|U.S. House, California, District 19|
|January 3, 2015|
|Years in position||19|
|Predecessor||Don Edwards (D)|
|Elections and appointments|
|Last election||November 6, 2012|
|Cost per vote||$3.86 in 2012|
|First elected||November 8, 1994|
|Next primary||June 3, 2014|
|Next general||November 4, 2014|
|Santa Clara County|
|Bachelor's||Stanford University, 1970|
|J.D.||University of Santa Clara, 1975|
|Birthday||December 21, 1947|
|Place of birth||San Mateo, CA|
- 1 Career
- 2 Committee assignments
- 3 Issues
- 3.1 Legislative actions
- 3.1.1 113th Congress
- 3.1.2 National security
- 3.1.3 Economy
- 3.1.4 Immigration
- 3.1.5 Healthcare
- 3.1.6 Social issues
- 3.1.7 Previous congressional sessions
- 3.2 Endorsements
- 3.3 House Judiciary Committee
- 3.4 Campaign themes
- 3.1 Legislative actions
- 4 Elections
- 5 Campaign donors
- 6 Analysis
- 7 Personal
- 8 Recent news
- 9 See also
- 10 External links
- 11 References
Lofgren most recently won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing California's 19th District. She defeated Robert Murray (R) in the general election on November 6, 2012. She was displaced from her former district by redistricting.
Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Lofgren is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning she will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.
- 1970: Graduated from Stanford University with B.A.
- 1975: Graduated from Santa Clara University School of Law with J.D.
- 1970-1978: Staff Assistant to her predecessor, Rep. Don Edwards
- 1978: First Executive Director of Community Housing Developers
- 1979: Member, Board of Trustees of San Jose-Evergreen Community College District Board
- 1978-1980: Practiced immigration law as partner of Webber & Lofgren
- 1981-1994: Santa Clara County Board of Supervisors
- 1995-Present: U.S Representative from California
Lofgren serves on the following committees:
- United States House Committee on House Administration
- United States House Committee on the Judiciary
- Subcommittee on Courts, Intellectual Property, and the Internet
- Subcommittee on Immigration and Border Security Ranking Member
- United States House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology
- Subcommittee on Energy
- Subcommittee on Research and Science Education
- United States Congress Joint Committee on the Library
- House Administration Committee
- Subcommittee on Oversight, Ranking Member
- Judiciary Committee
- Subcommittee on Immigration Policy and Enforcement
- Subcommittee on Intellectual Property, Competition, and the Internet
- Science, Space, and Technology Committee
- Subcommittee on Energy and Environment
- Subcommittee on Investigations and Oversight
The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1%) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14% of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session. For more information pertaining to Lofgren's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.
American response in Syria
- See also: United States involvement in Syria
Rep. Scott Rigell wrote in the letter in August 2013 that “engaging our military in Syria when no direct threat to the United States exists and without prior congressional authorization would violate the separation of powers that is clearly delineated in the Constitution.”
The letter notes that the lawmakers believe Obama should have asked Congress for permission when he sent cruise missiles and bombs into Libya. “If the use of 221 Tomahawk cruise missles, 704 Joint Direct Attack Munitions, and 42 Predator Hellfire missiles expended in Libya does not constitute ‘hostilities,’ what does?” the signers ask.
“If you deem that military action in Syria is necessary, Congress can reconvene at your request,” the letter reads. “We stand ready to come back into session, consider the facts before us, and share the burden of decisions made regarding U.S. involvement in the quickly escalating Syrian conflict.”
On August 29, 2013, more than 50 House Democrats signed a letter written by California Rep. Barbara Lee that called for a congressional resolution on strikes, and cautioned that the dire situation in Syria "should not draw us into an unwise war—especially without adhering to our constitutional requirements." The letter also called on the Obama administration to work with the U.N. Security Council “to build international consensus” condemning the alleged use of chemical weapons. Lofgren was 1 of the 50 Democrats in the House to sign the letter.
Lofgren voted in opposition of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.
Lofgren voted in opposition of HR 2217 - the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.
Keystone Pipeline Amendment
Lofgren voted in favor of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.
Lofgren voted in opposition of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.
On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, known as the Farm Bill. The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill provides for the reform and continuation of agricultural and other programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop. However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.Lofgren voted with 102 other Democratic representatives against the bill.
On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014. The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and 3 Democrats voting against the bill. The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations. It included a 1% increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and left the Affordable Care Act without any drastic cuts. Lofgren joined with the majority of the Democratic party and voted in favor of the bill.
- See also: United States budget debate, 2013
On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201. At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference. Lofgren voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.
The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funds the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies. The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Lofgren voted for HR 2775.
Federal Pay Adjustment Act
Lofgren voted for HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill would prevent a 0.5% pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years. Lofgren was 1 of 44 Democrats who supported the bill, while 144 voted against it.
Morton Memos Prohibition
Lofgren voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.
Lofgren has voted against all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.
Lofgren voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.
Previous congressional sessions
Lofgren voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. She was 1 of 172 Democrats that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.
House Judiciary Committee
Lofgren was first appointed to the House Judiciary Committee in 1999 after she was sworn into her third term in Congress. Lofgren has served on the committee continuously to this date.
Lofgren's campaign website listed the following issues:
- Excerpt: "Access to affordable, quality health care is a right all Americans deserve. I have spent my entire career working to make that simple statement a reality."
- Excerpt: "It is now clear that systemic flaws in our economy combined with unscrupulous greed on Wall Street very nearly toppled our entire economy. Even now after the initial storm, millions of Americans struggle to support their families."
- Excerpt: "I have had the great privilege of serving on the Santa Clara County Board of Supervisors, the San Jose Evergreen Community College District Board, and as a member of Congress. As a result, I’ve been part of both the local and national conversation on education."
- Excerpt: "As an immigration attorney, I understand the frustrations inherent in dealing with our immigration service agencies. "
- Innovation and Technology
- Excerpt: "As a life-long resident of Silicon Valley, I’ve had a front row seat to the birth and expansion of the internet age. The digital world, as it exists today, is a direct result of investments that Americans made decades ago."
Lofgren won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing California's 19th District as a Democrat. She was displaced from her former district by redistricting. She and Robert Murray (R) advanced past the blanket primary on June 5, 2012, defeating Phat Nguyen (R) and Jay Blas Jacob Cabrera (Ind). Lofgren went on to defeat Murray in the general election on November 6, 2012.
|U.S. House, California District 19 General Election, 2012|
|Democratic||Zoe Lofgren Incumbent||73.2%||162,300|
|Source: California Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"|
|U.S. House, California District 19 Open Primary, 2012|
|Zoe Lofgren (D) Incumbent||65.2%||60,726|
|Robert Murray (R)||23%||21,421|
|Phat Nguyen (R)||7.7%||7,192|
|Jay Blas Jacob Cabrera (NPP)||4.1%||3,829|
Comprehensive donor information for Lofgren is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Lofgren raised a total of $4,613,720 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 22, 2013.
|Zoe Lofgren's Campaign Contribution History|
|2012||US House (California, District 19)||$858,985|
|2010||US House (California, District 16)||$782,100|
|2008||US House (California, District 16)||$797,809|
|2006||US House (California, District 16)||$624,136|
|2004||US House (California, District 16)||$533,196|
|2002||US House (California, District 16)||$494,737|
|2000||US House (California, District 16)||$522,757|
|Grand Total Raised||$4,613,720|
|Zoe Lofgren (2014) Campaign Finance Reports|
|Report||Date Filed||Beginning Balance||Total Contributions|
for Reporting Period
|Expenditures||Cash on Hand|
|April Quarterly||April 14, 2013||$575,964.25||$45,240.47||$(49,543.88)||$571,660.84|
|July Quarterly||July 15, 2013||$571,660.84||$149,546.50||$(62,821.34)||$658,386.00|
|October Quarterly||October 15, 2013||$658,386.00||$228,648.22||$(91,484.59)||$795,549.63|
|Year-End||January 31, 2014||$795,549||$111,681||$(58,411)||$848,819|
Lofgren won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Lofgren's campaign committee raised a total of $858,985 and spent $626,000. This is less than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.
Cost per vote
Lofgren spent $3.86 per vote received in 2012.
|U.S. House, California District 19, 2012 - Zoe Lofgren Campaign Contributions|
|Total Raised by Election Runner-up||$13,600|
|Total Spent by Election Runner-up||$8,379|
|Top contributors to Zoe Lofgren's campaign committee|
|Marcus & Millichap||$12,000|
|Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee|
|Securities & Investment||$38,500|
To view the full congressional donor history for Zoe Lofgren, click [show] to expand the section.
Ideology and leadership
The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.
Lofgren most often votes with:
Lofgren least often votes with:
Lifetime voting record
According to the website GovTrack, Lofgren missed 469 of 12,398 roll call votes from January 1995 to March 2013. This amounts to 3.8%, which is worse than the median of 2.2% among current congressional representatives as of March 2013.
Congressional staff salaries
The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Lofgren paid her congressional staff a total of $1,154,388 in 2011. She ranked 164th on the list of the lowest paid Democratic representative staff salaries and ranked 34th overall of the highest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, California ranked 5th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Lofgren's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $856,047 and $2,565,000. That averages to $1,710,523, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Lofgren ranked as the 164th most wealthy representative in 2012.
|Zoe Lofgren Yearly Net Worth|
|Year||Avg. Net Worth||% Difference from previous year|
National Journal vote ratings
- See also: National Journal vote ratings
Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Lofgren ranked 59th in the liberal rankings in 2012.
Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Lofgren ranked 75th in the liberal rankings.
Voting with party
The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus. According to the website, Lofgren has voted with the Democratic Party 96.3% of the time, which ranked 56th among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.
Lofgren and her husband, John Marshall, have two children.
This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Zoe + Lofgren + California + House
- All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.
- United States House of Representatives
- United States congressional delegations from California
- California's 19th Congressional District elections, 2014
- California's 19th Congressional District
- Political profiles:
- Financial (federal level):
- Interest group ratings:
- Issue positions:
- Public statements:
- Voting record:
- Media appearances:
- Media coverage:
- Office website, "About Zoe," accessed August 9, 2013
- CNN "California Districts Race - 2012 Election Center"
- California Democratic Party "Official California Democratic Party Endorsements," Accessed March 3, 2012
- Biographical Director of the United States Congress "Zoe Lofgren," Accessed November 3, 2011
- Zoe Lofgren Campaign website, "Biography," Accessed August 6, 2013
- CQ.com - Roll Call, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed January 18, 2013
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress, accessed September 5, 2013
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity," December 9, 2013
- Yahoo, "65 Lawmakers Ask Obama to Consult on Syria," accessed August 28, 2013
- Politico, "33 lawmakers: Congress must approve Syria action," accessed August 28, 2013
- Washington Post, "More than 50 House Democrats also want Syria strike resolution," accessed September 2, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "Representative Zoe Lofgren's Voting Records on National Security," accessed August 27, 2013
- The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
- Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
- Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
- NY Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
- CNN.com "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
- U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
- Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
- Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
- Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
- Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
- The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
- U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
- Wikipedia, "An Act to eliminate the 2013 statutory pay adjustment for Federal employees," accessed August 28, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "Representative Zoe Lofgren's Voting Records on Budget, Spending and Taxes," accessed August 28, 2013
- The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "Representative Zoe Lofgren's Voting Records on Immigration," accessed August 28, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "Representative Zoe Lofgren's Voting Records on Issue: Health and Healthcare," accessed September 12, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Key Vote," accessed September 12, 2013
- U.S. House "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.
- Roll Call, "Gavin Newsom, Zoe Lofgren Take Sides in Crowded House Primary | #CA31," August 19, 2013
- Government Printing Office "Bankruptcy Judgeship Needs", November 2, 1999(See Page II)
- Government Printing Office "Preserving the Integrity of Social Security Numbers and Preventing Their Misuse by Terrorists and Identity Thieves", September 19, 2002(See Page II)
- Government Printing Office "Balanced Budget Amendment", March 6, 2003(See Page ii)
- Government Printing Office "Trademark Dilution Revision Act of 2005", February 17, 2005(See Page ii)
- Government Printing Office "Proposed Immigration Fee Increase", February 14, 2007(See Page ii)
- House Judiciary Committee "109th Congress-Members"
- Campaign website, Issues
- California Democratic Party "Official California Democratic Party Endorsements," Accessed March 3, 2012
- California Secretary of State, Official candidate list
- Unofficial election results
- U.S. Congress House Clerk "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010"
- U.S. Congress House Clerk "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008"
- U.S. Congress House Clerk "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006"
- U.S. Congress House Clerk "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004"
- U.S. Congress House Clerk "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002"
- U.S. Congress House Clerk "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000"
- U.S. Congress House Clerk "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998"
- U.S. Congress House Clerk "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996"
- U.S. Congress House Clerk "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1994"
- Open Secrets "Career Fundraising for Zoe Lofgren," Accessed March 22, 2013
- Federal Election Commission "Zoe Lofgren Summary Report," Accessed July 23, 2013
- Federal Election Commission "Zoe Lofgren April Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
- Federal Election Commission "Zoe Lofgren July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
- Federal Election Commission "Zoe Lofgren October Quarterly," accessed October 21, 2013
- Federal Election Commission "Zoe Lofgren Year-End," accessed February 4, 2014
- Open Secrets "Zoe Lofgren 2012 Election Cycle," Accessed February 20, 2013
- Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," June 19, 2013
- Open Secrets "Zoe Lofgren 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 3, 2011
- Open Secrets "Zoe Lofgren 2008 Election Cycle," accessed August 6, 2013
- Open Secrets "Zoe Lofgren 2006 Election Cycle," accessed August 6, 2013
- Open Secrets "Zoe Lofgren 2004 Election Cycle," accessed August 6, 2013
- Open Secrets "Zoe Lofgren 2002 Election Cycle," accessed August 6, 2013
- Open Secrets "Zoe Lofgren 2000 Election Cycle," accessed August 6, 2013
- Gov Track "Zoe Lofgren," Accessed June 7 2013
- OpenCongress, "Zoe Lofgren," Accessed July 31, 2013
- GovTrack, "Zoe Lofgren," Accessed April 2, 2013
- LegiStorm "Zoe Lofgren"
- OpenSecrets.org, "Zoe Lofgren (D-Calif), 2012"
- National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 21, 2013
- National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012
- OpenCongress "Voting With Party"
- Project Vote Smart, "Representative Zoe Lofgren's Biography," accessed August 9, 2013
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