Redistricting in New Jersey
- 1 Process
- 2 2011
- 3 History
- 4 Constitutional explanation
- 5 New Jersey redistricting news
- 6 See also
- 7 External links
- 8 References
The New Jersey Redistricting Commission is responsible for redistricting. This is one of 13 commissions nationwide that is responsible for redistricting. This redistricting commission is comprised of 10 members, chosen by the following:
- 5 by the Chairperson of the state Democratic Party
- 5 by the Chairperson of the state Republican Party
If a plan is not in place, the New Jersey Supreme Court selects an 11th member.
In 2011, legislative redistricting must be completed by April 1, 2011, assuming the official census data is received by February 1.. For congressional redistricting, a new commission must be formed by June 15, 2011. The redistricting plan is due by January of 2012.
- John Wisniewski (Chair), State assemblyman
- Sheila Oliver, State assemblywoman
- Joseph Cryan, State assemblyman
- Paul Sarlo, State senator
- Nilsa Cruz-Perez, Former assemblywoman
- Jay Webber (Chair), State assemblyman
- Kevin O'Toole, State senator
- George Gilmore
- Bill Pallatucci
- Irene Kim Asbury
The 5 Democrats and 5 Republicans will work together on a redistricting plan. If they cannot come to an agreement, then State Supreme Court Justice Stuart Rabner will appoint an 11th member to serve as the tiebreaker.
Public input debate
Both Democrats and Republicans have emphasized the importance of public hearings in the redistricting debate. However, there is disagreement over the method by which public input should be acquired. Republicans have scheduled four public hearings that they have invited Democratic leaders to attend. Meanwhile, Democratic chairman John Wisniewski said advice they have received indicates having a structure in place before holding public sessions is imperative.
The four Republican hearings are scheduled for the following dates:
- Wednesday, January 12 at 6 pm, Rutgers Law School, Newark
- Thursday, January 13 at 6 pm, Hudson County Community College, Jersey City
- Tuesday, January 18 at 6 pm, Rowan University, Glassboro
- Thursday, January 20 at 6 pm, Ocean County Administration Building, Toms River
Wisniewski responded to Webber's letter, emphasizing that the Republican Committee chair does not have "authority to unilaterally call Apportionment Commission public hearings."
Both sides have indicated they will not attend the meetings being pushed by the other side.
A editorial written by the The Courier-Post on January 21, 2011, argued that all meetings held by the redistricting commission should be open to the public. The editorial also argued that sitting lawmakers should not be on the state's redistricting commission. The newspaper felt that the redistricting process should be owned by the people of New Jersey and not by the Republican or Democratic Parties. MyCentralJersey argued for redistricting in the Garden State to "be a non-partisan effort" in a editorial written on January 19, 2011 .
New Jersey lost a congressional seat in the 2010 Census. This reduces the state from 13 to 12 congressional districts.
The State of New Jersey received its local Census data on February 3, 2011.  The five most populous cities in the 2010 Census were Newark with 277,140, Jersey City with 247,597, Paterson with 146,199, Elizabeth with 124,969 and Edison with 99,967.  When compared to the 2000 Census, Newark grew by 1.3 percent, Jersey City grew by 3.1 percent, Elizabeth grew by 3.7 percent, and Edison grew by 2.3 percent.  Paterson lost 2 percent of its population compared to the 2000 Census. 
Despite New Jersey has a bi-partisan commission for redistricting, party politics may inject the final drawing of the state's congressional districts. Republican Congressmen Jon Runyan and Leonard Lance are concerned that they could go up against another incumbent if they are redistricted out. Both Congressmen urged the New Jersey Redistricting Commission to remove a congressional district from Northeast New Jersey instead of targeting their districts. Congressman Lance told The Hill that his Northwestern New Jersey district has not experienced population loss in comparison to the Northeastern part of the state. Despite Democrats currently hold an one seat edge on congressional districts, Congressman Lance is hopeful that the bi-partisan commission will properly redraw the maps without regard to political preferences The Hill also reported on January 11, 2011, that New Jersey's redistricting commission has had a history of protecting incumbents at the expense of congressional members with less seniority.
Jersey City and Newark
For many years, Jersey City and Newark have been split into three different legislative districts. This means the two cities had three State Senators and six Assembly members represent some of their residents.
In 2011, there is the possibility of Jersey City and Newark no longer being split-up into more than two districts. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in 2009 that a district must have more than 50 percent of its voters from minority groups in order to be protected by the Voting Rights Act. Both Republicans and Democrats agree that that it would be hard to justify keeping Jersey City and Newark split into more than two districts.
Legislative districts moving South?
With state officials preparing to receive population data to create new districts, a possibility exists that a entire state legislative district could move from Northern to Southern New Jersey.  Republican and Democrat negotiators could move a district from the Northeastern portion of the state to the Central or Southern regions in order to balance out population shifts. The possible areas that could receive a new district are Ocean and Burlington counties. 
The whole commission meets
During the first of two meetings in Camden, commission members debated the merits of adding an 11th tie-breaking member to be included in the early stage of meetings.  Democrats stressed if a 11th member is added, it would allow the additional person to have adequate time to consider map configurations.  John Wisniewski, leader of the Democratic redistricting team, said: "we think it's essential, especially in the time frame we’re working with, have the involvement of the 11th member, who will almost certainly cast the tie-breaking vote." 
Ingrid Reed of the Rutgers-Eagleton Institute of Politics testified that 37 out of 40 legislative districts are not competitive under the current redistricting plan.  Reed would like to see the maps drawn to ensure that more districts have competitive races in the future. 
After the first meeting, it was reported that Democrats and Republicans agreed on adding an 11th member -- Alan Rosenthal, a Rutgers University public policy professor.
Additional public hearings will be held on February 9, 2011 in Newark and February 13, 2011 in Jersey City. 
GOP, Tea Party, and Redistricting
The Tea Party is playing a role on how the New Jersey's political boundaries are re-drawn.  Tea Party groups around the state were expressing their views on the topic leading up to 2011. The Tea Party views their biggest obstacle to success is winning in "safe" congressional districts like Frank Pallone's.  Tea Party candidate Anna Little challenged Pallone in 2010 and was defeated by 11 percent. 
Most of New Jersey's congressional districts do not have contested races.  Tea Party groups are demanding to the Redistricting Commission to create more competitive districts.  Dwight Kehoe of the Bayshore Tea Party Group is leading a redistricting committee within his organization that aims to stop gerrymandering. 
State Sen. Kevin O'Toole was a guest at the Essex County Tea Party Coalition's meeting on January 24, 2011.  The Senator explained the ramifications of redistricting with Tea Party supporters. O'Toole said to the group: "I’m on the state redistricting committee. We’re hoping to divide the 40 districts as evenly as is humanly possible." 
The Senator also said that: "If history's our teacher, the five Democrats and five Republicans will not agree."  If a 11th member of the Redistricting Commission is chosen by the New Jersey Supreme Court, O'Toole is optimistic that it would be favorable to the GOP.  Senator O'Toole encouraged activists to get involved in the redistricting process. 
Dems blast GOP "shadow group"
State Sen. Loretta Weinberg along with Assemblypersons Bonnie Watson Coleman and Nellie Pou accused The Center for a Better New Jersey of avoiding pay-to-play laws by keeping their donors and spending a secret. 
The group is a 501(c)4 organization and is not required to disclose their donors. 
Deviation from "Ideal Districts"
|2000 Population Deviation|
|State House Districts||1.83%|
|State Senate Districts||1.83%|
|Legally, districts may vary from an 'Ideal District' by up to 10%, though the lowest number achievable is preferred. 'Ideal Districts' are computed through simple division of the number of seats for any office into the population at the time of the Census.|
New Jersey redistricting news
- NJ Democrats hammer out redistricting plan, January 11, 2011-Hours before Governor Chris Christie gives the State of the State address, Democrats meet in a Trenton hotel to map out its redistricting strategy. A unnamed source to the Democrats told PolitickerNJ that they would overpower Republicans and control the process of redrawing the lines. However, a Republican source rebuffed the Democrats claims and said that the firing of State GOP Chairman Jay Webber would not impact their efforts.
- Redistricting after the 2010 census
- Redistricting in the states
- State-by-state redistricting procedures
- Rutgers University, Center for Government Services "Redistricting New Jersey after the 2010 Census," March 2008
- NJ.com "N.J. legislative redistricting commission starts process that will redraw congressional lines" 18 Jan. 2011
- MyCentralJersey "NJ redistricting process to include public input" 18 Jan. 2011
- Star Ledger "Congressional redistricting, budget gap could make this a crucial year in N.J. politics," January 2, 2011
- [Confirmed with Congressman Lance's Chief of Staff via phone on January 20, 2011]
- Politickernj "Wisniewski fields his redistricting team," September 24, 2010
- Examiner New Jersey GOP picks state redistricting team," November 13, 2010
- [ http://www.nj.com/opinion/times/oped/index.ssf?/base/news-1/129740672717810.xml&coll=5 Star Ledger "The convoluted process of carving out voting districts," February 11, 2011]
- New Jersey Newsroom Democrats say no agreement on public hearings for N.J. legislative reapportionment," January 6, 2011
- Politickernj "Parties battle over redistricting hearings," January 5, 2011
- Letter from Jay Webber to John Wisniewski on January 4, 2011
- Courier-Post "Redistricting should be entirely public" 21 Jan. 2011
- MyCentralJersey "Redistricting commission is all about partisanship", January 19, 2011
- Daily Princetonian "New Jersey will lose 13th seat in next Congress" 5 Jan. 2011
- U.S. Census Bureau "U.S. Census Bureau Delivers New Jersey's 2010 Census Population Totals, Including First Look at Race and Hispanic Origin Data for Legislative Redistricting" 3 Feb. 2011
- The Hill "New Jersey redistricting fight puts junior members at risk", January 11, 2011
- NJ.com "N.J. redistricting could shift legislative seat toward southern part of state" 31 Jan. 2011
- [Confirmed via e-mail, in a press release issued from the New Jersey Working Families Alliance on 1-29-2011]
- NJ.com "N.J. redistricting commission argues over whether it is at an impasse" 29 Jan. 2011
- BlueJersey "Let the Redistricting Games Begin" 29 Jan. 2011
- Star Ledger "N.J. Democrats, Republicans agree on Rutgers professor as 11th member of redistricting commission," January 29, 2011
- NorthJersey.com "Vital terms, crucial issues in legislative redistricting" 3 Feb. 2011
- Newark Independent Examiner "Minorities, tiebreaker, and competitive districts enter redistricting, Part 2" 1 Feb. 2011
- NJ.com "Tea party group wants in on N.J. redistricting process, seeks to end incumbent shoo-ins" 31 Jan. 2011
- Montclair Patch "Redistricting May Help Republicans, N.J. Sen. O'Toole Tells Tea Partiers" 25 Jan. 2011
- RealClearPolitics "NJ Dems blast GOP Redistricting 'shadow group'" 2 Feb. 2011
- National Conference of State Legislatures, “Redistricting 2000 Population Deviation Table”, accessed February 1, 2011