Recall of Wisconsin State Senators (2011)

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Recall campaigns directed against 16 Wisconsin state senators were launched in the wake of events surrounding the introduction of Wisconsin Assembly Bill 11, the "Scott Walker Budget Repair Bill" in February 2011, including the union protests in Madison, Wisconsin over Gov. Scott Walker's Budget Repair Bill.

Democratic state senators and Republican state senators have been targeted by active recall campaigns. As of May 19, recall sponsors have filed signatures on petitions targeting 6 Republican state senators and 3 Democratic state senators. Challenges have been filed in all 9 of those campaigns, and the Wisconsin Government Accountability Board approved the six campaigns against Republicans at meetings on May 23 and May 31, and plans to hold a third the week of June 6 to make decisions on the challenges in the 3 campaigns against Democrats.

The Wisconsin State Senate includes 14 Democrats and 19 Republicans as of the November 2, 2010 Wisconsin state senate election.

The laws governing recall in Wisconsin say that an elected official must have served at least one year of the term for which he or she was most recently elected before he or she can be targeted for recall. This means that 8 Republican state senators (out of 19) are eligible for recall and 8 Democratic state senators (out of 14) are eligible for recall before that year elapses.[1]

The last time Wisconsin voters recalled a state senator was in 2003, when Gary George was recalled.[2] The George recall was preceded by the 1996 recall of George Petak.[1]

Seal of Wisconsin.svg.png
2011 Wisconsin Senate Recalls

Senators Facing Recall
Robert CowlesAlberta DarlingSheila HarsdorfDave HansenJim HolperinRandy HopperDan KapankeLuther OlsenRobert Wirch

Other Recall Information
Recalls by YearRecall Law in WisconsinRecall laws in other statesRecalls in Wisconsin2011 Scott Walker Budget Repair BillProtests over Budget Repair BillWisconsin Government Accountability BoardRecall timelineElection Results

Recall timeline

Before a recall can occur, the Wisconsin Government Accountability Board must certify the signatures and set a recall date.

Should all 9 recalls be certified, then the likely date for the recall election would be July 12, 2011.

However, in the likely event that multiple candidates run against an incumbent, then a primary will be held prior to the actual recall. In that scenario, the primary would take place on July 12 while the actual recall would be four weeks later, on August 9, 2011.

As of May 22, three of the 9 recalls have multiple candidates seeking party nominations. Kim Simac and Robert Lussow are both running as Republicans against Jim Holperin (D). Currently, the Republican Party of Lincoln County is supporting Simac in the race and has not endorsed Lussow.[3] Fred Ekornaas and Jonathan Steitz have declared intent to run against Robert Wirch (D). Assemblyman John Nygren and David VanderLeest are running as Republicans against incumbent Democrat Dave Hansen.

Signature challenges

May 23 was the first of two scheduled GAB meetings to certify signatures. At that meeting the Board voted to approve recall elections against Randy Hopper, Dan Kapanke, and Luther Olsen, rejecting most of the challenges. This clears the way for a recall election to be held for these three on July 12.[4] At the meeting on May 31, the GAB approved recalls against Robert Cowles, Alberta Darling, and Sheila Harsdorf. All of them still need to be legally certified in order for elections to be officially scheduled.

At the meeting on the 31, the GAB was originally scheduled to review the challenges to the campaigns to recall Democratic incumbents Jim Holperin, Robert Wirch, and Dave Hansen, but these have been delayed.

During an open meeting on May 17, the GAB discussed the recall petitions status. According to the board, as of May 5 the staff were halfway through with petition reviews. The staff also prepared recommendations to the board for each of the petitions that are subject to challenge at the May 23 and 31 meetings.

During the past few weeks, there were three steps in the challenge process.

  1. Challenge (by the incumbent to the signatures validity)
  2. Rebuttal (by the recall group to the challenge)
  3. Reply (by the incumbent)

As of May 18, all deadlines have been completed based on the following table:[5]

Committee Challenge Rebuttal Reply
Committee to Recall Kapanke April 15 April 22 April 26
Committee to Recall Hopper April 21 April 28 May 2
Committee to Recall Olsen May 2 May 9 May 11
Committee to Recall Harsdorf May 3 May 10 May 12
Recall Dave Hansen May 5 May 12 May 16
Jim Holperin Recall Committee May 5 May 12 May 16
Taxpayers to Recall Wirch May 5 May 12 May 16
Committee to Recall Darling May 5 May 12 May 16
Committee to Recall Cowles May 9 May 16 May 18

Possible legal action

With the first six recalls certified, one looming question remains over the possibility of legal action to try and delay the recall.

There is some precedent for this, from the last time a sitting Wisconsin State Senator was recalled. In 2003, Gary George (D) was recalled by voters and lost in the Democratic primary on October 21, 2003. However, prior to that date, George filed legal challenges that were heard in trial court, appeals court, and ultimately before the state Supreme Court -- before any recall vote could actually take place. The initial signatures for that campaign were filed in June 2003 -- meaning nearly four months elapsed between signature submission and the recall date.

After the GAB certification on May 23, 2011, both state political parties gave vague answers regarding the possibility of legal recourse. Mike Tate, chairman of the state Democratic Party, told the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel that he would not deny that Democrats might consider going to court to try to prevent recall elections against the incumbent Democrats. Meanwhile, Mark Jefferson, executive director of the state Republican Party, hinted that the Republican decision would hinder on whether the Democratic Party pursued legal recourse first.[6]

Attorneys for Luther Olsen, Dan Kapanke, and Randy Hopper filed petitions in Dane County Court on May 31 seeking to stop the recall elections against them. Their argument is based on improperly filed paperwork, similar to the argument they previously used before the GAB and saw rejected. The court petitions allege that recall petitioners did not correctly register with the GAB and thus the 60-day period to collect signatures did not start, meaning every signature collected is "dated outside the circulation period" and therefore invalid.[7]

Certification challenge delays

On May 27, 2011, the Wisconsin Government Accountability Board announced it would be unable to consider the recall petitions for the three Democratic incumbents at the May 31, 2011 meeting. Citing "numerous factual and legal issues," the Board said in its statement that more time is needed to ensure that a complete record will be available for examination -- particularly since the decision will likely be appealed to the courts.[8][9]

In its release, the GAB officials said they do not expect to be able to hold a hearing on the recalls of Democratic incumbents until the week of June 6. This raises potential legal issues, as the initial extension granted to GAB for certification required it to ultimately make determinations before June 3.[8]

The board went ahead with hearings on May 31 for the recalls of Republican incumbents Sheila Harsdorf, Robert Cowles and Alberta Darling.[10] Officials released a 125-page memo on May 27, 2011 concerning the signatures and legal challenges.

Ultimately, the actual date of the recall elections is now in doubt. If the GAB still ultimately plans to hold all nine elections on the same date -- presumably July 12 -- then a court will be required to grant an additional extension for signature certification. Meanwhile, the recalls that were heard in the May 23 meeting are still not legally certified -- because doing so would constitutionally require the election 6 weeks after that date.

The GAB filed a brief on June 1 asking the court for a one-week extension, which would give them until June 10 to finish working on the three Democratic recalls. The case will be heard in Dane County Court at 1:30 pm on Friday, June 3.[11][12]

Individual recalls

2011 Wisconsin Recall Campaigns
District State senator Winning % in 2008 Recall papers filed Recall signatures required Recall signatures submitted Recall signatures validated Percentage of signatures validated Opponent Recall primary date Recall election date
12
Jim Holperin 51.2% February 19 15,960 23,300[13] 19,255[14] 82.63% Kim Simac[15] July 19 August 16
22
Robert Wirch 66.7% February 24 13,537 18,300[16] 17,138[14] 93.65% Jonathan Steitz[17] July 19 August 16
30
Dave Hansen 66.1% February 25 13,852 18,872[18] 15,540[14] 82.34% David VanderLeest[19] N/A July 19
2
Robert Cowles Unopposed March 2 15,960 26,000[20] 23,959[21] 92.15% Nancy Nusbaum[22] July 12 August 9
8
Alberta Darling 50.5% March 2 20,343 30,000[23] 22,243[21] 74.14% Assemblywoman Sandy Pasch[24] July 12 August 9
10
Sheila Harsdorf 56.4% March 2 18,816 23,000[25] 23,685[21] 102.97% Shelly Moore[26] July 12 August 9
14
Luther Olsen Unopposed March 2 14,733 24,000[27] 22,207[21] 92.52% Assemblyman Fred Clark[28] July 12 August 9
18
Randy Hopper 50.05% March 2 15,269 22,500[29] 22,953[21] 102.01% Jessica King[30] July 12 August 9
32
Dan Kapanke 51.4% March 2 15,588 30,000[31] 21,776[21] 72.58% Assebmlywoman Jennifer Shilling[32] July 12 August 9


After recalls were initiated on all 16 eligible senators, a total of nine campaigns officially submitted signatures to the Wisconsin Government Accountability Board.

On May 23, the Wisconsin Government Accountability Board rejected most challenges brought against the petitions to recall Randy Hopper, Luther Olsen, and Dan Kapanke. This clears the way for recall elections against these three on July 12.[4] On May 31, the GAB rejected most challenges against the petitions to recall Robert Cowles, Alberta Darling, and Sheila Harsdorf.

Robert Cowles

See also:Robert Cowles recall, Wisconsin State Senate (2011)

About 26,000 signatures to recall Cowles were filed on April 28, 2011. This set of signatures was the ninth set of signatures filed in the 16 different state senate recalls that are underway in Wisconsin.[33] On May 31 the GAB rejected most of the challenges to the signatures, giving the go ahead for a recall election.[34] Democrat Nancy Nusbaum is running against him. The GAB officially certified the recall election on June 3. The election is set for July 12, unless there is a primary, in which case the primary will be July 12 and the recall election will be August 9.[35]

Alberta Darling

Wisconsin Senate Districts with recall signatures filed in 2011.
See also:Alberta Darling recall, Wisconsin State Senate (2011)

About 30,000 signatures to recall Darling were filed on April 21, 2011.[36] On May 31 the GAB upheld some of the challenges to the petition, but ultimately gave the go ahead for a recall election.[37] Democratic Assemblywoman Sandy Pasch is running against her.

Sheila Harsdorf

See also:Sheila Harsdorf recall, Wisconsin State Senate (2011)

About 23,000 signatures to recall Harsdorf were filed on April 19, 2011, about 7,000 more than the 15,744 that were necessary.[38], [39] On May 31, the GAB threw out most of the challenges to the petition, giving the go ahead for a recall election.[40] Democrat Shelly Moore is running against her.

Dave Hansen

See also:Dave Hansen recall, Wisconsin State Senate (2011)

About 18,870 signatures to recall Hansen were filed on April 21, 2011.[41] In early May the Wisconsin Government Accountability Board verified 17,099 signatures on the petition, enough to force a recall. They disqualified over 1,700 and still have to review some 5,500 that have been challenged by Hansen.[42] The GAB was initially scheduled to review the challenges on May 31, but it has been delayed. Republican Assemblyman John Nygren and leader of the recall campaign David VanderLeest are running against him.

Jim Holperin

See also:Jim Holperin recall, Wisconsin State Senate (2011)

About 23,000 signatures to recall Holperin were filed on April 21, 2011.[43] The GAB was initially scheduled to review challenges to the position on May 31, but it has been delayed. Republicans Kim Simac and Robert Lussow are running against him.

Randy Hopper

See also:Randy Hopper recall, Wisconsin State Senate (2011)

23,946 signatures to recall Hopper were filed on April 7, 2011.[44] This set of signatures was the second set of signatures filed in the 16 different state senate recalls that are underway in Wisconsin.[45] On May 23, the GAB rejected most challenges to the petition, clearing the way for a recall election.[46] Democrat Jessica King is running against him. Hopper's attorneys filed papers in Dane County Court on May 31, seeking to stop the recall election.[7] Media reports point to efforts by GOP officials to get John Buckstaff on the ballot as a Democratic candidate, forcing a primary between Buckstaff and King, which would delay the actual recall election by four weeks.[47] Hopper has said he would like the recall election to happen as soon as possible.

Dan Kapanke

See also:Dan Kapanke recall, Wisconsin State Senate (2011)

Needing 15,588 to force a recall, petitioners submitted 22,975 signatures to the Wisconsin Government Accountability Board on April 1, 2011.[48],[49] The signatures submitted to recall Kapanke were the first set of signatures submitted in the overall recall battle.[50] On May 23, the GAB rejected most challenges to the petition, clearing the way for a recall election.[51] Democratic Assemblywoman Jennifer Shilling is running against him. Kapanke's attorneys filed papers in Dane County Court on May 31, seeking to stop the recall election.[7]

At a meeting of the La Cross County Republicans on May 25, a secret recording captured leaders considering running a spoiler candidate against Shilling in order to necessitate a primary and push back the recall election.[52] La Cross County Republican Party Chair Bill Feehan said he has met with an attorney and will soon file suit against the person who made the recording.[53]

Luther Olsen

See also:Luther Olsen recall, Wisconsin State Senate (2011)

About 24,000 signatures to recall Olsen were filed on April 18, 2011.[54] On May 23 the GAB rejected most challenges to the petition, clearing the way for a recall election.[55] Democratic Assemblyman Fred Clark is running against him. Olsen's attorneys filed papers in Dane County Court on May 31, seeking to stop the recall election.[7] Media reports point to efforts by GOP officials to get Rol Church on the ballot as a Democratic candidate, forcing a primary between Church and Clark, which would delay the actual recall election by four weeks.[47]

Robert Wirch

See also:Robert Wirch recall, Wisconsin State Senate (2011)

About 18,300 signatures to recall Wirch were filed on April 21, 2011.[56] The GAB was initially scheduled to review challenges to the petition on May 31, but it has been delayed. Republicans Fred Ekornaas and Jonathan Steitz are running against him.

Campaign contributions

Funds raised by incumbents

Here are the following sums of campaign funds raised by the nine incumbents facing recall. All figures are as of June 1, 2011.

Campaign Finance Status of Recall Elections as of June 1, 2011
District Incumbent Total funds raised Cash on Hand
8 Alberta Darling $421,939.81 $219,730.51
30 Dave Hansen $127,437.34 $179,491.22
10 Sheila Harsdorf $110,166.80 $59,472.00
12 Jim Holperin $150,903.89 $75,319.92
18 Randy Hopper $131,446.60 $105,615.72
32 Dan Kapanke $180,309.84 $99,061.24
14 Luther Olsen $34,735.59 $34,527.26
22 Robert Wirch $50,964.95 $101,007.39
TOTAL $1,207,904.82 $874,225.26

Funds raised by recall committees

Here are the total funds raised by recall committees and their cash on hand as of June 1, 2011. Out of the nearly $450,000 raised, all has been spent but about $9,000.

Campaign Finance Status of Recall Committees as of June 1, 2011
District Targeted Incumbent Total funds raised Cash on Hand
2 Robert Cowles $145,963.60 $214.55
8 Alberta Darling $91,380.93 $6,504.28
30 Dave Hansen $1,359.45 $0.00
10 Sheila Harsdorf $123,694.35 $220.90
12 Jim Holperin $8,393.00 $459.91
18 Randy Hopper $48,325.57 $490.00
32 Dan Kapanke $17,987.42 $0.00
14 Luther Olsen $ - $ -
22 Robert Wirch $12,783.52 $1,144.15
TOTAL $449,887.84 $9,033.79


Expenditures by incumbents and recall committees

This chart shows the expenditures by incumbent senators targeted for recall and the recall committees against them as of June 1, 2011. Nearly $1 million has been spent between them.

Expenditures of Incumbents and Recall Committees as of June 1, 2011
District Incumbent Expenditures by Incumbent Expenditures by Recall Committee
2 Robert Cowles N/A $145,749.05
8 Alberta Darling $206,424.98 $84,876.65
30 Dave Hansen $54,549.42 $1,359.45
10 Sheila Harsdorf $61,240.05 $123,473.45
12 Jim Holperin $91,737.71 $7,933.09
18 Randy Hopper $39,330.64 $47,835.57
32 Dan Kapanke $90,392.13 $17,987.42
14 Luther Olsen $637.38 N/A
22 Robert Wirch $2,808.55 $11,639.37
TOTAL $547,120.86 $440,854.05

Official reports

Spring Pre-Election

Special Pre-Election

Impact of Voter ID law

Prior to the recall elections, the Wisconsin State Legislature passed a voter ID bill that will, among other changes, require voters to show photo identification when they go to the polls. In a contentious debate, Democrats criticized the measure as an act of voter suppression and disenfranchisement. Republicans argue the bill will help to reduce voter fraud. In a statement Gov. Scott Walker (R) said, "If you need an ID to buy cold medicine, it's reasonable to require it to vote."[57] He signed the bill into law on May 25, 2011.[58] While Republicans have pushed for similar bills in the past, some Democrats criticized the timing, calling it a deliberate act to influence the recall elections in their favor. During the recalls, however, the law will be in a "soft implementation" phase, where voters will be asked for photo ID, but not required to show one. Full implementation will not take place until February 2012. Due to this incremental implementation, there is concern voters will be confused, something the Wisconsin Government Accountability Board is seeking to prevent though an educational campaign that includes billboards, radio, and television ads. The bill does not include any funding for implementation or education. Several organizations, including the League of Women Voters, are also planning similar campaigns to inform the public of the changes.[59] Estimates show the cost to implement the bill could range between $5 and $7.5 million.[58]

Other changes brought on by the voter ID bill include the following:

  • In order to vote, citizens will be required to live in the state for 28 days prior to an election, increased from 10 days.
  • For the recall elections on July 12, in-state residents who move to a new house or apartment after June 14 will have to vote in their old district.
  • Neighbors can no longer vouch for one another and parents can no longer vouch for voting-age children who live in their house.
  • The period for absentee ballot voting is shortened from three weeks to two.
  • Cutoff date for accepting absentee ballots is changed from the Monday before an election to Friday before the election.

Additional reading

Background

Targeted Democratic senators

Eight Democratic state senators are eligible for recall in the first part of 2011 because they were elected to the terms they are currently serving in November 2008 and therefore, the year in office that must elapse before they can be subjected to a recall election has elapsed. Four additional Democratic members of the Wisconsin State Senate were sworn-in on January 3, 2011. They are therefore not subject to a recall petition prior to January 3, 2012.

All eight Democratic state senators who are eligible for a recall in 2011 have had recall petitions taken out against them.

On April 21, recall supporters filed signatures with the Wisconsin Government Accountability Board with the objective of qualifying special recall elections targeting Democratic state senators Dave Hansen, Jim Holperin and Robert Wirch.[60],[61]

Legend:
Signatures have been filed in this recall
District State senator Winning % in 2008 Recall papers filed Recall signatures required Deadline for filing signatures
4 Lena Taylor Unopposed 13,498 April 25
6 Spencer Coggs Unopposed February 25 11,817 April 26
12 Jim Holperin 51.2% February 19 15,960 April 25
16 Mark Miller Unopposed February 25 20,352 April 25, April 26, May 4[62]
22 Robert Wirch 66.7% February 24 13,537 April 25
24 Julie Lassa 67.7% 15,879 April 25
26 Fred Risser Unopposed February 23 19,805 April 25
30 Dave Hansen 66.1% February 25 13,852 April 25, April 26[63]

Photo gallery

 Democratic state senators targeted for recall 

Recall organizations

Targeted Republican senators

Eight Republican state senators are eligible for recall in the first part of 2011 because they were elected to the terms they are currently serving in November 2008 and therefore, the year in office that must elapse before they can be subjected to a recall election has elapsed. The nine additional Republican members of the Wisconsin State Senate were sworn-in on January 3, 2011. They are therefore not subject to a recall petition prior to January 3, 2012.

Recall petitions against all eight Republicans who can be recalled were taken out on March 2, 2011.

22,561 signatures to require a recall election for Dan Kapanke were submitted to the Wisconsin Government Accountability Board on April 1, 2011.[64],[65] The signatures submitted to recall Kapanke were the first set of signatures submitted in the overall recall battle.

About 22,500 signatures to recall Randy Hopper were filed on April 7, 2011. This set of signatures was the second set of signatures filed in the sixteen different state senate recalls.[66]

Signatures to recall Sheila Harsdorf were filed on April 21, and signatures to recall Alberta Darling were filed on April 21.[67]

Legend:
Signatures have been filed in this recall
District State senator Winning % in 2008 Recall papers filed Recall signatures required Deadline for filing signatures
2 Robert Cowles Unopposed March 2 15,960 May 2
8 Alberta Darling 50.5% March 2 20,343 May 2
10 Sheila Harsdorf 56.4% March 2 18,816 May 2
14 Luther Olsen Unopposed March 2 14,733 May 2
18 Randy Hopper 50.05% March 2 15,269 May 2
20 Glenn Grothman 80.3% March 2 20,061 May 2
28 Mary Lazich Unopposed March 2 20,973 May 2
32 Dan Kapanke 51.4% March 2 15,588 May 2

Photo gallery

 Republican state senators targeted for recall 

Recall process

See also: Laws governing recall in Wisconsin
  • In order to force a recall election, signatures must be collected on recall petitions. The number of signatures that must be collected is 25% of the number of votes cast for the office of Governor of Wisconsin in the most recent gubernatorial election in the district where the recall is sought
  • Recall signatures are to be submitted to the Wisconsin Government Accountability Board, which must check the signatures to ensure that enough of them are valid to meet the minimum threshold for a recall election.
  • Once the Government Accountability Board says that sufficient signatures have been submitted, the recall election must be conducted six weeks later.
  • The name of the targeted incumbent automatically appears on the ballot for the special recall election, unless the incumbent specifically declines to have his or her name on the ballot.
  • Candidates who wish to run for the seat that will become vacant if the recall succeeds can collect signatures to have their name appear on the special recall election ballot. As a result, the seat can be made vacant (if voters approve the recall), and re-filled, on the same day and in the same election.
  • However, if more than one person from a political party files to run in the special recall election, the recall election date becomes a de facto primary, and the final election must be held 4 weeks later.

Compared to other states

In the 18 states that allow state legislative recall, the shortest time granted to recall organizers to collect the required number of signatures is 60 days. Only three states allow just 60 days, and Wisconsin is one of them. (The other two that allow just 60 days are Colorado and Idaho.) Seven states allow 90 days and the remaining 8 states allow more than 90 days.

In the 18 states with state legislative recall, 15 states base the number of signatures required to force a recall election as a percentage of the number of votes cast in the most recent election for the office held by the incumbent whose recall is sought. Wisconsin is just one of 3 states (the other two being Michigan and Oregon) where the number of signatures is a percentage of the number of votes cast for the office of governor in the legislative district where the incumbent is targeted.

7 of the 18 states that allow state legislative recall require that specific types of wrongdoing or lack of fitness for serving in office be the case before a recall can go forward; Wisconsin is not one of those states.

State legislative recalls

See also: State legislative recalls

The right of voters to recall state legislators was first adopted in 1908 in Michigan and Oregon. Sixteen additional states subsequently granted the right of state legislative recall so that now, altogether, state legislators can be recalled in 18 states.

The first state legislative recall in the United States was in 1913 in California, when Marshall Black was recalled after being convicted of embezzlement.

Altogether, between 1913-2010, there have been 20 state legislative recall elections. In spite of the fact that state legislative recall is available in 18 states, all of the 20 state legislative elections that have occurred have occurred in just five states: California, Idaho, Michigan, Oregon and Wisconsin.

  • 13 of the recall elections were directed at state senators. 8 of the 13 were recalled.
  • 7 of the recall elections were directed at state representatives. 5 of the 7 were recalled.

Of the 20 state legislative recall elections, 13 out of 20 resulted in the state legislator being recalled.

See also

External links

Websites targeting Democrats

Websites targeting Republicans

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 AOL News, "Wisconsin Election Recall Reality Check", February 23, 2011
  2. 2.0 2.1 Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel, "Both sides targeting state senators for recall elections", February 19, 2011
  3. Wausau Daily Herald "Lincoln Co. Board chairman challenges senator," May 19, 2011
  4. 4.0 4.1 FOX 11, "GAB clears way for 3 GOP recall elections," May 23, 2011
  5. Wisconsin Government Accountability Board Meeting Minutes, May 17, 2011
  6. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel "Board sets three recall elections for July 12," May 23, 2011
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 Wisconsin State Journal, "Recall-targeted GOP senators challenge validity of petitions," June 1, 2011
  8. 8.0 8.1 Milwaukee Journal Sentinel "Review of recall petitions going slowly; July 12 election in doubt," May 27, 2011
  9. Washington Post, "Republicans upset with Wisconsin recall process," June 1, 2011
  10. Greenfield Reporter "Wis. election officials delay decision on recall petitions for Dems, may need date change," May 27, 2011
  11. WisPolitics, "GAB formally asks judge for more time to consider recall petitions against Dems," June 1, 2011
  12. Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel, "State board requests more time to review recall petitions," June 1, 2011
  13. Wisconsin Government Accountability Board, "Jim Holperin Recall Committee," accessed on June 9, 2011
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 WisPolitics, "Dem recalls certified," June 8, 2011
  15. Simac defeated Robert Lussow in a primary on July 19
  16. Wisconsin Government Accountability Board, "Taxpayers to Recall Robert Wirch," accessed on June 9, 2011
  17. Steitz defeated Fred Ekornaas in a primary on July 19
  18. Wisconsin Government Accountability Board, "Recall Dave Hansen," accessed on June 9, 2011
  19. John Nygren was removed from the ballot by the Wisconsin Government Accountability Board for insufficient signatures, on June 27, 2011
  20. Wisconsin Government Accountability Board, "Committee to Recall Cowles," accessed on June 9, 2011
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 21.3 21.4 21.5 Wisconsin Government Accountability Board Chart detailing recall signatures, accessed on May 23, 2011
  22. Nusbaum defeated Otto Junkermann in a primary on July 12
  23. Wisconsin Government Accountability Board, "Committee to Recall Darling," accessed on June 9, 2011
  24. Pasch defeated Gladys Huber in a primary on July 12
  25. Wisconsin Government Accountability Board, "Committee to Recall Harsdorf," accessed on June 9, 2011
  26. Moore defeated Isaac Weix in a primary on July 12
  27. Wisconsin Government Accountability Board, "Committee to Recall Olsen," accessed on June 9, 2011
  28. Clark defeated Rol Church in a primary on July 12
  29. Wisconsin Government Accountability Board, "Committee to Recall Hopper," accessed on June 9, 2011
  30. King defeated John Buckstaff in a primary on July 12
  31. Wisconsin Government Accountability Board, "Committee to Recall Kapanke," accessed on June 9, 2011
  32. Shilling defeated James Smith in a primary on July 12
  33. ABC 2 WBAY, "Democrats Turn in 26,000 Signatures to Recall Senator Cowles", April 28, 2011
  34. 620 WTMJ, "GAB clears way for Cowles recall election," May 31, 2011
  35. Wisconsin Government Accountability Board, "Recall of Senator Robert Cowles Certificate of Sufficiency and Order," June 3, 2011
  36. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Recall beat gets hot; anti-Darling group files signatures," April 21, 2011
  37. Times-Union, "GAB green-lights recall efforts against Darling," May 31, 2011
  38. Chicago Tribune, "Petition filed to recall 4th GOP Wisconsin senator," April 19, 2011
  39. River Towns, "More than 22,300 signed petition to recall Harsdorf, organizers say," April 19, 2011
  40. 620 WTMJ, "GAB gives go-ahead for Harsdorf recall election," May 31, 2011
  41. Oshkosh Hub, "State Sen. Dave Hansen, D-Green Bay, 2 other Senate Democrats on recall list," April 22, 2011
  42. WTAQ, "GAB verifies enough recall Sen. Hansen signitures to move forward," May 12, 2011
  43. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Two state representatives won't run against Holperin", May 5, 2011
  44. Washington Post, "Recall momentum continues: Dems collect huge number of signatures to recall Randy Hopper," April 7, 2011
  45. Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel, "It's official: Signatures filed in Hopper recall campaign", April 7, 2011
  46. FOX 11, "GAB clears way for 3 GOP recall elections," May 23, 2011
  47. 47.0 47.1 Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Wisconsin GOP leaders encouraging colleagues to place fake Democrats on recall ballots," June 5, 2011
  48. Washington Post, "Wisconsin recall drive already making history", April 4, 2011
  49. Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel, "Kapanke recall campaign to deliver signatures Friday", April 1, 2011
  50. Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel, "First recall campaign MAY have enough signatures," March 29, 2011
  51. FOX 11, "GAB clears way for 3 GOP recall elections," May 23, 2011
  52. La Crosse Tribune, "Secret tape: GOP considered spoiler candidate to challenge Shilling," June 1, 2011
  53. La Cross Tribune, "County GOP to sue over secret tape," June 4, 2011
  54. Star Tribune, "Wis. Democrats file nearly 24,000 signatures to recall GOP Sen. Luther Olsen over union vote," April 18, 2011
  55. FOX 11, "GAB clears way for 3 GOP recall elections," May 23, 2011
  56. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Recall petitions filed against 4 lawmakers," April 21, 2011
  57. Twin Cities, "Wisconsin Senate passes photo ID; some Democrats refuse to vote," May 19, 2011
  58. 58.0 58.1 Wisconsin State Journal "Election officials wary as Walker signs voter ID bill into law," May 25, 2011
  59. The Capitol Times, "New residency rules will be in place for recall elections," May 20, 2011
  60. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Groups to file recall petitions", April 20, 2011
  61. Legal Insurrection, ""Recall Wirch" Files Recall Petitions", April 21, 2011
  62. 3 different recall petitions were filed against Mark Miller. This is why there are 3 different signature filing deadlines.
  63. 2 different recall petitions were filed against Dave Hansen. This is why there are 2 different signature filing deadlines.
  64. Washington Post, "Wisconsin recall drive already making history", April 4, 2011
  65. Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel, "Kapanke recall campaign to deliver signatures Friday", April 1, 2011
  66. Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel, "It's official: Signatures filed in Hopper recall campaign", April 7, 2011
  67. Wisconsin Reporter, "Supreme Court recount could be ploy to stall decision on union reform", April 21, 2011

Ineligible for recall for a year

Senators

17 of Wisconsin's 33 incumbent state senators won election or re-election on November 2, 2010; a recall campaign cannot be waged against them for at least a year. They are:


  1. Chris Larson
  2. Dale Schultz
  3. Frank Lasee
  4. Jon Erpenbach
  5. Joseph Leibham
  6. Kathleen Vinehout
  7. Leah Vukmir
  8. Michael Ellis (Wisconsin)
  9. Neal Kedzie
  10. Pam Galloway
  11. Rich Zipperer
  12. Robert Jauch
  13. Scott Fitzgerald
  14. Terry Moulton
  15. Tim Carpenter
  16. Tim Cullen
  17. Van Wanggaard

Scott Walker

Republican Gov. Scott Walker was also elected on November 2, 2010 and is ineligible for recall until 2012. Democrats at their annual state convention on June 3-4 indicated that they intend to launch a recall effort against Walker.[1]



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