West Virginia Circuit Courts

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West Virginia Circuit Courts

The West Virginia Circuit Court is a court in West Virginia that has 55 counties that are divided into 31 circuits with 66 circuit judges.


West Virginia’s circuit courts are the only general jurisdiction trial courts of record. These circuit courts have total jurisdiction over all civil cases at law over $300; all civil cases in equity; proceedings in habeas corpus, mandamus, quo warranto, prohibition, and certiorari; and all felonies and misdemeanors. West Virginia circuit courts receive appeals from magistrate court, municipal court, and administrative agencies, excluding workers’ compensation appeals. The circuit courts will also hear appeals of family court decisions unless both parties agree to appeal directly to the Supreme Court of Appeals. The circuit courts also receive recommended orders from judicial officers who hear mental hygiene and juvenile matters. The Supreme Court of Appeals receives appeals of circuit court decisions.[1]


West Virginia circuit courts range in size from one with seven judges to eleven with one judge. However, as few as one or as many as four counties comprise a circuit, with each county having a courthouse where the circuit judge presides.

West Virginia circuit court judges are elected in partisan elections to eight-year terms and they must have practiced law for at least five years. The governor appoints circuit judges to fill vacancies. However, an appointee who wishes to remain in office must run in the next election.[1]

Judicial Circuits

Judicial Circuit Counties Served
First Judicial Circuit Brooke, Hancock and Ohio
Second Judicial Circuit Marshall, Tyler and Wetzel
Third Judicial Circuit Doddridge, Pleasants and Ritchie
Fourth Judicial Circuit Wirt and Wood
Fifth Judicial Circuit Calhoun, Jackson, Mason and Roane
Sixth Judicial Circuit Cabell
Seventh Judicial Circuit Logan
Eighth Judicial Circuit McDowell
Ninth Judicial Circuit Mercer
Tenth Judicial Circuit Raleigh
Eleventh Judicial Circuit Greenbrier and Pocahontas
Twelfth Judicial Circuit Fayette
Thirteenth Judicial Circuit Kanawha
Fourteenth Judicial Circuit Braxton, Clay, Gilmer and Webster
Fifteenth Judicial Circuit Harrison
Sixteenth Judicial Circuit Marion
Seventeenth Judicial Circuit Monongalia
Eighteenth Judicial Circuit Preston
Nineteenth Judicial Circuit Barbour and Taylor
Twentieth Judicial Circuit Randolph
Twenty-First Judicial Circuit Grant, Mineral and Tucker
Twenty-Second Judicial Circuit Hampshire, Hardy and Pendleton
Twenty-Third Judicial Circuit Berkeley, Jefferson and Morgan
Twenty-Fourth Judicial Circuit Wayne
Twenty-Fifth Judicial Circuit Boone and Lincoln
Twenty-Sixth Judicial Circuit Lewis and Upshur
Twenty-Seventh Judicial Circuit Wyoming
Twenty-Eighth Judicial Circuit Nicholas
Twenty-Ninth Judicial Circuit Putnam
Thirtieth Judicial Circuit Mingo
Thirty-First Judicial Circuit Monroe and Summers

West Virginia Counties

See also

External links