United States District Court for the District of Maryland

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District of Maryland
Fourth Circuit
Maryland District.jpeg
Judges: 9
Posts: 10
Vacancies: 1
Active judges
Senior Judges
Magistrate Judges
Chief Magistrate: William Connelly
Former Judges
(Numbers indicate % of seats vacant.)
More than 40%

The United States District Court for the District of Maryland is one of ninety-four United States district courts. When decisions of the court are appealed, they are appealed to the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals based in downtown Richmond, Virginia, at the Lewis F. Powell Federal Courthouse.

The United States Attorney for the District of Maryland represents the United States in civil and criminal litigation in the court. The current district attorney is Rod J. Rosenstein.[1]

Vacancy warning level

The United States District Court for the District of Maryland's vacancy warning level is blue. The court currently has one vacancy of its ten posts.

Pending nominations

Paula XinisUniversity of Virginia, 1991Yale Law School, 1997

Active judges

Article III judges

JudgeBornHomeAppointed byActiveChiefPreceededBachelorsLaw
Judge Richard Bennett (Maryland)1947Baltimore, MDW. Bush 04/10/2003 - PresentFrederic SmalkinUniversity of Pennsylvania, B.A., 1969University of Maryland Law, J.D., 1973
Judge Catherine Blake1950Boston, MAClinton 08/14/1995 - PresentJohn HargroveHarvard-Radcliffe College, A.B., 1972Harvard Law, J.D., 1975
Judge William Quarles1948Baltimore, MDW. Bush 03/14/2003 - PresentWilliam NickersonUniversity of Maryland, B.S., 1976Catholic U. of America, J.D., 1979
Judge Ellen HollanderMay 24, 1949New York, NYObama 12/28/2010 - PresentAndre DavisGoucher College, B.A., 1971Georgetown U. Law, J.D., 1974
Judge James BredarFebruary 6, 1957Omaha, NebraskaObama 12/16/2010 - PresentFrederick MotzHarvard University, B.A., 1979Georgetown University, J.D., 1982
Judge Paul GrimmDecember 26, 1951Yokohama, JapanObama 12/3/2012 - PresentBenson Everett LeggUniversity of California, Davis, A.B., 1973University of New Mexico Law, J.D., 1976
Judge George L. Russell, III1965Baltimore, MDObama 5/14/2012-PresentPeter MessitteMorehouse College, B.A., 1988University of Maryland Law, J.D., 1991
Judge Theodore Chuang1969Bethesda, MarylandObama 5/1/2014-PresentRoger TitusHarvard, B.A., 1991Harvard Law School, J.D., 1994
Judge George Jarrod Hazel1975New York, New YorkObama 5/2/2014-PresentMorehouse College, B.A., 1996Georgetown U. Law, J.D., 1999

Active Article III judges by appointing political party

This graph displays the percent of active judges by the party of the appointing president and does not reflect how a judge may rule on specific cases or their own political preferences.


Senior judges

JudgeAppointed byActiveChiefSeniorBachelorsLaw
Senior Judge Walter BlackReagan 04/21/1982 - 10/20/19941991 - 199410/21/1994 - PresentHarvard, A.B., 1947Harvard Law, LL.B., 1949
Senior Judge Marvin GarbisW. Bush 10/25/1989 - 06/13/200306/14/2003 - PresentJohns Hopkins U., B.E.S., 1958Harvard Law, J.D., 1961
Senior Judge Alex HarveyL.B. Johnson 09/22/1966 - 03/07/19911986 - 199103/08/1991 - PresentYale, B.A., 1947Columbia Law, LL.B., 1950
Senior Judge Frederick MotzReagan 07/12/1985 - 12/16/20101991 - 200112/17/2010 - PresentWesleyan U., A.B., 1964University of Virginia Law, LL.B., 1967
Senior Judge William M. NickersonH.W. Bush 05/14/1990 - 06/10/200206/11/2002 - PresentUniversity of Virginia, B.A., 1955University of Maryland Law, LL.B., 1962
Senior Judge Roger TitusW. Bush 11/06/2003 - 1/17/20141/17/2014 - PresentJohns Hopkins U., B.A., 1963Georgetown U. Law, J.D., 1966
Senior Judge Peter MessitteClinton 10/20/1993 - 08/31/200809/01/2008 - PresentAmherst College, B.A., 1963University of Chicago Law School, J.D., 1966
Senior Judge Deborah ChasanowClinton 10/20/1993-10/2/20142010-201410/3/2014-PresentRutgers University, 1970Stanford University Law, 1974
Senior judge Frederic SmalkinReagan 09/26/1986-01/07/20032001-200301/08/2003-PresentJohns Hopkins University, 1968University of Maryland, 1971

Senior judges by appointing political party

This graph displays the percent of senior judges by the party of the appointing president and does not reflect how a judge may rule on specific cases or their own political preferences.


Magistrate judges

Magistrate Judge William Connelly (Maryland)03/31/1995 - PresentUniversity of Maryland, B.A., 1973University of Maryland Law, J.D., 1976
Magistrate judge Charles Day2/18/1997 - PresentUniversity of Maryland '78University of Maryland Law '84
Magistrate Judge Thomas M. DiGirolamo11/06/1998 - PresentRutgers College, B.A., 1978Pennsylvania State U. Law, J.D., 1981
Magistrate Judge Susan Gauvey02/26/1996 - PresentRosary College, B.A., 1970Northwestern U. Law, J.D., 1973
Magistrate Judge Beth Gasner05/1999 - PresentIndiana U. of Pennsylvania, 1979Georgetown U. Law, J.D., 1983
Magistrate Judge Jillyn Schulze10/24/1994 - PresentWestern Maryland College, B.A., 1973University of Maryland Law, J.D., 1980
Judge Timothy J. Sullivan2012-PresentMarquette University, 1984Georgetown University Law Center, 1987
Magistrate Judge C. Bruce Anderson3/2012 - PresentWestern Maryland College, 1975University of Baltimore Law, J.D., 1992
Magistrate Judge Stephanie A. Gallagher4/18/2011 - PresentGeorgetown U., 1994Harvard Law, J.D., 1997


The Counties of Maryland (click for larger map)

The District of Maryland has original jurisdiction over cases filed within its jurisdiction. These cases can include civil and criminal matters that fall under federal law.

There are two court divisions, each covering the following counties:

The Baltimore (Northern) Division, covering Allegany, Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Balitmore City, Caroline, Carroll, Cecil, Dorchester, Frederick, Garrett, Harford, Howard, Kent, Queen Anne's, Somerset, Talbot, Washington, Wicomico, and Worcester counties

The Greenbelt (Southern) Division, covering Calvert, Charles, Montgomery, Prince George's, and St. Mary's counties




Federal Court Caseload Statistics*
YearStarting case load:Cases filed:Total cases:Cases terminated:Remaining cases:Median time(Criminal)**:Median time(Civil)**:3 Year Civil cases#:Vacant posts:## Trials/Post
2013 4528491194395162 427712.78.2139 (4.6%)4.820
2012 4789490096895159 453012.56.6121 (3.7%)15.723
2011 4751500697574967 479010.87.8179 (5.5%)14.623
2010 4314482391374382 475510.67.4471 (14.2%)22.727
2009 4149455587044383 432110.77547 (17.7%)1217
2008 4092440484964339 415710.97538 (17.9%)119
200736924579827144353836106.3507 (17.3%)020
*All statistics are taken from the Official Federal Courts' Website and reflect the calendar year through September.    **Time in months from filing to completion.
#This statistic includes cases which have been appealed in higher courts.    ##This is the total number of months that any judicial posts had spent vacant that year.

Notable cases

For a searchable list of opinions, please see Opinions of the District of Maryland.


Court history

The District of Maryland was established by Congress on September 24, 1789, with one post to cover the entire state. Over time, nine additional judicial posts were added to the court for a total of ten current posts.[5]

Judicial posts

The following table highlights the development of judicial posts for the District of Maryland:[5]

Year Statute Total Seats
September 24, 1789 1 Stat. 73 1
February 24, 1910 36 Stat. 201 2 (1 Temporary)
1912 Post Expired 1
March 3, 1927 44 Stat. 1346 2
May 19, 1961 75 Stat 80 4
March 18, 1966 80 Stat. 75 5
June 2, 1970 84 Stat. 294 7
October 20, 1978 92 Stat. 1629 9
July 10, 1984 98 Stat. 333 10

Former chief judges

In order to qualify for the office of chief judge in one of the federal courts, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy in the office of chief judge is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position. Unlike the Chief Justice of the United States, a chief judge returns to active service after the expiration of his or her term and does not create a vacancy on the bench by the fact of his or her promotion.[6][7]

Former judges

For more information about the judges of the District of Rhode Island, see former federal judges of the District of Maryland.

Federal courthouse

There are two federal courthouses that serve the District of Maryland.

See also

External links


MarylandMaryland Court of AppealsMaryland Court of Special AppealsMaryland District CourtsMaryland Circuit CourtsMaryland Orphans' CourtUnited States District Court for the District of MarylandUnited States bankruptcy court, District of MarylandUnited States Court of Appeals for the Fourth CircuitMaryland countiesMaryland judicial newsMaryland judicial electionsJudicial selection in MarylandMarylandTemplate.jpg