Washington Bone Dry, Referendum 10 (1918)
The Washington Bone Dry Act, also known as Referendum 10, was on the November 5, 1918 ballot in Washington as a veto referendum, where it was approved, thus ratifying the legislation. The measure effectively prohibited alcohol except for religious purposes.
|Washington Referendum 10 (1918)|
Election results via: Washington Secretary of State
Text of measure
The language appeared on the ballot as:
|“||An Act prohibiting the sale and manufacture of intoxicating liquors, forbidding the importation, transportation, receipt and possession of such intoxicating liquors except for sacramental purposes, regulating the importation, transportation, receipt and sale of alcohol and the importation, transportation and receipt of intoxicating liquors to be used for sacramental purposes, repealing certain sections and amending certain sections of Initiative Measure No. 3 and adding certain sections to such measure.||”|
In 1916, Oregon passed a "bone dry" law prohibiting the importation of alcohol. On January 8, 1917, the United States Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of bone dry statutes. Advocating for a bone dry law in Washington, the Women's Christian Temperance Union encouraged the state legislature to consider a bone dry law. In the Washington House of Representatives, the law passed 75-18. Governor Ernest Lister (D) signed the bill on February 19, 1917. The following day, opponents of the act filed notice for a veto referendum against the bill. The federal government, however, passed the Reed-Randall Bone Dry Act prior to the vote, which would have invalidated the referendum if voters overturned the bill.
Path to the ballot
- State of Washington ballot measure election results
- State of Washington 1918 Voters Pamphlet & Local Voters Pamphlet
- State of Washington History of Referendum Measures
- Prohibition in Washington State
- The Dry Years: Prohibition and Social Change in Washington by Norman Clark
- Office of the Secretary of State, "1918 Voters Pamphlet," accessed September 17, 2013
- Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
- Clark, Norman. 1988. The Dry Years: Prohibition and Social Change in Washington. Seattle, WA: The University of Washington Press
- The Free Online Encyclopedia of Washington State History, "Prohibition in Washington State," accessed September 17, 2013
- Washington Secretary of State, "History of Referendum Measures," accessed September 17, 2013
State of Washington
|State executive officers||
Governor | Lieutenant Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Treasurer | State Auditor | Superintendent of Public Instruction | Commissioner of Insurance | Director of Agriculture | Commissioner of Public Lands | Director of Labor and Industries | Chairman of Utilities and Transportation |