Washington school districts
|K-12 Education in Washington|
|State Superintendent: Randy Dorn|
|Number of students: 1,045,453|
|Number of teachers: 53,119|
|Teacher/pupil ratio: 1:19.7|
|Number of school districts: 316|
|Number of schools: 2,365|
|Graduation rate: 77%|
|Per-pupil spending: $9,483|
|Public education in Washington|
Washington Department of Education
Washington school districts
List of school districts in Washington
Washington is home to 316 school districts, 2,365 schools and 1,045,453 K-12 students.
- Isabel Munoz-Colon
- Randy Dorn
- Connie Fletcher
- Phyllis Bunker Frank
- Bob Hughes
- Judy Jennings
- Kevin Laverty
- Peter Maier, JD
- Dr. Kristina Mayer
- Tre' Maxie
- Cynthia McMullen, JD
- Mary Jean Ryan
- Deborah Wilds, Ph.D.
The board includes a non-voting high school student representative from eastern Washington and a non-voting high school student representative from western Washington.
The following list details the racial demographics of Washington schools according to the U.S. Department of Education:
|Race||% of Washington students|
|Two or more||5|
School board elections
- See also: Washington school board elections, 2014
No top enrollment districts in Washington are scheduled to hold elections in 2014.
McCleary v. Washington
The case of McCleary v. Washington decided by the Washington State Supreme Court in January 2012 challenged the state's funding to public schools. Matthew and Stephanie McCleary along with the Network for Excellence in Washington Schools challenged the state under Article IX, Section I of the Washington State Constitution, which states, "It is the paramount duty of the state to make ample provision for the education of all children residing within its borders, without distinction or preference on account of race, color, caste, or sex." A unanimous order by the court determined that the state violated this constitutional provision and that a report would be required in September 2012 to show progress toward adequate funding by 2018. A legislative committee issued a report in September 2012 as required by court order. The report concluded that legislative actions to avoid further cuts and slowly progress toward education budget reforms complied with the court's judgement.
A related case in 2013 involved the constitutionality of Initiative 1185, an initiative passed in 2012 that would require a two-thirds majority vote in the Washington State Legislature to raise taxes. The League of Education Voters pursued a lawsuit against the state to overturn the initiative as unconstitutional and detrimental to the mandate in the McCleary case. The Court struck down Initiative 1185 on February 28, 2013 with a 6-3 vote. The majority opinion concluded that the initiative broke with Article II, Section 22 of the Washington State Constitution, which states that a majority of votes were required for a bill's passage. The three dissenting judges in League of Education of Voters v. Washington argued that the majority was exceeding its authority by wading into political issues.
- List of school districts in Washington
- Superintendent of Schools
- Washington Superintendent of Public Instruction
- Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction
- Washington State Board of Education
- Washington State School Directors' Association
- Questions for School Board Candidates
- National Center for Education Statistics, "Table 2. Number of operating public schools and districts, state enrollment, teacher and pupil/teacher ratio by state: School year 2011–12," accessed March 18, 2014
- ED Data Express, "State Tables Report," accessed March 17, 2014 The site includes this disclaimer: "States converted to an adjusted cohort graduation rate [starting in the 2010-2011 school year], which may or may not be the same as the calculation they used in prior years. Due to the potential differences, caution should be used when comparing graduation rates across states."
- United States Census Bureau, "Public Education Finances: 2011," accessed March 18, 2014
- U.S. Department of Education, "2012 EDFacts State Profile," accessed August 8, 2013
- Washington State Board of Education, "Board Members," accessed August 8, 2013
- Washington State Legislature, "Washington State Constitution," Accessed October 4, 2013
- Washington Courts, "McCleary Order," July 18, 2012
- The News Tribune, "State gets incomplete in first McCleary report," September 20, 2012
- New York Times, "Washington State’s Top Court Strikes Down Law on Taxes," February 28, 2013
State of Washington
|State executive officers||
Governor | Lieutenant Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Treasurer | State Auditor | Superintendent of Public Instruction | Commissioner of Insurance | Director of Agriculture | Commissioner of Public Lands | Director of Labor and Industries | Chairman of Utilities and Transportation |
Washington Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction | Washington school districts |