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Voting in Idaho

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Idaho permits online voter registration, no-excuse absentee voting and early voting. Voters in Idaho are required to present valid photo identification at the polls.

For full information about voting in Idaho, contact the state election agency.


Idaho utilizes a mixed primary system that allows parties to decide who may vote. The Democratic Party allows unaffiliated voters to vote in their primary. The Republican Party allows only voters registered with their party. Unaffiliated voters can choose to affiliate with a party for the primary election, but they will be bound to that party in the general election.[1]

To vote in Idaho, you must be:[2]

  • A Citizen of the United States
  • 18 years of age, or older
  • A resident in the state and in the county for thirty (30) days prior to Election Day
  • Registered as required by law[3]

—Idaho Secretary of State

When and where

Registration must be completed 25 days prior to the election you wish to vote in. You may print and mail a form or register in person at your county clerk. First-time voters must include a copy of a form of identification that serves as proof of residence. The following are acceptable:[4]

  • Current photo identification
  • Utility bill
  • Bank statement
  • Government check
  • Paycheck
  • Any other government document bearing your name and address

Online registration

See also: Online voter registration in the 50 states

As of April 2015, Idaho is one of 30 states that have not implemented full online voter registration.

Voting on Election Day

Voter identification

See also: Voter identification laws by state

In order to vote, voters must present valid photo identification. Valid photo ID includes: an Idaho driver's license or ID card, a U.S. passport or federal ID card, a tribal photo ID card, or a student ID card, as long as the ID includes a photo and is issued by an institution in Idaho. If a voter is unable to present an acceptable ID, the voter is given the option to sign a Personal Identification Affidavit. On the affidavit, the voter swears to his or her identity under penalty of perjury. After signing the affidavit, the voter will be issued a regular ballot.[5]

Poll times

See also: State Poll Opening and Closing Times

In Idaho, all polls will be open from 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. local time. In some instances, polls may open at 7:00 a.m., at the discretion of the local Clerk.[6]

Idaho is split between the Mountain and Pacific time zones.

Absentee voting

See also: Absentee voting


All voters are eligible to vote absentee in Idaho. There are no special eligibility requirements for voting absentee.[7]


To vote absentee, an absentee ballot application must be received by the election office at least six days prior to the election. A returned absentee ballot must then be received by the elections office by 5:00 p.m. on the Friday before Election Day if in person. By mail, the ballot must be returned by 8:00 p.m. on Election Day.[7]

Military and overseas voting

For full details regarding military and overseas voting, visit the Federal Voting Assistance Program.

Early voting

See also: Early voting

Idaho is one of 34 states that has early voting with no specific requirements as to who can vote early. Early voting begins as soon as ballots become available and ends at 5:00 p.m. the Friday before Election Day.[8]

Election policy ballot measures

Voting on
elections and campaigns
Ballot measures
By state
By year
Not on ballot
See also: Elections and campaigns on the ballot and List of Idaho ballot measures

Ballotpedia has tracked the following ballot measures relating to election and campaign policy in Idaho.

  1. Idaho Ballot Access Restrictions, HB 644 (1998)
  2. Idaho Election of County Officers, SJR 5 (1948)
  3. Idaho Increase Supreme Court Membership, HJR 6 (1920)
  4. Idaho Municipal Officer Election Removal, HJR 10 (1896)
  5. Idaho Remove Disqualification of County Assessors, SJR 6(b) (1910)
  6. Idaho Remove Disqualification of Sheriffs, SJR 6(c) (1910)
  7. Idaho Voting Residence Requirement, SJR 6 (1962)

Recent news

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See also

Elections in Idaho

External links