1994 ballot measures

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1995
1993

237 ballot questions were on statewide ballots in 1994.

Alabama

See also: Alabama 1994 ballot measures

June 7
Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Amendment 1 Taxes Act 93-343, considered on June 7, 1994
LRCA Amendment 2 Education Act 93-320, considered on June 7, 1994
LRCA Amendment 3 Education Act 93-320, considered on June 7, 1994
LRCA Amendment 4 Taxes Act 93-678, considered on June 7, 1994

November 8

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Amendment 1 Constitutional Language Relating to the Mode of Adoption of Constitutional Amendments Affecting Only One County Approveda
LRCA Amendment 2 Transportation Alabama State Docks Approveda
LRCA Amendment 3 Law enforcement Basic Rights for Crime Victims Approveda
LRCA Amendment 4 Education Recognize the Significant Contributions of Students, Teachers, Staff and Others to Public Education in Alabama Approveda
LRCA Amendment 5 Admin of gov't Prohibit Establishment of Supernumerary Positions and Allow Those Affected Officials to Participate in the Employees' Retirement System Defeatedd
LRCA Amendment 6 Pension County Officials' Participation in Employee's Retirement System Defeatedd
LRCA Amendment 7 Judiciary Establishing the Judicial Inquiry Commission and the Court of the Judiciary Defeatedd
LRCA Amendment 8 Judiciary Compensation of Judges of Probate in Autauga County Defeatedd
LRCA Amendment 9 Taxes Ratifying and Validating Ad Valorem Tax Levies in Baldwin County Approveda
LRCA Amendment 10 Judiciary Additional Fee on Civil and Criminal Cases in Barbour County for County Jail Approveda
LRCA Amendment 11 Admin of gov't Firefighting and Emergency Medical Service Districts in Blount County Approveda
LRCA Amendment 12 Taxes Sale of Lands in Calhoun County to Pay Delinquent Taxes Approveda
LRCA Amendment 13 Development Economic Development in Calhoun County Approveda
LRCA Amendment 14 Admin of gov't Fire Protection and Rescue Squad Services in Coyington County Approveda
LRCA Amendment 15 Gambling Bingo Games for Charitable or Educational Purposes in Coyington County Approveda
LRCA Amendment 16 Education Cullman City Board of Education Approveda
LRCA Amendment 17 Admin of gov't Fee for Fire Protection Services and Emergency Medical Care in Elmore County Approveda
LRCA Amendment 18 Transportation Incorporation of a Regional Airport by the City of Red Bay and Franklin County Approveda
LRCA Amendment 19 Gambling Bingo Games for Charitable or Educational Purposes in Houston County Approveda
LRCA Amendment 20 Local Gov't Limit Police Jurisdiction and the Planning and Zoning Authority of Municipalities Located Partially Within Lee County Approveda
LRCA Amendment 21 Taxes Real Estate License and Transaction Taxes in Shelby County Defeatedd
LRCA Amendment 22 Gov't Finances Indebtedness by Shelby County Defeatedd
LRCA Amendment 23 Judiciary Court Costs Approveda
LRCA Amendment 24 Judiciary Costs and Charges of Court in Tallapoosa County Defeatedd
LRCA Amendment 25 Admin of gov't Fire Protection and Emergency Medical Services Districts in Tallapoosa County Approveda
LRCA Amendment 26 Admin of gov't Fees and Charges in Winston County Defeatedd

Alaska

See also: Alaska 1994 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Measure 1 Civil rights "The individual right to keep and bear arms shall not be denied or infringed by the state..." Approveda
LRCA Measure 2 Judicial reform Rights for crime victims. Approveda
IndISS Measure 3 Administration Changing the capital to Wasilla Defeatedd
IndISS Measure 4 Term limits Prohibit listing names on ballot of candidates for federal office who been in office a certain length of time Approveda
IndISS Measure 5 Administration Relating to voters right to know the cost of moving the state capitol Approveda

Arizona

See also: Arizona 1994 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Proposition 100 Gov't Salaries Creates the office of Lieutenant Governor for the term beginning in 1999 Defeatedd
LRCA Proposition 101 Resources Allow exchange State Trust Land for public or private land for certain purposes Defeatedd
LRCA Proposition 102 Taxes Personal Property Tax Exemptions for livestock, poultry, aquatic animals under some circumstances Approveda
CICA Proposition 103 Judiciary Eliminate provisions prohibiting legislature from restricting recovery of damages for personal injuries Defeatedd
ISS Proposition 200 Tobacco Increase in state tax on cigarettes, cigars and other tobacco products Approveda
ISS Proposition 201 Resources Prohibit use of leg-hold traps, instant kill body gripping traps, poisons or snares on any public land Approveda
VR Proposition 300 Property Regarding provisions protecting private property rights Defeatedd
VR Proposition 301 Tort Enact certain sections of a legislative act imposing a time limit for filing certain lawsuits? Defeatedd
CR Proposition 302 Gov't Salaries Increase in state legislative salaries Defeatedd

Arkansas

See also: Arkansas 1994 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
VR Referred Act 1 Taxes Relating to soft drink taxes. Approveda

California

See also: California 1994 ballot propositions

June 7

Type Title Subject Description Result
LBM Proposition 1A Bonds $2 billion for earthquake relief and seismic retrofitting Defeatedd
LBM Proposition 1B Bonds $1 billion for public schools Defeatedd
LBM Proposition 1C Bonds $900 million for public colleges and universities in California Defeatedd
LRCA Proposition 175 Taxes Tax credit to qualified renters against their net income tax Defeatedd
LRCA Proposition 176 Taxes Non-profits exempt from local sales tax Approveda
LRCA Proposition 177 Taxes Property tax exemption for improvements for disabled access Approveda
LRCA Proposition 178 Taxes Property tax exemption for water conservation equipment Defeatedd
LRSS Proposition 179 Law enforcement Penalties for killing people while shooting from vehicles Approveda
CISS Proposition 180 Bonds $2 billion bond for parks, recreation Defeatedd

November 8

Type Title Subject Description Result
LBM Proposition 181 Bonds $1 billion bond for various rail expenditures Defeatedd
Proposition 182 Re-submission of Proposition 173 (Removed)
LRCA Proposition 183 Recall Recall elections held within 180 days of signature certification Approveda
CISS Proposition 184 Judiciary "Three Strikes Law"; life in prison for three serious crimes Approveda
CISS Proposition 185 Taxes 4% tax on retail sales of gasoline Defeatedd
CICA Proposition 186 Taxes Establish "single payer" health care system Defeatedd
CISS Proposition 187 Immigration Illegal aliens ineligible for public social services Approveda
CISS Proposition 188 Tobacco Ban on public smoking Defeatedd
LRCA Proposition 189 Judiciary Permit courts to deny bail for wider range of sexual offenses Approveda
LRCA Proposition 190 Judiciary Change in how California judges are disciplined Approveda
LRCA Proposition 191 Judiciary Transform justice courts to municipal courts Approveda

Colorado

See also: Colorado 1994 ballot measures

November 8
Type Title Subject Description Result
CICA Amendment 1 Tobacco Places a 50% tax on each pack of cigarettes Defeatedd
CICA Amendment 11 Labor Mandates certain health care benefits for workers Defeatedd
CICA Amendment 12 Elections Limits elected officials compensation and election campaigns Defeatedd
CICA Amendment 13 Gambling Allows slot machines in Manitou Springs Defeatedd
CICA Amendment 15 Elections Establishes campaign contributions limits Defeatedd
CICA Amendment 16 Obscenity Prevents the state judiciary from interpreting the state's constitutional freedom of speech more broadly than the federal constitution Defeatedd
CICA Amendment 17 Term Limits Placing term limits on elected officials, from the local to federal level Approveda
CICA Amendment 18 Health Care Relates to state medical assistance repayment Defeatedd
LRCA Referendum A Direct democracy Enacts single subject requirement for initiatives and referenda Approveda
LRCA Referendum B Elections Requires the production of a nonpartisan ballot information booklet Approveda
LRCA Referendum C Law Enforcement Relates to conditions for denying post-conviction bail Approveda

Florida

See also: Florida 1994 ballot measures

November 8
Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Amendment 1 Legislature Provides that the annual 60-day regular sessions of the Legislature are to begin on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in March Approveda
LRCA Amendment 2 Gov't Finances Limits state revenue collections to the prior year's allowed revenue plus an adjustment Approveda
CICA Amendment 3 Hunting Prohibits use of gill and other entangling nets in Florida waters Approveda
CICA Amendment 4 Taxes Allows initiated constitutional amendments related to limiting the power of government to raise revenue to cover multiple subjects Approveda
CICA Amendment 8 Gambling Authorizes a limited number of casinos in Broward, Dade, Duval, Escambia, Hillsborough, Lee, Orange, Palm Beach and Pinellas Counties Defeatedd

Hawaii

See also: Hawaii 1994 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Measure 1 Bonds Authorize State to Issue Bonds Approveda
LRCA Measure 2 Bonds Authorize State to Use Bonds Approveda
LRCA Measure 3 Education Appointed Board of Education by Governor Defeatedd
LRCA Measure 4 Education Limit Board of Education Powers; Statewide Policies Approveda
LRCA Measure 5 Judicial Reform Select/Approve Chief Justice and Senate Approveda
LRCA Measure 6 Judicial Reform Number of Nominees between 4 and 6 Approveda
LRCA Measure 7 Term Limits Term not to exceed 6 years Approveda
LRCA Measure 8 Judicial Reform Change Requirements in Appointments Approveda

Idaho

See also: Idaho 1994 ballot measures

November 8
Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA HJR 16 Law enforcement Provides for rights of crime victims Approveda
LRCA HJR 17 Admin of gov't Allows legislature to provide for optional forms of county government Approveda
LRCA HJR 24 State exec Deletes requirement that state executive officers reside in Ada County during term Approveda
LRCA SJR 105 Redistricting Creates Commission for Reapportionment Approveda
LRCA SJR 109 State exec Changes the title of State Auditor to State Controller Approveda
CISS INIT 1 LGBT Establishes state policies regarding homosexuality Defeatedd
CISS INIT 2 Term Limits Establishes term limits for elected officials Approveda

Illinois

See also: Illinois 1994 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Amendment 1 Law enforcement Grants criminal defendants the right to be confronted by witnesses Approveda
LRCA Amendment 2 Administration of government Changes legislative adjournment date from June 30 to May 31 Approveda

Kentucky

See also: Kentucky 1994 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Amendment 1 State Budget Require cities, counties, and taxing districts to adopt a balanced budget prior to each fiscal year Approveda

Louisiana

See also: Louisiana 1994 ballot measures

October 1
Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Amendment 1 State Budget Creates a Permanent Trust Fund Approveda
LRCA Amendment 2 Bonds Louisiana Recreaction District Bonds Approveda
LRCA Amendment 3 Judicial reform Juvenile Tried as Adult Approveda
LRCA Amendment 4 Judicial Reform Fly. Ct. Jurisdiction Approveda

Maine

See also: Maine 1994 ballot measures

November 8
Type Title Subject Description Result
CISS Question 1 Term Limits Limits the terms of Maine members of the U.S. Congress Overturnedot
BI Question 2 Water Issues $9 million in bonds for water pollution control and mitigation of other hazardous substance sites Approveda
BI Question 3 Water Issues $20 million in bonds to provide funds to cities and towns for the capping of their solid waste landfills Approveda
BI Question 4 Education Issues $5 million in bonds for academic improvements at the University of Maine System Defeatedd
BI Question 5 Development Issues $15 million in bonds to create and retain jobs through business financing programs Approveda
BI Question 6 Transportation Issues $21.3 million in bonds for port facilities and rail improvements, removal of oil tanks and sand and salt facilities Defeatedd
BI Question 7 Education Issues $5 million in bonds to purchase up-to-date training equipment at technical colleges Approveda
BI Question 8 Education Issues $2 million in bonds for safety improvements at the Baxter School for the Deaf Approveda
BI Question 9 Hunt and Fish Issues $10 million in bonds for improvements and expansions of fish hatcheries Defeatedd

Maryland

See also: Maryland 1994 ballot measures

November 8
Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Question 1 Law Enforcement Establishes that crime victims have a right to be treated with respect and sensitivity throughout the criminal justice process Approveda
LRCA Question 2 Judiciary Alters the boundaries of the circuits from which members of the Court of Appeals are appointed Approveda
LRCA Question 3 Judiciary Alters the mandatory retirement age for a judge from 70 to 75 Defeatedd

Massachusetts

See also: Massachusetts 1994 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
CISS Question 1 Campaign Finance Regulates spending on ballot question campaigns Defeatedd
VR Question 2 Administration of government Requires use of seat belts Approveda
VR Question 3 Education Eliminates one of the two ways in which students may authorize fees to be assessed on tuition bills at state-operated colleges and universities to support nonpartisan student organizations that attempt to influence state legislation Defeatedd
CISS Question 4 Term limits Sets term limits on which candidate names could be printed on ballots for specified state and federal public offices. Approveda
CISS Question 5 Business regulation Regarding the opening of retail stores on Sunday morning and certain holidays Approveda
CISS Question 6 Income Tax Requires Massachusetts income tax rates to be graduated, in order to distribute the burden of the tax fairly and equitably Defeatedd
CICA Question 7 Income Tax Changes the state personal income tax laws if a proposed amendment to the Massachusetts Constitution requiring income tax rates to be graduated is approved at the 1994 state election. Defeatedd
CISS Question 8 Highway Tax Revenue Increases the portion of gasoline tax revenue that would be credited to the state Highway Fund Approveda
CISS Question 9 Business Regulation Prohibits rent control Approveda

Michigan

See also: Michigan 1994 ballot measures

March 15
Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Proposal A Taxes Increase sales and use tax rates from 4% to 6%, limit annual property tax increase Approveda

November 8

Type Title Subject Description Result
ABR Proposal A Constitutional convention Call for constitutional convention Defeatedd
LRCA Proposal B Judicial reform To limit criminal appeals Approveda
VR Proposal C Admin of gov't Reduce auto insurance rates Defeatedd
LRCA Proposal P Admin of gov't Rstablish a Michigan state parks endowment fund Approveda

Minnesota

See also: Minnesota 1994 ballot measures

November 8
Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Amendment 1 Gambling Permits off-track wagering on horse racing Defeatedd

Missouri

See also: Missouri 1994 ballot measures

April 5
Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Amendment 3 Gambling Allows games of chance on riverboat casinos Defeatedd

August 2

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Amendment 4 Bond issues Authorizes $250 million in building bonds Approveda

November 8

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Amendment 1 Local Gov't Allows alternative forms of county government Approveda
LRCA Amendment 2 Taxes Requires DNR to reimburse for lost property tax revenue on lands used for parks Approveda
LRCA Amendment 5 Gov't salaries Creates the Citizen's Commission to set salaries for elected officials Approveda
CICA Amendment 6 Gambling Allows gambling on a riverboat Approveda
CICA Amendment 7 Taxes Limits the amount of increased revenue the state can generate by increased taxes and fees Defeatedd
CISS Proposition A Elections and campaigns Establishes campaign finance regulations Approveda

Montana

See also: Montana 1994 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA C-25 Pension Provides protection of Public Pension Funds and Beneficiaries Approveda
LRCA C-26 Admin of Gov't Create Uniform time limit on Gubernatorial Action on Legislative Bills Approveda
LRCA C-27 Taxes Puts 4% limit on State Sales Tax Approveda
LRCA C-28 Taxes Allows property taxes to be based on acquisition value and allows limits on annual increases in valuation of property. Defeatedd
CICA CI-66 Taxes Requires voter approval of new taxes or tax increases and local and state level. Defeatedd
CICA CI-67 Taxes Requires 2/3 vote in gov't to create new taxes, increase taxes or fees, or increase spending Defeatedd
CISS I-118 Elections and campaigns Revises campaign finance laws Approveda
VR IR-112 Taxes Approve (yes) or Repeal (No) HB671 - Revision of state income tax laws Defeatedd

Nebraska

See also: Nebraska 1994 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Measure 408 Term limits Set limits on terms of certain elected state and U.S. congressional officials Approveda

Nevada

See also: Nevada 1994 ballot measures

November 8
Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Question 1 Judiciary Extends the jurisdiction of the Commission on Judicial Discipline Approveda
LRCA Question 2 Legislature Abolishes closed door sessions of the senate and require open meetings for legislative committees Approveda
LRCA Question 3 Judiciary Allows an increase in the salaries of Supreme Court Justices and District Court Judges during terms of office Defeatedd
LRSS Question 4 Taxes Provides exemptions to the Sales and Use Tax of 1955 relating to horses Defeatedd
LRCA Question 5 Gov't Finance Allows the state to enter into installment or lease purchase agreements Defeatedd
LRCA Question 6 Taxes Authorizes a reduction in property tax on businesses that relocate hazardous operations to designated sites Defeatedd
LRSS Question 7 Taxes Provides exemptions to the Sales and Use Tax of 1955 on tangible personal property sold by certain governmental bodies and organizations Defeatedd
CICA Question 8 Term Limits Places term limits on members of Congress Approveda
CICA Question 9 Term Limits Places term limits on state and local elected officials Approveda
CICA Question 10 Elections Defines and limits campaign contributions Approveda
CICA Question 11 Taxes Requires a 2/3 vote in the legislature or a majority vote by referendum for any tax increase. Approveda

New Jersey

See also: New Jersey 1994 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
Public Question 1

North Dakota

See also: North Dakota 1994 ballot measures

June 14
Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Measure 1 Gov't Finances Provides that funds may be expended from the permanent coal trust fund for clean coal demonstration projects Approveda
LRSS Measure 2 Transportation Makes mandatory the use of safety belts Approveda

November 8

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Measure 1 Gov't Finances Requires equal portions of oil extraction tax revenues to be deposited in common schools trust fund and foundation aid stabilization fund Approveda
LRCA Measure 2 Education Provides for gubernatorial appointment of a student member to the State Board of Higher Education Approveda
CISS Measure 3 Gov't Acc Provides that cities vote every four years whether to publish the minutes of their meetings Approveda
CISS Measure 4 Transportation Repeal of North Dakota's mandatory seat belt law Defeatedd

Ohio

See also: Ohio 1994 ballot measures

November 8
Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Issue 1 Death Penalty Changes the procedure for appeals of cases in which the death penalty is imposed Approveda
LRCA Issue 2 Law Enforcement Provides victims of criminal offenses constitutional rights Approveda
LRCA Issue 3 Education Increases opportunities for state residents for higher education Approveda
CICA Issue 4 Taxes Prohibits wholesale tax on soft drinks Approveda

Oklahoma

See also: Oklahoma 1994 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
CISS Initiative 358 Gambling Creates a state lottery by creating the Oklahoma Lottery Authority. Defeatedd
CICA Question 662 Term limits Sets term limits for United States Congressmen from Oklahoma Approveda

Oregon

See also: Oregon 1994 ballot measures

May 17
Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Measure 2 Taxes Allows future vehicle fuel revenues to be allocated towards dedicated purposes Defeatedd

November 8

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Measure 3 Elections Changes the deadline for filing candidacy for elective official vacancies before the general election Approveda
LRCA Measure 4 Legislature Creates a vacancy whenever a legislator is convicted of a felony and makes the convicted legislator ineligible for legislative office Approveda
CICA Measure 5 Taxes Bars new or increased taxes, certain fees and certain charges without prior voter approval Defeatedd
CICA Measure 6 Elections Permits candidates to only use contributions from district residents and required violators to forfeit candidacy or office Approveda
CICA Measure 7 Civil rights Forbids government from denying equal protection of law due to race, color, religion, gender, age or national origin Defeatedd
CICA Measure 8 Pension Requires public employees to pay six percent of their salaries toward their pensions Approveda
CISS Measure 9 Elections Limits contributions by individuals, certain groups and PACs to candidates and adopts spending limits for some elections Approveda
CICA Measure 10 Legislature Requires a two-thirds vote in both legislature houses to reduce a criminal sentence previously approved by voters Approveda
CISS Measure 11 Law Enforcement Sets mandatory sentences for listed felonies and bars early release, leave or reduced sentences Approveda
CISS Measure 12 Public Works Repeals requirements that contractors pay workers on all public works the prevailing wage rate Defeatedd
CICA Measure 13 LGBT Prohibits governments from creating classifications based on homosexuality or spending public funds on things that express approval of homosexuality Defeatedd
CICA Measure 14 Resources Adds operating and reclamation requirements, bans certain practices, imposes fees and ends tax credits for chemical process mining firms Defeatedd
CICA Measure 15 Education Requires a minimum state funding of schools and community colleges based on funds available from listed sources in the 1993-1995 biennium Defeatedd
CISS Measure 16 Assisted Death Allows terminally ill adult patients to make the choice to obtain physician’s prescription for drugs to end life Approveda
CICA Measure 17 Labor Requires state prison inmates to work forty hours per week and allows both the public and private sectors to utilize inmate labor Approveda
CISS Measure 18 Hunt & Fish Bans using bait to hunt black bears or utilizing dogs to hunt black bears or cougars Approveda
CICA Measure 19 Obscenity Excepts laws against obscenity and child pornography from freedom of speech protections Defeatedd
CICA Measure 20 Taxes Instates an “equal tax” on the transfer of property, goods and services Defeatedd

South Dakota

See also: South Dakota 1994 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Taxation Amendment Taxes An amendment to section 9 of Article VIII of the Constitution of the state of South Dakota, relating to the taxation of leased school and public lands. Approveda
LRCA Change the Voting Age Amendment Elections An amendment to section 2 of Article VII of the Constitution of the state of South Dakota, relating to the minimum age to vote. Defeatedd
LRCA Educational Funds Amendment Gov't Finances An amendment to section 11 of Article VIII of the Constitution of the state of South Dakota, relating to the investment of permanent educational funds Defeatedd
LRCA Lower the Age to Run for Office Legislatures An amendment to section 3 of Article III of the Constitution of the state of South Dakota, relating to the qualifications for legislative office. Defeatedd
LRCA Change the Lottery System Gambling An amendment to section 25 of Article III of the Constitution of the state of South Dakota, relating to the state lottery and video games of chance. Approveda
CICA Property Tax Reform Taxes Property tax reform. Defeatedd
CICA Referral to Require Seat Belts Transportation An Act to require the use of safety belt systems in passenger vehicles. Approveda

Utah

See also: Utah 1994 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
CISS Initiative A Term limits Term limits on elected officials at the local, state, and congressional levels Defeatedd
LRCA Proposition 1 Law enforcement Rights of crime victims Approveda
LRCA Proposition 2 Education Changes to public school funding Approveda
LRCA Proposition 3 Education Non-sectarian study of religion Defeatedd

Vermont

See also: Vermont 1994 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
LRCA Proposal 7 Law enforcement Bail limited for certain crimes. Approveda
LRCA Proposal 11 Judicial reform Revise State Constitution with gender-inclusive language. Approveda

Washington

See also: Washington 1994 ballot measures

November 8
Type Title Subject Description Result
ITP Initiative 607 Business Allows the manufacturing and selling of dentures by non-dentists Approveda
LRSS Referendum T43 Law enforcement Allocates taxes on sales of cigarettes, liquor, and pop syrup to violence reduction and drug enforcement programs Approveda

Wyoming

See also: Wyoming 1994 ballot measures

Type Title Subject Description Result
CISS Local Option Gambling Gambling Permit local option gambling Defeatedd
CISS Invest In Wyoming Admin of gov't Investment of state funds Defeatedd
CISS Abortion Restriction Abortion Some restrictions on abortion Defeatedd

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