Vermont Legislative Redistricting and Size Amendment (1974)
|Statutes referred by Legislature|
|Amending the Vermont Constitution|
This amendment accomplished several things:
- It set the number of members of the Vermont House of Representatives at 150 members, and the number of members of the Vermont State Senate at 30 members.
- It eliminated an age requirement of 30 years to be a Vermont state senator.
- It eliminated all references in the Vermont Constitution "to form of election, certification, and filling of vacancies, leaving that to general law."
- Legislative redistricting was ordered following every second presidential election.
This amendment changed 6 different parts of Chapter II of the Vermont Constitution.
Section 13 ("Representatives, Number") was changed to say:
- The House of Representatives shall be composed of one hundred fifty Representatives. The freemen of each representative district established by law shall elect one or two Representatives from that district, the number from each district to be established by the General Assembly.
- In establishing representative districts, which shall afford equality of representation, the General Assembly shall seek to maintain geographical compactness and contiguity and to adhere to boundaries of counties and other existing political subdivisions.
Section 15 ("Residence of Representatives and Senators") was changed to say:
- No person shall be elected a Representative or a Senator until he has resided in this State two years, the last year of which shall he in the legislative district for which he is elected.
Section 18 ("Senators; numbers; qualifications") was changed to say:
- The Senate shall be composed of thirty Senators, to be of the freemen of the senatorial district from which they are elected. The freemen of each senatorial district established by law shall elect one or more Senators from that district, the number from each district to be established by the General Assembly.
- In establishing senatorial districts, which shall afford equality of representation, the General Assembly shall seek to maintain geographical compactness and contiguity and to adhere to boundaries of counties and other existing political subdivisions.
Section 36 ("Election of Representatives and Senators") was changed to say:
- Senators and Representatives shall be elected to office at a general election to be held biennially on the first Tuesday next after the first Monday of November, A.D.1974.
Section 37 ("Manner of election") was changed to say:
- The manner of election, certification, and filling of vacancies in office of Senators and Representatives shall be as established by law.
Section 38 ("Terms of Senators and Representatives") was changed to say:
- The term of office of Senators and Representatives shall be two years, commencing on the first Wednesday next after the first Monday of January following their election.
Section 72 ("Manner of apportionment of General Assembly") was added. It says:
- The General Assembly shall establish senatorial districts, within and including all of the state, and shall further establish representative districts within and including all of the state.
- At the biennial session following each second presidential election, and at such other times as the General Assembly finds necessary, it shall revise the boundaries of the legislative districts and shall make a new apportionment of its membership in order to maintain equality of representation among the respective districts as nearly as it is practicable. The General Assembly may provide for establishment of a legislative apportionment board to advise and assist the General Assembly concerning legislative apportionment. If the General Assembly fails to revise the legislative districts as required in this section, the Supreme Court in appropriate legal proceedings brought for that purpose may order reapportionment of the districts.