United States Senate elections in Kansas, 2014

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U.S. Senate, Kansas General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngPat Roberts Incumbent 53.1% 460,350
     Independent Greg Orman 42.5% 368,372
     Libertarian Randall Batson 4.3% 37,469
Total Votes 866,191
Source: Kentucky Secretary of State Official Results



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2014 U.S. Senate Elections in Kansas

General Election Date
November 4, 2014

Primary Date
August 5, 2014

November 4 Election Winner:
Pat Roberts Republican Party
Incumbent prior to election:
Pat Roberts Republican Party
Pat Roberts.jpg

Race Ratings
Cook Political Report: Solid R[1]

Sabato's Crystal Ball: Safe R[2]


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2014 U.S. House Elections

Flag of Kansas.png
Voters in Kansas elected Pat Roberts (R) to the U.S. Senate in the election on November 4, 2014. Roberts, the incumbent who was first elected in 1996, defeated challengers Greg Orman (I) and Randall Batson (L) in the general election.

Previous polling and endorsements showed Greg Orman gaining popularity within a relatively short time frame. In October, NBC News/Marist polls found that Orman took a resounding ten point lead. Orman led with 48 percent among likely voters while Roberts stood at 38 percent.[3]

Due to his relative unpopularity, Roberts had Senators Ted Cruz and Tom Coburn assist him in a bus campaign tour.[4] After the tour, Roberts' poll numbers improved in mid-October, in which Public Policy Polling showed a narrow lead for Orman at 44-41.[5]

Chad Taylor (D) was set to be on the ballot in the general election but declared his withdrawal from the race. Roberts was previously favored in the August polls to win the re-election until Taylor withdrew. Taylor's withdrawal helped Orman, the Independent candidate, surge in the polls and threatened to unseat Robert from his position. The withdrawal of Taylor also made Kansas one of two states that saw no Democrat on the Senate election ballot. Though no Democrat was on the ballot, there was wide speculation that Orman would caucus with the Democrats if elected.[6]

Roberts faced a primary challenge from Milton Wolf, D.J. Smith and Alvin Zahnter. Wolf, a tea party candidate and physician, ran as a more conservative alternative to Roberts who was re-elected with 60 percent of the vote in 2008.[7]

Roberts was criticized after it was revealed that he did not own a home in Kansas. Many compared the situation to that of former Sen. Richard Lugar, who lost a 2012 Senate primary after a similar residency controversy.[8] Unlike Lugar, Roberts was able to win the nomination in the primary.

Democrat Chad Taylor withdrew from the race on September 3, 2014.[9][10] Despite a ruling from Secretary of State Kris Kobach that would have keep Taylor on the ballot, the Kansas Supreme Court ruled on September 19, 2014, that Taylor would be removed from the ballot.[11] After the ruling, Kobach said that Democrats were legally required to nominate a replacement candidate for Taylor by September 26. A lawsuit was filed by Democratic voter David Orel to force Democrats to nominate a replacement. However, the lawsuit was sent to a lower court.[12][13]

Candidate Filing Deadline Primary Election General Election
June 2, 2014
August 5, 2014
November 4, 2014

Primary: Kansas is one of 12 states to use a strictly closed primary process, in which the selection of a party's candidates in an election is limited to registered party members.[14][15][16]

Voter registration: To vote in the primary, voters had to register by June 15, 2014. For the general election, the voter registration deadline was October 14, 2014.[17]

See also: Kansas elections, 2014

Incumbent: Pat Roberts (R) was re-elected to his Senate seat. Roberts was first elected in 1996.

Candidates

General election candidates

August 5, 2014, primary results

Republican Party Republican Primary

Democratic Party Democratic Primary

Independent Third Party Candidates

Declined to run

Race background

Early predictions for Pat Roberts' (R) run for re-election said that it was unlikely he would face a serious challenge in the general election in 2014.[27] He entered the campaign with $886,694 cash on hand, slightly more than he had at the outset of his 2008 campaign for re-election.[27]

If Roberts would have changed his mind about re-election, there was no shortage of potential Republican nominees, from both the congressional delegation and statewide offices.

In September 2013, reports circulated that Barack Obama’s second cousin once removed, Milton Wolf, was laying the groundwork for a potential Republican primary challenge against Pat Roberts.[28] Wolf gauged support and reportedly sent an email to GOP activists in August 2013 asking them to get in touch if they want more senators like Ted Cruz, Mike Lee and Rand Paul before formally announcing his candidacy.[28][29] Roberts defeated Wolf in the Republican primary by roughly 7 percent.

Democratic primary winner Chad Taylor dropped out of the race on September 3, 2014. However, due to legal restrictions, the Kansas Secretary of State ordered his name to still appear on the ballot due to the face that he did not provide a reason that he would be unable to perform the job if elected, a requirement of Kansas law.[10] Taylor subsequently filed an appeal and the decision was overturned, thus removing him from the November ballot. Following the ruling, the Secretary of State said that Democrats were required to nominate a replacement candidate by September 26. Additionally, a lawsuit was filed by Democratic voter David Orel to force Democrats to nominate a replacement. However, the lawsuit was sent to a lower court. This delayed the case until the ballots were printed, effectively making it so no Democratic candidate appeared on the ballot.[12][13]

Independent Greg Orman surged in popularity in the weeks leading up to the election. Chad Reeves, a Kansas Democratic operative, said "What most Democrats know is that Orman would be better than Pat Roberts, and we want Roberts out. We wanted to win, this is the year to win, and Chad Taylor couldn’t be that candidate."[9]

Election results

General elections

The state of Kansas held an election for the U.S. Senate on November 4, 2014. Incumbent Pat Roberts (R) defeated challengers Greg Orman (I) and Randall Batson (I) in the general election.

U.S. Senate, Kansas General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngPat Roberts Incumbent 53.1% 460,350
     Independent Greg Orman 42.5% 368,372
     Libertarian Randall Batson 4.3% 37,469
Total Votes 866,191
Source: Kentucky Secretary of State Official Results

Primary elections

U.S. Senate, Kansas Republican Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngPat Roberts Incumbent 48.1% 127,089
Milton Wolf 40.8% 107,799
D.J. Smith 5.8% 15,288
Alvin Zahnter 5.4% 14,164
Total Votes 264,340
Source: Kansas Secretary of State
U.S. Senate, Kansas Democratic Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngChad Taylor 53.3% 35,067
Patrick Wiesner 46.7% 30,752
Total Votes 65,819
Source: Kansas Secretary of State

Media

Pat Roberts

Roberts had faced issues with Orman surging above him in the polls. Roberts and his allies countered through garnered support of Republicans and Super PACs. This led to the spending of millions of dollars on pro-Roberts and anti-Orman advertisements within the span of a few weeks. Roberts became more competitive in the polls and ultimately defeated Orman.[30]

Greg Orman

Independent candidate Greg Orman launched statewide television and radio ads on July 10, 2014, suggesting both major political parties were responsible for dysfunction in Washington.[31]

Leading up to the election, Orman was noticeably silent on the state airwaves. Unlike Roberts, who was trying to publicly show he maintained his state roots, Orman had not spent significant amounts of time or money running campaign ads or making public appearances.

Orman's campaign mainly focused on social media strategies, such as gathering followers on Twitter. Many political analysts believe that Orman's limited public appearances could have been to further present himself as the opposite of a career politician who was disinterested in partisan politics.[32]

Billionaires for Orman

Roberts had reemerged as a popular candidate at the polls as mid-October pollsters showed him holding steady at within two points of Orman or leading by a slim margin. Roberts' campaign and Republicans poured large sums of money into the race in early Octobe. In that time period, Orman's campaign was only able to reserve $1.3 million worth of airtime while Roberts and his allies reserved airtime amounting close to $3.3 million. In response to the turn of events, various billionaires, such as Peter Ackerman and John Burbank, rallied to support Orman's bid and aimed to provide him the funding he needs.[33]

Milton Wolf

Wolf announced a $250,000 TV ad buy that started on July 2, 2014, and continued through the primary on August 5, 2014.[34] It was the Wolf campaign’s first broadcast TV buy.[34]

Polls

General election

General election match-up
Poll Pat Roberts (R) Chad Taylor (D)Randall Batson (L)Greg Orman (I)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
SurveyUSA
October 22-26, 2014
44%0%0%42%10%+/-4.0623
Gravis Marketing
October 20-21, 2014
45%0%0%47%8%+/-3.01,124
Remington Research Group
October 9-12, 2014
48%0%2%46%4%+/-2.971,091
Public Policy Polling
October 9-12, 2014
41%0%5%44%10%+/-3.01,081
CNN Opinion Research
October 2-6, 2014
49%0%2%48%1%+/-3.51,025
NBC News/Marist
September/October 27-1, 2014
38%0%5%48%9%+/-2.71,282
Public Policy Polling
September 11-14, 2014
34%6%4%41%15%+/-2.71,328
SurveyUSA
September 4-7, 2014
36%10%6%37%11%+/-4.2555
Public Policy Polling
August 14-17, 2014
32%25%3%23%17%+/-3.3903
Rasmussen Reports
August 6-7, 2014
44%40%0%0%8%+/-4.0750
SurveyUSA
July 17-22, 2014
38%33%4%14%10%+/-2.91,208
SurveyUSA
June 19-23, 2014
43%33%0%0%12%+/-3.11,068
Public Policy Polling
February 18-20, 2014
38%32%0%0%20%+/-3.7693
AVERAGES 40.77% 13.77% 2.38% 30% 10.38% +/-3.31 979.31
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org


Hypothetical general election match-up
Poll Pat Roberts (R) Patrick Wiesner (D)Randall Batson (L)Greg Orman (I)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
SurveyUSA
July 17-22, 2014
40%27%5%17%11%+/-2.91,208
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org


Hypothetical general election match-up
Poll Milton Wolf (R) Patrick Wiesner (D)Randall Batson (L)Greg Orman (I)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
SurveyUSA
July 17-22, 2014
35%28%5%16%16%+/-2.91,208
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org


Hypothetical general election match-up
Poll Milton Wolf (R) Chad Taylor (D)Randall Batson (L)Greg Orman (I)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
SurveyUSA
July 17-22, 2014
33%34%5%14%14%+/-2.91,208
SurveyUSA
June 19-23, 2014
33%36%0%0%18%+/-3.11,068
Rasmussen Reports
April 16-17, 2014
50%32%0%0%11%+/-4.0750
Public Policy Polling
February 18-20, 2014
33%32%0%0%35%+/-3.7693
AVERAGES 37.25% 33.5% 1.25% 3.5% 19.5% +/-3.43 929.75
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org


Hypothetical general election match-up
Poll Pat Roberts (R) Kathleen Sebelius (D)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Rasmussen Reports
April 16-17, 2014
54%37%4%+/-4.0750
Public Policy Polling
February 18-20, 2014
52%38%10%+/-3.7693
AVERAGES 53% 37.5% 7% +/-3.85 721.5
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org


Hypothetical general election match-up
Poll Milton Wolf (R) Kathleen Sebelius (D)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Public Policy Polling
February 18-20, 2014
46%39%15%+/-3.7693
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org

Republican primary

Republican primary
Poll Pat Roberts Milton WolfD.J. SmithAlvin ZahnterUndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
DailyKos/Google Consumer Surveys
August 4, 2014
53%39%0%0%8%+/-3.11,002
SurveyUSA
July 17-22, 2014
50%30%6%3%12%+/-3.8691
GEB International
July 9, 2014
42%30%0%0%28%+/-4.28500
SurveyUSA
June 19-23, 2014
56%23%4%4%12%+/-4.4508
The Tarrance Group
January 13-15, 2014
69%15%0%0%16%+/-4.5401
AVERAGES 54% 27.4% 2% 1.4% 15.2% +/-4.02 620.4
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org

Democratic primary

Democratic primary
Poll Chad Taylor Patrick WiesnerUndecidedSample Size
SurveyUSA
July 17-22, 2014
48%17%35%322
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org

Key votes

Below are important votes the incumbent cast during the 113th Congress.

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "No" During the shutdown in October 2013, the Senate rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[35] The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from Republican members. Pat Roberts voted with the Republican Party against the bill.[36]

Issues

Controversy

Hitler comparison

Milton Wolf (R) compared President Barack Obama to Hitler, tweeting a comparison of Obama's treatment of "successful Americans" to the Nazi's treatment of Jews.[37]

Residency
  • Roberts had struggled with speculation about his permanent residence.[38]
    • “I don’t measure my competency or my record or the results – and I do get results – on where I put my head on a pillow,” Roberts said.[38]
  • In a February 2014 interview, Sen. Pat Roberts acknowledged that he did not have a home of his own in Kansas and that the residence he lists as his voting address belongs to two longtime supporters and donors — C. Duane and Phyllis Ross.[39][40] He reportedly established his voting address the day before his challenger, Milton Wolf, announced his candidacy in 2013.[39] Roberts said he pays a friend $300 a month to stay in a room in the friend's house during visits to Kansas.[41]
    • Spokeswoman Sarah Little said in a statement regarding how much time Roberts spends in Kansas, "We're not going to release numbers because we're not sure that any number would be acceptable to some of these outside groups. We're worried about what the yardstick is. Who defines how much is enough days in the state?"[41]
  • In October of 2014, the Wichita Eagle reported that Roberts had been struggling to pay taxes on his non-Kansas home and had been late with his payment four of the past six years.[42]
Vanity plates

In February 2014, Roberts faced criticism for his vanity license plates, registered in Virginia.[43]

Kansas Agriculture

Roberts had previously campaigned himself as a defender of Kansas agriculture, which was very important for the state's income. The Topeka Capital-Journal reported that Roberts had missed two-thirds of meetings within the US Senate Committee on Agriculture.[44]

Abortion

Milton Wolf (R) told about 40 people at a rally on February 27, 2014, that he was "100 percent pro-life."[45]

Gun rights

Milton Wolf said he was a lifetime member of the National Rifle Association. He also said he had a Kansas concealed carry permit and his firearm of choice is an autoloading rifle.[45]

Media

SCA

Senate Conservatives Action, an arm of the national activist group Senate Conservatives Fund, reserved several hundred thousand dollars in airtime in Roberts’ re-election race. The longtime incumbent faced a challenge from SCF-endorsed physician Milton Wolf, among other candidates.[46]

Pat Roberts


Pat Roberts' July 2014 ad, "Breaking."
  • Roberts released an ad, "Breaking," on July 25, 2014, that attacked primary challenger Milton Wolf over his history of posting and mocking gruesome pictures on Facebook, with the narrator mentioning that a medical board was investigating Wolf.[47]
  • On February 26, 2014, Roberts released a series of ads targeting his primary challenger, Milton Wolf, over posts on Facebook, including patient x-rays.[48]
    • A narrator in the ad said, “Dr. Milton Wolf’s patients trusted him, but stunning news reports show that Wolf exposed private patient X-rays and other personal information on Facebook — where Wolf relentlessly poked fun at the dead or wounded. A Kansas City medical ethics expert called Wolf’s behavior ‘beyond alarming’ for a professional in the field of medicine...If Milton Wolf is so irresponsible as a doctor, how can he possibly be trusted as a U.S. senator?”[48]
  • Roberts released a one-minute radio ad, "Yellow Rose," in February 2014.[49]

Endorsements

Pat Roberts

  • The U.S. Chamber of Commerce endorsed Pat Roberts on February 10, 2014.[50]
    • Thomas Donohue, the U.S. Chamber’s President and CEO, announced the endorsement in a letter to Senator Roberts: “In today’s economy, it is critical that Members of Congress provide strong support of free enterprise and leadership for policies that will return the United States to its full growth potential. We believe that your re-election to the United States Senate will help produce sustained economic growth, help create jobs, and get our country back on track.”[50]

Greg Orman

  • The board of Traditional Republicans for Common Sense, an organization of roughly 70 former Republican office holders, endorsed independent Greg Orman over Republican incumbent Pat Roberts. Jim Yonally, the chairman of the group, said "We believe Greg Orman is the best qualified candidate for the office of United States senator from Kansas. Our members know leadership, because they’ve been in leadership. They’ve been on the front line."[52]
  • Women for Kansas, a group that had endorsed Democratic candidates in other Kansas races, endorsed Orman.[53]

Milton Wolf

  • The Senate Conservatives Fund endorsed Milton Wolf on December 10, 2013. Executive Director Matt Hoskins endorsed Wolf, describing him as “a principled conservative who will fight to stop the massive spending, bailouts, and debt that are bankrupting our country.”[54]
    • “He’s not a career politician. He’s a doctor who understands exactly why Obamacare must be repealed. Kansas Republicans deserve a real choice this election, and Dr. Wolf gives them a chance to send someone new to Washington who will shake things up and bring about real change.”[54]
  • The Madison Project endorsed Milton Wolf on December 19, 2013.[55][56]
    • "Even though he has never held public office, Dr. Wolf has exhibited a command of the issues and a dedication to conservative values that is lacking among most individuals in Washington. Sen. Roberts has served admirably for a number of decades, but if we ever hope to rebuild the Senate majority on a solid conservative foundation, we need fewer career politicians and more citizen leaders like Milton Wolf."[55]

Other endorsements include:

  • Tea Party Express[57]
  • Tea Party Patriots Citizens Fund[58]

Campaign contributions

Candidate ballot accecss
Ballot Access Requirements Final.jpg

Find detailed information on ballot access requirements in all 50 states and Washington D.C.

Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season.

Pat Roberts

Pat Roberts (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[59]July 13, 2013$886,894.27$219,362.66$(78,359.35)$1,027,897.58
July Quarterly[60]July 18, 2013$1,027,897.58$567,238.06$(103,406.91)$1,491,728.73
October Quarterly[61]October 13, 2013$1,491,728.73$537,584.84$(193,001.32)$1,836,312.25
Year-end[62]January 31, 2014$1,836,312$616,194$(204,690)$2,247,815
April Quarterly[63]April 14, 2014$2,247,815$534,354$(535,447)$2,246,723
July Quarterly[64]July 15, 2014$2,246,723$858,336$(1,052,256)$2,052,803
Pre-Primary[65]July 21, 2014$2,052,803$56,122$(663,028)$1,445,897
Running totals
$3,389,191.56$(2,830,188.58)

During the last three months of 2013, Roberts reportedly raised more than twice as much money as primary challenger Milton Wolf.[66] A substantial portion of his contributions came from political action committees.[66]

Greg Orman

Greg Orman (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
July Quarterly[67]July 15, 2014$0$633,904$(82,294)$551,610
Pre-Primary[68]July 24, 2014$551,610$37,418$(226,435)$362,592
October Quarterly[69]October 15, 2014$361,592$1,700,389$(1,942,343)$119,639
Running totals
$2,371,711$(2,251,072)

Milton Wolf

Milton Wolf (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
Year End[70]January 31, 2014$0$268,131$(88,899)$179,232
April Quarterly[71]April 15, 2014$179,232$318,949$(220,356)$277,826
Running totals
$587,080$(309,255)

Chad Taylor

Chad Taylor (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[72]April 15, 2014$0$85,344$(11,425)$73,919
Running totals
$85,344$(11,425)

Election history

2010

On November 2, 2010, Moran (R) won election to the United States Senate. He defeated Lisa Johnston (D), Michael Wm. Dann (L), and Joseph K. Bellis (Reformed Party) in the general election.[73]

U.S. Senate, Kansas General Election, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngJerry Moran 70.1% 587,175
     Democratic Lisa Johnston 26.4% 220,971
     Libertarian Michael Wm. Dann 2.1% 17,922
     Reformed Joseph "Joe" K. Bellis 1.4% 11,624
Total Votes 837,692

2008

On November 4, 2008, Roberts won re-election to the United States Senate. He defeated Jim Slattery (D), Randall L. Hodgkinson (L) and Joseph L. Martin (Reformed Party) in the general election.[74]

U.S. Senate, Kansas General Election, 2008
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngPat Roberts Incumbent 60.1% 727,121
     Democratic Jim Slattery 36.5% 441,399
     Libertarian Randall L. Hodgkinson 2.1% 25,727
     Reformed Joseph L. Martin 1.4% 16,443
Total Votes 1,210,690

See also

External links

References

  1. Cook Political Report, "2014 SENATE RACE RATINGS FOR JULY 18, 2014," accessed August 5, 2014
  2. Sabato's Crystal Ball, "2014 Senate Races," accessed August 5, 2014
  3. NBC News, "Kansas Surprise, Orman Leads Roberts," accessed October 7, 2014
  4. The Washington Post, "Ted Cruz to Campaign for Pat Roberts," October 6, 2014
  5. Public Policy Polling, "Key Races Tighten in Kansas," October 14, 2014
  6. Politico "Joe Biden: Greg Orman will caucus with Democrats," November 4, 2014
  7. Kansas City Star, "Milton Wolf demanding GOP foe Pat Roberts be kept off ballot ," accessed July 14, 2014
  8. NY Times, "Lacking a House, a Senator Is Renewing His Ties in Kansas," accessed July 14, 2014
  9. 9.0 9.1 The Hill, "Democrat's exit roils Kansas Senate race," September 3, 2014
  10. 10.0 10.1 Politico, "Kan. official: Democrat stays on ballot," September 4, 2014
  11. Twitter, "Statement from Chad Taylor," September 4, 2014
  12. 12.0 12.1 Politico, "Will Dems go all-out to beat Sen. Pat Roberts now?," September 18, 2014
  13. 13.0 13.1 Election Law Blog, "Breaking: In #KSSEN Candidate Replacement Case, KS Supreme Court Kicks Case Back to Lower Court, Delaying Consideration," September 23, 2014
  14. National Conference of State Legislatures Website, "State Primary Election Types," accessed January 6, 2014
  15. Fair Vote, "Congressional and Presidential Primaries: Open, Closed, Semi-Closed, and 'Top Two,'" accessed January 6, 2014
  16. Ballotpedia research conducted December 26, 2013, through January 3, 2014, researching and analyzing various state websites and codes.
  17. Kansas Secretary of State Website, "Registration & Voting," accessed January 3, 2014
  18. Talking Points Memo, "Obama's Second Cousin To Challenge Sen. Pat Roberts," accessed October 9, 2013
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 Kansas Secretary of State, "Candidates for the 2014 Primary (official)," accessed June 2, 2014
  20. Federal Election Commission, "Chad Taylor 2014 Summary reports," accessed November 25, 2013
  21. Anchorage Daily News, "Kansas independent to run for US Senate," accessed June 3, 2014
  22. Miami Herald, "Kansas independent to run for US Senate," accessed June 5, 2014 (dead link)
  23. NY Times, "Sebelius Says She’s Not Interested in Senate Run," accessed April 21, 2014
  24. NY Times, "Sebelius Said to Weigh Run for Kansas Senate Seat," accessed April 16, 2014
  25. Washington Post, "Sebelius for Senate? It makes no sense.," accessed April 16, 2014
  26. Star Telegram, "Kansas candidate filing deadline passes," accessed June 3, 2014
  27. 27.0 27.1 Huffington Post " Senate 2014: How Much Money Do The Candidates Have?" accessed February 25, 2012
  28. 28.0 28.1 Politico, "Obama’s GOP cousin may primary Pat Roberts," accessed September 16, 2013
  29. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named atr
  30. Wichita Eagle, "Tea party PAC plans announcement with U.S. Sen. Pat Roberts," accessed October 15, 2014
  31. Miami Herald, "Independent begins ads in US Senate race in Kansas," accessed July 17, 2014 (dead link)
  32. Seattlepi, "Kansas independent Orman campaigns under the radar," accessed October 21, 2014
  33. Politico, "Greg Orman Kansas 2014 Billionaires," accessed October 15, 2014
  34. 34.0 34.1 Kansas City Star, "Tea Party's Milton Wolf buys $250,000 in TV ads in primary challenge against Kansas Sen. Pat Roberts," accessed July 2, 2014
  35. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  36. Senate.gov, "H.R. 2775 As Amended," accessed October 31, 2013
  37. Talking Points Memo, "Obama's Tea Party Cousin Thinks The President Is Hitler," accessed February 17, 2014
  38. 38.0 38.1 NBC News, "Incumbent Roberts Struggles With Residency Questions," accessed July 9, 2014
  39. 39.0 39.1 NY Times, "Lacking a House, a Senator Is Renewing His Ties in Kansas," accessed February 8, 2014
  40. Washington Examiner, "In Senate race, two Kansans battle over who is more Kansan," accessed March 10, 2014
  41. 41.0 41.1 The Washington Examiner, "Kansas Sen. Pat Roberts won't say how many days he spends in Kansas," accessed February 12, 2014 (timed out)
  42. Wichita Eagle, "Pat Roberts late to pay taxes on properties," accessed October 14, 2014
  43. Milton Wolf for Congress, "Pat Roberts (R-VA) Really Wants You To Know He Is Virginia’s Third Senator," accessed February 19, 2014
  44. Topeka Capital-Journal, "Roberts misses two-thirds of ag committee meetings since 2000," October 13, 2014
  45. 45.0 45.1 Anchorage Daily News, "US Senate hopeful in Kansas hits social issues," accessed March 1, 2014 (dead link)
  46. Politico, "Conservatives target Pat Roberts, Kansas," accessed July 17, 2014
  47. Greenfield Reporter, "Roberts intensifies advertising with new TV spot attacking Wolf ahead of Kansas GOP primary," accessed July 28, 2014
  48. 48.0 48.1 Politico, "Pat Roberts offers new Kansas ad," accessed February 27, 2014
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