United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania
- 1 Vacancy warning level
- 2 Active judges
- 3 Jurisdiction
- 4 Caseloads
- 5 History
- 6 Federal courthouse
- 7 See also
- 8 External links
- 9 References
The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania is one of ninety-four United States district courts. It is one of the original thirteen federal judiciary districts created by the Judiciary Act of 1789.
Vacancy warning level
There are no pending nominations for the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.
Article III judges
|Chief Judge Petrese Tucker||1951||Philadelphia, PA||Clinton||06/01/2000 - Present||5/1/2013-Present||Thomas O'Neill||Temple U., B.A., 1973||Temple U. Law, J.D., 1976|
|Judge Legrome Davis||1952||Columbus, OH||W. Bush||04/23/2002 - Present||Edmund Ludwig||Princeton, B.A., 1973||Rutgers U. Law, J.D., 1976|
|Judge Cynthia Rufe||1948||Philadelphia, PA||W. Bush||05/03/2002 - Present||Norma Shapiro||Adelphi University, 1970||Buffalo SUNY, 1977|
|Judge Tim Savage||1946||Philadelphia, PA||W. Bush||08/01/2002 - Present||Edward Cahn||Assumption College, B.A., 1968||Temple U. Law, J.D., 1971|
|Judge James Gardner (Pennsylvania)||1940||Allentown, PA||W. Bush||10/03/2002-Present||Jan Dubois||Yale University, 1962||Harvard Law, 1965|
|Judge Gene Pratter||1949||Chicago, IL||W. Bush||06/16/2004 - Present||William Yohn||Stanford, 1971||University of Pennsylvania Law School, 1975|
|Judge Lawrence Stengel||1952||Lancaster, PA||W. Bush||06/21/2004 - Present||Ronald Buckwalter||St. Joseph's College, B.A., 1974||University of Pittsburgh School of Law, J.D., 1980|
|Judge Paul Diamond||1953||Brooklyn, NY||W. Bush||6/22/2004-Present||Herbert Hutton||Columbia, 1974||University of Pennsylvania Law, 1977|
|Judge Juan Sanchez||1955||Vega Baja, Puerto Rico||W. Bush||6/24/2004-Present||Jay Waldman||City College CUNY, 1978||University of Pennsylvania Law School, 1981|
|Judge Felipe Restrepo||1959||Medellin, Colombia||Obama||6/17/2013-Present||Anita Brody||University of Pennsylvania, 1981||Tulane Law, 1986|
|Judge Darnell Jones||1949||Claremore, OK||W. Bush||10/30/2008 - Present||Bruce Kauffman||Southwestern College, A.B., 1972||The American U., J.D., 1975|
|Judge Mitchell Goldberg||1959||Philadelphia, PA||W. Bush||10/31/2008 - Present||John Padova||Ithaca College, A.B., 1981||Temple U. Law, J.D., 1986|
|Judge Joel Slomsky||1946||Brooklyn, NY||W. Bush||10/06/2008 - Present||James Giles||Brooklyn College CUNY, B.A., 1967||New York Law , J.D., 1970|
|Judge Jeffrey L. Schmehl||1955||Reading, PA||Obama||6/13/2013 - Present||Thomas Golden||Dickinson College, B.A., 1977||University of Toledo Law, J.D., 1980|
|Judge Edward G. Smith||1961||Easton, Pennsylvania||3/26/2014-Present||Berle Schiller||Franklin & Marshall College, B.A., 1983||Dickinson School of Law of the Pennsylvania State, J.D., 1986|
|Judge Nitza I. Quinones Alejandro||1951||Hato Rey, Puerto Rico||Obama||6/13/2013 - Present||Barclay Surrick||University of Puerto Rico, B.B.A., 1972||University of Puerto Rico Law, J.D., 1975|
|Judge Gerald Austin McHugh, Jr||1954||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania||3/26/2014-Present||Harvey Bartle||St. Joseph's U., 976||University of Pennsylvania Law, 1979|
|Judge Wendy Beetlestone||1961||Ibadan, Nigeria||Obama||11/20/2014-Present||Michael Baylson||Liverpool University, 1984||University of Pennsylvania Law, 1993|
|Judge Mark A. Kearney||1962||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania||Obama||12/3/2014||Curtis Joyner||Villanova University, 1984||Villanova University Law, 1987|
|Judge Joseph F. Leeson, Jr.||1955||Allentown, Pennsylvania||Obama||12/4/2014-Present||Eduardo Robreno||DeSales University, 1977||Catholic University of America Law, 1980|
|Judge Gerald J. Pappert||1963||Albany, New York||Obama||12/3/2014-Present||Stewart Dalzell||Villanova University, 1985||University of Notre Dame, 1988|
Active Article III judges by appointing political party
This graph displays the percent of active judges by the party of the appointing president and does not reflect how a judge may rule on specific cases or their own political preferences.
|Senior Judge Harvey Bartle||H.W. Bush||09/16/1991 - 10/1/2011||2006 - 2011||10/1/2011 - Present||Princeton, B.A., 1962||University of Pennsylvania Law, LL.B., 1965|
|Senior Judge William Ditter||Nixon||10/15/1970 - 10/18/1986||10/19/1986 - Present||Ursinus College, B.A., 1943||University of Pennsylvania Law, LL.B., 1948|
|Senior Judge Norma Shapiro||Carter||8/11/1978-12/30/1998||12/31/1998-Present||University of Michigan, 1948||University of Pennsylvania Law, 1951|
|Senior Judge Lowell Reed||Reagan||4/20/1988-6/20/1999||6/21/1999-Present||University of Wisconsin, 1952||Temple University Law, 1958|
|Senior Judge Thomas O'Neill||Reagan||08/05/1983 - 07/05/1996||07/06/1996 - Present||Catholic U. of America, A.B., 1950||University of Pennsylvania, LL.B., 1953|
|Senior Judge Edmund Ludwig||Reagan||10/17/1985 - 05/20/1997||05/20/1997 - Present||Harvard, A.B., 1949||Harvard Law, LL.B., 1952|
|Senior Judge Robert Kelly||Reagan||06/26/1987 - 07/16/2001||07/17/2001 - Present||Villanova U., B.S., 1957||Temple U. Law, LL.B., 1960|
|Senior Judge Jan Dubois||Reagan||07/27/1988 - 04/14/2002||04/15/2002 - Present||University of Pennsylvania, B.S., 1952||Yale Law , LL.B., 1957|
|Senior Judge Ronald Buckwalter||H.W. Bush||03/12/1990 - 12/10/2003||12/11/2003 - Present||Franklin and Marshall College, A.B., 1958||College of William and Mary Law, B.C.L., 1962|
|Senior Judge William Yohn||H.W. Bush||09/16/1991 - 11/19/2003||11/20/2003 - Present||Princeton, B.A., 1957||Yale Law, J.D., 1960|
|Senior Judge John Padova||H.W. Bush||03/18/1992 - 02/10/2008||02/11/2008 - Present||Villanova U., A.B., 1956||Temple U. Law, J.D., 1959|
|Senior Judge Stewart Dalzell||H.W. Bush||09/16/1991-10/31/2013||10/31/2013-Present||University of Pennsylvania, Wharton School of Business, 1965||University of Pennsylvania Law School, 1969|
|Senior Judge Curtis Joyner||H.W. Bush||04/13/1992-5/1/2013||2011-2013||5/1/2013-Present||Central State U., Ohio, B.S., 1971||Howard U. Law, J.D., 1974|
|Senior Judge Eduardo Robreno||H.W. Bush||06/30/1992-8/31/2012||09/01/2013-Present||Westfield State College, 1967||Rutgers University Law, 1978|
|Senior Judge Anita Brody||H.W. Bush||10/02/1992 - 06/07/2009||06/08/2009 - Present||Wellesley College, B.A., 1955||Columbia Law, J.D., 1958|
|Senior Judge Mary McLaughlin||Clinton||5/30/2000-11/18/2013||11/19/2013-Present||Gwynedd-Mercy College, 1968||University of Pennsylvania Law School, 1976|
|Senior Judge Berle Schiller||Clinton||06/02/2000 - 6/18/2012||6/18/2012 - Present||Bowdoin College, B.A., 1965||New York U. Law, J.D., 1968|
|Senior Judge Richard Surrick||Clinton||06/05/2000 - 01/31/2011||02/01/2011 - Present||Dickinson College, B.A., 1960||Dickinson College, J.D., 1965|
|Senior Judge Michael Baylson||W. Bush||06/19/2002 - 7/13/2012||7/13/2012 - Present||University of Pennsylvania, B.S., 1961||University of Pennsylvania, LL.B., 1964|
|Senior Judge Donald Van Artsdalen||Nixon||10/15/1970 - 10/20/1985||10/21/1985 - Present||University of Pennsylvania Law, LL.B., 1948|
Senior judges by appointing political party
This graph displays the percent of senior judges by the party of the appointing president and does not reflect how a judge may rule on specific cases or their own political preferences.
|Magistrate Judge Thomas Rueter||02/22/1994 - Present||University of Scranton, 1977||Pennsylvania State U., J.D., 1980|
|Chief Magistrate Judge Carol Wells||06/03/1996 - Present||University of Pennsylvania Law, 1985|
|Magistrate Judge Jacob Hart||1997-Present||University of Pennslyvania||University of Pennslyvania|
|Magistrate Judge Linda Caracappa||11/17/2000 - Present||Pennsylvania State U., B.A., 1971||Villanova Law, J.D.|
|Magistrate Judge Timothy Rice||03/21/2005 - Present||Temple U. Law, J.D., 1986|
|Magistrate Judge David Strawbridge||04/26/2005 - Present||Brown, 1967||Villanova Law, J.D., 1971|
|Magistrate Judge Faith Angell||05/14/1990 - Present||Mount Holyoke College, A.B., 1959||Temple U. Law, J.D., 1971|
|Magistrate Judge Henry Perkin||3/2/2007 - Present||Duquesne U., 1969||Duquesne Law, J.D., 1972|
|Magistrate Judge Elizabeth Hey||04/09/2007 - Present||Vassar College||Villanova University|
|Magistrate Judge Lynne Sitarski||10/29/2007 - Present||University of Scranton, 1986|
|Magistrate Judge Marilyn Heffley||4/21/2014-Present||University of Pittsburgh, 1981||Temple University Law, 1984|
|Magistrate Judge Richard A. Lloret||5/2014-Present||Rutgers University, 1979||Rutgers Law, 1982|
The Eastern District of Pennsylvania has original jurisdiction over cases filed within its jurisdiction. These cases can include civil and criminal matters that fall under federal law.
|Federal Court Caseload Statistics*|
|Year||Starting case load:||Cases filed:||Total cases:||Cases terminated:||Remaining cases:||Median time(Criminal)**:||Median time(Civil)**:||3 Year Civil cases#:||Vacant posts:##||Trials/Post|
|*All statistics are taken from the Official Federal Courts' Website and reflect the calendar year through September. **Time in months from filing to completion.|
#This statistic includes cases which have been appealed in higher courts. ##This is the total number of months that any judicial posts had spent vacant that year.
For a searchable list of opinions, please see Opinions of the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.
| • Case against city for failure to detect child's torture dismissed (2014)|
Judge(s):Richard Surrick (Weston v. City of Philadelphia, et al, 13-6073)
|Click for summary→|
|On May 6, 2014, Judge Richard Surrick dismissed a lawsuit filed against the City of Philadelphia by Vickie Weston, over the abuse of her daughter, Beatrice Weston. Beatrice was placed in Linda Weston's custody in 2002, and endured ten years of torture at the hands of her aunt, a paroled murderer.
Despite the allegations levied against Linda, Judge Surrick dismissed the case, noting that the two-year statute of limitations for filing the claim expired. Surrick said Vickie's lawsuit should have been filed in 2002 in reference to her parental rights, also stating that based on rumors, Vickie "knew that [her daughter] was being injured and she knew the cause [yet] took no action." Judge Surrick tossed out the case, further commenting that he found Vickie's behavior "unreasonable as a matter of law."
| • Rejection of NFL concussion settlement as too small (2014)|
Judge(s):Anita Brody (In re: National Football Players' Concussion Injury Litigation, 2:12-md-02323-AB)
|Click for summary→|
|On January 14, 2014, Judge Anita Brody rejected a $675 million proposed settlement between retired professional football players and the National Football League (NFL) over concussion-related issues, citing its potential lack of adequacy. In the underlying case, retired players filed suit in 2011, alleging the NFL's concealment of the risk of and failure to protect players from concussion-related injuries. Almost 5,000 former players filed similar suits, and they were consolidated as multidistrict litigation in the Eastern District of Pennsylvania. In August 2013, the parties submitted a proposed settlement, and several months later, in December 2013, Brody assigned a special master to assist her in reviewing it. In January 2014, the retired players structured the case as a class action suit listing more than 20,000 plaintiffs, requesting that Brody grant preliminary approval of the settlement. In her preliminary ruling, Brody noted that while the proposed settlement served as a "a commendable effort," she was ultimately concerned about its "fairness, reasonableness, and adequacy." Specifically, Brody was worried that not all retired players with a "qualifying injury" would be paid. Brody requested that the parties supply her with additional information to prove the veracity of the proposed settlement terms, which would enable them to seek approval at a later date. The principal terms of the proposed agreement are available here.
On April 15, 2014, Judge Brody again rejected terms set in the NFL concussion case, issuing a preliminary ruling requesting additional information as to how the $765 million fund would last for more than six decades (65 years) given the number of current and former professional football players with brain injuries. Brody once again questioned whether the fund was large enough to cover up to 20,000 players' injuries for such a lengthy period of time. She will conduct hearings on the matter later in 2014.
| • Rock band Fishbone ordered to pay fan after stage-diving accident (2014)|
Judge(s):Jan Dubois (Myers v. Fishbone, et al, 12-597)
|Click for summary→|
|On February 12, 2014, Judge Jan Dubois ruled that Fishbone, an alternative rock band, must pay approximately $1.37 million to a fan as a result of a poorly executed stage dive.
In the underlying case, Kimberly Myers filed suit against the band, as well as its lead singer (Angelo Moore) and bassist (John Norwood Fisher) individually, after a 2010 performance in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Moore, the band's lead singer, dove off stage into the crowd and knocked Myers over, causing her to fracture her skull, her clavicle, and rupture her eardrum. Myers originally filed suit in 2010 and settled with the band's management and concert promoter. She filed suit again in 2012 with claims of negligence against Fishbone, Moore, Fisher, the band's agent, and its touring company. Moore and Fisher failed to respond to the complaint, and a default judgment was entered against them by the court. A hearing was held on damages in May 2013, but neither Moore nor Fisher made an appearance.
In his decision, Judge Dubois noted that both Moore and Fisher "knew that stage diving pose[d] a serious risk of harm to audience members," but band members, and Moore in particular, continued the practice even after the incident in question, without any warning to fans in the audience at "pretty much" every concert.Dubois awarded Myers $15,846 in out-of-pocket expenses, $351,299 in future medical costs, $750,000 in noneconomic damages, and $250,000 in punitive damages against Moore as he showed "little remorse or impetus to change his conduct," despite knowing how dangerous and harmful it could be. The total amount of damages entered in favor of Myers against Moore and Fisher came to $1,367,145.
| • Multidistrict asbestos litigation case remanded to Southern Illinois (2014)|
Judge(s):Eduardo Robreno (Mann v. Anchor Packing, et al, 2:08-89372-ER / MDL-875)
|Click for summary→|
|On January 30, 2014, Judge Eduardo Robreno remanded plaintiff's suit filed on behalf of decedent J.W. Heggie to the United States District Court for the Southern District of Illinois.
In the underlying case, Helen Mann filed suit against Westinghouse Electric Corporation on behalf of Heggie, alleging Heggie was exposed to asbestos after working with Westinghouse’s turbines and switchgear. Mann claimed Heggie developed an asbestos-related disease and lung cancer as a result of the alleged exposure, and died as a result. Mann's case was transferred to the Eastern District of Pennsylvania in October 2008 as part of the Multidistrict Asbestos Products Liability Litigation, though both parties agreed that Illinois law applied to the case. Westinghouse then filed a motion for summary judgment, alleging there was insufficient evidence to establish causation.
Judge Robreno granted Westinghouse's motion in part as to Heggie's alleged asbestos exposure from the company's turbines, and denied it in part as to Heggie's alleged asbestos exposure from the company's switchgear. Specifically, Robreno noted that there was no "clear statement of Illinois law" as to the issue of the "bare metal defense" which would be determinative as to Westinghouse's liability. In so denying summary judgment as to this aspect of the case, Robreno stated:
| • Discrimination claim in "English-only" workplace firing moves forward (2014)|
Judge(s):Lawrence Stengel (Abdul-Latiff v. County of Lancaster, et al, 5:12-cv-00948-LS)
|Click for summary→|
|On January 2, 2014, Judge Lawrence Stengel ruled that the County of Lancaster, Pennsylvania, must answer to former county employee Betzaida Abdul-Latif's complaint that she was fired in retaliation for her opposition against her workplace's "English-only" policy. In the underlying case, prior to being terminated, Abdul-Latif, a Hispanic woman of Puerto Rican descent, worked as a case manager/career adviser in the Lancaster Employment and Training Agency's (LETA) Employment, Advancement, and Retention Network (EARN). LETA required that all participants in EARN speak only English while in attendance. Several of Abdul-Latif's clients thought the "English-only" policy was unfair, so she suggested they file a complaint. They did so, and Abdul-Latif was terminated shortly thereafter. The county claimed Abdul-Latif was fired not for opposing the "English-only" policy, but because she violated Lancaster's email policy. Other county employees who were not Hispanic had also violated the email policy, but were not fired. Abdul-Latif sued the county and her superiors, alleging employment discrimination and violations of her constitutional right to equal protection. The defendants filed a motion for summary judgment, which Stengel granted as to two of Abdul-Latif's claims in January 2014. However, the judge refused to grant summary judgment as to Abdul-Latif's employment discrimination claims, noting that she "[had] shown that several of her similarly situated co-workers violated the same email policy and received less severe discipline." Stengel further found that the timing of Abdul-Latif's dismissal was "unusually suggestive" due to its "temporal proximity" to her complaints about the county's "English-only" policy.|
| • Death sentence overturned (2013)|
Judge(s):Anita Brody (Dennis v. Wetzel, 11-1660)
|Click for summary→|
|On August 21, 2013, Judge Brody ordered the retrial or release of James Dennis. Dennis was sentenced to death in 1992 after he was convicted of killing Chedell Ray Williams for earrings worth $450. The case against Dennis was based on the testimony of three eyewitnesses and no physical evidence, for neither the weapon nor earrings were ever found. There was also no forensic evidence found to tie Dennis to the scene of the crime. Dennis claimed that he was traveling by bus during the time of the murder, which was substantiated by the driver of the bus. The jury convicted Dennis after a brief 90-minute deliberation. Judge Brody ordered the retrial after determining that the evidence against Dennis was "shaky" and criticized the defense lawyer as doing "the bare minimum." She went on to say that the police targeted Dennis based only on "neighborhood rumors," and that the investigation was fruitless because they "simply ceased to investigate the matter." In her conclusion Judge Brody wrote:
The United States District Court for the District of Pennsylvania was one of the original thirteen districts created by the Judiciary Act of 1789. In 1818, it was divided into two districts, the United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania and the Eastern District court.
In 1901, the United States District Court for the Middle District of Pennsylvania was carved out of the Eastern and Western districts.
|September 14, 1789||The Judiciary Act of 1789 organized Pennsylvania as one judicial district with one authorized judgeship, appeals going to the United States Court of Appeals for the Middle Circuit.|
|February 13, 1801||The Judiciary Act of 1801 divided the federal courts into six circuits and assigned the District of Pennsylvania to the Third Circuit.|
|April 29, 1802||The Judiciary Act of 1802, although repealing the Judiciary Act of 1801, repeated breaking the federal courts into six circuits and assigning the District of Pennsylvania to the Third Circuit.|
|April 20, 1818||Eastern District is carved out of the District of Pennsylvania with one authorized judgeship and established as court for appeals and writs of error from decisions in the new Western District.|
|May 15, 1820||Congress decides that the Eastern District will no longer hear appeals and writs of error from the Western District of Pennsylvania.|
|March 2, 1901||The Middle District of Pennsylvania is newly-created, carved out of parts of the Eastern and Western districts.|
|April 1, 1904||A second judgeship is authorized for the Eastern District.|
|February 16, 1914||A temporary judgeship -- never made permanent -- is authorized for the Eastern District.|
|September 14, 1922||A temporary judgeship -- never made permanent -- is authorized for the Eastern District.|
|March 3, 1927||A new judgeship is authorized for the Eastern District.|
|June 16, 1936||A temporary judgeship is authorized for the Eastern District.|
|June 2, 1938||Temporary judgeship authorized in June 1936 made permanent|
|May 24, 1940||A temporary judgeship is authorized for the Eastern District.|
|December 7, 1944||Temporary judgeship authorized in May 1940 made permanent|
|July 24, 1946||A temporary judgeship is authorized to serve all three Pennsylvania districts.|
|August 3, 1949||Two additional judgeships authorized.|
|February 10, 1954||One additional judgeship authorized. The temporary judgeship created in July 1946 for all three districts assigned exclusively to the Middle District.|
|May 19, 1961||Three additional judgeships authorized.|
|March 18, 1966||Three temporary judgeships authorized. One of these positions is never made permanent.|
|June 2, 1970||Six additional judgeships authorized. Two temporary positions authorized in March 1966 made permanent.|
|December 1, 1990||Three additional judgeships authorized, for a total of 22 permanent judgeships. One temporary judgeship authorized.|
The following table highlights the development of judicial posts for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania:
|September 24, 1789||1 Stat. 73||1 (Whole state)|
|April 20, 1818||3 Stat. 462||1|
|April 1, 1904||33 Stat. 155||2|
|February 16, 1914||38 Stat. 283||3(1 Temporary)|
|September 14, 1922||42 Stat. 837||3(1 Temporary)|
|March 3, 1927||44 Stat. 1347||3|
|June 16, 1936||49 Stat. 1523||4 (1 temporary)|
|June 2, 1938||52 Stat. 780||4|
|May 24, 1940||54 Stat. 219||5(1 Temporary)|
|December 7, 1944||58 Stat. 796||5|
|July 24, 1946||60 Stat. 654||6(1 shared temporary)|
|August 3, 1949||63 Stat. 493||8(1 shared temporary)|
|February 10, 1954||68 Stat. 8||8|
|May 19, 1961||75 Stat. 80||11|
|March 18, 1966||80 Stat. 75||14(3 Temporary)|
|June 2, 1970||84 Stat. 294||19|
|December 1, 1990||104 Stat. 5089||22(1 Temporary)|
Former chief judges
In order to qualify for the office of chief judge in one of the federal courts, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy in the office of chief judge is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position. Unlike the Chief Justice of the United States, a chief judge returns to active service after the expiration of his or her term and does not create a vacancy on the bench by the fact of his or her promotion.
For more about the judges of the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, see category:Former federal judge, Eastern District of Pennsylvania.
The main gathering place for the Eastern District is at the James A. Bryne Courthouse at 601 Market Street in Philadelphia. The building was named in honor of James A. Byrne, a Democratic member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania from 1953 to 1973.
The courthouse stands 22 stories high. It houses courtrooms, judges' chambers, jury rooms, and prisoner holding areas. The building was significantly remodeled starting in 2000 because the original brick facade had cracked and weakened from settlement over time.
The sculpture in the main entrance foyer was designed by Louise Nevelson.
Judges of the Eastern District also hold court at:
- The Robert N.C. Nix Building at 900 Market Street in Philadelphia
- The Edward N. Cahn Federal Courthouse at 504 Hamilton Street, Allentown, Pennsylvania.
- The Holmes Building, 101 Larry Holmes Drive, Easton, Pennsylvania.
- The Madison Building, 400 Washington Street, Reading, Pennsylvania.
- Official website of the Eastern District of Pennsylvania
- Opinions of the Eastern District of Pennsylvania
- US Attorney's Office for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania
- Judges of the Eastern District of Pennsylvania
- Courthouse News Service, "Deal nets $2.65 million for tenants of Philly projects," May 31, 2013
- Offices of the United States Attorneys, Official list
- Philadelphia Inquirer, "Judge tosses suit in Tacony abuse case," May 14, 2014
- Courthouse News Service, "'The Worst Abuse I Have Ever Seen'," March 26, 2013
- Sports World News, "NFL Concussion Lawsuit: Federal Judge Rejects Settlement With Retired Players Of $765 Million As Too Small," January 14, 2014
- Philadelphia Inquirer, "Judge rejects, for now, NFL concussion settlement," January 16, 2014
- Associated Press, "Judge again rejects deal in NFL concussion cases," April 16, 2014
- Los Angeles Times, "Federal judge holds off decision on NFL concussion settlement," April 16, 2014
- Hollywood Reporter, "Will This $1 Million Court Ruling Stop Musicians from Stage Diving?," February 14, 2014
- Legal Newsline Legal Journal, "Philly asbestos judge to let Illinois federal court decide ‘bare metal defense’ issue," March 4, 2014 (timed out)
- Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
- Courthouse News Service, "Judge Allows Retaliation Claim Against Pa. County," January 13, 2014
- United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, "Dennis v. Wetzel," August 21, 2013
- United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, "Dennis v. Wetzel," August 21, 2013
- History of the Districts of Pennsylvania on the Federal Judicial Center website
- United States Courts, "Frequently Asked Questions"
- United States Courts, "On Being Chief Judge," February 2009
- EasternScaffolding.com, "Renovation of the Byrne Federal Courthouse," accessed March 8, 2014
- Nevelson, L. (2007). The Sculpture of Louise Nevelson: Constructing a Legend. New York: Jewish Museum (dead link)
Chief Judge: Petrese Tucker • Legrome Davis • Cynthia Rufe • Tim Savage • James Gardner (Pennsylvania) • Gene Pratter • Lawrence Stengel • Paul Diamond • Juan Sanchez • Felipe Restrepo • Darnell Jones • Mitchell Goldberg • Joel Slomsky • Jeffrey L. Schmehl • Edward G. Smith • Nitza I. Quinones Alejandro • Gerald Austin McHugh, Jr • Wendy Beetlestone • Mark A. Kearney • Joseph F. Leeson, Jr. • Gerald J. Pappert
Harvey Bartle • William Ditter • Norma Shapiro • Lowell Reed • Thomas O'Neill • Edmund Ludwig • Robert Kelly • Jan Dubois • Ronald Buckwalter • William Yohn • John Padova • Stewart Dalzell • Curtis Joyner • Eduardo Robreno • Anita Brody • Mary McLaughlin • Berle Schiller • Richard Surrick • Michael Baylson • Donald Van Artsdalen •
|Magistrate judges||Thomas Rueter • Carol Wells • Jacob Hart • Linda Caracappa • Timothy Rice • David Strawbridge • Faith Angell • Henry Perkin • Elizabeth Hey • Lynne Sitarski • Marilyn Heffley • Richard A. Lloret •|
|Former Article III judges||
John Fullam • Louis Pollak • James Giles • Bruce Kauffman • Thomas Golden • William Lewis • Richard Peters • Joseph Hopkinson • Archibald Randall • John Kintzing Kane • John Cadwalader • William Butler • Anthony Scirica • Franklin Van Antwerpen • Marjorie Rendell • John Bayard McPherson • James Buchanan Holland • Joseph Whitaker Thompson • Oliver Booth Dickinson • Charles Louis McKeehan • William Huntington Kirkpatrick • Herbert Hutton • Daniel Huyett • Harry Kalodner • James McGirr Kelly • Marvin Katz • John Whitaker Lord • Joseph Simon Lord • Alfred Luongo • George Austin Welsh • Albert Maris • Guy Bard • Louis Bechtle • Edward Becker • Ralph Body • Raymond Broderick • Edward Cahn • Thomas Clary • John Morgan Davis (Pennsylvania) • Thomas Egan • Herbert Fogel • Frederick Follmer • Abraham Freedman • James Ganey • Francis Van Dusen • Aloysius Higginbotham • Robert Gawthrop • James Gorbey • Clifford Green • Allan Grim • John Hannum • Charles William Kraft • Thomas Masterson • Joseph McGlynn • James McGranery • Clarence Newcomer • Emanuel Mac Troutman • Jay Waldman • Charles Weiner • Harold Wood •
|Former Chief judges||
Harvey Bartle • John Fullam • James Giles • Curtis Joyner • William Huntington Kirkpatrick • John Whitaker Lord • Joseph Simon Lord • Alfred Luongo • Louis Bechtle • Edward Cahn • Thomas Clary • James Ganey •
State of Pennsylvania
|State executive offices||
Governor | Lieutenant Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Treasurer | Auditor General | Secretary of Education | Commissioner of Insurance | Secretary of Agriculture | Secretary of Conservation and Natural Resources | Secretary of Labor & Industry | Chairman of Public Utilities |