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Alaska Law

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The Basics

Procedure: Application: Proponents must first file an application with the Lieutenant Governor's office. The deposit is $100 made payable to the State of Alaska. This deposit will be refunded when the petition is properly filed and the measure is certified. Proponents must file with the application a full copy of the proposed bill, in addition to 3 prime sponsors with a statement that they are the initiative committee representing all other sponsors. At least 100 qualified voters who will serve as sponsors for circulation purposed must also submit signatures. A copy of the proposed bill must be attached to each signature page; and each signature page must contain a statement that the voter signed the application with the proposed bill attached.

Review Process: After the application has been process, the Lieutenant Governor will have the signatures reviewed by the Division of Elections for verification of the 100 qualified voters. The application is then reviewed by the Department of Law. It check the application for legal content and advises the Lieutenant Governor on whether to deny or approve the application. The application will be denied if it is not in proper form, does not include all required elements, there are an insufficient number of qualified voter sponsors, or the bill covers an issue restricted by the constitution. The bill must be single subject. The subject must contain the enacting clause "Be it enacted by the People of the State of Alaska." Subjects not allowed under the Alaskan constitution include: dedicate revenues, make or repeal appropriation, create courts, define jurisdiction of courts, or enact local nominations or special obligation.

After certification: The Lieutenant Governor will notify the sponsors of acceptance and include a copy of the Department of Law's formal legal opinion and impartial summary. The prime sponsors have the opportunity to review the impartial summary and the title of the bill. The Division of Elections is responsible for printing 500 petition booklets and the initial distribution of the booklets to each of the other qualified sponsors who will circulate the petition and gather signatures.

Deadlines: The initiative language can be submitted to the state at any time. Once signatures are submitted, the Lieutenant Governor must review them within 60 days from the date the petition was filed. If enough valid signatures were collected, the petition will be placed on the election ballot of the first statewide general, special or primary election that is held after the filed, a legislative session has convened or adjourned and a period of 120 has expired since the adjournment of a legislative session.

Signatures: Signatures are tied to how many votes are cast for the general election prior to when the application is filed. In 2006, 234,645 (1) votes were cast. Ten percent of the votes cast must be collect, which would next election would be 23,646 signatures required. Signatures must be submitted prior to the convening of the legislative session in the year in which the initiative is to appear on the ballot. They are then verified by the Division of Elections who very each signature until the minimum number needed is met.

Distribution Requirement: One signature in 2/3 of state house districts.

Circulation: Proponents have one year from the day that they are notified that petition booklets are available for distribution.

Residency: Petitioners must be residents of the state. Compensation for initiative circulators is also limited to $1 per signature.

Single Subject Restriction:Yes

Legislative Tampering: The legislature can repeal an initiative only after 2 years, but can amend it at any time.[1][2]


Article 1. Regular and Special Elections.

Article 2. Initiative and Referendum.

Article 3. Recall.