2008 election coverage by topic

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Welcome. This page is where collected election results late into the night of Tuesday, November 4 as voters across the country decided the fate of 153 ballot measures.

Key preparation pages

Abortion, stem cells, suicide

Ballot measure Nature of the initiative Results
California Proposition 4 Would prohibit abortion for un-emancipated minors until 48 hours after physician notifies minor’s parent, legal guardian or, if parental abuse has been reported, an alternative adult family member Failed
Colorado Definition of a Person Defining the term “person” to include any human being from the moment of fertilization as “person” Failed
South Dakota Initiated Measure 11 Would ban all abortions in the state except for those performed because of rape, incest or to protect the woman's health Failed
Michigan Proposal 2 Would allow the donation of embryos produced in fertility clinics that would otherwise be discarded and would allow researchers to create embryonic stem cell cultures to study disease. It would allow government funding of stem-cell research. Human cloning would continue to be illegal. Passed
Washington Initiative 1000 Would allow mentally competent, terminally ill adults the legal choice to request and self-administer a lethal overdose of medication. Passed

Affirmative action

Ballot measure Nature of the initiative Results
Colorado Civil Rights Initiative Would prohibit the state from discriminating against or granting preferential treatment to any individual or group on the basis of race, sex, color, ethnicity, or national origin in the operation of public employment, public education, or public contracting Failed
Nebraska Civil Rights Initiative Would prohibit the state from discriminating against or granting preferential treatment to any individual or group on the basis of race, sex, color, ethnicity, or national origin in the operation of public employment, public education, or public contracting Passed

Animals and hunting

Ballot measure Nature of the initiative Results
California Proposition 2 Would prohibit certain farm animal confinement practices relating chickens, pigs and calves Passed
Massachusetts Greyhound Protection Act Would eliminate dog racing for money by 2010 Passed
Oklahoma State Question No. 742 Would give Oklahomans "the right to hunt, trap, fish and take game and fish." Passed

Bond issues

16 Bond issues

By year's end, voters in nine states will have voted on sixteen different statewide measures authorizing the issuance of government bonds to pay for programs of various kinds. The total amounts to $18.51 billion. The biggest ticket item is Prop 1A in California; the least expensive is Montana LR-118 which asks for $6 million for the Montana university system. Of the sixteen measures, fourteen were legislatively referred to the ballot, and two (both in California) are initiatives.

Campaign contributions

Ballot measure Nature of the initiative Results
Colorado Clean Government Initiative Would restrict groups that receive government contracts over $100,000 from making certain types of campaign contributions Passed
South Dakota Open and Clean Government Act "No public body, public officer, person in the employ of the state or any of its political subdivisions, or candidate for public office may, directly or indirectly, direct, permit, receive, require, or facilitate the use of tax revenues or any other public resources for campaign, lobbying, or partisan purposes, including payment of dues or membership fees of any kind to any person, league, or association which, directly or indirectly engages in lobbying, campaigns or partisan activity." Failed


Ballot measure Nature of the initiative Results
Arkansas State Lottery Initiative Would establish a state lottery in Arkansas, with the proceeds used to create scholarships for students attending two- and four-year colleges Passed
Colorado Initiative 121 Would allow voters in the cities that permit limited gaming to extend the hours of limited gaming operations to 24 hours per day, 7 days per week; to add roulette, craps, or both to the allowed games; and to increase the maximum bet from $5 up to $100 Passed
Maine Casino in Oxford County Would authorize Evergreen Mountain Enterprises to operate a gaming facility at a single site in Oxford County Failed
Maryland Casino Measure It will add a new constitutional amendment to the Maryland Constitution approving the placement of 15,000 slot machines at five locations throughout the state Passed
Missouri Gambling Loss Limits Initiative Would provide new revenue to Missouri schools by increasing the state tax casinos pay to 21% and eliminating Missouri's $500 buy-in limit Passed
Ohio Casino Measure Would authorize the building of one privately owned $600,000,000 resort/casino near Wilmington, Ohio between Columbus and Cincinnati. If voters approve the measure, it will authorize the first casino in Ohio Failed


Ballot measure Nature of the initiative Results
Connecticut Constitutional Convention Would authorize the state to hold a Constitutional convention Failed
Hawaii Constitutional Convention Would authorize the state to hold a Constitutional convention Failed
Illinois Constitutional Convention Would authorize the state to hold a Constitutional convention Failed

Energy policy

Ballot measure Nature of the initiative Results
California Proposition 7 Would require California utilities to procure half of their power from renewable resources by 2025 Failed
California Proposition 10 Would set up a rebate program to give a rebate to people who purchase vehicles that are powered by fuel sources other than regular gasoline, as well as a rebate for people who buy fuel-saving vehicles (like the Toyota Prius). The state government would pay for the rebates, up to a total of $5 billion. Failed
Missouri Proposition C Would create a renewable electricity standard in the state Passed


Ballot measure Nature of the initiative Results
Oregon Ballot Measure 58 Would limit the use of foreign language instruction in public schools to a maximum of two years Failed
Missouri Constitutional Amendment 1 Would establish English as the official language for all government meetings where public business is discussed or decided or where public policy is formulated Passed
Arizona Proposition 202 Would mandate that citizen complaints against businesses regarding allegations of hiring undocumented workers be signed and dated instead of being anonymous. The petition would also punish those that use fraudulent or stolen identification, targeting the cash labor market Failed


Ballot measure Nature of the initiative Results
Arizona Proposition 101 Would prohibit laws that restrict a person's choice of private health care systems or private plans or otherwise interfere with person's or entity's right to pay directly for lawful medical services. Failed
Missouri Proposition B Would establish a commission to "ensure the availability of home care services to the elderly under the Medicaid program by recruiting, training, and stabilizing the home care workforce" Passed
Montana I-155 Would establish a children's health insurance coverage plan for all uninsured children in the state of Montana by December 31, 2009 Passed
North Dakota Tobacco Use Prevention and Control Program Petition Would establish a tobacco prevention and control advisory committee Passed
Washington Initiative 1029 Would require people who work with the elderly and disabled to get more training and be certified Passed

Initiative rights

Ballot measure Nature of the initiative Results
Colorado Referendum O Proposes making it harder for citizens to place constitutional amendments on the Colorado ballot for voter approval, but easier to call a vote on state statutes Failed
Wyoming Constitutional Amendment B Proposes a tougher distribution requirement for future Wyoming initiatives Passed

Law enforcement

Ballot measure Nature of the initiative Results
California Proposition 6 Would place additional penalties on crimes Failed
California Proposition 9 Would give enforceable rights to the families of crime victims Passed
Oregon Ballot Measure 61 Would create mandatory minimum prison sentences for certain theft, identity theft, forgery, drug, and burglary crimes Passed
Oregon Ballot Measure 57 Would increase term of imprisonment for persons convicted of specified drug and property crimes under certain circumstances Passed


Ballot measure Nature of the initiative Results
California Proposition 5 Would reduce criminal consequences of nonviolent drug offenses by mandating three-tiered probation with treatment and by providing for case dismissal and/or sealing of records after probation Failed
Massachusetts Sensible Marijuana Policy Initiative Would replace current criminal penalties with civil penalties on adults possessing an ounce or less of marijuana Passed
Michigan Coalition for Compassionate Care Initiative Would allow the medical use of marijuana for seriously ill patients Passed


Ballot measure Nature of the initiative Results
Arizona Proposition 102 Would amend the Arizona Constitution to define marriage as between one man and one woman Passed
California Proposition 8 Would amend the state constitution to say "Only marriage between a man and a woman is valid or recognized in California" Passed
Florida Marriage Amendment Although there are already 2 state statutes prohibiting same-sex marriage, the amendment as written includes a clause prohibiting judges from overturning the law Passed
Arkansas Unmarried Couple Adoption Ban Would make it illegal for any individual cohabiting outside of a valid marriage to adopt or provide foster care to minors Passed

Payday lending

Ballot measure Nature of the initiative Results
Arizona Proposition 200 The payday-loan industry, which faces elimination in 2010 when an enabling law expires, would have its right to practice in the state extended indefinitely Failed
Ohio Issue 5 The question it asks voters is whether they want to approve Section 3 of Ohio House Bill 545 that caps the Ohio payday loan industry's interest rate at 28% Passed


Ballot measure Nature of the initiative Results
Caifornia Proposition 11 Would change the process that is undertaken once every ten years of setting (which sometimes means re-drawing) the geographic boundaries of the state's 120 legislative districts and four Board of Equalization districts. At present, the task of setting these boundaries falls to the state legislature itself. If Proposition 11 passes, that task would instead be given to a new, 14-member commission Passed
Oregon Ballot Measure 55 This measure is designed to fix a situation where State Senators whose seats are not up in the next cycle following a redistricting are forced to move to their new district Passed
Utah Amendment 4 Clarifies that the Legislature's division of the state into districts must occur no later than the next annual general session following results of the United States enumeration Passed


Tax cuts or limits

Ballot measure Nature of the initiative Results
Arizona Proposition 100 Prohibits the government from charging any new tax on the sale or transfer of real property in Arizona Passed
Oregon Ballot Measure 59 Would allow federal income taxes to be fully deducted on state income tax returns Failed
Massachusetts State Income Tax Repeal Initiative Would end the state's current 5.3% income tax on wages, interest, dividends and capital gains Failed
Maine Repeal Dirigo Tax Referendum The Governor's Dirigo Tax bill was voted in at the end of the legislative session, this is a veto referendum intended to keep it from becoming law Passed
Florida Amendment 4 Would require the state legislature to make a property tax exemption for property which is under perpetual conservation protection (as defined by general law) Passed
Oklahoma State Question No. 735 Would provide exemption for household personal property tax for certain disabled veterans Passed
North Dakota Income Tax Cut Would lower North Dakota's state corporate income tax rates by 15 percent and the adjusted state individual income tax rates by 50 percent for tax years beginning after Dec. 31, 2008 Failed

Tax increases

Ballot measure Nature of the initiative Results
Colorado Amendment 51 Would increase the state sales tax by $185.1 million annually to provide funding for long-term services for persons with developmental disabilities Failed
Colorado Amendment 58 Would increase the severance tax, eliminate a property-tax deduction against the tax, retain an exemption for smaller wells, and direct most of the new revenue to college scholarships Failed
Georgia Forest Preservation Amendment Would encourage the preservation, conservation, and protection of the state's forests through the special assessment and taxation of certain forest lands and assistance grants to local government Passed
Minnesota Sales Tax Increase Would increase the sales tax throughout the state by three-eights of one percent Passed

Voting on taxes

Ballot measure Nature of the initiative Results
Arizona Proposition 105 Would require a double-majority (a majority of registered voters, not just a majority of those voters casting ballots) to approve any future ballot initiatives to raise state taxes or fees or otherwise obligate government spending before such a proposal can become law Failed
Florida Amendment 8 Would require the legislature to authorize local option sales tax levies for counties, with voters to approve proposed sales tax levies Failed
Oregon Ballot Measure 56 Would repeal a double-majority requirement for property tax increases Passed

Tax policy alterations

Ballot measure Nature of the initiative Results
Colorado Amendment 59 Would create a savings account within the State Education Fund, to be funded from 10% of the monies deposited into the State Education Fund, including revenue that would otherwise be rebated under the TABOR (Taxpayer’s Bill of Rights) rules, which the measure calls for diverting to the State Education Fund Failed
Louisiana Severance Tax Would increase the sharing of severance taxes to offset the increased traffic and destruction of roads in the areas where oil and gas are extracted Failed
Alabama Madison School Taxes Amendment 3 Would levy a tax on residents of Limestone County that have annexed into the City of Madison for the purpose of equalizing the rate of ad valorem taxation in those portions of Madison located in Limestone County with the portions located in Madison County Not processed
Nevada Question 3 Would require the state legislature to determine the social and economic purpose and benefits of any exemptions from property taxes or sales taxes before enacting such exemptions Passed
Florida Amendment 3 Would authorize the Florida legislature to prohibit the consideration of certain improvements and changes to property when assessing the property's value to ad valorem taxation Not processed
Nevada Question 4 Would amend the Sales and Use Tax Act of 1955 to authorize the Legislature to amend or repeal provisions of the act without a direct vote of the people whenever such a change is necessary to carry out any federal law or interstate agreement for the administration, collection, or enforcement of sales and use taxes Failed
Florida Amendment 6 Provides for the ad valorem tax assessment of waterfront property to be based on its current use Passed
North Dakota Constitutional Measure 1 A concurrent resolution to create and enact a new section to article X of the Constitution of North Dakota, relating to establishment and use of a permanent oil tax trust fund; and to provide an effective date of 2011 Failed
Georgia Education Taxes for Redevelopment If passed The General Assembly may authorize any county, municipality, or housing authority to undertake and carry out community redevelopment Not processed
Oklahoma State Question No. 741 Would require a person or business to file an application for an exemption; no exemption could be granted prior to filing an application; the Legislature may write laws to carry out the provisions of this section Passed


Ballot measure Nature of the initiative Results
Colorado Amendment 47 Would prohibit unions and employers from negotiating "union shop" contracts under which employees would be required to pay union membership or "agency" fees as a condition of continued employment Failed
Colorado Amendment 49 Would prohibit public employers in Colorado—which would include state government agencies, city and county governments, and public school districts—from using payroll deductions to benefit private organizations Failed
Colorado Amendment 54 Would close a remaining loophole in Colorado election law by banning the practice of "Pay to Play" Not processed

Term limits

Ballot measure Nature of the initiative Results
South Dakota Repeal Term Limits Would repeal legislator term limits Failed
Louisiana Term Limits for Public Boards Act Would impose term limits on board and commission members which are identical to the limitation for members of the legislature Passed


Ballot measure Nature of the initiative Results
Arkansas Proposed Constitutional Amendment No. 1 Would remove offensive language from the constitution about who can vote Passed
Connecticut Voting Age Measure Would allow state residents to vote in primaries at the age of 17 Passed
Iowa Voting Exemptions Act Would change offensive language used to describe people who cannot legally vote Passed
Maryland Early Voting Measure Would authorize the state legislature to enact a process whereby voters will be able to vote in person in the two weeks preceding an election Passed
Nevada Question 1 Proposes to eliminate the state's requirement that in order to be eligible to vote, a prospective voter must have resided in the state for six months Not processed
Oregon Ballot Measure 65 Proposes a top two system, where all candidates for an office would compete against each other regardless of party, and the two candidates with the most votes would then advance to the general election Failed