|Governor of New York|
|January 1, 2011 - Present|
|Years in position||2|
|Predecessor||David Paterson (D)|
|Elections and appointments|
|First elected||November 2, 2010|
|Next election||November 4, 2014|
|Attorney General of New York|
|January 1, 2007-December 31, 2010|
|U.S. Secretary of Housing and Development|
|January 29, 1997-January 20, 2001|
|J.D.||Albany Law School|
|Birthday||December 6, 1957|
An April 2013 list of the 100 most powerful players in Albany by the newspaper City and State ranked Cuomo as number one.
Cuomo was born on December 6, 1957 in Queens, NY. He graduated from Archbishop Molloy High School, Fordham University, and Albany Law School. Cuomo was named a top aide to his father's inaugural campaign for Governor shortly after receiving his law degree. He then joined the Governor's staff as one of his father's top policy advisors, a position he filled on and off throughout the course of Mario Cuomo's twelve-year governorship.
Cuomo worked two years as an New York assistant district attorney and briefly for the law firm of Blutrich, Falcone & Miller. He became profoundly active in the issues of homeless and state housing policy during the 1980s and 90s. This in turn spurred him on to create Housing Enterprise for the Less Privileged (HELP), a non-profit organization whose goal is to provide housing and the supportive services necessary for the homeless and people in need to become and remain self reliant. He was appointed Chairman of the New York City Homeless Commission during the administration of New York City Mayor David Dinkins, from 1990-1993.
- Graduated from Archbishop Molloy High School (1975)
- BA, Fordham University (1979)
- JD, Albany Law School (1982)
Governor of New York (2011-Present)
Cuomo was elected Governor of New York in 2010 and assumed office January 1, 2011.
Promoting his 2013-14 budget, Cuomo and his 2014 re-election campaign launched television ads in late January, 2013. E.J. McMahon of the pro-market Empire State Center for New York Policy argued that Cuomo's claim in the ads that his budget did not impose any new taxes was technically true but disingenuous because the governor did call for extending two "temporary" taxes first imposed in 2009. Cuomo proposed extending the 2 percent assessment on electric, water, and gas utility bills for five years beyond its scheduled March 13, 2014, expiration date. Senate Majority Leader Dean Skelos (R) and the Senate Republicans opposed the utility tax extension and held a February 5 press conference on the topic with representatives from the Business Council of New York State, the National Federation of Independent Businesses, the Manufacturers Association of Central New York (MACNY), the New York Farm Bureau, and AARP. Cuomo also proposed extending a tax on households earning more than $10 million annually. Already statutorily limited to receiving only half of their tax deductions for their charitable giving, high-end taxpayers would see the temporary law limiting them to receiving only a quarter of their charitable giving deductions extended for three more years. The utility assessment tax brings in $509 million annually, and the charitable giving deduction limit brings in $140 million.
As part of his 2013-14 budget, introduced on January 22, 2013, Cuomo proposed the Stable Rate Pension Contribution Option as a way for local governments to deal with rising pension plan costs. Local governments which signed on for this plan would be able to reduce their present pension payments by as much as 43 percent and would then lock in that rate for 25 years. The savings now would be made up from the later payments, which would be made at the same level even though the fiscal situation will have improved. E.J. McMahon of the pro-market Empire State Center for New York Policy opposed Cuomo's plan, contending that "even under ideal economic and financial market conditions, it's likely to be a losing bet for employers — saving them less in the short-term than it would cost them in the long run." Before the plan could become operational, New York Comptroller Thomas DiNapoli, the lone trustee of New York's pension plan, would need to approve the option, but on February 5, he stated that he had concerns with the proposal. The New York State Teachers' Retirement System, which is separate from the main pension plan and would need to approve the plan because of its effect on school districts, hired Cheiron to conduct an independent review of Cuomo's plan.
Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare")
In December, 2012, Cuomo declined to enter New York into the federal health-exchange system established under the Affordable Care Act, otherwise known as "Obamacare," in favor of setting up a state-based system. New York is one of eighteen states - including Colorado, Massachusetts, Maryland, New Mexico, and Washington - that decided to create and run individual health-exchange systems by the December 14, 2012 deadline. The exchange is an online marketplace for citizens to purchase health insurance.
Appointments office export
In October 2012, Cuomo announced his decision to move the New York state "appointments office" outside the executive branch, including nine people and the office's original budget of $700,000. His decision addressed what he considered to be a trend of deterioration in the recruitment standards of state agency and board positions, which he attributed to statutory constraints on salary raises for appointees and a counterproductive tradition of nepotistic-style hiring by internal recommendation: “In the old days, you’d wait for some county [political party] chair or some elected official to say, can you hire A, B, C or D," said Cuomo, elaborating on his aim to reverse the unsatisfactory reputation of the appointments office by introducing it to private sector meritocracy. The former executive chamber office of appointments, renamed the “Center for Recruitment and Public Service,” was absorbed into the Office of General Services and managed by an appointments secretary. Cuomo appointed retired judge Leslie Leach, an aide from his years as attorney general, to the position prior to his announcement. The Center for Recruitment and Public Service will deal primarily with appointed commissioners, state board members, and some "exempt" managerial positions, but not civil service posts.
Following the December 14, 2012 school shooting in Newton, Connecticut, Gov. Cuomo sought to make gun control a major issue in 2013. To that end, one of the first things the Legislature did in its 2013 session was to pass a tougher assault weapons ban that includes restrictions on ammunition and the sale of guns, as well as provisions to keep guns from the mentally ill who make threats. New York was the first state to pass new laws after the tragedy.
Attorney General of New York (2007-2010)
Police surveillance by the Governor's Office
On July 23, 2007, Cuomo's office admonished the Spitzer administration for ordering the State Police to keep special records of Senate majority leader Joseph L. Bruno's whereabouts when he traveled with police escorts in New York City. At the direction of top officials of the Spitzer administration, the New York State Police created documents meant to cause political damage to Bruno. The governor's staff had stated they were responding to a Freedom of Information request from the Albany Times-Union in late June.
A scathing 57-page report issued by the Attorney General's office concluded that Spitzer aides did not simply produce records, as the state Freedom of Information Law requires, but were instead engaged in planning and producing media coverage concerning Senator Bruno's travel on state aircraft before any FOIL request was made. The investigation looked into both Bruno's travel and the senate leader's allegation that Spitzer used State Police to spy on him. It also suggests that the governor's staff lied when they tried to explain what they had done and forced the State Police to go far beyond their normal procedures in documenting Mr. Bruno's whereabouts.
The report cleared Bruno of any misuse of the state's air fleet, which had been alleged. The report criticized Spitzer's office for using State Police resources to gather information about Bruno's travel and releasing the information to the media.
New York Republican State Committee Chairman Joseph Mondello claimed that "Today's explosive report by Attorney General Andrew Cuomo validates the frightening charges that Governor Spitzer's administration abused the New York State Police and New York's F.O.I.L. laws in an attempt to set up Senate Majority Leader Joseph Bruno" and that "This disturbing abuse of power by a Governor is unprecedented." The findings of the report were endorsed by Spitzer's own Inspector General, Kristine Hamann.
Spitzer responded at a July 23 press conference that "As governor, I am accountable for what goes on in the executive branch and I accept responsibility for the actions of my office" and that his administration had "grossly mishandled" the situation. The Governor issued an apology to Senator Bruno and stated that "I apologized to Senator Bruno and I did so personally this morning […] In addition, I apologized to the men and women of the State Police, and to acting Superintendent Preston Felton personally for allowing this esteemed institution to be drawn into this matter." Felton said he didn't realize he was part of a political scheme, and claimed in a written statement that "I have never, in my 26-year career with the state police, knowingly undertaken any such action and never would […] To the extent that circumstances previously not known to me have now given rise to that appearance, I am particularly saddened."
Spitzer subsequently announced that he would indefinitely suspend his communications director, Darren Dopp, and reassign another top official. When questioned about his promise to bring a new dawn of ethical responsibility to state politics, Spitzer responded by saying "I will not tolerate this behavior […] ethics and accountability must and will remain rigorous in my administration", and that "I have always stated that I want ethics and integrity to be the hallmarks of my administration. That is why I requested that the State Inspector General review the allegations with respect to my office, and that is why we have fully cooperated with both inquiries." As of July 2007, Cuomo's office was considering recommending disciplinary action against the Governor's office.
Student Loan Inquiry
In 2007, Cuomo was active in a high profile investigation into lending practices and anti-competitive relationships between student lenders and universities. Specifically, many universities steered student borrowers to "preferred lender" which resulted in those borrowers incurring higher interest rates. This has led to changes in lending policy at many major American universities. Many universities have also rebated millions of dollars in fees back to affected borrowers.
The Safety of Facebook
"My office is concerned that Facebook's promise of a safe web site is not consistent with its performance in policing its site and responding to complaints," Cuomo stated on September 25, 2007. "Parents have a right to know what their children will encounter on a web site that is aggressively marketed as safe."
Cuomo cited an investigation by the Office of Attorney General which discovered "deficiencies that stand in contrast to the reassuring statements made on the web site and by company officials." This investigation found numerous occurrences of other users approaching undercover Facebook accounts for adult reasons, as well as lewd or pornographic Facebook groups that users under 18 were allowed to join.
In the midst of his 2006 bid for New York Attorney General, Cuomo received the endorsement of ACORN. Former Executive Director Bertha Lewis praised him for "his outstanding record of results fighting for fair housing and fighting against predatory lenders."  In response to this commendation, Cuomo issued a statement that stated that he was "honored" and that he appreciated the strong words of recommendation from his 'good friend' Bertha Lewis, who, he said, was an 'inspiration' for him.
Cuomo was one of six state attorneys general, all of whom belonged to the Democratic Party, who received the highest rating, a letter grade of A+, from the June 2008 Survey and Scorecard report published by the embattled liberal political organization, ACORN. The report was published in an effort to shine the spotlight on state attorneys general "leading the fight to protect homeowners from joining the flood of Americans losing their homes to foreclosure," according to the group. 
As part of a probe into the mortgage industry, New York Attorney General Andrew Cuomo served subpoenas to both Freddie Mac (FRE) and Fannie Mae (FNM) on November 7, 2007, requesting the two companies retain an independent examiner to review mortgages and appraisals. He then promptly sued First American Corporation (FAF) and its eAppraiseIT unit for allegedly colluding with savings bank holding company, Washington Mutual; stock for the company sharply declined. CNBC's Jim Cramer labeled Cuomo a "communist" who "who wants to shut down the mortgage market."  About a month later, Washington Mutual Bank reorganized its home-loan division and closed 160 of its 336 home-loan offices, hemorrhaging nearly twenty-two percent of its staff. Nine months after that, Washington Mutual, Inc. and its subsidiaries filed for bankruptcy.
Cuomo faced criticism for a series of lawsuits and investigations surrounding a Florida based Savings and Loan Association institution in which he was accused of illegal, hostile take-over maneuvers among other things. This problem tapered off after Attorney General Janet Reno declined to initiate a full investigation. A spectrum of excuses and accusations were offered to explain this situation.
In tandem with the Florida S&L situation is the criticism coming from Catherine Fitts, formerly HUD Assistant Secretary and FHA Administrator under Jack Kemp during the first Bush administration and HUD independent contractor under Henry Cisneros and Andrew Cuomo. She essentially accuses him of fraud and links his name to HUD vendors who also provided him with lucrative benefits of various types.
Shuck and jive
In the early stages of the 2008 Democratic presidential primary campaign, shortly after Hillary Clinton won the New Hampshire contest, Cuomo, a supporter of Clinton's, made a comment in reference to then-Senator Barack Obama that some perceived to be racially insensitive, if unintentionally so. The New York Attorney General, speaking on radio station WGDJ - Talk 1300 based in Albany, analyzed the primary race, saying, "It's not a TV crazed race. Frankly you can't buy your way into it. You can't shuck and jive at a press conference. All those moves you can make with the press don't work when you're in someone's living room."  Though Cuomo insisted after the program that the comment "was never about Obama in the first place,"  but rather the primary campaign in general, critics still believed the words were ill-spoken, if not downright inappropriate. The phrase 'shuck and jive' "refers to mischievous blacks behaving innocently in the presence of an authority figure, so as to lie and get out of trouble." 
On June 10, 2008, Cuomo announced that three major internet service providers (Verizon Communications, Time Warner Cable, and Sprint) would "shut down major sources of online child pornography" by no longer hosting many newsgroups associated with the worldwide distributed internet discussion system, Usenet. Time Warner Cable ceased offering Usenet altogether while Sprint no longer provides access to the alt.* hierarchy, and Verizon limiting its Usenet offerings to the Big 8 (comp.*, misc.*, news.*, rec.*, sci.*, soc.*, alt.*, and talk.* newsgroup hierarchies).  Internet critics have argued that this is significant overreaching on the part of the New York Attorney General, noting that "Cuomo’s office found only 88 newsgroups containing child porn, and there are more than 18,000 in the alt.* hierarchy alone."  Barry Steinhardt, director of the ACLU's technology and liberty program, compared the action to "taking a sledgehammer to an ant." 
U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (1993-2000)
Cuomo was appointed by President Bill Clinton in 1993 to the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). At the end of Clinton's first term in office, Henry Cisneros resigned as Secretary of HUD following a three and a half year independent investigation that resulted in his indictment on eighteen counts of conspiracy, giving false statements and obstruction of justice. Cuomo succeeded Cisneros and remained in the position until the end of Clinton's administration in 2001. Twice during his tenure it was speculated that he would mount a campaign for the United States Senate, first in 1998 to challenge Senator Al D'Amato who was deemed too conservative by Congressional Democratic leadership and then in 2000 after the announcement by four-term Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan that he would be retiring; he ultimately deferred to First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton in the run up to the Democratic primary election.
Cuomo has been rumored to be considering a run for President in 2016. A story in the New York Post on April 29, 2013, cited "a Cuomo administration insider" who said Cuomo would not run if Hillary Clinton does. Cuomo dismissed the rumors, stating, "There is no truth to the assertion that I am talking presidential politics and strategy and what Hillary Clinton should do or shouldn't do or what I'm doing presidentially. The only discussions I'm having are how to help this state ... and to the extent that I'm focusing on politics, it's my race next year."
That same week publisher HarperCollins announced they would be publishing Cuomo's autobiography, which is expected to be out in 2014.
- See also: New York gubernatorial election, 2014
Cuomo first ran for Governor of New York on a ticket with Robert Duffy in 2010. He defeated Carl P. Paladino (R), Warren Redlich (L), Howie Hawkins (G) and six other candidates in the general election on November 2, 2010.
|New York Governor/Lt. Governor, 2010|
|Democratic||Andrew Cuomo/Robert Duffy||61%||2,910,876|
|Republican||Carl Paladino/Gregory Edwards||32.5%||1,547,857|
|Green||Howie Hawkins/Gloria Mattera||1.3%||59,906|
|Rent is 2 Damn High||Jimmy McMillan/No candidate||0.9%||41,129|
|Libertarian||Warren Redlich/Alden Link||1%||48,359|
|Anti-Prohibition||Kristin Davis/Tanya Gendelman||0.4%||20,421|
|Freedom||Charles Barron/Eva Doyle||0.5%||24,571|
|Election Results Via: New York State Board of Elections|
Though it was expected that he would make a second attempt to run for Governor of New York, he decided against it after State Attorney General Eliot Spitzer entered the gubernatorial race in late-2004. Cuomo later declared his candidacy for the Democratic nomination for New York Attorney General, which he received in late-May 2006 after obtaining sixty-percent of party delegate votes. In spite of this majority vote of confidence, "each of the other four Democrats whose names were placed in nomination vowed to get on the Sept. 12 primary ballot by undertaking a statewide petitioning drive."  These candidates included former New York City public advocate Mark Green, former United States Attorney Denise O'Donnell, Charlie King, and Sean P. Maloney, a former aide to President Bill Clinton; King would drop out of the race just prior to the primary election and endorsed Cuomo. Cuomo easily won the Democratic primary contest, defeating his nearest opponent, Mark Green, by over twenty percent of the vote.  He went on to effortlessly best former Westchester District Attorney Jeanine Pirro in the general election, 58-40%, the closest statewide race that election cycle. 
|2006 Race for Attorney General - Democratic Primary Election |
|Andrew Cuomo (D)||53.5%|
|Mark Green (D)||32.4%|
|Sean Patrick Maloney (D)||9.3%|
|Charles G. King (D)||4.8%|
|2006 Race for Attorney General - General Election |
|Andrew Cuomo (D)||53.4%|
|Jeanine Pirro (R)||36.2%|
|Rachel Treichler (Green)||1.3%|
|Christopher B. Garvey (Libertarian)||0.6%|
|Martin Koppel (SW)||0.2%|
In 2002, Cuomo ran unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination in the state's gubernatorial election. Despite rival Carl McCall being a favorite of the Democratic establishment, Cuomo's initial momentum heading into the campaign and his ability to lead both in terms of fundraising efforts as well as in the polls his prospects looked optimistic. The turning point in the campaign, however, came on April 17, 2002, when Cuomo criticized Republican incumbent George Pataki's conduct in the wake of the September 11 attacks. He remarked, "Pataki stood behind the leader. He held the leader's coat. He was a great assistant to the leader. But he was not a leader. Cream rises to the top, and Rudy Giuliani rose to the top."  His remarks were quickly derided and many Democratic officials began to widely distance themselves from his campaign. Cuomo withdrew his candidacy from consideration on the eve of the state convention, remarking that he stood little chance of garnering enough support to overtake the favored candidate, H. Carl McCall.  The late nature of his departure from the campaign resulted in his name being left on the ballot in both the primary and general election contests; he received only fourteen percent of the vote in the primary and sixteen-thousand votes out of a total of 2.2 million cast in the general election. McCall, who had received the nomination, was resoundly defeated by incumbent George Pataki.
Comprehensive donor information for Cuomo is available dating back to 2002. Based on available campaign finance records, Cuomo raised a total of $78,672,226 during that time period. This information was last updated on May 21, 2013.
===2006-2010 Ballotpedia collects information on campaign donors for each year in which a candidate or incumbent is running for election. The following table offers a breakdown of Andrew Cuomo's donors each year. Click [show] for more information.
|Andrew Cuomo's Campaign Contributions|
Attorney General of New York
Governor of New York
|Total Raised by General Election Opponent||$5,100,109 (Republican)||$9,784,750 (Republican)|
|Top 5 contributors||RFR Holding LLC||$100,000||Cablevision Systems Corporation||$125,600|
|New York State United Teachers||$50,100||Competitive Power Ventures Inc||$76,300|
|Leo J Hindery, Jr.||$50,000||Access Industries Holdings LLC||$75,600|
|Atticus Capital||$50,100||Alexander Rovt||$63,000|
|53 West 46 LLC||$50,100||Nixon Peabody LLP||$53,588|
Cuomo is a 2000 recipient of the Freedom & Justice Award from the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. He was married to Kerry Kennedy, the seventh child of Robert F. Kennedy, for 13 years. They have three children together, Cara, Michaela and Mariah, and were divorced in 2003. He is now in a relationship with television cooking show host Sandra Lee.
This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term "Andrew + Cuomo + New York + Governor"
- All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.
- Andrew Cuomo: Governor. Millionaire. - New York Daily News (blog)
- In the Kitchen with Sandra Lee - People Magazine
- Cuomo Threatens Subpoenas in Bid for Public Campaign Financing - Bloomberg
- Gov. announces $760M for New York - WBNG-TV
- NY Governor Andrew Cuomo signs deal for 2014 book - Reuters
- Assemblywomen Join N.Y. Legislators in Urging Cuomo to Sign Bi-State Flood ... - Patch.com
- NY Governor Andrew Cuomo urging teens to vote - New York Daily News
- Why Was Andrew Cuomo So Grouchy Today? - New York Magazine
- NY Minute: Syracuse mayor lukewarm over Gov. Andrew Cuomo's financial ... - Syracuse.com (blog)
- Andrew Cuomo Launches Ad Campaign to Lure Businesses to NY - National Review Online (blog)
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- Biography at the National Governors Association
- Summary, biography, voting record, and interest group ratings at Project Vote Smart
- Issue positions and quotes at On The Issues
- Campaign contributions at Follow The Money
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Appearances on Charlie Rose
- Appearances at the Internet Movie Database
- Collected news and commentary at The New York Times
- Collected news and commentary at The Wall Street Journal
- Collected news and commentary at The Washington Post
- Works by or about Andrew Cuomo in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- Profile at Facebook
- Profile at Twitter
- Profile at Wikipedia
- ↑ City and State, "Albany Power 100 List – 10," April 23, 2013
- ↑ Tom Precious, The Buffalo News, "Cuomo taking to TV to sell his budget plan," January 23, 2013
- ↑ John A. DeFrancisco, press release, "Senate Republicans call on Governor Cuomo to remove utility tax surcharge extension from executive budget," February 5, 2013
- ↑ E.J. McMahon, Empire State Center for New York Policy, "“No new taxes”? Not so fast," January 31, 2013
- ↑ Governor Andrew M. Cuomo, "NY Rising: 2013-14 Executive Budget," January 22, 2013, p. 15
- ↑ E.J. McMahon, Albany Times Union, "A threat to pension solvency," January 29, 2013
- ↑ Joseph Spector, The Ithaca Journal, "DiNapoli raises concerns about Cuomo's pension plan," February 5, 2013
- ↑ Robert Steyer, Pensions & Investments, "NYSTRS taps Cheiron to analyze Gov. Cuomo pension proposal," February 14, 2013
- ↑ The New York Times, "Most states miss deadline to set up health exchange," December 14, 2012
- ↑ The New York Times, "Most states miss deadline to set up health exchange," December 14, 2012
- ↑ The Daily Times, "Governor Susana Martinez to tackle state-based health exchange," January 9, 2013
- ↑ Capitol Confidential, "Cuomo moves appointments office, knocks ‘patronage’," October 22, 2012
- ↑ Seattle PI, "NY seals 1st state gun laws since Newtown massacre," January 15, 2013
- ↑ 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 14.4 14.5 14.6 14.7 Spitzer's Staff Misused Police, Report Finds by Danny Hakim, The New York Times, July 23, 2007
- ↑ 15.0 15.1 15.2 Cuomo: Spitzer aides used state police to try to damage Bruno by Cara Matthews, The Ithaca Journal, July 23, 2007
- ↑ 16.0 16.1 "With BC-NY--Bruno Flights" (Cuomo report excerpts) Newsday.com, July 23, 2007
- ↑ Cuomo criticizes Spitzer for using State Police to monitor Bruno by Tom Precious, The Buffalo News, July 23, 2007
- ↑ 18.0 18.1 18.2 Report: NY Governor's Office Leaked Data by Michael Gormley, The Guardian, July 23, 2007
- ↑ His Aura Faded Now, Spitzer Faces Bolder Enemies by Danny Hakim, The New York Times, July 23, 2007
- ↑ 20.0 20.1 Spitzer punishes aides after AG report by Melissa Mansfield, Newsday.com, July 23, 2007
- ↑ Cite error: Invalid
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- ↑ 22.0 22.1 22.2 Report: Governor's office compiled, leaked data on Bruno by Sally Goldenberg, Staten Island Advance, SILive.com, July 23, 2007
- ↑ http://www.nysun.com/article/58958 by Jacob Gershman, New York Sun, July 24, 2007
- ↑ AG report faults Spitzer aides in Bruno scheme by Jay Jochnowitz, Albany Times-Union, July 23, 2007
- ↑ Cuomo: School loan corruption widespread USA Today
- ↑ The First Casualty by Doug Lederman, Inside Higher Education, May 15, 2007
- ↑ Ars Technica article: "NY Attorney General: Facebook not 'safe' enough for minors"
- ↑ Room Eight "ACORN Endorses Andrew Cuomo for Attorney General" 29 May, 2006
- ↑ ACORN "Attorneys General Take Action: Real Leadership in Fighting Foreclosures" June 2008
- ↑ Business and Media Institute "CNBC's Cramer: New York AG Cuomo a 'Communist'" 7 Nov. 2007
- ↑ Unanswered Questions about Andrew Cuomo by Catherine Austin Fitts, FromTheWilderness.com
- ↑ 32.0 32.1 Huffington Post "Hillary Supporter Cuomo: Obama Tried To "Shuck And Jive" With Media" 10 Jan. 2008
- ↑ Politico "Dept. of word choice" 10 Jan. 2008
- ↑ Slashdot "Submission: Verizon will cut off entire alt.* Usenet hierarchy" 15 June, 2008
- ↑ NewTeeVee "ISPs Shut Down Usenet to Save Children — and Cash" 11 June, 2008
- ↑ CNET News "N.Y. attorney general forces ISPs to curb Usenet access" 10 June, 2008
- ↑ New York Post, "If Hillary is running for prez, I’m out," April 29, 2013
- ↑ Huffington Post, "Andrew Cuomo: Hillary Clinton Will Have No Bearing On 2016 Thinking," April 29, 2013
- ↑ Yahoo! News, "N.Y. Governor Andrew Cuomo signs deal for 2014 book," April 30, 2013
- ↑ New York Times, "Cuomo’s Re-election Machinery Is Already at Work," April 11, 2013
- ↑ New York Times "Cuomo Wins Democrats' Backing in Primary Race for Attorney General" 31 May, 2006
- ↑ 42.0 42.1 New York State Board of Elections - 2006 Primary Election Results
- ↑ 43.0 43.1 New York State Board of Elections - 2006 General Election Results
- ↑ National Review Online "Where the Son Doesn't Follow" 4 Sept. 2002
- ↑ CNN "Let a political connection be your umbrella?" 6 Sept. 2002
- ↑ Follow the Money, "Career fundraising for Andrew Cuomo," accessed May 21, 2013
- ↑ Follow the Money.org
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