Zoe Lofgren

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Zoe Lofgren
Zoe Lofgren.jpg
U.S. House, California, District 19
Incumbent
In office
1995-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 19
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorDon Edwards (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$3.86 in 2012
First electedNovember 8, 1994
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$4,613,720
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Santa Clara County Board of Supervisors
1981-1994
Education
Bachelor'sStanford University, 1970
J.D.University of Santa Clara, 1975
Personal
BirthdayDecember 21, 1947
Place of birthSan Mateo, CA
Net worth$1,710,523
ReligionLutheran
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Zoe Lofgren (b. December 21, 1947, in San Mateo, CA) is a Democratic member of the U.S. House representing California's 19th Congressional District. Lofgren was first elected to the House in 1994.[1]

Lofgren most recently won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing California's 19th District. She defeated Robert Murray (R) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[2] She was displaced from her former district by redistricting.[3]

Lofgren is running for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. She and Robert Murray (D) advanced past the blanket primary on June 3, 2014, and will face off in the general election.

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Lofgren is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning she will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Lofgren's academic, professional and political career:[4][5]

  • 1970: Graduated from Stanford University with B.A.
  • 1975: Graduated from Santa Clara University School of Law with J.D.
  • 1970-1978: Staff Assistant to her predecessor, Rep. Don Edwards
  • 1978: First Executive Director of Community Housing Developers
  • 1979: Member, Board of Trustees of San Jose-Evergreen Community College District Board
  • 1978-1980: Practiced immigration law as partner of Webber & Lofgren
  • 1981-1994: Santa Clara County Board of Supervisors
  • 1995-Present: U.S. Representative from California

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Lofgren serves on the following committees:[6]

2011-2012

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[7] For more information pertaining to Lofgren's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[8]

National security

NDAA

Nay3.png Lofgren voted in opposition of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[9]

DHS Appropriations

Nay3.png Lofgren voted in opposition of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[9]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Yea3.png Lofgren voted in favor of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[9]

CISPA (2013)

Nay3.png Lofgren voted in opposition of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[10] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[9]

Economy

Farm bill

Nay3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, known as the Farm Bill.[11] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill provides for the reform and continuation of agricultural and other programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[12][13] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[13] Lofgren voted with 102 other Democratic representatives against the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[14][15] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[15] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[16] It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Lofgren joined with the majority of the Democratic party and voted in favor of the bill.[14][15]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Nay3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[17] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[18] Lofgren voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[19]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[20] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Lofgren voted for HR 2775.[21]

Federal Pay Adjustment Act

Yea3.png Lofgren voted for HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill would prevent a 0.5% pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years. Lofgren was 1 of 44 Democrats who supported the bill, while 144 voted against it.[22][23]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Nay3.png Lofgren voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[24] The vote largely followed party lines.[25]

Healthcare

Repealing Obamacare

Nay3.png Lofgren has voted against all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[26]

Social issues

Abortion

Nay3.png Lofgren voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[27]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png Lofgren voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. She was 1 of 172 Democrats that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[28]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Zoe Lofgren's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Lofgren is a Hard-Core Liberal. Lofgren received a score of 76 percent on social issues and 12 percent on economic issues.[29]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[30]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Favors
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Favors Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Favors
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Opposes Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Opposes
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Opposes Human needs over animal rights Strongly Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Favors Stricter punishment reduces crime Opposes
Support & expand free trade Favors Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Favors
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Strongly Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Opposes
Prioritize green energy Strongly Favors Expand the military Opposes
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Favors Stay out of Iran Strongly Favors
Privatize Social Security Opposes Never legalize marijuana Strongly Opposes
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[29]

American response in Syria

See also: United States involvement in Syria

More than one hundred House lawmakers signed a letter urging President Barack Obama to call Congress back into session if he planned to use military force in Syria.[31]

Rep. Scott Rigell wrote in the letter in August 2013, “engaging our military in Syria when no direct threat to the United States exists and without prior congressional authorization would violate the separation of powers that is clearly delineated in the Constitution.”[31][32]

The members of Congress believed that Obama should have asked Congress for permission before engaging in Libya. “If the use of 221 Tomahawk cruise missles, [sic] 704 Joint Direct Attack Munitions, and 42 Predator Hellfire missiles expended in Libya does not constitute ‘hostilities,’ what does?” the letter asked.[32]

“If you deem that military action in Syria is necessary, Congress can reconvene at your request. We stand ready to come back into session, consider the facts before us, and share the burden of decisions made regarding U.S. involvement in the quickly escalating Syrian conflict,” stated the letter.[32]

Ninety-eight of the signers of the letter were Republicans. Lofgren was one of eighteen Democratic members to sign the letter.[32]

On August 29, 2013, more than 50 House Democrats signed a letter written by California Rep. Barbara Lee that called for a congressional resolution on strikes, and cautioned that the dire situation in Syria "should not draw us into an unwise war—especially without adhering to our constitutional requirements."[32][33] The letter also called on the Obama administration to work with the U.N. Security Council “to build international consensus” condemning the alleged use of chemical weapons. Lofgren was one of the 50 Democrats in the House to sign the letter.[32][33]

Endorsements

Lofgren endorsed Pete Aguilar in California's 31st District Democratic primary in 2014. The 31st District has been a top target for Democrats since Gary Miller (R) won the seat in 2012.[34]

House Judiciary Committee

Lofgren was first appointed to the House Judiciary Committee in 1999 after she was sworn into her third term in Congress.[35] Lofgren has served on the committee continuously to this date.[36][37][38][39][40]

Campaign themes

2012

Lofgren's campaign website listed the following issues:[41]

  • Healthcare
Excerpt: "Access to affordable, quality health care is a right all Americans deserve. I have spent my entire career working to make that simple statement a reality."
  • Economy
Excerpt: "It is now clear that systemic flaws in our economy combined with unscrupulous greed on Wall Street very nearly toppled our entire economy. Even now after the initial storm, millions of Americans struggle to support their families."
  • Education
Excerpt: "I have had the great privilege of serving on the Santa Clara County Board of Supervisors, the San Jose Evergreen Community College District Board, and as a member of Congress. As a result, I’ve been part of both the local and national conversation on education."
  • Immigration
Excerpt: "As an immigration attorney, I understand the frustrations inherent in dealing with our immigration service agencies. "
  • Innovation and Technology
Excerpt: "As a life-long resident of Silicon Valley, I’ve had a front row seat to the birth and expansion of the internet age. The digital world, as it exists today, is a direct result of investments that Americans made decades ago."

Elections

2014

See also: California's 19th Congressional District elections, 2014

Lofgren is running for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. She and Robert Murray (D) advanced past the blanket primary on June 3, 2014, unopposed.[42] They will face off in the general election on November 4, 2014.

2012

See also: California's 19th Congressional District elections, 2012

Lofgren won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing California's 19th District as a Democrat.[2] She was displaced from her former district by redistricting.[43] She and Robert Murray (R) advanced past the blanket primary on June 5, 2012, defeating Phat Nguyen (R) and Jay Blas Jacob Cabrera (Ind). Lofgren went on to defeat Murray in the general election on November 6, 2012.[44][45]

U.S. House, California District 19 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngZoe Lofgren Incumbent 73.2% 162,300
     Republican Robert Murray 26.8% 59,313
Total Votes 221,613
Source: California Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, California District 19 Open Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngZoe Lofgren (D) Incumbent 65.2% 60,726
Green check mark transparent.pngRobert Murray (R) 23% 21,421
Phat Nguyen (R) 7.7% 7,192
Jay Blas Jacob Cabrera (NPP) 4.1% 3,829
Total Votes 93,168

Full history


Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Lofgren attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Lofgren is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Lofgren raised a total of $4,613,720 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 22, 2013.[55]

Zoe Lofgren's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (California, District 19) Won $858,985
2010 US House (California, District 16) Won $782,100
2008 US House (California, District 16) Won $797,809
2006 US House (California, District 16) Won $624,136
2004 US House (California, District 16) Won $533,196
2002 US House (California, District 16) Won $494,737
2000 US House (California, District 16) Won $522,757
Grand Total Raised $4,613,720


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Lofgren's reports.[56]

Zoe Lofgren (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[57]April 14, 2013$575,964.25$45,240.47$(49,543.88)$571,660.84
July Quarterly[58]July 15, 2013$571,660.84$149,546.50$(62,821.34)$658,386.00
October Quarterly[59]October 15, 2013$658,386.00$228,648.22$(91,484.59)$795,549.63
Year-End[60]January 31, 2014$795,549$111,681$(58,411)$848,819
April Quarterly[61]April 14, 2014$848,819$129,786$(56,568)$922,037
Pre-Primary[62]May 22, 2014$922,037$51,459$(47,607)$925,889
July Quarterly[63]July 15, 2014$925,889$74,303$(90,025)$910,167
Running totals
$790,664.19$(456,460.81)

2012

Lofgren won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Lofgren's campaign committee raised a total of $858,985 and spent $626,000.[64] This is less than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[65]

Cost per vote

Lofgren spent $3.86 per vote received in 2012.


Full history


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Lofgren's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $856,047 and $2,565,000. That averages to $1,710,523, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Lofgren ranked as the 164th most wealthy representative in 2012.[72] Between 2004 and 2012, Lofgren's calculated net worth[73] decreased by an average of 2 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[74]

Zoe Lofgren Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2004$2,092,383
2012$1,710,523
Growth from 2004 to 2012:-18%
Average annual growth:-2%[75]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[76]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Lofgren is a "moderate Democratic leader" as of July 2014. This was the same rating Lofgren received in June 2013.[77]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[78]

Lofgren most often votes with:

Lofgren least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Lofgren missed 483 of 13,381 roll call votes from January 1995 to July 2014. This amounts to 3.6 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.[79]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Lofgren paid her congressional staff a total of $1,154,388 in 2011. She ranked 164th on the list of the lowest paid Democratic representative staff salaries and ranked 34th overall of the highest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, California ranked 5th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[80]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Lofgren ranked 99th in the liberal rankings in 2013.[81]

2012

Lofgren ranked 59th in the liberal rankings in 2012.[82]

2011

Lofgren ranked 75th in the liberal rankings in 2011.[83]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Lofgren voted with the Democratic Party 90 percent of the time, which ranked 158th among the 204 House Democratic members as of July 2014.[84]

2013

Lofgren voted with the Democratic Party 96.3 percent of the time, which ranked 56th among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[85]

Personal

Lofgren and her husband, John Marshall, have two children.[86]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Zoe + Lofgren + California + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Zoe Lofgren News Feed

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See also

External links

Track-at-political-tracker-com.png
Political Tracker has an article on:
Zoe Lofgren

References

  1. Office website, "About Zoe," accessed August 9, 2013
  2. 2.0 2.1 CNN, "California Districts Race - 2012 Election Center," accessed December 1, 2012
  3. California Democratic Party, "Official California Democratic Party Endorsements," accessed March 3, 2012
  4. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "Zoe Lofgren," accessed November 3, 2011
  5. Zoe Lofgren Campaign website, "Biography," accessed August 6, 2013
  6. CQ.com - Roll Call, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed January 18, 2013
  7. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 Project Vote Smart, "Representative Zoe Lofgren's Voting Records on National Security," accessed August 27, 2013
  10. The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
  11. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  12. Politico, "House clears Farm Bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  13. 13.0 13.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled Farm Bill, with clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  14. 14.0 14.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  16. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  17. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  18. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
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  20. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  21. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  22. Wikipedia, "An Act to eliminate the 2013 statutory pay adjustment for Federal employees," accessed August 28, 2013
  23. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Zoe Lofgren's Voting Records on Budget, Spending and Taxes," accessed August 28, 2013
  24. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013
  25. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Zoe Lofgren's Voting Records on Immigration," accessed August 28, 2013
  26. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Zoe Lofgren's Voting Records on Issue: Health and Healthcare," accessed September 12, 2013
  27. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Key Vote," accessed September 12, 2013
  28. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  29. 29.0 29.1 On The Issues, "Zoe Lofgren Vote Match," accessed June 19, 2014
  30. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  31. 31.0 31.1 Yahoo, "65 Lawmakers Ask Obama to Consult on Syria," accessed August 28, 2013
  32. 32.0 32.1 32.2 32.3 32.4 32.5 Politico, "33 lawmakers: Congress must approve Syria action," accessed August 28, 2013
  33. 33.0 33.1 Washington Post, "More than 50 House Democrats also want Syria strike resolution," accessed September 2, 2013
  34. Roll Call, "Gavin Newsom, Zoe Lofgren Take Sides in Crowded House Primary | #CA31," August 19, 2013
  35. Government Printing Office, "Bankruptcy Judgeship Needs," November 2, 1999(See Page II)
  36. Government Printing Office, "Preserving the Integrity of Social Security Numbers and Preventing Their Misuse by Terrorists and Identity Thieves," September 19, 2002(See Page II)
  37. Government Printing Office, "Balanced Budget Amendment," March 6, 2003(See Page ii)
  38. Government Printing Office, "Trademark Dilution Revision Act of 2005," February 17, 2005(See Page ii)
  39. Government Printing Office, "Proposed Immigration Fee Increase," February 14, 2007(See Page ii)
  40. House Judiciary Committee, "109th Congress-Members," accessed August 1, 2011
  41. Campaign website, "Issues," accessed August 10, 2012
  42. The New York Times, "California Primary Results," June 3, 2014
  43. California Democratic Party, "Official California Democratic Party Endorsements," accessed March 3, 2012
  44. California Secretary of State, "Official primary candidate list," accessed March 13, 2014
  45. California Secretary of State, "Unofficial election results," November 6, 2012
  46. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  47. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
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  49. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  50. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  51. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  52. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
  53. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
  54. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1994," accessed March 28, 2013
  55. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Zoe Lofgren," accessed March 22, 2013
  56. Federal Election Commission, "Zoe Lofgren Summary Report," accessed July 23, 2013
  57. Federal Election Commission, "Zoe Lofgren April Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  58. Federal Election Commission, "Zoe Lofgren July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  59. Federal Election Commission, "Zoe Lofgren October Quarterly," accessed October 21, 2013
  60. Federal Election Commission, "Zoe Lofgren Year-End," accessed February 4, 2014
  61. Federal Election Commission, "Zoe Lofgren April Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
  62. Federal Election Commission, "Zoe Lofgren Pre-Primary," accessed June 2, 2014
  63. Federal Election Commission, "Zoe Lofgren July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2014
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  65. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  66. Open Secrets "Zoe Lofgren 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 3, 2011
  67. Open Secrets "Zoe Lofgren 2008 Election Cycle," accessed August 6, 2013
  68. Open Secrets "Zoe Lofgren 2006 Election Cycle," accessed August 6, 2013
  69. Open Secrets "Zoe Lofgren 2004 Election Cycle," accessed August 6, 2013
  70. Open Secrets "Zoe Lofgren 2002 Election Cycle," accessed August 6, 2013
  71. Open Secrets "Zoe Lofgren 2000 Election Cycle," accessed August 6, 2013
  72. OpenSecrets, "Zoe Lofgren (D-Calif), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  73. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  74. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  75. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  76. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  77. GovTrack, "Zoe Lofgren," accessed July 21, 2014
  78. OpenCongress, "Zoe Lofgren," accessed July 18, 2014
  79. GovTrack, "Zoe Lofgren," accessed July 21, 2014
  80. LegiStorm, "Zoe Lofgren," accessed August 21, 2012
  81. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 18, 2014
  82. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 21, 2013
  83. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  84. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  85. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  86. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Zoe Lofgren's Biography," accessed August 9, 2013
Political offices
Preceded by
Don Edwards
U.S. House - California
1995-Present
Succeeded by
-