The foundational document for Alabama's government is the Alabama Constitution, which was ratified in 1901. At more than 800 amendments and 310,000+ words, it is the world's longest constitution and is roughly forty times the length of the U.S. Constitution. Though there has been significant movement to rewrite and modernize Alabama's constitution, any policy changes proposed around the state constitution must be approved by the entire Alabama State Legislature and, frequently, by state referendum. Also known as "the Heart of Dixie,” Alabama’s capital is Montgomery, but its largest city by population is Birmingham.
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