Massachusetts, New Hampshire and Texas are holding elections next week. Find out what's on your ballot in our latest report.

Andrew Harris

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Andy Harris
Andy Harris.jpg
U.S. House, Maryland, District 1
In office
January 3, 2011-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2017
Years in position 4
PredecessorFrank Kratovil (D)
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$6.75 in 2012
First electedNovember 2, 2010
Next generalNovember 8, 2016
Campaign $$6,921,195
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Maryland State Senate
Bachelor'sJohns Hopkins University
Master'sJohns Hopkins University
M.D.Johns Hopkins University
Military service
Service/branchU.S. Naval Reserve
Years of service1988-2010
Date of birthJanuary 25, 1957
Place of birthBrooklyn, New York
Net worth(2012) $2,321,025.50
ReligionRoman Catholic
Office website
Campaign website
Andy Harris campaign logo
Andrew P. "Andy" Harris (b. January 25, 1957, in Brooklyn, NY) is a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives representing Maryland's 1st Congressional District. Harris was first elected to the House in 2010 and is currently serving his third consecutive term.

Harris ran for re-election in Maryland's 1st Congressional District in the general election on November 4, 2014. He defeated challenr Bill Tilghman in the general election on November 4, 2014.[1]

Prior to his election in the House, Harris was a member of the Maine State Senate and served as a physician in the U.S. Naval Reserves.[2]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Harris is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.


Harris was born on January 25, 1957, in Brooklyn, NY. He earned his B.S. and M.D. from Johns Hopkins University in 1977 and 1980, respectively. He went on to earn his M.H.S. from Johns Hopkins in 1995. Prior to his political career, Harris worked as a physician, also serving in the U.S. Naval Reserve from 1988-2010.[2]


Below is an abbreviated outline of Harris' academic, professional and political career:[2]

Committee assignments

U.S. House


Harris serves on the following committees:[3]


Harris served on the following committees:[4][5]

  • Committee on Appropriations
    • Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies
    • Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies
    • Subcommittee on Legislative Branch


Harris served on the following House committees:[6]

Maryland State Senate


Key votes

113th Congress


The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 114 out of the 3,036 introduced bills (3.8 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[7] For more information pertaining to Harris's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[8]

National security

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Harris voted in favor of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[9]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Nay3.png Harris voted against House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[9]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Harris voted in favor of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[10] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[9]


Yea3.png Harris voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[9]


Farm bill

Nay3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[11] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[12][13] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[13] Harris voted with 62 other Republican representatives against the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[14][15] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[15] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[16] It increased the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel by 1 percent, increased Head Start funding for early childhood education by $1 billion, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency, and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Harris voted with the majority of the Republican party in favor of the bill.[14]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[17] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[18] Harris voted to approve the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[19]

Nay3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[20] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Harris voted against HR 2775.[21]


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Yea3.png Harris voted in favor of House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.[9]


Health Care Reform Rules

Yea3.png Harris voted in favor of House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[9]

Keep the IRS Off Your Health Care Act

Yea3.png Harris voted in favor of HR 2009 - Keep the IRS Off Your Health Care Act of 2013. The bill passed through the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 232-185. The bill would prevent the IRS and Treasury Secretary from enforcing the powers provided to them in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The vote largely followed party lines.[9]

Social issues

Amash amendment

Yea3.png Harris voted in favor of House Amendment 413 - Prohibits the National Security Agency from Collecting Records Under the Patriot Act. The amendment failed on July 4, 2013, by a vote of 205-217. The amendment would have prohibited the collection of records by the National Security Agency under the Patriot Act. Both parties were split on the vote.[9]

Government affairs

HR 676

See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

Yea3.png On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five RepublicansThomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas—voted with Democrats against the lawsuit.[22] Harris joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.[23][24]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Nay3.png Harris voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 151 Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[25]


On The Issues Vote Match

Andrew Harris's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis was conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Harris is a Hard-Core Conservative. Harris received a score of 78 percent on social issues and 22 percent on economic issues.[26]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[27]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Opposes Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Favors
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Strongly Favors
Support & expand free trade Strongly Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Unknown Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Strongly Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Opposes Stay out of Iran Opposes
Privatize Social Security Strongly Opposes Never legalize marijuana Unknown
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[26] If you notice the rating has changed, email us.

National security

American response in Syria

See also: United States involvement in Syria

Harris said on September 3, 2013, that he did not support U.S. military intervention in Syria.[28]

"The decision to engage militarily is one of the most serious a member of Congress can make, and, although at this point I would not vote for military intervention, I plan to examine all of the evidence before making a decision," Harris said in a statement.[28] "I appreciate President Obama fulfilling his constitutional obligation by seeking congressional authorization before using military force in Syria," Harris said. "There are serious questions about whether taking military action against Syria is in our national security interest and how the United States should respond to nations around the world who use chemical weapons against their own citizens."[28]


Pornography on campus

In April 2009 Harris tried to prevent the University of Maryland, College Park from holding a screening of the pornographic film "Pirates II: Stagnetti's Revenge." After the university system's Board of Regents refused to adopt a policy on obscene material, Harris attempted to get the legislature to pull funding from UMCP and any other university where such material was shown. Harris declared, "We can't be spending taxpayers' dollars for the screening of pornographic materials on campuses. That's not good policy."[29]

Presidential preference


See also: Endorsements by state officials of presidential candidates in the 2012 election

Andrew Harris endorsed Newt Gingrich in the 2012 presidential election. [30]

Unique news

Harris, a medical doctor, was credited with helping to save the life of a two year old along the side of highway route 50 on August 26, 2012.[31]

Campaign themes


The following policy positions were highlighted on Harris' campaign website.[32]

  • Health Care: "I support replacing the President’s healthcare law with other common sense reform measures, like increasing competition between insurance companies by allowing competition across state lines, tax deductibility of 100% of medical costs, expanding health insurance savings accounts and other measures that allow you to be in control of your health care decisions."[33]
  • Economy and Jobs: "I support a measure that will place a one-year moratorium on any further government regulations. I continue to fight back attempts to increase unnecessary regulatory burdens on business."[33]
  • Energy: "Energy independence should be a priority in formulating American energy policy."[33]
  • The Debt and Government Spending: "I cosponsored the Balanced Budget Amendment that would require the federal government to live within its means, just like you and I do... I also support the Paul Ryan budget plan that would eventually (although not as quickly as I’d like), pay off our debt and balance the budget in Washington D.C."[33]
  • Education: "I am a strong proponent of parental choice to help give our children the best opportunities to succeed. As a member of the Maryland State Senate, I played an instrumental part in establishing charter schools in Maryland."[33]
  • Immigration & the Dream Act: "In the Maryland Senate, I voted against the Dream Act, a policy that gives discounted and taxpayer subsidized in-state college tuition rates to students who are not here legally."[33]



See also: Maryland's 1st Congressional District elections, 2014

He officially filed for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014 on January 8, 2014.[34] He won the Republican nomination in the primary election on June 24, 2014.[35][36]. The general election took place November 4, 2014.

U.S. House, Maryland District 1 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngAndy Harris Incumbent 70.5% 176,342
     Democratic Bill Tilghman 29.5% 73,843
Total Votes 250,185
Source: Maryland Secretary of State Official Results


See also: Maryland's 1st Congressional District elections, 2012

Harris won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing Maryland's 1st District.

Harris ran unopposed in the Republican primary on April 3, 2012. He defeated John LaFerla (D write-in), Michael Calpino (I), and Muir Boda (L) in the general election on November 6, 2012. Wendy Rosen was slated to appear as the Democratic candidate but she withdrew in September 2012, following allegations that she voted in two different states in 2006 and 2008. Her name still appeared on the ballot but all votes for her were counted for LaFerla.[37]

Andrew Harris, "9/28/2012"[38]
U.S. House, Maryland District 1 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngAndy Harris Incumbent 63.4% 214,204
     Democratic Wendy Rosen 27.5% 92,812
     Libertarian Muir Boda 3.8% 12,857
     Democratic John LaFerla (Write-in) 4.4% 14,858
     Independent Michael Calpino (Write-in) 0% 71
     Independent Douglas Dryden Rae (Write-in) 0% 26
     N/A Other Write-ins 0.9% 2,932
Total Votes 337,760
Source: Maryland State Board of Elections "Representative in Congress"

Full history


On November 7, 2006, Harris ran for District 7 of the Maryland State Senate, beating Patricia Foerster.[41]

Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Harris attends.

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Harris is available dating back to 2008. Based on available campaign finance records, Harris raised a total of $6,921,195 during that time period. This information was last updated on May 16, 2013.[42]

Andrew Harris's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House (Maryland, District 1) Won $1,595,563
2010 U.S. House (Maryland, District 1) Won $2,359,142
2008 U.S. House (Maryland, District 1) Defeated $2,966,490
Grand Total Raised $6,921,195

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Harris’ reports.[43]

Andy Harris (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[44]April 15, 2013$170,079.82$133,176.07$(42,064.05)$261,191.84
July Quarterly[45]July 15, 2013$261,191.84$266,675.25$(77,122.94)$450,744.15
October Quarterly[46]October 13, 2013$450,744.15$154,792.95$(65,566.06)$539,971.04
Year-end[47]January 31, 2014$539,971$110,289$(68,017)$582,242
April Quarterly[48]April 15, 2014$582,242$125,161$(65,192)$642,210
July Quarterly[49]July 15, 2014$692,729$79,505$(44,375)$727,958
October Quarterly[50]October 15, 2014$182,883$5,274$(18,077)$170,079
Running totals


Harris won election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2012. During that election cycle, Harris' campaign committee raised a total of $1,595,563 and spent $1,445,786 .[51]

Cost per vote

Harris spent $6.75 per vote received in 2012.


Harris won election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that election cycle, Harris' campaign committee raised a total of $2,359,142 and spent $2,383,184.[52]


Below are Harris' top five campaign contributors in the 2008 election:[53]

Contributor 2008 total
Maryland Society of Anesthesiologists $5,000
Physicians Anesthesia Associates PA $4,000
Neal T. Sakima $4,000
American Society of Anesthesiologists $4,000
Maryland State Medical Society $2,000


Harris raised $328,972 for his campaign.[54]

Maryland Senate, District 7
Candidates Votes Percent
Andrew Harris (R) 23,453 56.6%
Patricia Foerster (D) 17,972 43.3%
Write-Ins 35 0.1%

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of two different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by, Harris's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $976,052 and $3,665,999. That averages to $2,321,025.50, which was lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $6,956,438.47. Harris ranked as the 135th most wealthy representative in 2012.[55] Between 2009 and 2012, Harris' calculated net worth[56] decreased by an average of 3 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[57]

Andy Harris Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
Growth from 2009 to 2012:-10%
Average annual growth:-3%[58]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[59]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Harris received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Health Professionals industry.

From 2007-2014, 38.97 percent of Harris' career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[60]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Andrew Harris Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $7,908,901
Total Spent $7,160,940
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Health Professionals$1,690,595
Real Estate$222,037
Leadership PACs$215,355
% total in top industry21.38%
% total in top two industries27.78%
% total in top five industries38.97%


Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Harris was a "far-right Republican follower" as of August 5, 2014. Harris was rated as a "rank-and-file Republican" in June 2013.[61]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[62]

Harris most often votes with:

Harris least often votes with:

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Harris missed 24 of 2,726 roll call votes from January 2011 to August 2014, which was 0.9% of votes during that period. This is better than the median of 2.5% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving.[63]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Harris paid his congressional staff a total of $799,896 in 2011. He ranked 49th on the list of the lowest paid Republican representative staff salaries and ranked 56th overall of the lowest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Maryland ranked 11th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[64]

Staff bonuses

According to an analysis by CNN, Harris was one of nearly 25 percent of House members who gave their staff bonuses in 2012. Harris's staff was given an apparent $22,750.00 in bonus money.[65]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year.


Harris ranked 35th in the conservative rankings in 2013.[66]


Harris ranked 20th in the conservative rankings in 2012. This was the most conservative ranking earned by a representative of Maryland.[67]


Harris ranked 158th in the conservative rankings in 2011.[68]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.


Harris voted with the Republican Party 94.0 percent of the time, which ranked 132nd among the 234 House Republican members as of August 2014.[69]


Harris voted with the Republican Party 93.4 percent of the time, which ranked 129 among the 234 House Republican members as of June 2013.[70]


Harris lives with his five children in Cockeysville, MD.[71] Harris' wife, Sylvia "Cookie" Harris, passed away in August 2014 of a heart attack.[72]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Andy + Harris + Maryland + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Andy Harris News Feed

  • Loading...

See also

External links

Suggest a link
Political Tracker has an article on:
Andrew Harris

Contact information

Washington DC office:
1533 Longworth House Office Building
Washington, DC 20515
Phone: 202.225.5311


  1. Politico, "House Elections Results," accessed November 11, 2014
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Biographical Guide to Members of Congress, "Andy Harris," accessed November 29, 2011
  3. U.S. House of Representatives, Office of the Clerk, "Committee Information," accessed February 18, 2015
  4., "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  5. U.S. House of Representatives, "Committee assignments," accessed March 31, 2014
  6. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "House of Representatives Committee Assignments," accessed November 29, 2011
  7. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.6 9.7 Project Vote Smart, "Mike Harris Key Vote," accessed October 1, 2013
  10. The Library of Congress, "Bill Summary & Status - 113th Congress (2013 - 2014) - H.R.624," accessed August 27, 2013
  11. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  12. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  13. 13.0 13.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled Farm Bill, With clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  14. 14.0 14.1, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  15. 15.0 15.1 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  16. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  17. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  18. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  19. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  20. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  21. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  22. U.S. House, "House Resolution 676," accessed July 30, 2014
  23. Yahoo News, "Suing Obama: GOP-led House gives the go-ahead," accessed July 30, 2014
  24. Washington Post, "House clears way for lawsuit against Obama," accessed July 30, 2014
  25. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  26. 26.0 26.1 On The Issues, "Andrew Harris Vote Match," accessed July 1, 2014
  27. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers.
  28. 28.0 28.1 28.2 Baltimore Sun, "Harris says he's leaning against vote on Syria," accessed September 4, 2013
  29. Gazette.Net, "Reporters Notebook: College Park readies for ‘Legislators II: Harris' Revenge'," accessed November 13, 2009
  30. Cecil Whig, "Harris endorses Newt Gingrich for president," accessed December 1, 2011
  31. Baltimore Sun, "Rep. Andy Harris helps save 2-year-old on side of highway," accessed October 3, 2012
  32. Andrew Harris' Official Campaign Website, "Issues," accessed 2012
  33. 33.0 33.1 33.2 33.3 33.4 33.5 Andrew Harris' Official Campaign Website, "Issues," accessed 2012
  34. Delmara Now, "Harris files to run again," accessed January 13, 2014
  35. Associated Press, "Primary Results 2014," accessed June 24, 2014
  36., "Dr. John LaFerla Announces 2014 Run For First District," accessed April 2013
  37. The Baltimore Sun, "Democrat drops challenge to Harris after allegations she voted in two states," accessed September 10, 2012
  38. YouTube channel, "Video," accessed 2012
  39. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  40. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  41. Maryland State Board of Elections, "Official 2006 Gubernatorial General Election results for State Senator," accessed February 24, 2014
  42. Open Secrets, "Andrew Harris," accessed May 16, 2013
  43. Federal Election Commission, "Andrew Harris 2014 Summary reports," accessed October 28, 2013
  44. Federal Election Commission, "Andy Harris April Quarterly," accessed July 25, 2013
  45. Federal Election Commission, "Andy Harris July Quarterly," accessed July 25, 2013
  46. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 28, 2013
  47. Federal Election Commission, "Year End Report," accessed February 17, 2014
  48. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
  49. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed October 15, 2014
  50. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 20, 2014
  51. Open Secrets, "Andy Harris 2010 Re-Election Cycle," accessed February 15, 2013
  52. Open Secrets, "Andy Harris 2010 Re-Election Cycle," accessed November 29, 2011
  53. Follow the Money, "Andrew Harris 2008," accessed October 21, 2009
  54. Follow the Money, "Follow the Money's report on Harris' 2006 campaign contributions," accessed 2006
  55. OpenSecrets, "Harris, (R-MD), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  56. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  57. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  58. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  59. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  60., "Rep. Andy Harris," accessed September 24, 2014
  61. GovTrack, "Andy Harris," accessed August 5, 2014
  62. OpenCongress, "Andy Harris," accessed August 5, 2014
  63. GovTrack, "Andrew Harris," accessed August 5, 2014
  64. LegiStorm, "Andy Harris," accessed 2012
  65. CNN Politics, "Congressional bonuses in a time of cuts," accessed March 8, 2013
  66. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed August 5, 2014
  67. National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," accessed February 26, 2013
  68. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  69. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  70. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  71. Official House Site, "Full Biography," accessed November 29, 2011
  72. WBALTV, "Rep. Andy Harris' wife dies after heart attack," August 28, 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Frank Kratovil
U.S. House of Representatives - Maryland, District 1
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Maryland State Senate
Succeeded by