 22, 1951||Springfield, IL||Obama||3/14/2011 - Present||Jeanne Scott||Southern Illinois U., B.A., 1973||Southern Illinois U. School of Law, J.D., 1980|
|Chief judge James E. Shadid||1957||Peoria, IL||Obama||3/10/2011 - Present||3/12/2012 - Present||Michael Mihm||Bradley U., B.S., 1979||John Marshall Law School, J.D., 1983|
|Judge Sara Lynn Darrow||1970||Pontiac, MI||Obama||8/3/2011 - Present||Joe McDade||Marquette U., B.A., 1992||Saint Louis U. Law, J.D., 1997|
|Judge Colin Stirling Bruce||Obama||10/7/2013 - Present||Michael McCuskey||University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, B.A., 1986||U. of Illinois Law, J.D., 1989|
Active Article III judges by appointing political party
This graph displays the percent of active judges by the party of the appointing president and does not reflect how a judge may rule on specific cases or their own political preferences.
|Senior Judge Michael Mihm||Reagan||8/6/1982 - 10/1/2009||1991 - 1998||10/1/2009 - Present||Loras College, B.A., 1964||Saint Louis U. School of Law, J.D., 1967|
|Senior Judge Richard Mills||Reagan||7/22/1985 - 10/7/1997||10/7/1997 - Present||Illinois College, B.A., 1951||Mercer U. School of Law, J.D., 1957|
|Senior Judge Joe McDade||H.W. Bush||11/25/1991 - 2/28/2010||1998 - 2004||02/28/2010 - Present||Bradley U., 1959||University of Michigan Law School, 1963|
|Senior Judge Harold Baker||Carter||3/31/1979 - 10/4/1994||1984 - 1991||10/4/1994 - Present||University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1951||University of Illinois College of Law, 1956|
Senior judges by appointing political party
This graph displays the percent of senior judges by the party of the appointing president and does not reflect how a judge may rule on specific cases or their own political preferences.
|Magistrate Judge David Bernthal||1995 - Present||University of Illinois, B.A., 1972||University of Illinois Law, J.D., 1976|
|Magistrate Judge Thomas Schanzle-Haskins||2014-Present||Southern Illinois University||Southern Illinois University School of Law, J.D.|
|Magistrate Judge Jonathan E. Hawley||3/1/2014 - Present||University of Illinois at Chicago||DePaul College of Law|
The Central District of Illinois has original jurisdiction over cases filed within its jurisdiction. These cases can include civil and criminal matters that fall under federal law.
The courthouses are in Peoria, Rock Island, Springfield and Urbana.
- Adams County
- Brown County
- Bureau County
- Cass County
- Champaign County
- Christian County
- Coles County
- DeWitt County
- Douglas County
- Edgar County
- Ford County
- Fulton County
- Greene County
- Hancock County
- Henderson County
- Henry County
- Iroquois County
- Kankakee County
- Knox County
- Livingston County
- Logan County
- McDonough County
- McLean County
- Macoupin County
- Macon County
- Marshall County
- Mason County
- Menard County
- Mercer County
- Montgomery County
- Morgan County
- Moultrie County
- Peoria County
- Piatt County
- Pike County
- Putnam County
- Rock Island County
- Sangamon County
- Schuyler County
- Scott County
- Shelby County
- Stark County
- Tazewel County
- Vermilion County
- Warren County
- Woodford County
|Federal Court Caseload Statistics*|
|Year||Starting case load:||Cases filed:||Total cases:||Cases terminated:||Remaining cases:||Median time (Criminal)**:||Median time (Civil)**:||Three-year civil cases#:||Vacant posts:##||Trials/Post|
|*All statistics are taken from the Official Federal Courts' Website and reflect the calendar year through September.|
**Time in months from filing to completion.
For a searchable list of opinions, please see Justia.com-Dockets and Filings-Central District of Illinois.
|• Former state judge sentenced after drug scandal (2014)||Click for summary→|
|In March 2014, Judge Joe McDade sentenced Michael N. Cook, formerly of the Illinois Twentieth Judicial Circuit Court, to two years in prison. Cook faced charges relating to his possession of heroin and a firearm, and resigned from the bench shortly after he was implicated in the cocaine-related death of Twentieth Circuit Court Judge Joseph Christ in Cook's hunting lodge. In February 2014, Judge McDade rejected the terms of an earlier plea deal for Cook as insufficient.
Illinois was established as one judicial district by Congress on March 3, 1819, with one post to cover the entire state. The district court was not yet assigned to a judicial circuit and was therefore granted the same jurisdiction as the United States circuit courts, excluding appeals and writs of error, which are the jurisdiction of the United States Supreme Court.
Congress repealed the circuit court jurisdiction of the U.S. District Court for the District of Illinois on March 3, 1837, established a United States circuit court within the district, and assigned it to the Seventh Circuit.
Illinois was divided into two judicial districts on February 13, 1855. The districts were known as the Northern District of Illinois and the Southern District of Illinois. One judgeship was assigned to each district, and the District of Illinois was assigned to the Northern District of Illinois.
The Eastern District of Illinois was established on March 3, 1905. One judgeship was authorized for the district court, as well as an additional judgeship for the Northern District of Illinois. Illinois was again reorganized into the Northern District of Illinois, the Central District of Illinois, and the Southern District of Illinois on October 2, 1978. Thirteen judgeships were assigned for the Northern District of Illinois, two for the Central District of Illinois, and two for the Southern District of Illinois. Over time, two additional judicial posts were added for a total of four current posts.
The following table highlights the development of judicial posts for the Central District of Illinois:
|March 3, 1819||3 Stat. 502||1|
|October 2, 1978||92 Stat. 883||2|
|March 30, 1979||93 Stat. 6||3|
|November 2, 2002||116 Stat. 1758||4|
Former chief judges
In order to qualify for the office of chief judge in one of the federal courts, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy in the office of chief judge is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position. Unlike the Chief Justice of the United States, a chief judge returns to active service after the expiration of his or her term and does not create a vacancy on the bench by the fact of his or her promotion.
For more information about the judges of the Central District of Illinois, see former federal judges of the Central District of Illinois.
Four separate courthouses serve the Central District of Illinois.
- United States District Court for the Central District of Illinois, "Official Website"
- Central District of Illinois, "Federal Judges - General Information"
- Central District of Illinois, "Opinions"
- United States Attorney for the Central District of Illinois, "Official Website"
- Offices of the United States Attorneys, "U.S. Attorneys Listing," accessed on August 4, 2014
- Federal Judicial Center, "History of the Central District of Illinois," accessed on August 4, 2014
- United States Courts, "Frequently Asked Questions"
- United States Courts, "On Being Chief Judge," February 2009
|Magistrate judges||David Bernthal • Thomas Schanzle-Haskins • Jonathan E. Hawley •|
|Former Article III judges|
|Former Chief judges|
State of Illinois
|State executive officers||
Governor | Lieutenant Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Treasurer | Comptroller | Auditor General | Superintendent of Education | Director of Insurance | Director of Agriculture | Director of Natural Resources | Director of Labor | Chairman of Commerce Commission |