Alaska Marriage Amendment, Measure 2 (1998)

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Voting on
Marriage and Family
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The Alaska Marriage Amendment, also known as Ballot Measure 2, was on the November 3, 1998 election ballot in Alaska as a legislatively-referred constitutional amendment, where it was approved.


On October 12, 2014, a federal judge struck down the ban on same-sex marriage. The U.S. District Court for the District of Alaska ruled the ban unconstitutional under the Due Process and Equal Protection Clauses of the U.S. Constitution. U.S District Judge Timothy M. Burgess said:[1]

Alaska’s same-sex marriage laws are a prime example of how 'the varying treatment of different groups or persons is so unrelated to the achievement of any combination of legitimate purposes that we can only conclude that the legislature’s actions were irrational.'


Election results

Alaska Measure 2 (1998)
OverturnedotOverturned Case:Hamby v. Parnell 
Yes 152,965 68.1%

Results from the Alaska State Government.[3]

Text of measure

The language that appeared on the ballot said, "This measure would amend the Declaration of Rights section of the Alaska Constitution to limit marriage. The amendment would say that to be valid, a marriage may exist only between one man and one woman."

Changes to the Alaska Constitution

The passing of Alaska Marriage Amendment, Measure 2 added Article I, Section 25 to the Alaska Constitution.

Related measures

Voters in 30 states have approved legislatively-referred constitutional amendments or initiated constitutional amendments prohibiting same-sex marriages at the ballot box. The first constitutional prohibition was in 1998, and the latest one occurred in May 2012. Most of these amendments define marriage along the lines of a "union of one male and one female."


The following constitutional bans were approved by voters, but later overturned by courts:


Cases overturning the following bans have been appealed to higher courts and are currently stayed:


The following constitutional bans were approved by voters and have been upheld or not overturned by courts:


The following constitutional bans were defeated by voters:

Note: Arizonans defeated a measure in 2006, but approved one in 2008, which has been overturned.

See also

Suggest a link

External links


  1. Huffington Post, "Federal Judge Strikes Down Alaska Gay Marriage Ban," October 12, 2014
  2. Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
  3. Alaska State Government 1998 election results