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United States District Court for the District of Vermont

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District of Vermont
Second Circuit
VT-District seal.gif
Judges: 2
Posts: 2
Vacancies: 0
Active judges
Chief: Christina Reiss
Senior Judges
Magistrate Judges
Former Judges
(Numbers indicate % of seats vacant.)
More than 40%

The United States District Court for the District of Vermont is one of ninety-four United States district courts. The court operates out of three locations in Burlington, Rutland and Brattleboro, Vermont. When decisions of the court are appealed, they are appealed to the Second Circuit Court of Appeals based in Lower Manhattan at the Daniel Patrick Moynihan Federal Courthouse in the New York City Area.

The United States Attorney for the District of Vermont represents the United States in civil and criminal litigation in the court. The current district attorney is Eugenia Cowles.[1]

Vacancy warning level

The United States District Court for the Middle District of Vermont's vacancy warning level is green. The court currently has no vacancies, with all of the posts currently filled.

Pending nominations

There are no pending nominations for the United States District Court for the District of Vermont.

Active judges

Article III judges

JudgeBornHomeAppointed byActiveChiefPreceededBachelorsLaw
Judge Christina Reiss1962Denver, COObama 12/21/2009 - Present2010 - PresentJohn MurthaSt. Michael’s College, B.A.University of Arizona Law, J.D., 1989
Judge Geoffrey Crawford1954Ann Arbor, MichiganObama 6/24/2014-PresentWilliam SessionsYale University, 1977Harvard Law School, 1980

Active Article III judges by appointing political party

This graph displays the percent of active judges by the party of the appointing president and does not reflect how a judge may rule on specific cases or their own political preferences.


Senior judges

JudgeAppointed byActiveChiefSeniorBachelorsLaw
Judge William K. SessionsClinton 08/11/1995-6/15/20142002-20106/15/2014-PresentMiddlebury College, 1969George Washington U. Law, 1972
Senior Judge John Murtha (Vermont)Clinton 05/25/1995 - 05/29/20091995 - 200206/30/2009 - PresentYale, B.A., 1963University of Connecticut Law, LL.B., 1968

Senior judges by appointing political party

This graph displays the percent of senior judges by the party of the appointing president and does not reflect how a judge may rule on specific cases or their own political preferences.


Magistrate judges

Magistrate Judge John Conroy12/22/2008 - PresentNortheastern U.The New England School of Law, J.D., 1982


The Counties of Vermont (click for larger map)

The District of Vermont has original jurisdiction over cases filed within its jurisdiction. These cases can include civil and criminal matters that fall under federal law.

The jurisdiction of the District of Vermont consists of all the counties in the state of Vermont.

The court has locations in Brattleboro, Burlington and Rutland.




Federal Court Caseload Statistics*
YearStarting case load:Cases filed:Total cases:Cases terminated:Remaining cases:Median time(Criminal)**:Median time(Civil)**:3 Year Civil cases#:Vacant posts:## Trials/Post
2013 6036281231676 55511.08.721 (7.6%)032
2012 6465591205608 59712.39.719 (6.1%)027
2011 6125911203555 64812.8923(7.2%)028
2010 5446161160535 62511.68.724 (7.8%)1.713
2009 5895151104557 54713.57.220 (6.8%)313
2008 5605351095505 59013.28.421 (7.9%)010
2007490531102152849314.1816 (6.1%)012
*All statistics are taken from the Official Federal Courts' Website and reflect the calendar year through September.    **Time in months from filing to completion.
#This statistic includes cases which have been appealed in higher courts.    ##This is the total number of months that any judicial posts had spent vacant that year.

Notable cases

For a searchable list of opinions, please see Opinions of the District of Vermont.


Court history

The District of Vermont was created under the Judiciary Act of 1789 under the jurisdiction of the Eastern Circuit Court. Under the Judiciary Act of 1801, the circuits were reorganized and this court was assigned to the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit where it has remained since. Originally created with one judgeship, in a second judgeship was added 1966.[8]

Judicial posts

The following table highlights the development of judicial posts for the District of Vermont:

Year Statute Total Seats
March 02, 1791 1 Stat. 197 1 (District of Vermont)
March 18, 1966 80 Stat. 75 2 (1 District)

Former chief judges

In order to qualify for the office of chief judge in one of the federal courts, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy in the office of chief judge is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position. Unlike the Chief Justice of the United States, a chief judge returns to active service after the expiration of his or her term and does not create a vacancy on the bench by the fact of his or her promotion.[9][10]

Former judges

For more information on the judges of the District of Vermont, see former federal judges of the District of Vermont.

See also

External links