White House Press Secretary

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White House Press Secretary
New Brady Briefing Room.jpg
Official website:Office website


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The White House Press Secretary is the primary spokesperson for the White House.[1] The current White House press secretary is Josh Earnest, who was appointed by President Barack Obama following the resignation of Jay Carney.[2]


Beginning in 1898, the White House allowed journalists covering the administration into the White House to conduct their writing and interview guests of the president. President Theodore Roosevelt had the West Wing built in 1902 in order to house the growing contingency of journalists. With more journalists present, President Calvin Coolidge first used the term White House spokesman, later to become the White House Press Secretary. The first White House staffer to be dedicated to relations with the press was Stephen Early in the Franklin D. Roosevelt administration.[1]

President Richard Nixon had the press briefing room constructed in 1970, covering the indoor swimming pool, to host the briefings. In 2000, the room was named the James S. Brady Press Briefing Room after White House Press Secretary James Brady, who was paralyzed after an assassination attempt against President Ronald Reagan.[3]


Josh Earnest is the current White House Press Secretary.

*James Brady did not brief the press following his paralysis from a 1981 assassination attempt on Ronald Reagan.


Members of the media to hold office

The following White House Press Secretaries were members of the media prior to being appointed:

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  1. 1.0 1.1 For Dummies, "What Is the Role of the White House Press Secretary," accessed April 7, 2014
  2. [jay-carney-resigns-josh-earnest-replacement-107265.html Politico, "Jay Carney resigns, deputy Josh Earnest named replacement," May 31, 2014]
  3. White House Museum, "Brady Press Briefing Room," accessed April 7, 2014
  4. H-Net, "Stephen T. Early and the American Presidency," accessed April 8, 2014
  5. Harry S. Truman Library, "Charles G. Ross Papers," accessed April 8, 2014
  6. Harry S. Truman Library, "Joseph H. Short and Beth Campbell Short Papers," accessed April 8, 2014
  7. Harry S. Truman Library, "Oral History Interview with Roger Tubby," accessed April 8, 2014
  8. New York Times, "James C. Hagerty, 71, Dies; Eisenhower Press Secretary," April 13, 1981
  9. Congress.gov, "Sallinger, Pierre Emil George, (1925-2004)," accessed April 8, 2014
  10. New York Times, "George Christian, 75, Aide to President, Dies," November 29, 2002
  11. Bill Moyers.com, "About Us," accessed April 8, 2014
  12. New York Times, "J.F. terHorst, Ford Press Secretary, Dies at 87," accessed April 8, 2014
  13. Politico, "Ron Nessen," accessed April 8, 2014
  14. Ronald Reagan Presidential Library, "Announcement of the Presentation of the Presidential Citizens Medal to Larry M. Speakes," accessed April 8, 2014
  15. Biography.com, "Marlin Fitzwater," accessed April 8, 2014
  16. WhiteHouse.gov, "President Announces Tony Snow as Press Secretry," accessed April 8, 2014
  17. Reuters, "Former reporter Carney next White House spokesman," accessed April 8, 2014