Voting in Vermont

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Vermont permits early voting and no-excuse absentee voting. Vermont does not have a system for online voter registration. A voter in Vermont is only required to present valid identification at the polls if it is his or her first time voting.

For full information about voting in Vermont, contact the state election agency.


A voter is eligible to register to vote in Vermont if he or she:[1]

  1. is a citizen of the United States;
  2. is a resident of the state of Vermont (and a resident of the town in which you apply to be added to the checklist);
  3. has taken, or has previously taken, the Voter’s Oath (formerly called the “Freeman’s Oath”); and
  4. is 18 years of age or more.[2]

—Vermont Secretary of State

When and where

The deadline for voter registration is 5 p.m. on the Wednesday preceding the election. You can register to vote by mail or in person.[3]

Online registration

See also: Online voter registration in the 50 states

As of May 2015, Vermont is one of 30 states that have not implemented full online voter registration.

Voting on Election Day

Voter identification

See also: Voter identification laws by state

Only first-time voters who registered by mail are required to present identification.[4]

Poll times

See also: State Poll Opening and Closing Times

In Vermont, all polls are open from 10 a.m. to 7 p.m. Some polls open earlier.[5]

Primary voting

Vermont is one of 14 states that uses an open primary system, in which registered voters do not have to be members of a party to vote in that party's primary.[6][7][8]

Absentee voting

See also: Absentee voting


All voters are eligible to vote absentee in Vermont. There are no special eligibility requirements for voting absentee.[9]


To vote absentee, an absentee ballot application must be received by the town clerk by 5 p.m. on the day before the election.[9] A completed absentee ballot must be returned to the town clerk before the close of business on the day before the election or to the polling place before 7 p.m. on the day of the election.

Military and overseas voting

For full details regarding military and overseas voting, visit the Federal Voting Assistance Program.

2012 developments

The U.S. Justice Department settled a lawsuit with Vermont over the state's delayed mailing of some absentee ballots, which was filed by the federal government. The U.S. Uniformed and Overseas Absentee Voting Act requires that those absentee ballots which are requested by voters be mailed out at least 45 days before an election. Due to a dispute over the Progressive Party's gubernatorial primary results, the completion of the general election ballot was delayed until September 30. This caused at least 191 of the 894 absentee ballots to be mailed late. As a result of the lawsuit, voters whose ballots were sent late had their receipt deadline extended by 10 days.[10]

Early voting

See also: Early voting

Vermont is one of 34 states that has early voting with no specific requirements as to who can vote early. Early voting begins 45 days before an election and ends on the day prior to Election Day.[9] The average number of days prior to an election that voters can cast an early ballot is 21 days in states with a definitive starting date.

Election policy ballot measures

Voting on
elections and campaigns
Ballot measures
By state
By year
Not on ballot
See also: Elections and campaigns on the ballot and List of Vermont ballot measures

Ballotpedia has tracked the following ballot measures relating to election and campaign policy in Vermont.

  1. Vermont Direct Primary Act (1916)
  2. Vermont End the Residency Requirement to Vote Amendment (1974)
  3. Vermont Manner of Electing the Vermont Secretary of State (1884)
  4. Vermont Plurality Vote for Governor Amendment (2016)
  5. Vermont Primary Elections Act (1914)
  6. Vermont Voting Age Amendment, Proposal 5 (2010)

Recent news

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See also

Elections in Vermont

External links