New editions of the State Legislative Tracker and The Policy Tracker available now!

Virginia's 2nd Congressional District elections, 2014

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
U.S. House, Virginia District 2 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngScott Rigell Incumbent 58.7% 101,558
     Democratic Suzanne Patrick 41.1% 71,178
     N/A Write-in 0.2% 324
Total Votes 173,060
Source: Virginia Department of Elections



Virginia's 2nd Congressional District

General Election Date
November 4, 2014

Primary Date
No primary

November 4 Election Winner:
Scott Rigell Republican Party
Incumbent prior to election:
Scott Rigell Republican Party
Scott Rigell.jpg

Race Ratings
Cook Political Report: Solid Republican[1]

Sabato's Crystal Ball: Likely R[2]

Virginia U.S. House Elections
District 1District 2District 3District 4District 5District 6District 7District 8District 9District 10District 11

2014 U.S. Senate Elections

Flag of Virginia.png

Incumbent Scott Rigell (R) easily defeated retired U.S. Naval Reserve Commander Suzanne Patrick (D) in the November 2014 general election by more than 17 percentage points in what was "widely considered among the most competitive congressional districts in Virginia."[3]

During a victory party Rigell said, "We ran with one goal in mind - to win and win decisively. We ran as if the future of the country depended on it, because indeed we believe it does."[4]

Ballotpedia identified Virginia's 2nd Congressional District as a battleground race because Cook's PVI showed the district as R+2, and Fairvote rated the district as 43.4 percent Democratic. In addition, President Barack Obama won the district by 1.5 percentage points in 2012 and 1.7 percentage points in 2008.[5][6]

The Republican and Democratic parties provided Rigell and Patrick with additional support during the election. Rigell was a member of the National Republican Congressional Committee's "Patriot Program", which was designed to assist vulnerable Republican incumbents heading into the 2014 election.[7] Patrick was a member of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee's "Jumpstart Program", which was designed to provide early support to top-tier Democratic challengers.[8]

Despite being considered a "competitive" district, Virginia's "(un)democratic way of redrawing legislative districts" may have contributed to Rigell's victory, according to the Pilot Online. Rigell addressed gerrymandering during a 2014 debate. According to the Daily Press, "Rigell says fixing gerrymandering — the rigging of districts to ensure they vote for one party — is one of his priorities, and he's working with a liberal Democrat from California, Alan Lowenthal, to find a way to end the practice. That, he says, is an example of the kind of bipartisanship Washington needs."[9]

The race was rated a "Safe Republican" contest by Rothenberg Political Report/Roll Call.[10]

Candidate Filing Deadline Primary Election General Election
March 27, 2014
No primary
November 4, 2014

Primary: Virginia is one of 14 states that uses an open primary process, in which registered voters do not have to be members of a party to vote in that party's primary.[11]

Voter registration: Voters had to register to vote in the primary by February 10, 2014. For the general election, the voter registration deadline was October 14, 2014 (22 days before election).[12]

See also: Virginia elections, 2014

Incumbent: Heading into the election was incumbent Scott Rigell (R), who was first elected in 2010.

Virginia's 2nd Congressional District is located in the eastern portion of the state and includes Accomack, Northampton and Virginia Beach City counties.[13]


General election candidates

Failed to file

Election results

U.S. House, Virginia District 2 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngScott Rigell Incumbent 58.7% 101,558
     Democratic Suzanne Patrick 41.1% 71,178
     N/A Write-in 0.2% 324
Total Votes 173,060
Source: Virginia Department of Elections


See also: Energy and the 2014 election: the ballots and beyond


On October 18, 2014, Rigell and Patrick meet in their first and only debate. Patrick accused Rigell of hurting the economy with his vote for the government shutdown, of not supporting veterans and voting for policies that hurt women.[17]

According to the Virginian-Pilot, "Like most in Congress, Rigell, a two-term incumbent, has said the budget bill was needed to avoid a government default. He has railed against sequestration, saying it never should have been allowed to begin and has pressed for changes to stop it."[17]

Rigell, a former Marine, also defended his record on veterans and the military. He said, "For my opponent to impugn my record on this matter - for her to say that I do not support our veterans - is patently false, and I reject it. We voted to strengthen the VA - to actually increase its funding every year."[17]

In addition, Rigell, who voted for the Violence Against Women Act, said, "It's patently false that I do not support women. It's not partially false. It's totally false."[17]

Campaign themes

Scott Rigell

Rigell highlighted thirteen issues on his website. Here are some of them:[18]

Creating Jobs: As a lifelong businessman I know the great joy that comes with being able to look someone in the eye and say, “You’re hired!” But today our American small businesses are suffering at the hands of an overreaching, paternalistic government. As a result, America’s unemployment rate has hovered at 8% for more than three full years. So many more Americans are underemployed or have given up looking for work, but if these past three years have taught us anything, it is this: that the government cannot create sustainable jobs or spend our way out of unemployment. The only true path to job creation is to get the government out of the way, create an economic environment that provides certainty to businesses and unleash the greatest job-creating engine the world has ever known: the American entrepreneur! To get the economy back into action, we must first repeal the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, which places a heavy burden on our small businesses, and replace it with common-sense, market-based health care solutions that preserve the patient-doctor relationship. Second, we must make our tax code flatter and fairer, so that the government isn’t picking winners and losers through lobbyist-written loopholes and deductions. Third, we must roll back the excessive regulations the federal government has placed on businesses. Finally, we must find new opportunities to grow our national economy, and energy is our number one way to do this. Simply opening up Virginia’s coastal energy for environmentally-responsible energy harvesting would create 18,000 jobs, move us toward energy independence and bring in tax revenue for our schools and roads! Energy development in Virginia has broad bipartisan support.

Our Military: We have a deep obligation to pass on to future generations of Americans the blessings of liberty and freedom. That is why a strong military force and a sound national security strategy are so critical – perhaps now more than ever before. Unfortunately, our military and national security are at risk because of massive looming defense cuts that will affect each and every American unless Congress and the President can agree on a plan to stop them. At the same time, American military leaders have said that our national debt is the number one threat to our national security. We must find the common ground to address our unacceptable – and unaccountable – levels of national spending while maintaining the strongest fighting force on the planet. As a member of the House Armed Services Committee, I have successfully fought to keep all East Coast Carriers based in Norfolk and secured emergency funding to improve the electrical grid at Joint Expeditionary Base Little Creek-Fort Story. I also have the great privilege of representing a district that is home to more men and women in uniform than any other district in the country. As the son of an Iwo Jima Marine, and having served in the Marine Corps Reserve myself, I know first-hand the sacrifice and struggle that our military families go through.

Education: The future of America depends on preparing today’s students for success tomorrow. Unfortunately, education in America too often puts the concerns of bureaucrats above the needs of our children. That is wrong. Education should and must be about making sure that our schools equip America’s students with the knowledge and life skills necessary to be well-informed and take on the challenges of adulthood. While government is tightening its belt, I believe that education funding must remain a top priority. I have supported keeping K-12 funding levels consistent while adjusting for inflation. And while the federal government plays an important role in funding America’s public schools, I believe that primary education policy must continue to be managed at the local and state level. Finally, successful and effective public education depends on a healthy economy that produces the necessary tax revenue to fund a world-class system. That is why it is so critical for us to improve our economy through smarter, lighter regulations, a fairer and flatter tax code and a sound energy policy that opens up the job-creating power of the energy industry in America.

Senior Issues: For too long, the issues facing our nation’s seniors have been used as a pawn in political debates while vitally important programs head toward bankruptcy. Even today, efforts to strengthen Medicare for future generations are being unfairly mischaracterized for political gain. The truth is undeniable: according to the non-partisan Congressional Budget Office (CBO), the Hospital Insurance Trust Fund - the fund that pays the Medicare bills - is projected to be exhausted in 2022. I am committed to pursuing and supporting legislation that strengthens and preserves Medicare for current and future generations. I recently introduced a House Resolution that would prevent any changes to Medicare for those 55 and older, and also seeks to reduce the waste, fraud and abuse that is so troubling. This includes legislation ensuring that no changes in Medicare will occur for anyone 55 and older. Unfortunately the recent changes that have been made to Medicare have been damaging. In 2010, Congress passed and the President signed a government-run health care law that cut more than $500 billion from Medicare. This law also put in place an unaccountable, unelected board of fifteen bureaucrats known as the Independent Payment Advisory Board (IPAB), and gave it the power to make coverage decisions on health care which cannot be appealed. We must strongly oppose these cuts in Medicare while implementing market-based reforms that provide more choices for America’s future seniors. The federal government also has an obligation to make good on its promise and pay out Social Security benefits that many depend on and expected when calculating the cost of their retirement. That is why I do not support changing Social Security for today’s seniors or anyone that is on the verge of retirement. Instead, we should enact incremental changes to the program for young Americans to ensure that Social Security remains viable for future generations, while giving young workers enough time to adequately prepare for their own retirements. It will take true leadership in Congress and the White House to save Medicare and face the reality of the situation: if we do nothing, which has been the status quo for years, Medicare and Social Security won’t be there for future Americans. I am committed to doing all that can be done to ensure strong and healthy Medicare and Social Security programs for America’s seniors. [19]

—Scott Rigell,

Suzanne Patrick

Patrick’s website highlighted the following priorities:[20]


From her experience advising international corporations navigating the global marketplace, to starting and successfully running her own small business, Suzanne has the knowledge and skills necessary to spur local economic development and job creation here in Virginia. She’ll support fair trade and use her knowledge of global markets to expand opportunities for our local port. Suzanne believes investments in infrastructure are essential—not only to create jobs now, but also to lay the groundwork for future economic growth. And, she is fiercely committed to maintaining funds for the military facilities that are the backbone of the local economy.


Thanks to a lot of political gamesmanship and partisan bickering in Congress, our nation’s and economy and armed services are now feeling the harmful effects of the sequester. Not only are seniors, children, and middle class families taking a hit, the sequester also damages our nation’s military preparedness. Suzanne will work to break the gridlock, end the senseless sequester, and restore the funding our military needs to return to full strength.


For years, Suzanne has actively mentored young women pursuing careers in science, engineering, and the military. Through this work, she sees the ways our current education system is failing the next generation. Too few students graduate with the skills needed to compete in today’s global economy, while too many graduate under the burden of massive debt from student loans. Suzanne believes every American student deserves the opportunity to access a quality, affordable education, and that investments in education are the best investment we can make in our nation’s future economic success.


Suzanne firmly opposes any effort to privatize Social Security or turn Medicare into a voucher program. As the primary caretaker for her aging parents, Suzanne understands how important these earned benefits are to seniors on a fixed income. Instead of gutting these programs or subjecting them to the volatility of Wall Street, Suzanne believes in protecting the long-term viability of Social Security and Medicare through strategic investments and common sense reforms so that all seniors can enjoy security, dignity, and access to quality, affordable health care in retirement.


We have an important and historic relationship with Israel, and one that must be strengthened and maintained through this period of heightened instability and conflict in the Middle East.

From the moment Israel became a nation in 1948, the United States has been a strong ally. We were the first nation to recognize Israel, and we have played an important role in continuing to help Israel persevere in a dangerous and challenging region. Israel is the strongest democracy in the Middle East, and Israelis share our values and commitments to democracy and regional security. In this time of change and volatility in the Middle East, we need strong allies like Israel to champion and uphold these values in the region. In Congress, I will fight to strengthen our relationship with Israel diplomatically, military, culturally, and economically so that we work together to build a bright future for both nations. [19]

—Suzanne Patrick,


Veterans' votes likely played a key role in Virginia's 2nd Congressional District race. The district is home to Naval Air Station Oceana and borders the 3rd District, which is home to Naval Station Norfolk, the world’s largest naval station.
Patrick, a U.S. Naval Reserve veteran, accused Rigell, a former Marine, of hurting the military and veterans, especially with his vote in support of the Budget Control Act of 2011. She said, "As the congressman from the second district, the largest military district in the United States, he has time and again over his entire career as a congressman undermined the military with his votes."[21]

Rigell defended his vote on the Budget Control Act that lead to sequestration. He said, "We would've defaulted at a nation, the damage to our country, according to Secretary Geitner, who was secretary at the time, would've been really irreparable."[21]

Key votes

Below are important votes that Rigell cast during the 113th Congress.

National security


Yea3.png Rigell voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[22]

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Rigell voted in support of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[22]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Nay3.pngRigell voted in opposition of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[22]

CISPA (2013)

Nay3.png Rigell voted in opposition of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[23] The bill was largely supported by Republicans but divided the Democratic Party.[22]


Farm bill

Yea3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[24] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[25][26] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[26] Rigell voted with 161 other Republican representatives in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[27][28] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582-page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[28] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[29] It increased the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel by 1 percent, increased Head Start funding for early childhood education by $1 billion, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency, and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Rigell voted with the majority of the Republican party in favor of the bill.[27]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[30] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[31] Rigell voted to approve the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[32]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[33] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Rigell voted for HR 2775.[34]

Rigell released a statement on October 1, 2013, calling for an end to the shutdown. He said, "In rejecting outright all four offers, and without offering a single counter offer, the Senate demonstrated an absolute unwillingness to negotiate. The result? Gridlock and a government shutdown. The shutdown is hurting my district – including the military and the hard working men and women who have been furloughed due to the defense sequester. Republicans fought the good fight. The fight continues but is not advanced by a government shutdown that damages our economy and harms our military. The time has come to pass a clean CR to reopen the government.”[35]

Rigell planned to donate his salary for the duration of the shutdown to the Wounded Warrior Project.[36]

Farm Bill

See also: United States Farm Bill 2013

Yea3.png Rigell supported the Farm Bill on July 11, 2013. The bill passed in a 216-208 vote.[37] The bill passed included farm policy, but did not include food stamps.[38]


Morton Memos Prohibition

Yea3.png Rigell supported House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[39] The vote largely followed party lines.[40]


Repealing Obamacare

Yea3.png Rigell has voted in support of all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[41]

Social issues


Yea3.png Rigell supported HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[42]

Government affairs

HR 676

See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

Yea3.png On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five RepublicansThomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas—voted with Democrats against the lawsuit.[43] Rigell joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.[44][45]


Suzanne Patrick


Suzanne Patrick

Suzanne Patrick for Congress, "100 Years of Service."

Suzanne Patrick for Congress, "Earned Promises."

Suzanne Patrick for Congress, "Pay."

Scott Rigell

Scott Rigell for Congress 2014: "The Round Table."

Campaign contributions

Scott Rigell

Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Rigell's reports.[47]

Suzanne Patrick

Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Patrick's reports.[55]

Suzanne Patrick (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
October Quarterly[56]October 15, 2013$0.00$62,235.77$(6,843.17)$55,392.60
Year-End[57]January 31, 2014$55,392.60$62,221.61$(37,999.09)$79,615.12
April Quarterly[58]April 15, 2014$79,615.12$177,140.78$(60,924.00)$195,831.90
July Quarterly[59]July 15, 2014$195,831.90$114,936.81$(42,258.73)$268,200.00
October Quarterly[60]October 15, 2014$268,200.00$242,519.22$(414,030.23)$96,688.99
Running totals

District history

Candidate ballot access
Ballot Access Requirements Final.jpg

Find detailed information on ballot access requirements in all 50 states and Washington D.C.


The 2nd Congressional District of Virginia held an election for the U.S. House of Representatives on November 6, 2012. Incumbent Scott Rigell won re-election in the district.[61]

U.S. House, Virginia District 2 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Paul Hirschbiel 46.1% 142,548
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngScott Rigell Incumbent 53.8% 166,231
     Write-In N/A 0.1% 443
Total Votes 309,222
Source: Virginia State Board of Elections, "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"


On November 2, 2010, Scott Rigell won election to the United States House. He defeated Glenn C. Nye (D) and Kenny E. Golden (I) in the general election.[62]

U.S. House, Virginia District 2 General Election, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngScott Rigell 53.1% 88,340
     Democratic Glenn C. Nye 42.5% 70,591
     Independent Kenny E. Golden 4.3% 7,194
     N/A Write-in 0.1% 164
Total Votes 166,289

See also

External links


  1. Cook Political Report, "2014 HOUSE RACE RATINGS FOR AUGUST 8, 2014," accessed August 21, 2014
  2. Sabato's Crystal Ball, "2014 House Races," accessed August 21, 2014
  3., "Numbers betray politicians' tight grasp," accessed January 6, 2015
  4., "Results | Rep. Scott Rigell keeps seat in 2nd District," accessed January 6, 2014
  5. The Cook Political Report, "Introducing the 2014 Cook Political Report Partisan Voter Index," accessed November 5, 2013
  6. FairVote, "FairVote Releases Projections for the 2014 Congressional Elections," accessed November 5, 2013
  7. Roll Call, "House GOP adds 9 vulnerable incumbents to Patriot Program," July 21, 2013
  8. The Washington Post, "DCCC adds nine names to program for top recruits," September 9, 2013
  9. Daily Press, "In 2nd District, Rigell, Patrick debate dysfunction," accessed January 6, 2015
  10. Roll Call, "2014 Election Race Ratings," accessed September 3, 2014
  11. Code of Virginia, "Title 24.2, Section 530," accessed June 10, 2014
  12. Virginia State Board of Elections Website, "Become a Registered Voter," accessed January 3, 2014
  13. Virginia Redistricting Map, "Map," accessed July 24, 2012
  14. Roll Call, "Rigell receives Democratic challenger," accessed August 28, 2013
  15. Libertarian Party of Virginia, "Our Candidates," accessed March 21, 2014
  16. Commonwealth of Virginia Department of Elections, "List of Candidates," accessed July 24, 2014
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3, "Rigell fends off challenger's attacks in debate," accessed October 20, 2014
  18., "Where I Stand," accessed September 16, 2014
  19. 19.0 19.1 Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
  20. Susanne Patrick for Congress”, "Priorities," accessed March 21, 2014
  21. 21.0 21.1, "Veteran's vote key in 2nd district contest," accessed October 9, 2014
  22. 22.0 22.1 22.2 22.3 Project Vote Smart, "Representative Rigell's Voting Records on National Security," accessed October 14, 2013
  23. The Library of Congress, "Bill Summary & Status - 113th Congress (2013 - 2014) - H.R.624," accessed August 27, 2013
  24. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  25. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  26. 26.0 26.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled farm bill, with clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  27. 27.0 27.1, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  28. 28.0 28.1 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  29. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  30. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  31. Buzzfeed, "Government shutdown: How we got here," accessed October 1, 2013
  32. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  33. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  34. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  35. Rigell House website, "Government shutdown," accessed October 1, 2013
  36. Washington Post, "Which lawmakers will refuse their pay during the shutdown?," accessed October 2, 2013
  37. Project Vote Smart, "Rigell on agriculture," accessed October 14, 2013
  38. New York Times, "House Republicans push through farm bill, without food stamps," accessed September 17, 2013
  39. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013
  40. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Rigell's Voting Records on Immigration," accessed October 14, 2013
  41. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Rigell's Voting Records on Issue: Health and Healthcare," accessed October 14, 2013
  42. Project Vote Smart, "Rigell on abortion," accessed October 14, 2013
  43. U.S. House, "House Resolution 676," accessed July 30, 2014
  44. Yahoo News, "Suing Obama: GOP-led House gives the go-ahead," accessed July 30, 2014
  45. Washington Post, "House clears way for lawsuit against Obama," accessed July 30, 2014
  46. The Farm Team, "Emily's List puts Patrick 'On the List'," accessed March 24, 2014
  47. Federal Election Commission, "Scott Rigell Summary reports," accessed July 23, 2013
  48. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  49. Federal Election Commission, "June Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  50. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 29, 2013
  51. Federal Election Commission, "Year End Report," accessed February 17, 2014
  52. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 17, 2014
  53. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2014
  54. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2014
  55. Federal Election Commission, "Patrick 2014 Summary Reports," accessed November 26, 2013
  56. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed November 26, 2013
  57. Federal Election Commission, "Year-End Report," accessed April 17, 2014
  58. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 17, 2014
  59. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2014
  60. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2014
  61. Politico, "2012 Election Map, Virginia"
  62. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013