United States Senate elections in Georgia, 2014

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search

U.S. Senate, Georgia General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Michelle Nunn 45.21% 1,160,811
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngDavid Perdue 52.89% 1,358,088
     Libertarian Amanda Swafford 1.90% 48,862
Total Votes 2,567,761
Source: Georgia Secretary of State



CongressLogo.png

2014 U.S. Senate Elections in Georgia

General Election Date
November 4, 2014

Primary Date
May 20, 2014

November 4 Election Winner:
David Perdue Republican Party
Incumbent prior to election:
Saxby Chambliss Republican Party
Saxby Chambliss.jpg

Race Ratings
Cook Political Report: Toss Up[1]

Sabato's Crystal Ball: Leans R[2]


Other Senate Elections
Alabama • Alaska • Arkansas • Colorado • Delaware • Georgia • Idaho • Illinois • Iowa • Kansas • Kentucky • Louisiana • Maine • Massachusetts • Michigan • Minnesota • Mississippi • Montana • Nebraska • New Hampshire • New Jersey • New Mexico • North Carolina • Oklahoma • Oregon • Rhode Island • South Carolina • South Dakota • Tennessee • Texas • Virginia • West Virginia • Wyoming

2014 U.S. House Elections

Flag of Georgia.png
Voters in Georgia elected David Perdue (R) to the U.S. Senate in the election on November 4, 2014.

Heading into the election, the Senate seat was held by Saxby Chambliss (R), who announced that he would retire at the end of the 113th Congress. Chambliss was first elected in 2002.

David Perdue defeated Michelle Nunn (D) and Amanda Swafford (L) in the general election. There was speculation that the race to replace Chambliss would end with a runoff because Georgia law dictated that if neither obtained a simple majority of the general election votes, the candidates would advance to a runoff. Ultimately no runoff was required, as Perdue won the majority. The Louisiana race, meanwhile, necessitated a runoff in December 2014.[3]

The Senate election in Georgia proved crucial for Congress as Republicans became the majority in the Senate. The 2014 Senate elections gave Republican control in both chambers of Congress.

Cook Political Report ranked the race as a "Toss Up" as both candidates possessed an active chance to win the seat. Polls in September gave a slight advantage to Perdue in a state that often votes Republican. October pollsters, such as SurveyUSA, showed a more narrow gap however, with Perdue only ahead by one or two percentage points. Democrats reserved more than $1 million worth of advertising dollars for October to help bring more momentum Nunn's way.[4]

The primary for the open seat was highlighted as one of the top five primaries to watch in 2014.[5] The crowded Republican field included Reps. Paul Broun, Phil Gingrey and Jack Kingston, businessman David Perdue, former secretary of state Karen Handel, Derrick Grayson and Art Gardner.[6] The Republican primary race between Jack Kingston and David Perdue, the two highest vote-getters in the primary election, was settled in a runoff on July 22, 2014. The runoff would have been avoided had either candidate secured the majority of the primary vote. In an unexpected twist, businessman David Perdue defeated Rep. Jack Kingston, a 20-year member of Congress, for the Republican nomination.[7][8][5][9]

Michelle Nunn, the daughter of former senator Sam Nunn, beat out former state Senator Steen Miles, Branko Radulovacki and Todd Robinson for the Democratic nomination.

Neither of the major party candidates had held an elected office before. From 1980 through 2012, there were only two elections like this--the 2010 Utah election between Mike Lee (R) and Sam Granato (D), and the 2002 North Carolina election between Elizabeth Dole and Erskine Bowles. In both elections, the inexperienced Republican beat the inexperienced Democratic candidate.[10]

Candidate Filing Deadline Primary Election General Election
March 7, 2014
May 20, 2014
November 4, 2014

Primary: Georgia is one of 14 states that uses an open primary system, in which registered voters do not have to be members of a party to vote in that party's primary.[11][12][13]

Voter registration: To vote in the primary, voters had to register by April 21, 2014. For the general election, the voter registration deadline was October 6, 2014.[14]

See also: Georgia elections, 2014

Incumbent: The election filled the Senate seat held by Saxby Chambliss (R). Chambliss was first elected in 2002. Chambliss announced in 2013 that he would retire at the end of the term.

Candidates

General election candidates


July 22, 2014, Republican primary runoff candidates


May 20, 2014, primary results

Republican Party Republican Primary

Democratic Party Democratic Primary

Libertarian Party Third Party Candidates

Failed to file

Withdrew from race

Declined to run

Election results

General Election Results

The state of Georgia held an election for the U.S. Senate on November 4, 2014. David Perdue (R) defeated Michelle Nunn (D) and Amanda Swafford (L) in the general election.

U.S. Senate, Georgia General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Michelle Nunn 45.21% 1,160,811
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngDavid Perdue 52.89% 1,358,088
     Libertarian Amanda Swafford 1.90% 48,862
Total Votes 2,567,761
Source: Georgia Secretary of State

Runoff primary results

U.S. Senate, Georgia Runoff Republican Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngDavid Perdue 50.9% 245,725
Jack Kingston 49.1% 237,193
Total Votes 482,918
Source: Results via Associated Press


Primary results

U.S. Senate, Georgia Democratic Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngMichelle Nunn 75% 246,369
Steen Miles 12% 39,418
Branko Radulovacki 9.7% 31,822
Todd Robinson 3.4% 11,101
Total Votes 328,710
Source: Georgia Secretary of State
U.S. Senate, Georgia Republican Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngDavid Perdue 30.6% 185,466
Green check mark transparent.pngJack Kingston 25.8% 156,157
Karen Handel 22% 132,944
Phil Gingrey 10% 60,735
Paul Broun 9.6% 58,297
Derrick Grayson 1% 6,045
Art Gardner 0.9% 5,711
Total Votes 605,355
Source: Georgia Secretary of State

Race background

Primary to watch

The primary for the open seat was highlighted as one of the top five primaries to watch in 2014. The crowded Republican field included Reps. Paul Broun, Phil Gingrey, Jack Kingston, businessman David Perdue and former secretary of state Karen Handel. Georgia law dictated that if no candidate received a majority of the votes, the top two candidates advanced to a runoff primary. As a result of the contentious Republican primary on May 20, 2014, David Perdue and Rep. Jack Kingston competed in a runoff election on July 22, 2014.[46]

Race ratings

WaPo top races

According to an analysis by The Washington Post, the U.S. Senate election in Georgia was considered one of the top 10 Senate races of 2014. Michelle Nunn consistently reported strong polling and fundraising numbers.[47]

Issues

See also: Energy and the 2014 election: the ballots and beyond

Terrorist attack

At a candidate forum in February 2014, Bob Johnson (R) said he would rather have seen another terrorist attack on the United States than have Transportation Security Agency (TSA) screenings at airports.[48]

Johnson said at the February 2014 forum, “Now this is going to sound outrageous, I’d rather see another terrorist attack, truly I would, than to give up my liberty as an American citizen. Give me liberty or give me death. Isn’t that what Patrick Henry said at the founding of our republic?”[48]

Keystone XL pipeline

On April 7, 2014, Michelle Nunn stated that she would support completion of the fourth phase of the Keystone XL pipeline in the name of economic development and national security.[49]

“I have a lot of friends who have different perspectives on Keystone. We need to continue to focus on green energy and finding sustainable sources of energy, but I do believe we should move forward with Keystone,” Nunn said.[49]

Obama impeachment

Georgia businessman and Republican candidate David Perdue opposed the impeachment of Barack Obama in July 2014. Spokesman Derrick Dickey said, "The best way to rein in the overreaching Obama administration is for Republicans to take back the Senate and for Congress to restore the balance of power in our federal government."[50]

Republican candidates Derrick Grayson, Eugene Yu and Paul Broun indicated during a tea party-sponsored candidate forum in February 2014 that they would support the impeachment of President Obama.[51]

Campaign staff resigns

Four members of Phil Gingrey's campaign staff resigned on November 28, 2013.[52] General consultant Chip Lake, campaign manager John Porter, political director David Allen and grass-roots coordinator Justin Tomczak stepped down from the campaign.[52]

General consultant Chip Lake said in a statement, “I have nothing but respect for Phil Gingrey. I wish him nothing but the best, but when you reach that point in a campaign where you’re at the crossroads, something’s got to give. When I left him yesterday I wished him the best and told him I thought it was very important for him to finish out this campaign the way that’s most comfortable for him...We just had some disagreements on overall campaign vision and structure, and everything kind of falls under that umbrella. When that happens, you try to work it out, and when you can’t work it out, you sit down and have difficult discussions on how to move forward.”[52]

Offshore Swiss Bank Fund

It became public in October 2014 that David Perdue had a $1 million investment fund managed by a Swiss based entity, Vontobel Non-U.S. Equity LLC. Perdue's fund was not the same as an offshore bank account and could not be used to withhold taxable assets from the Internal Revenue Service. The fund was, however, exempt from registering with the Securities and Exchange Commission. According to records, the fund was established in 2007 after Perdue stepped down from his job as the CEO of Dollar General. It was likely created as a safety net for high-worth investors to utilize given the uncertainty of the domestic market and Wall Street investments.[53]

George H.W. Bush and Michelle Nunn

Nunn previously worked with former President George H.W. Bush for seven years within his Points of Light Foundation. The organization helps improve communities through volunteer work. To bolster her campaign, Nunn used images of herself and the former president in aired advertisements. This came after Bush's office had requested that Nunn's staff not use these images in her campaign under any circumstances. Jim McGrath, the former president's spokesman, stated:

“Michelle and her team have been clearly, repeatedly and consistently told that President Bush did not want them to use his photo as part of this campaign. Apparently, the Nunn team feels they can repeatedly disregard the former president’s wishes, which is very disappointing because it’s so disrespectful.”[54]

Nunn had previously used Bush's name and image in advertisements in April, to which his office was similarly displeased. Neil Bush, who was the chairman of the organization when Nunn was president, offered a supporting message towards Nunn. He released the following statement regarding the ordeal:

"She showed the right kind of visionary leadership – a nonpartisan or bipartisan approach to our service world. It’s evidence by the fact that Neil Bush, a member of a prominent Republican family, kind of teamed up with a Nunn, a member of a prominent Democratic family. It just showed that, though our nation is divided in politics, we can come together as Americans to solve some of our more intractable problems. Michelle worked the nonpartisan part of the job really well. I have lots of admiration for her as a leader of our organization, and a lot of respect for her willingness to jump in and try to find ways to serve in other capacities."[54]

Key votes

Below are important votes the incumbent cast during the 113th Congress.

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png During the shutdown in October 2013, the Senate rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline, to reopen the federal government. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[55] The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from Republican members. Saxby Chambliss voted for this bill, with the Democratic Party.[56]

Polls

General election

General election (August 2014-Present)
Poll Michelle Nunn (D) David Perdue (R)Amanda Swafford (L)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Marist
October 31, 2014
44%48%3%4%+/-3.31,099
CNN/ORC
October 19-22, 2014
47%44%5%4%+/-3.51,009
SurveyUSA
October 10-13, 2014
48%45%3%4%+/-4.2800
Landmark (R)
October 7-9, 2014
45.7%46%3.9%4.4%+/-3.11,000
Rasmussen Reports
September 15-16, 2014
41%46%4%9%+/-4750
Landmark Communications
September 9-11, 2014
46%43.4%6.4%4.2%+/-2.91,109
Atlanta Journal-Constitution
September 8-11, 2014
38%44%6%10%+/-4884
Survey USA
September 9-8, 2014
44%47%5%4%+/-4.2558
GaPundit.com
August 24-25, 2014
44.74%43.09%7.41%4.75%+/-2.471,578
Landmark Communications
August 20-21, 2014
47%40%0%10%+/-4.0600
AVERAGES 44.54% 44.65% 4.37% 5.84% +/-3.57 938.7
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org


General election (August 2013-August 2014)
Poll Michelle Nunn (D) David Perdue (R)Amanda Swafford (L)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
SurveyUSA
August 14-17, 2014
41%50%3%6%+/-4.2560
Insider Advantage
August 12-13, 2014
40%47%8%5%+/-3.7719
Hicks Evaluation Group
August 8-10, 2014
42%48%0%11%+/-3.48788
Vox Populi Polling
July 27-28, 2014
40%49%0%10%+/-3.9624
Landmark Communications
July 25, 2014
47%43%0%7%+/-3.8750
Rasmussen Reports
July 23-24, 2014
40%46%0%10%+/-4.0750
Public Policy Polling
July 9-12, 2014
48%41%0%10%+/--516
SurveyUSA
June 3-5, 2014
38%43%0%14%+/-3.2999
Rasmussen Reports]
May 21-22, 2014
45%42%0%6%+/-4.0750
Landmark Communications
May 19, 2014
45%44%0%11%+/-3.01,000
Saint Leo University
May 5-6, 2014
37%41%0%15%+/-4.0689
Atlanta Journal Constitution
May 5-8, 2014
41%45%0%13%+/-4.01,012
NBC News/Marist Poll
April 30 - May 6, 2014
45%44%0%9%+/-1.92,608
Landmark/RosettaStone
March 23-24, 2014
33%0%29.5%37.5%+/-4.0600
Public Policy Polling
August 2-5, 2013
40%40%0%21%+/-4.3520
AVERAGES 41.47% 41.53% 2.7% 12.37% +/-2.9 859
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org


Nunn v. Republican nominee
Poll Republican candidate Michelle Nunn (D)Other candidateUndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Magellan Strategies
June 5-8, 2014
47%44%3%6%+/-3.56756
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org


Nunn v. Kingston
Poll Michelle Nunn (D) Jack Kingston (R)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Public Policy Polling
July 9-12, 2014
44%41%15%+/--516
Rasmussen Reports
May 21-22, 2014
47%41%9%+/-4.0750
Landmark Communications
May 19, 2014
46%44%10%+/-3.01,000
Saint Leo University
May 5-6, 2014
39%38%15%+/-4.0689
Atlanta Journal Constitution
May 5-8, 2014
48%38%9%+/-4.01,012
NBC News/Marist Poll
April 30 - May 6, 2014
43%43%13%+/-1.92,608
Landmark/RosettaStone
March 23-24, 2014
37%37.7%25.3%+/-4.0600
Public Policy Polling
January 24-26, 2014
44%42%14%+/-3.9640
Public Policy Polling
August 2-5, 2013
40%38%21%+/-4.3520
AVERAGES 43.11% 40.3% 14.59% +/-3.23 926.11
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org


Nunn v. Gingrey
Poll Michelle Nunn (D) Phil Gingrey (R)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Landmark Communications
May 19, 2014
45%39%16%+/-3.01,000
Saint Leo University
May 5-6, 2014
42%36%14%+/-4.0689
Atlanta Journal Constitution
May 5-8, 2014
50%35%9%+/-4.01,012
NBC News/Marist Poll
April 30 - May 6, 2014
44%42%13%+/-1.92,608
Landmark/RosettaStone
March 23-24, 2014
37.6%40.5%29.5%+/-4.0600
Public Policy Polling
January 24-26, 2014
45%41%14%+/-3.9640
Public Policy Polling
August 2-5, 2013
41%41%18%+/-4.3520
AVERAGES 43.51% 39.21% 16.21% +/-3.59 1,009.86
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org


Nunn v. Broun
Poll Michelle Nunn (D) Paul Broun (R)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Landmark Communications
May 19, 2014
47%39%14%+/-3.01,000
Saint Leo University
May 5-6, 2014
42%38%15%+/-4.0689
Atlanta Journal Constitution
May 5-8, 2014
48%35%11%+/-4.01,012
NBC News/Marist Poll
April 30 - May 6, 2014
42%43%14%+/-1.92,608
Landmark/RosettaStone
March 23-24, 2014
38.2%38.5%23.3%+/-4.0600
Public Policy Polling
January 24-26, 2014
42%41%17%+/-3.9640
Public Policy Polling
August 2-5, 2013
41%36%23%+/-4.3520
AVERAGES 42.89% 38.64% 16.76% +/-3.59 1,009.86
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org


Nunn v. Handel
Poll Michelle Nunn (D) Karen Handel (R)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Landmark Communications
May 19, 2014
47%41%12%+/-3.01,000
Saint Leo University
May 5-6, 2014
39%38%15%+/-4.0689
Atlanta Journal Constitution
May 5-8, 2014
48%39%8%+/-4.01,012
NBC News/Marist Poll
April 30 - May 6, 2014
42%39%18%+/-1.92,608
Landmark/RosettaStone
March 23-24, 2014
38.1%37.0%24.9%+/-4.0600
Public Policy Polling
January 24-26, 2014
44%40%16%+/-3.9640
Public Policy Polling
August 2-5, 2013
40%38%22%+/-4.3520
AVERAGES 42.59% 38.86% 16.56% +/-3.59 1,009.86
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org


Nunn v. Grayson
Poll Michelle Nunn (D) Derrick Grayson (R)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Saint Leo University
May 5-6, 2014
43%32%18%+/-4.0689
Public Policy Polling
August 2-5, 2013
42%36%22%+/-4.3520
AVERAGES 42.5% 34% 20% +/-4.15 604.5
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org


Nunn v. Yu
Poll Michelle Nunn (D) Eugene Yu (R)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Public Policy Polling
August 2-5, 2013
42%35%24%+/-4.3520
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org

Primary election

Republican primary candidates
Poll Phil Gingrey Paul BrounKaren HandelJack KingstonDavid PerdueEugene YuDerrick GraysonArt GardnerOther/UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
InsiderAdvantage
May 18, 2014
11%10%17%17%26%0%0%0%18%+/-3.3852
InsiderAdvantage
May 12-14, 2014
9%10%17%19%27%0%0%0%9%+/--1,182
RosettaStone
May 12, 2014
7%11%20%18%22%0%0%0%22%+/-3.4800
SurveyUSA
May 8-12, 2014
10%10%16%19%27%0%3%1%14%+/-4.0634
Saint Leo University
May 5-6, 2014
8%13%15%16%26%0%1%0%15%+/-4.0689
InsiderAdvantage
April 13-15, 2014
9%11%13%15%19%0%0%0%33%+/-3.4804
Landmark/RosettaStone
March 23-24, 2014
13%15%10%15%21%0%0%0%25%+/-4.0600
InsiderAdvantage
March 23-24, 2014
8%10%5%15%17%0%0%0%45%+/-3.26859
Hicks Evaluation Group/Apache Political Communication
February 13-16, 2014
10%11%10%11%13%0.3%5%8%43%+/-3.25926
The polling company, Inc/Woman Trend
January 31-February 1, 2014
19%13%14%11%8%2%7%0%0%+/-3.9600
Public Policy Polling
August 2-5, 2013
25%19%13%15%5%0%0%0%20%+/-4.3520
Landmark/RosettaStone
March 28, 2013
22%16%14%8%1%0%0%0%39%+/-4.1570
AVERAGES 12.58% 12.42% 13.67% 14.92% 17.67% 0.19% 1.33% 0.75% 23.58% +/-2.86 753
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org


Democratic primary candidates
Poll Branko Radulovacki Michelle NunnSteen MilesTodd RobinsonUndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
SurveyUSA
May 8-12, 2014
5%59%7%10%19%+/-4.2549
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org

Endorsements

David Perdue

Michelle Nunn

  • Former Sen. John Warner (R-VA) contributed $500 to Nunn's campaign and attended a fundraiser for her in November 2013.[59][61]

She also received endorsements from:

  • Former Gov. and Sen. Zell Miller[62]
  • Stacey Abrams, Minority Leader of the Georgia House of Representatives[63]
  • Roy Barnes, former Governor of Georgia[64]
  • Jack Bernard, former Chairman of the Jasper County Republican Party and the Jasper County Commission[65]
  • Lisa Borders, former President of the Atlanta City Council, co-founder of No Labels, President of the Henry W. Grady Health System Foundation
  • Jason Carter, State Senator
  • Jimmy Carter, former President of the United States, former Governor of Georgia
  • Max Cleland, former U.S. Senator (D-GA)
  • Shirley Franklin, former Mayor of Atlanta
  • Gordon Giffin, former United States Ambassador to Canada
  • Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY)[66]
  • Rep. John Lewis (D-GA)
  • Sen. Claire McCaskill (D-MO)[67]
  • Sam Nunn, former U.S. Senator and father of Nunn
  • State Senator Nan Orrock[68][69]
  • Kasim Reed, Mayor of Atlanta
  • Andrew Young, former Mayor of Atlanta, former U.S. Representative, former UN Ambassador[64]
  • Arthur Blank, co-founder of The Home Depot, owner of the Atlanta Falcons[64]
  • Dikembe Mutombol, former Atlanta Hawks player[70][71]

Primary candidates

Georgia Senate Republican Contested Primary
Endorsement/Contribution Paul Broun Phil Gingrey Jack Kingston David Perdue Karen Handel Derrick Grayson Art Gardner
Ron Paul April 25, 2013
The Madison Project February 11, 2014
The Susan B. Anthony List March 4, 2014
The Republican Liberty Caucus March 26, 2014
Sarah Palin March 27, 2014
Georgia Right to Life April 1, 2014
The American Future Fund April 10, 2014

Jack Kingston

  • The National Rifle Association Political Victory Fund (NRA-PVF) endorsed Jack Kingston for the July 22 Republican primary runoff.[72]
    • "Jack is a critical ally of the NRA in protecting our Second Amendment freedoms. In Congress, Jack prevented taxpayer funds from being abused to promote gun control and for other political purposes. Jack's exceptional leadership on behalf of law-abiding gun owners has earned him an 'A+' rating from the NRA," said Chris W. Cox, chairman of the National Rifle Association Political Victory Fund.
  • Former House Speaker Newt Gingrich endorsed Jack Kingston in his primary battle against businessman David Perdue on June 10, 2014.
    • "Now is the time for conservative reformers like Jack Kingston who will take bold action to shake up the status quo and renew the American Dream for generations to come. I urge all Georgia Republicans to unite around conservative Jack Kingston in the July 22 runoff election," Gingrich said in a statement.[73]
  • Phil Gingrey, who finished fourth in the Republican primary, endorsed Jack Kingston in the runoff primary over David Perdue on June 4, 2014.[74]
  • Rep. Tom Price endorsed Jack Kingston in the Republican Senate primary runoff against businessman David Perdue.[75]
    • "Jack Kingston has always been a steadfast leader in the fight for conservative principles. On a broad range of issues, he's built a proven record of cutting wasteful spending and holding Washington accountable," he added. "He doesn't shy away from making the tough but important decisions," Price said in a statement.

Herschel Walker's endorsement for Jack Kingston in May 2014.
  • Julianne Thompson, co-chair of the Atlanta Tea Party, endorsed Kingston on May 27, 2014.[77]
    • Thompson was a major supporter of Karen Handel, who was eliminated in the Republican primary.
    • “We do not need someone to be another member of the Senate Country Club. We need courage…someone who is strong enough to fight for our principles in an atmosphere that is sometimes very difficult. We also need someone who is accessible and respects the fact that the people that elected him will hold him accountable.”

Paul Broun

  • Paul Broun (R) received an endorsement from Ron Paul on April 25, 2013.[29]
    • In the statement Paul stated, “Paul Broun and I worked together in the House to bring some necessary oversight to the Federal Reserve. I endorse Paul Broun on his candidacy to the U.S. Senate.”
  • The Madison Project endorsed Broun on February 11, 2014.[78]
  • The Republican Liberty Caucus endorsed Broun on March 26, 2014.[79]
    • “Dr. Broun was called the ‘accidental Congressman’ after being elected to Congress, but then he shocked the political class again the following year by defeating the Georgia State House Majority Leader in a primary challenge. Paul Broun was easily re-elected because of his limited government, pro-liberty philosophy, and his wins are proof-positive that the Liberty Movement was not just a flash in the pan, but a sustainable grass-roots antidote to big-government Republicanism,” said RLC-GA Chairman Ben Johnson.

Karen Handel

  • The Susan B. Anthony List endorsed Karen Handel (R) on March 4, 2014.[81]
    • "Karen Handel is a strong, articulate pro-life leader and the best candidate in Georgia to speak to the errors of abortion-centered feminism and one of its chief advocates, Michelle Nunn. Karen fearlessly exposed the false roots of the 'war on women' PR campaign when she called America’s largest abortion provider, Planned Parenthood, a bully – and busted the myth that they provide mammograms," said Susan B. Anthony List Candidate Fund President Marjorie Dannenfelser.[81]
  • The American Future Fund (AFF) endorsed Karen Handel on April 9, 2014.[83]
    • AFF president Nick Ryan said in an email that Handel is an “excellent conservative record and is a proven leader.” He continued, “Karen will be an outstanding U.S. Senator and we will do everything we can do ensure she is successful.”[83]

Debates

Republican candidates

The Republican candidates took part in a debate at the Anderson Conference Center in Macon on March 8, 2014.[84] All the candidates spoke of their conservative values and specific features they brought to the table for voters.[84] Other highlights included:[84]

  • Phil Gingrey explained that his experience as a doctor would help the Senate.
    • "With Obamacare having passed 4 years ago and still 60% of American people are opposed to it, I think Georgia could certainly use a doctor, a physician in the Senate," said Gingrey.
  • Karen Handel focused on the need for new leadership.
    • "Results matter. And the surest way to keep getting more of the same, is to keep electing the same people over and over. We are getting the worst results out of Congress right now and we need to have new leadership. An individual with a track record, a proven track record, like I have of actually getting the job done," Handel said.
  • Jack Kingston concentrated strongly on Robins Air Force Base.
    • "I'm very concerned with what the base realignment closure commission could do in the next round for Warner Robins. We want to make sure it has lots of missions because it has about a four million dollar economic impact in our area."
  • Derrick Grayson highlighted his constitutional beliefs.
    • "The power belongs to the people--not the people in Washington D.C. They serve us, we don't work for them. We don't ask them to do for us what they're supposed to, we tell them to do what it is we want them to do, after the rule of law of course," Grayson said.
  • Paul Broun emphasized the Constitutional bounds being broken.
    • "All of the problems that we see--out of control spending, the unsustainable debt. All of those are symptoms of a government that has left its bounds of the Constitution. I believe in Constitution and limited government as our founding fathers meant for it to be. That's what I've been fighting for in Washington that's what I've been voting in Washington."
  • David Perdue highlighted his experience as a businessman.
    • "Well I think we've got a full blown financial crisis, and I think our career politicians cause it. I just don't think they have the depth or background to really fix it. We only have ten people in the United States Senate who have any business experience, and I just think we need to look outside that body for fresh ideas."
  • Art Gardner focused on a need for a shift in thinking for the Republican Party.
    • "Look, let's agree on what we can agree on, which is, fiscal matters and defense, and let's agree to disagree about some other things. And if we can do that--build a coalition around what we can all agree on--we can produce a candidate who can appeal to a much larger base than we've been appealing to."

October 7, 2014 General Election Debate

Nunn and Perdue deliberated in their first debate for the general election on October 7, 2014. Though many important issues were discussed, the debate was notable for having an enthusiastic and loud crowd. The noise was so intense, that candidates and panelists had difficulty hearing each other speak at various points throughout the night. Many questions were answered ambiguously or left unanswered altogether due to the level of noise.[85]

Jobs and the Economy: Perdue was quick to hone his past experience as a business CEO claiming that he knew how to help create jobs from practical application. He was, however, asked about his previous comments, by both Nunn and the panelists, about outsourcing jobs. Perdue defended his position saying that he works to help make businesses successful and stated that poor tax and government policy are the real issue. Nunn showed support for an increased minimum wage while Perdue said unilateral increases in the minimum wage would be a "job killer."[85]

Obama Administration: The work of the presidential administration was also a topic of focus between the candidates. Relating to his previous criticism of bad government policy, Perdue was quick to attack Obama's track record and tax plan. Nunn stated that Perdue has forgotten that the election was between herself and him. Perdue countered by saying that she was hand-picked and funded by Obama and the Democratic party.[85]

Agriculture: Nunn previously expressed support for the Farm Bill and her desire to help Georgia farmers by being appointed to the United States Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry. Perdue attacked her position through pointing out that she had 17 priorities ahead of farmers on her agenda.[85]

October 26, 2014 General Election Debate

The one point of agreement during the night came as Perdue and Nunn agreed that Congress was broken and needed to be fixed. They still, however, disagreed on how Congress was broken and in what ways to fix it.[86]

Congress and the Obama Administration: Perdue specifically blamed Barack Obama and Harry Reid for the problems in Congress. He continued to link Nunn with the Democratic leadership referring to her as Obama's "rubber stamp." "Barack Obama hand-picked Michelle. He recruited her. He's funded her. Do you really think she's going to bite the hand that feeds her?," he said. Nunn downplayed Perdue's attacks and stated that both parties were to blame for the deadlock.[86]

Outsourcing: Perdue remained defensive of his statement on outsourcing. He accused Nunn of distorting his business record and ignoring the realities of a globalized economy. Nunn countered through stating: "As you say, that is a part of the American free enterprise system. Absolutely. I just don't think it's a quality that the people of Georgia want."[86]

Jobs and Equal Pay: Nunn attacked Perdue for his record of business practices which she argued had led to pay inequalities and gender discrimination. Perdue countered through emphasizing his practices saved thousands of jobs. He was also quick to dismiss a legal settlement regarding accusations that Dollar General was unfairly paying women less. He downplayed the lawsuit by emphasizing it was only 2,000 employees out of over 70,000. Nunn replied: "Two thousand women? That sounds like a lot to me."[86]

Media


Ending Spending Action Fund's March 2014 ad, "Last Thing."

Citizens for a Working America PAC's April 2014 ad on Jack Kingston.

American Future Fund's May 2014 ad, "Playmakers."

EMILY'S List

EMILY'S List launched a $1 million advertising buy for Michelle Nunn on August 21, 2014.[87]

NRSC

The National Republican Senatorial Committee spent $2.5 million on television ad time for Republican nominee David Perdue in August 2014.[88][89]

AFF

  • The American Future Fund released an ad for Karen Handel on May 8, 2014.[90]
    • AFF president Nick Ryan said in an email that Handel had an “excellent conservative record and is a proven leader.” Ryan continued, “Karen will be an outstanding U.S. Senator and we will do everything we can do ensure she is successful.”[83]

Michelle Nunn


Michelle Nunn's first campaign ad, "Optimist."

Michelle Nunn's second campaign ad, "What's Going On."

Michelle Nunn's third campaign ad, "Point Guard."
  • Michelle Nunn released her first ad, "Optimist," on April 3, 2014. The ad, an introductory spot, did not mention the Democratic Party and instead emphasized on her centrist, problem-solver image with a photo of her with George H.W. Bush. In the ad, Nunn stated that she was running for Senate because she was “optimistic about Georgia’s future.”[91]
  • Nunn released her second ad of the campaign, "What's Going on," on April 22, 2014.[92]
    • In the ad, Nunn said, “What’s going on in Washington has to stop. Politicians fighting and bickering and too often forgetting about the people they’re supposed to represent. That’s why I’m for banning members of Congress from ever becoming lobbyists. I don’t think congressmen should get paid unless they pass a budget. And no one in Congress should get a subsidy to pay for their own health care.”[92]
  • Nunn's third ad of the campaign, "Point Guard," released on April 27, 2014, featured her father, former United States Senator Sam Nunn.[93]
    • In the biographical ad, Nunn said she followed her father’s footsteps into basketball but not politics. The ad was another attempt by Nunn to introduce herself to voters ahead of the May 20 Democratic primary.[93]

Karen Handel


Handel's first television ad, released in April 2014, "Integrity."

Handel's April 2014 radio ad, "Degree."
  • Karen Handel released the first ad of the campaign on September 5, 2013.[94] The radio ad, running on talk radio and country music stations in the Atlanta, Athens and Savannah markets, attacked opponents Jack Kingston, Phil Gingrey and Paul Broun for failing to help kill Obamacare.[94]
  • Handel released her first television ad on April 11, 2014. The ad, narrated by Sarah Palin, highlighted Handel's "proven record of getting conservative results."[95]
  • A week after David Perdue criticized her for being a "high school graduate," Handel released an ad that addressed the comments. The ad played an audio clip of Perdue's comments before Handel went on to explain her qualifications.[96]

Jack Kingston


Kingston's first campaign ad, released in February 2014, "Conservative Values."

Kingston's March 2014 ad, "Responsibility."

Kingston's April 2014 ad, "Call Me Maybe."

Kingston's May 2014 ad, "Kingston Perdue attack ad."

Kingston's May 2014 ad, "Backward Priorities."
  • On January 27, 2013, Kingston's campaign announced that it had reserved $1.3 million in television airtime for the two months prior to the May 20 primary.[97]
    • “The generosity and support of our donors allows us to lock in rates now before they become more expensive,” Kingston campaign manager Chris Crawford said in a statement.[97]
  • On February 26, 2014, Kingston launched his first ad of the campaign, a positive biographical ad to introduce himself to voters.[98]
    • In the ad, a narrator said, "In uncertain times, we need unfailing principles...His parents were raised during the Depression. Living in Athens, they taught him the value of a dollar and the virtue of hard work. Those principles steer Jack Kingston. Jack worked a the Port of Savannah, helped grow a business, married Libby and raised their children in the same church where they said 'I do.' Hard work, conservative values. It's what drives America. It's what drives Jack Kingston."[98]
  • On March 20, 2013, Kingston released his second ad of the campaign. The ad emphasized his "frugal ways," and argued that he was the most fiscally conservative candidate in the race.[99]
    • "This car has been with the Kingston family for almost 20 years. I drive it because it still runs. Growing up, my parents taught me the value of every hard-earned dollar. In Congress, I cut my office budget and returned over $1 million to taxpayers, and I cut Obama’s budget over $3 billion. I'm fighting to shrink big government, balance the budget and stop ObamaCare. I'm Jack Kingston, and I approve this message because you and I know the value of a dollar, and it’s time Washington learns it, too," Kingston said, standing in front of his station wagon.[99]
  • On April 4, 2014, Kingston released an ad that featured a fake phone call from President Barack Obama.[100][101]
    • In the ad the "fake Obama" said, "Kingston, this is the president. You've got to back off Obamacare...Kingston, let me be clear: I do not want you in the Senate. Call me back, Kingston, please."[100]
    • Kingston then appeared on screen and said to the camera, "A call to stop fighting Obamacare is one call I'll never answer."[100]

David Perdue


David Perdue's February 2014 ad, "Outsider."

David Perdue's April 2014 ad, "Bring."
  • David Perdue released a five-minute video featuring his Georgia upbringing and business career, and featured his cousin, former Gov. Sonny Perdue.[102]
    • The ad also featured an image of crying babies wearing shirts and wielding props identifying them as the other four top contenders in the race.[102]
  • Perdue released a follow-up video on April 5, 2014, "Bring." The ad emphasized Perdue’s outsider message.[103]
    • In the ad, Perdue said, "I’ve never run for office, but I have over forty years of experience in the real world. I understand the global free market system, how to generate economic growth, which creates quality jobs. Real change sometimes takes an outside perspective just like it did at Reebok and Dollar General. Fresh eyes, determination and a bucket full of common sense with the right experience. That’s what I’ll bring to the U.S Senate. I’m David Perdue. I approve this message."[103]

Gingrey's November 2013 ad, "Repeal or Go Home."

Broun's February 2014 ad, "Conservative."

Phil Gingrey

  • Phil Gingrey vowed in a television advertisement released November 12, 2013, to repeal Obamacare in his first term as a senator or “go home.” The ad, reportedly costing six-figures, ran in Georgia’s four largest media markets.[104]
    • “As a doctor, I took an oath to do no harm. And Obamacare is so harmful, I voted to repeal or defund it over 40 times. But our efforts die in the Senate. I’ll help repeal Obamacare in my first term, or go home,” Gingrey said in the ad.[104]

Paul Broun

  • Broun released first television ad of his campaign on February 25, 2014. In the ad, he argued that Democrats feared facing him the most in the general election.
    • Broun said in the ad, "The Democratic Party is attacking me for one reason: I'm the strongest conservative running for the U.S. Senate. Liberals fear a genuine conservative candidate. I've never requested an earmark or supported a debt-ceiling increase. I fought to completely repeal ObamaCare and opposed bills that fund it, and I'll never back down from defending Georgia conservative values. That's why I'm the only Republican they're running ads against."[105]

Campaign donors

Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season.

General election

David Perdue (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
October Quarterly[106]October 15, 2013$0.00$1,811,116$(457,769)$1,353,346
Year End[107]January 31, 2014$1,353,346$743,506$(335,470)$1,761,382
April Quarterly[108]April 15, 2014$1,761,382$823,573$(1,634,859)$950,096
Pre-Primary[109]July 2, 2014$459,575$974,815$(1,150,850)$783,540
Running totals
$4,353,010$(3,578,948)
Michelle Nunn (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
October Quarterly[110]October 15, 2013$0.00$1,731,790.45$(275,157.05)$1,456,633.40
Year End[111]January 31, 2014$1,456,633$1,602,020$(599,078)$2,459,575
April Quarterly[112]April 15, 2014$2,459,575$2,425,943$(942,772)$3,942,746
July Quarterly[113]July 15, 2014$3,681,570$2,609,611$(1,539,645)$4,751,536
Running totals
$8,369,364.45$(3,356,652.05)

Primary election

Jack Kingston (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[114]April 15, 2013$988,077.99$845,644.17$(79,709.58)$1,754,012.58
July Quarterly[115]July 18, 2013$0.00$2,534,452.18$(186,495.14)$2,347,957.04
October Quarterly[116]October 15, 2013$2,347,957.04$811,519.35$(263,987.37)$2,895,489.02
Year-end[117]January 30, 2014$2,895,489$895,016$(364,709)$3,425,796
April Quarterly[118]April 15, 2014$3,425,796$1,094,210$(2,419,748)$2,100,258
Running totals
$6,180,841.7$(3,314,649.09)
Phil Gingrey (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[119]April 17, 2013$1,871,933.74$667,105.44$(106,317.64)$2,430,721.54
July Quarterly[120]July 18, 2013$2,430,721.54$436,306.63$(302,931.55)$2,564,096.62
October Quarterly[121]October 13, 2013$2,564,096.62$289,407.14$(266,095.81)$2,587,407.95
Year-end[122]January 31, 2014$2,587,407$137,555$(364,694)$2,360,269
April Quarterly[123]April 15, 2014$2,360,498$327,599$(243,400)$2,444,697
Running totals
$1,857,973.21$(1,283,439)
Paul C. Broun (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[124]April 17, 2013$155,566.52$209,308.71$(147,819.50)$217,055.73
July Quarterly[125]July 22, 2013$217,055.73$387,638.58$(203,816.88)$400,877.43
October Quarterly[126]October 13, 2013$400,877.43$277,466.90$(230,852.51)$447,493.82
Year-end[127]January 31, 2014$447,493$248,080$(508,396)$187,178
April Quarterly[128]April 15, 2014$187,178$338,600$(301,063)$224,715
Running totals
$1,461,094.19$(1,391,947.89)
Derrick Grayson (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
October Quarterly[129]October 15, 2013$806.59$1,158.90$(1,274.82)$690.67
Year End[130]January 31, 2014$690$2,027$(1,521)$1,186
Running totals
$3,185.9$(2,795.82)
Karen Handel (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
July Quarterly[131]July 15, 2013$0.00$154,015.08$(3,956.80)$150,058.28
October Quarterly[132]October 15, 2013$150,058.28$286,414.38$(124,495.51)$311,977.15
Year End[133]January 31, 2014$311,977$169,781$(153,836)$327,921
April Quarterly[134]April 15, 2014$327,921$295,682$(236,809)$286,795
Running totals
$905,892.46$(519,097.31)
Todd Robinson (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
October Quarterly[135]October 15, 2013$0.00$3,745.00$(3,644.01)$100.99
Year End[136]January 31, 2014$100$3,318$(3,318)$100
April Quarterly[137]April 15, 2014$100$10,977$(8,141)$2,935
Running totals
$18,040$(15,103.01)
Steen Miles (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[138]April 15, 2014$0$10,423$(8,877)$670
Running totals
$10,423$(8,877)
Branko Radulovacki (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
October Quarterly[139]October 15, 2013$75.00$103,433.43$(22,617.40)$80,891.03
Year End[140]January 31, 2014$80,891$39,893$(35,911)$86,221
April Quarterly[141]April 15, 2014$86,221$30,217$(32,972)$83,466
Running totals
$173,543.43$(91,500.4)


Third quarter

Karen Handel

Karen Handel reported having raised $286,000 in the third quarter of 2013, with $310,000 cash-on-hand.[142]

Paul Broun

Paul Broun reported raising $280,000 in the third quarter, and had $450,000 cash-on-hand.[142]

David Perdue

David Perdue invested $1 million of his own money into his campaign, having announced on October 10, 2013, that he donated $500,000 and loaned $500,000 to his campaign.[143] The investment boosted his fundraising fund to more than $1.8 million and left him with $1.3 million in cash on hand as of September 30, 2013.[143]

“I wouldn’t expect others to invest in a cause that I was not willing to invest in myself...However, I do not believe in self-funding a campaign. After these first weeks, I am confident that people are responding and we will have the resources needed to get our message out to the voters,” Perdue said in a statement.[143]

Jack Kingston

In the 2013 third quarter fundraising report, Jack Kingston reported having raised slightly more than $800,000 and had $2.9 million cash on hand.[144] The report marked the third quarter in a row that he has raised more than $800,000 and had no debt reported.[144]

Michelle Nunn

In her first 10 weeks as a candidate, Nunn raised $1.7 million and ended the period with $1.4 million cash-on hand.[145][143]

On December 12, 2013, former Sen. Richard Lugar’s leadership political action committee, The 19th Star PAC, sent $5,000 to Nunn's campaign.[59] Nunn also received a donation from former Republican Sen. John Warner of Virginia.[59] Nunn’s father, former Sen. Sam Nunn, worked closely with Lugar while in the Senate.[59]

April 2013

According to campaign finance reports from April 2013, Rep. Phil Gingrey (R) had raised $666,000 and had $2.4 million cash-on-hand. Rep. Paul Broun (R) had raised $209,000 and had $217,000 cash-on-hand. Then-rumored candidate Rep. Jack Kingston (R) reportedly raised $846,000 and had $1.8 million cash-on-hand. Other candidates Rep. Tom Price (R) had reportedly raised $571,000 and had $2.1 million cash-on-hand in the April 2013 reports, while Rep. John Barrow (D) raised $436,000 and had $440,000 cash-on-hand.[146]

Election history

2010

On November 2, 2010, Johnny Isakson won re-election to the United States Senate. He defeated Michael "Mike" Thurmond (D), Chuck Donovan (L), Steve Davis (I), Raymond Beckworth (I) and Brian Russell Brown (I) in the general election.[147]

U.S. Senate, Georgia General Election, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngJohnny Isakson Incumbent 58.3% 1,489,904
     Democratic Michael "Mike" Thurmond 39% 996,515
     Libertarian Chuck Donovan 2.7% 68,750
     Independent Steve Davis 0% 52
     Independent Raymond Beckworth 0% 24
     Independent Brian Russell Brown 0% 12
Total Votes 2,555,257

2008

On November 4, 2008, Saxby Chambliss won re-election to the United States Senate. He defeated Jim Martin (D), Allen Buckley (L), Elanor Garcia (I) and William Salomone, Jr (I) in the general election.[148]

U.S. Senate, Georgia General Election, 2008
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngSaxby Chambliss incumbent 49.8% 1,867,097
     Democratic Jim Martin 46.8% 1,757,393
     Libertarian Allen Buckley 3.4% 127,923
     Independent Elanor Garcia 0% 43
     Independent William Salomone, Jr 0% 29
Total Votes 3,752,485

See also

External links

References

  1. Cook Political Report, "2014 SENATE RACE RATINGS FOR JULY 18, 2014," accessed August 5, 2014
  2. Sabato's Crystal Ball, "2014 Senate Races," accessed August 5, 2014
  3. USA Today, "Double overtime? Georgia 'likely' headed to Senate, governor runoffs," October 10, 2014
  4. Politico, "Scoop: Democrats pour $1M more into Georgia," October 14, 2014
  5. 5.0 5.1 Washington Post, "The Fix’s top 10 Senate races of 2014," accessed December 10, 2013
  6. Georgia Secretary of State, "Candidate Details," accessed May 18, 2014
  7. Georgia Elections, "Calendar," accessed May 21, 2014
  8. Associated Press, "Georgia Election Results," accessed May 20, 2014
  9. Huffington Post, "GOP Candidate David Perdue Makes Last-Ditch Effort To Secure Primary Victory," accessed May 12, 2014
  10. Washington Post, "Why David Perdue is the favorite against Michelle Nunn in Georgia," accessed July 28, 2014
  11. National Conference of State Legislatures Website, "State Primary Election Types," accessed January 6, 2014
  12. Fair Vote, "Congressional and Presidential Primaries: Open, Closed, Semi-Closed, and 'Top Two,'" accessed January 6, 2014
  13. Ballotpedia research conducted December 26, 2013, through January 3, 2014, researching and analyzing various state websites and codes.
  14. Long Distance Voter, "Voter Registration Deadlines," accessed January 3, 2014
  15. Will Rep. Paul Broun be Karl Rove's first 'unelectable' target?, Liz Marlantes, The Christian Science Monitor, February 6, 2013
  16. The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, "Phil Gingrey rejects gun clip limits, changes course on Todd Akin," March 11, 2013
  17. AJC "Phil Gingrey Enters 2014 Race for U.S. Senate" accessed March 28, 2013
  18. 18.0 18.1 Atlanta Journal Constitution "Jack Kingston declares for U.S. Senate -- and Karen Handel says, 'Don't forget me'" accessed May 2, 2013
  19. The Coastal Source "Congressman Jack Kingston to make announcement Thursday" accessed May 2, 2013
  20. Roll Call "Another Georgia Republican Closes In on Senate Race #GASEN" accessed May 15, 2013
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 21.3 Washington Post "Kingston joins Republican Senate field in Georgia" accessed May 2, 2013
  22. Huffington Post "Karen Handel Senate" accessed May 17, 2013
  23. CLATL "Meet Derrick Grayson, 'The Minister of Truth,' yet another U.S. Senate candidate" accessed July 12, 2013
  24. Albany Journal, "Republican Art Gardner Announces for U.S. Senate," accessed October 22, 2013
  25. NewsTimes "Ga. Democrats have a Senate candidate" accessed July 12, 2013
  26. Atlanta Journal Constitution "Newcomer Nunn built service career" accessed May 29, 2013
  27. Politico "Georgia Senate race 2014: Michelle Nunn to announce run" accessed July 23, 2013
  28. Atlanta Journal Constitution "Michelle Nunn declares herself a U.S. Senate candidate" accessed July 23, 2013
  29. 29.0 29.1 Washington Post "Michelle Nunn announces Georgia Senate campaign" accessed July 23, 2013
  30. WABE, "Miles Joins Growing Field of Dems in 2014 Senate Race," accessed September 24, 2013
  31. Steen Miles for U.S. Senate Facebook Page, "Info," accessed September 24, 2013
  32. Todd Robinson for U.S. Senate, "Home," accessed September 24, 2013
  33. Libertarian Party, "Amanda Swafford," accessed March 12, 2014
  34. 34.0 34.1 34.2 Georgia Secretary of State, "Candidate Details," accessed March 10, 2014
  35. Randy Asman for U.S. Senate, "Home," accessed December 9, 2013
  36. Crossroad News, "Miles announces Senate run," accessed September 24, 2013
  37. Mario Driver for Senate, "Home," accessed February 21, 2014
  38. National Journal "Holcomb Considering Ga. Senate, Gubernatorial Bids" accessed May 2, 2013
  39. Examiner, "Eugene Yu drops out of Senate race, enters Ga's 12th district," accessed February 24, 2014
  40. Z Politics, "Eugene Yu announces for U. S. Senate," accessed August 26, 2013
  41. Atlanta Journal Constitution, "Your daily jolt: Korean-American to enter GOP race for U.S. Senate," accessed August 26, 2013
  42. Florida Times Union, "Georgia's first Korean candidate for Senate says common sense makes him qualified," accessed August 26, 2013
  43. Atlanta Journal Constitution "John Barrow will not run for Senate" accessed May 8, 2013
  44. Marietta Daily Journal "Price won't run for Senate seat" accessed May 13, 2013
  45. AJC.com, "Kelly Loeffler passes on a 2014 U.S. Senate run," accessed November 5, 2013
  46. Washington Post, "The Fix’s top 10 Senate races of 2014," accessed December 10, 2013
  47. The Washington Post, "The Fix’s top 10 Senate races of 2014," accessed December 10, 2013
  48. 48.0 48.1 Politico, "House candidate: I’d ‘rather see’ terror attack than TSA screening," accessed May 12, 2014
  49. 49.0 49.1 Atlanta Journal Constitution, "Michelle Nunn endorses Keystone pipeline construction," accessed April 9, 2014
  50. Washington Post, "Republican Senate candidates distance themselves from ‘impeach Obama’," accessed July 17, 2014
  51. Yahoo News, "Rep. Paul Broun Would Back Obama Impeachment," accessed February 3, 2014
  52. 52.0 52.1 52.2 Roll Call, "Major Staff Turnover on Gingrey’s Senate Campaign," accessed November 20, 2013
  53. Huffington Post, "David Perdue Has Up To $1 Million Managed By Swiss Private Bank Fund," accessed October 22, 2014
  54. 54.0 54.1 Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
  55. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  56. Senate.gov, "H.R. 2775 As Amended," accessed October 31, 2013
  57. AJC.com, "George H.W. Bush endorses David Perdue as ‘independent voice’ in Senate race," September 16, 2014
  58. The Hill, "Nunn gets boost from Lugar's PAC," accessed August 13, 2014
  59. 59.0 59.1 59.2 59.3 59.4 59.5 Huffinton Post, "Democrat Michelle Nunn Gets Cross-Party Boost From Richard Lugar PAC," accessed August 13, 2014
  60. USA Today, "Michelle Nunn gets donation from Lugar PAC," accessed August 13, 2014
  61. Washington Post, "Michelle Nunn, Jason Carter hope to rechart the course of Georgia politics," accessed August 13, 2014
  62. Gainesville Times, "Will US Senate race swing on endorsements?," accessed August 25, 2014
  63. WABE, "State Dems Excited About Nunn's Senate Run," accessed August 14, 2014
  64. 64.0 64.1 64.2 Atlanta Journal Constitution, "Michelle Nunn’s campaign team: A group portrait," accessed August 14, 2014
  65. Online Athens, "Bernard: Here's one Republican vote for Nunn," accessed August 14, 2014
  66. Daily Kos, "GA-Sen: Kristen Gillibrand (D. NY) Wastes No Time Fundraising For Michelle Nunn (D)," accessed August 14, 2014
  67. Daily Kos, "GA-Sen: Claire McCaskill (D. MO), "Michelle Nunn (D) is a woman who can win in Georgia"," accessed August 14, 2014
  68. Twitter.com, "Nan Orrock," accessed August 14, 2014
  69. Michelle Nunn for Senate, "Women for Michelle Nunn Phonebank with State Senator Nan Orrock," accessed August 14, 2014
  70. CLATL, "News Dikembe Mutombo says 'no, no, no' to Georgia Republicans with Nunn endorsement," accessed August 14, 2014
  71. Michelle Nunn, "Dikembe Mutombo: My Friend Michelle," accessed August 14, 2014
  72. Connect Savannah, "NRA endorses Kingston in GOP runoff ," accessed June 16, 2014
  73. The Hill, "Gingrich endorses Kingston in Georgia," accessed June 10, 2014
  74. Online Athens, "Phil Gingrey endorses Jack Kingston for Senate," accessed June 5, 2014
  75. The Hill, "Tom Price endorses Kingston in Georgia," accessed June 2, 2014
  76. Atlanta Journal Constitution, "Karen Handel to endorse Jack Kingston in Georgia Senate race," accessed June 2, 2014
  77. Atlanta Journal Constitution, "Post-primary poll gives Jack Kingston an early edge over David Perdue," accessed June 2, 2014
  78. The Madison Project, "RELEASE: Madison Project Endorses Paul Broun for Senate in Georgia," accessed February 12, 2014
  79. PR Underground, "RLC Endorses Dr. Paul Broun for U.S. Senate in Georgia," accessed April 14, 2014
  80. Georgia Right to Life PAC, "GRTL PAC Endorsements - May 20 Primary Elections," accessed April 3, 2014
  81. 81.0 81.1 The Hill, "Anti-abortion group endorses Handel in Georgia Senate primary," accessed April 3, 2014
  82. CNN Political Ticket, "Sarah Palin endorses in high-stakes Georgia race," accessed April 1, 2014
  83. 83.0 83.1 83.2 Politico, "Group backs Karen Handel in Georgia Senate race," accessed April 10, 2014
  84. 84.0 84.1 84.2 NBC 41, "Georgia Republicans Host Senate Primary Debate," accessed March 10, 2014 (dead link)
  85. 85.0 85.1 85.2 85.3 Time, "Michelle Nunn David Perdue Georgia Debate," accessed October 13, 2014
  86. 86.0 86.1 86.2 86.3 C-SPAN, "Georgia Senate Debate," October 26, 2014
  87. Atlanta Journal Constitution, "Emily’s List drops $1 million on Georgia TV for Michelle Nunn," accessed August 22, 2014
  88. Atlanta Journal Constitution, "National Republicans drop $2.5 million on Georgia Senate ads," accessed August 6, 2014
  89. Atlanta Journal Constitution, "Republicans begin $2.5 million TV assault on Michelle Nunn," accessed August 14, 2014
  90. Politico, "Group backs Karen Handel in Georgia Senate race," accessed May 12, 2014
  91. Atlanta Journal Constitution, "Michelle Nunn up today with first TV ad," accessed April 23, 2014
  92. 92.0 92.1 Atlanta Journal Constitution, "Michelle Nunn’s second ad marks another step to the center," accessed April 23, 2014
  93. 93.0 93.1 Atlanta Journal Constitution, "New hoops-themed Michelle Nunn ad features her dad," accessed April 29, 2014
  94. 94.0 94.1 National Journal, "Handel Radio Ad Beats Ga. Opponents to the Airwaves," accessed September 9, 2013
  95. Roll Call, "First Karen Handel TV Ad Features Sarah Palin," accessed April 14, 2014
  96. Atlanta Journal Constitution, "David Perdue calls Karen Handel to apologize," accessed April 14, 2014
  97. 97.0 97.1 Politico, "Georgia House race 2014: Jack Kingston reserves $1.3 million in TV time," accessed January 27, 2014
  98. 98.0 98.1 The Hill, "Kingston launches first statewide ad of Georgia Senate race," accessed March 1, 2014
  99. 99.0 99.1 The Hill, "Kingston touts penny-pinching in new ad," accessed March 24, 2014
  100. 100.0 100.1 100.2 Huffington Post, "GOP Senate Candidate Jack Kingston Gets A Call From Obama In New Ad," accessed April 5, 2014
  101. WWL TV, "Republican candidate in Georgia uses Obama in ad," accessed April 5, 2014 (dead link)
  102. 102.0 102.1 Atlanta Journal Constitution, "Perdue tags Senate rivals as ‘crybabies’; new poll puts Gingrey in front," accessed February 5, 2014
  103. 103.0 103.1 GA Pundit, "David Perdue Senate: Third TV Ad “Bring”," accessed April 8, 2014
  104. 104.0 104.1 Roll Call, "Gingrey Vows to Repeal Obamacare in First Term or ‘Go Home’," accessed November 13, 2013
  105. The Hill, "Do Dems fear Broun the most in Georgia?," accessed February 26, 2014
  106. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed November 12, 2013
  107. Federal Election Commission, "Year End Report," accessed May 3, 2014
  108. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed May 3, 2014
  109. Federal Election Commission, "Pre-Primary," accessed October 15, 2014
  110. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed May 3, 2014
  111. Federal Election Commission, "Year End," accessed May 3, 2014
  112. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed May 3, 2014
  113. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed October 15, 2014
  114. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly" accessed July 23, 2013
  115. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly" accessed July 23, 2013
  116. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed November 12, 2013
  117. Federal Election Commission, "Year End Report," accessed February 10, 2014
  118. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed May 3, 2014
  119. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly" accessed July 23, 2013
  120. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly" accessed July 23, 2013
  121. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2013
  122. Federal Election Commission, "Year End Report," accessed February 11, 2014
  123. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed May 3, 2014
  124. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly" accessed July 23, 2013
  125. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly" accessed July 31, 2013
  126. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2013
  127. Federal Election Commission, "Year End Report," accessed February 11, 2014
  128. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed May 3, 2014
  129. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed November 12, 2013
  130. Federal Election Committee, "Year End," accessed May 3, 2014
  131. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly" accessed July 31, 2013
  132. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed November 12, 2013
  133. Federal Election Commission, "Year End," accessed May 3, 2014
  134. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed May 3, 2014
  135. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed November 12, 2013
  136. Federal Election Commission, "Year End Report," accessed May 3, 2014
  137. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed May 3, 2014
  138. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed May 3, 2014
  139. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed November 12, 2013
  140. Federal Election Commission, "Year End Report," accessed May 3, 2014
  141. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed May 3, 2014
  142. 142.0 142.1 Atlanta Journal Constitution, "Paul Broun, Karen Handel net roughly $300K for Senate race," accessed October 15, 2013
  143. 143.0 143.1 143.2 143.3 Roll Call, "Georgia Republican Invests $1M in Senate Campaign," accessed October 11, 2013
  144. 144.0 144.1 Politico, "Senate contender Jack Kingston raises $800k," accessed October 7, 2013
  145. Politico, "Michelle Nunn’s Senate haul: $1.7 million," accessed October 9, 2013
  146. National Journal, "Kingston Outraises Ga. Senate Potentials, As Gingrey Maintains Cash Lead" accessed April 17, 2013
  147. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  148. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013