Alabama school districts
|K-12 Education in Alabama|
|State Superintendent: Tommy Bice|
|Number of students: 744,621|
|Number of teachers: 47,723|
|Teacher/pupil ratio: 1:15.6|
|Number of school districts: 170|
|Number of schools: 1,618|
|Graduation rate: 75%|
|Per-pupil spending: $8,813|
|Alabama Department of Education|
Alabama school districts
List of school districts in Alabama
School boards portal
|Public education in the United States |
Public education in Alabama
Glossary of education terms
- 1 Quick facts
- 2 In the news
- 3 State law
- 4 School board elections
- 5 See also
- 6 External links
- 7 References
State school administrators
- State Board of Education
- Governor Robert J. Bentley, President
- State Superintendent Tommy Bice, Executive Officer and Secretary
- Tracy Roberts, District 1
- Betty Peters, District 2
- Stephanie Bell, District 3
- Yvette Richardson, District 4
- Ella B. Bell, District 5
- Charles E. Elliott, District 6
- Jeffery Newman, District 7
- Mary Scott Hunter, District 8
The following table displays the ethnic distribution of students in Alabama as reported in the Common Core of Data for 2011-2012.
|Demographic information for Alabama's K-12 public school system|
|Ethnicity||Students||State Percentage||United States Percentage**|
|Hawaiian Nat./Pacific Isl. Students||328||0.04%||0.42%|
|Two or more||6,239||0.84%||2.57%|
|**Note: This is the percentage of all students in the United States that are reported to be of this ethnicity.|
In the news
Starting with the 2013-2014 school year, the Alabama Department of Education replaced the No Child Left Behind Act with Plan 2020, a new way of measuring student achievement in the state. In addition to eliminating the Alabama High School Graduation Exam as the only path to graduation and switching to college and career readiness standards to judge student progress, Plan 2020 set achievement goals meant to close the achievement gap between impoverished minority students and students who are better off socioeconomically. While the No Child Left Behind Act set the goal of having 100 percent of all students be proficient in math and reading, Plan 2020 set different proficiency goals for students based on subgroups. There are nine subgroups within the plan: American Indian, Asian/Pacific Islander, Hispanic, black, white, multi-race, English language learners, poverty and special education. Plan 2020 gave each subgroup an improvement goal for each year from its start in 2013 until 2020. Under the plan, all students will be at the same proficiency level by 2020.
Rev. Schmitt Moore, member of the Tuscaloosa County Board of Education, said it was unfortunate that different groups of people were separated in academic performance but that Plan 2020 set goals for lower-performing subgroups in a fair way, starting with where they were and expecting them to improve from there. James Minyard, member of the Tuscaloosa City Schools Board of Education, agreed with Moore, believing the plan was fair as long as it required every subgroup to reach the end proficiency goal at the same time.
Marvin Lucas, another member of the Tuscaloosa City Schools Board of Education, did not think the plan should set lower expectations for any child. Instead, he thought early intervention should be stressed, such as starting school earlier and working with children who are falling behind during the summer.
Harry Lee, another member of the Tuscaloosa City Schools Board of Education, expressed surprise by Plan 2020's separation of students based on subgroups, as he thought the state should be focused on teaching students all the same.
School board composition
Alabama school board members are generally elected by residents of the school district, although some school board members are appointed. School boards can have as few as five members or as many as 21. School board members serve four-year or six-year terms, depending on the district.
Alabama has two main types of school districts: county school districts and city school districts. There are also a few schools that constitute their own school district, such as the Alabama School of Math & Science, the Alabama School of Fine Arts and the Alabama Institute for the Deaf and Blind.
Alabama does not impose statewide term limits on school board members.
School board elections
- See also: Alabama school board elections, 2014
A total of 11 Alabama school districts among America's largest school districts by enrollment will hold elections in 2014 for 25 seats. Huntsville City Schools will hold elections on August 26, 2014, while the remaining 10 districts have scheduled elections for November 2014.
Here are several quick facts about Alabama's school board elections in 2014:
- The largest school district by enrollment with an election in 2014 is Mobile County Public Schools with 61,237 K-12 students.
- The smallest school district by enrollment with an election in 2014 is Etowah County School System with 9,295 K-12 students.
- Elmore County Public Schools has the most seats on the ballot in 2014 with four seats up for election.
- Jefferson County School District, Madison County Schools and Shelby County Schools have the fewest seats on the ballot in 2014 with one seat up for election in each district.
The districts listed below served 272,446 K-12 students during the 2010-2011 school year, according to the National Center for Education Statistics. Click on the district names for more information on the district and its school board elections.
|2014 Alabama School Board Elections|
|District||Date||Seats up for election||Total board seats||Student enrollment|
|Huntsville City Schools||8/26/2014||3||5||22,188|
|Baldwin County Public Schools||11/4/2014||3||7||28,165|
|Elmore County Public Schools||11/4/2014||4||7||11,016|
|Etowah County Schools||11/4/2014||3||7||9,295|
|Jefferson County School District||11/4/2014||1||5||34,095|
|Lee County Schools||11/4/2014||3||7||9,810|
|Madison County Schools||11/4/2014||1||5||19,328|
|Mobile County Public School System||11/4/2014||2||5||61,237|
|Montgomery Public Schools||11/4/2014||2||7||31,464|
|Shelby County Schools||11/4/2014||1||5||28,063|
|Tuscaloosa County School System||11/4/2014||2||7||17,785|
Path to the ballot
To qualify as a school board candidate in Alabama, an individual must be:
- At least 18 years of age
- A U.S. citizen
- A registered voter
- A resident of the state for at least one day
- A resident of the school district that the candidate seeks to represent for at least one year prior to the election.
Alabama requires candidates to form campaign committees as soon as they become candidates. This can happen in one of two ways, either when they reach the disclosure threshold of $1,000 or by filing for office with the appropriate election official. Candidates are also required to file a Statement of Economic Interests form when they file as a candidate. Candidates who have not reached the disclosure threshold of $1,000 even after filing for office are not required to file campaign finance reports until they reach the threshold.
- School board elections portal
- United States school districts
- List of school districts in Alabama
- Alabama Department of Education
- Public education in Alabama
- Alabama Secretary of State
- Alabama Department of Education
- Alabama Association of School Boards
- Alabama Education Association
- Alabama Federation of Teachers
- National Center for Education Statistics school district search tool
- National Center for Education Statistics, "Table 2. Number of operating public schools and districts, state enrollment, teacher and pupil/teacher ratio by state: School year 2011–12," accessed March 18, 2014
- ED Data Express, "State Tables Report," accessed March 17, 2014 The site includes this disclaimer: "States converted to an adjusted cohort graduation rate [starting in the 2010-2011 school year], which may or may not be the same as the calculation they used in prior years. Due to the potential differences, caution should be used when comparing graduation rates across states."
- United States Census Bureau, "Public Education Finances: 2011," accessed March 18, 2014
- Alabama State Department of Education, "Quick Facts," accessed August 6, 2013
- Homesurfer, "School District Ranking Report," accessed August 9, 2013
- Alabama School Connection, "ARMT 2011-2012 Test Result Rankings – 8th Grade Reading," accessed July 7, 2014
- United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, "Common Core of Data (CCD), State Nonfiscal Public Elementary/Secondary Education Survey, 2011-2012," accessed May 7, 2014
- Tuscaloosa News, "Plan 2020 brings praise, criticism," July 3, 2013
- Cullman Times, "Education Revolution: How Plan 2020 Could Reshape Education in Alabama," December 9, 2012
- Alabama Association of School Boards, "Members: School Boards," accessed July 7, 2014
- Alabama Secretary of State, "Minimum Qualifications for Public Office," accessed July 7, 2014
- National Center for Education Statistics, "Elementary/Secondary Information System," accessed March 21, 2014
- Alabama Secretary of State, "Candidate Filing Guide Twelfth Edition," accessed July 7, 2014
State of Alabama
|State executive officers||
Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Treasurer| Auditor| Superintendent of Education| Commissioner of Insurance| Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries| Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries| Commissioner of Labor| Public Service Commission|
Alabama Department of Education | Alabama school districts |