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Ann Kirkpatrick

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Ann Kirkpatrick
Ann Kirkpatrick.jpg
U.S. House, Arizona, District 1
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 2013-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2017
Years in position 2
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorPaul Gosar (R)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$19.18 in 2012
First electedNovember 6, 2012
Next generalNovember 8, 2016
Campaign $$5,731,498
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
United States House of Representatives
2009-2011
Arizona State House of Representatives
2005-2007
Education
Bachelor'sUniversity of Arizona
J.D.University of Arizona
Personal
Date of birthMarch 14, 1950
Place of birthMcNary, AZ
ProfessionAttorney
Net worth(2012) $1,169,007
ReligionRoman Catholic
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Ann Kirkpatrick campaign logo
Ann Kirkpatrick (b. March 14, 1950, in McNary, AZ) is a member of the U.S. House representing the 1st Congressional District of Arizona. Kirkpatrick was first elected to the seat in 2012. She defeated Wenona Benally Baldenegro in the Democratic primary on August 28, 2012. She then defeated Jonathan Paton (R) and Kim Allen (L) in the general election on November 6, 2012.

Kirkpatrick was one of nine individuals elected to the U.S. House in 2012 who had prior congressional experience and one of five House Democrats ousted in 2010 to win back a seat two years later.[1][2] She formerly served in the 111th Congress and won re-election for the 113th Congress.[3]

Kirkpatrick won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. According to a Washington Post article in December 2012, Kirkpatrick was one of the 10 most vulnerable incumbents in 2014.[4] The 1st Congressional District was a battleground in 2014. Kirkpatrick ran unopposed in the Democratic primary on August 26, 2014. She defeated Andy Tobin (R) in the general election on November 4, 2014.[5]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Kirkpatrick is a more moderate left of center Democratic Party vote. As a result, she may break with the Democratic Party line more than her fellow members.

Biography

Kirkpatrick was brought up on White Mountain Apache Nation reservation, located in eastern Arizona, where she learned to speak Apache in addition to English. Kirkpatrick's parents - her mother taught public school and her father owned a general store - were not of Native-American descent. When she was in elementary school, the future congresswoman campaigned for her uncle, William Bourdon, a former member of the State House.

She has a bachelor's degree (1972) and a law degree (1979) from the University of Arizona. Between undergraduate and law school, Kirkpatrick worked as a teacher. After receiving her J.D., she began her legal career as a deputy county attorney for the Coconino County and Pima County Attorney’s Office, prosecuting largely drug-crimes. In 1990, Kirkpatrick segued into the position of Sedona City Attorney.[6]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Kirkpatrick's academic, professional and political career:[7]

  • 2013-Present: U.S. Representative from Arizona's 1st Congressional District
  • 2009-2011: U.S. Representative from Arizona
  • 2005-2007: Arizona House of Representatives
  • 1980: Deputy county attorney, Coconino County, Arizona
  • 1979: Graduated from the James E. Rogers College of Law at the University of Arizona with a J.D.
  • 1972: Graduated from the University of Arizona with a B.A.

Kirkpatrick ran for re-election in 2010 but was defeated. After losing, she spent more than $100,000 on bonuses and vacation pay for her departing staff.[8]

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2015-2016

Kirkpatrick serves on the following committees:[9]

2013-2014

Kirkpatrick served on the following committees:[10]

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 114 out of the 3,036 introduced bills (3.8 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[11] For more information pertaining to Kirkpatrick's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[12]

National security

NDAA

Yea3.png Kirkpatrick voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[13]

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Kirkpatrick voted for HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[14]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Kirkpatrick voted for HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[15]

Economy

Farm bill

Yea3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[16] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[17][18] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[18] Kirkpatrick voted with 88 other Democratic representatives in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[19][20] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[20] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[21] It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency, and the protection of the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Kirkpatrick joined with the majority of the Democratic party and voted in favor of the bill.[19][20]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Nay3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[22] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[23] Kirkpatrick voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[24]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[25] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Kirkpatrick voted for HR 2775.[26]

Federal Pay Adjustment Act

Nay3.png Kirkpatrick voted against HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill called for a stop to a 0.5 percent pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years. Kirkpatrick was 1 of 144 Democrats who voted against it.[27]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Nay3.png Kirkpatrick voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[28] The vote largely followed party lines.[29]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Nay3.png Kirkpatrick voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[30]

Social issues

Abortion

Nay3.png Kirkpatrick voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[31]

Issues

Stimulus

Kirkpatrick supported the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, also known as the stimulus, and was the only Democrat to vote against a bill that would have prevented a 0.5 percent pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect.[32][33]

Veterans issues

She voted against the Veterans Benefits Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2014, which would have continued the operation of the Department of Veterans Affairs, Veterans Benefit Administration for 2014.[34]

On The Issues Vote Match

Ann Kirkpatrick's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Kirkpatrick is a Moderate Liberal Populist. Kirkpatrick received a score of 50 percent on social issues and 34 percent on economic issues.[35]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[36]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Favors
Expand ObamaCare Favors Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Favors
Vouchers for school choice Opposes Keep God in the public sphere Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Neutral
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Favors Stricter punishment reduces crime Unknown
Support & expand free trade Unknown Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Strongly Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Unknown
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Unknown
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Favors Stay out of Iran Favors
Privatize Social Security Strongly Opposes Never legalize marijuana Unknown
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[35] If you notice the rating has changed, email us.

Collaboration with Paul Gosar

Kirkpatrick teamed up with her former 2010 campaign rival, Paul Gosar, in order to pass legislation to allow a copper supply consisting of roughly one billion pounds of copper to be mined by Resolution Copper Mining Co. The Southeast Arizona Land Exchange and Conservation Act gave 2,400 acres of the Tonto National Forest to the company in exchange for over 5,000 acres of land the company owned throughout the state for conservation.[37]

This was a bi-partisan partnership in which two former campaign opponents collaborated to pass a significant bill. Kirkpatrick said the following about the partnership, "We both immediately put aside partisan politics for the needs of the people in the district. We were able to find common ground on something that should never be a partisan issue — jobs." Gosar echoed similar sentiments with his statement, "We were elected to serve our districts, and that demands putting bygones aside. That’s what leadership’s all about. You develop a thick skin. And once all the chips have been played, you make sure you’re working on behalf of Arizona."[37]

Several groups opposed this collaboration. Environmental groups and American Indian tribes raised concerns about water contamination and environmental destruction.[37]

Kirkpatrick's collaboration with Gosar worried some Republican strategists, who thought that Gosar was giving Kirkpatrick an opportunity to campaign as a bipartisan figure in the 2014 congressional election.[38]

Campaign themes

2014

Kirkpatrick's campaign website listed the following issues:[39]

  • 2nd Amendment
Excerpt: "I am a strong supporter of the 2nd Amendment. The NRA has awarded me an "A" rating for my efforts to defend Second Amendment rights."
  • Immigration and Border Security
Excerpt: "Immigration and border security issues are especially urgent here in Arizona, but unfortunately we’ve seen many elected officials and candidates use these issues for their own political gain instead of actually solving the problems."
  • Jobs for Arizona
Excerpt: "It’s all about jobs. We need jobs in Greater Arizona, and we need to get folks back to work. Our middle class has been smashed by the recession and is struggling to keep up with the rising cost of basic living expenses, gasoline, college education, and health care. I am committed to making Greater Arizona home to a revived middle class by making the creation of good-paying local jobs my top priority. "
  • Protecting Medicare and Social Security
Excerpt: "Our seniors worked hard and held jobs their whole lives to earn the benefits that Medicare and Social Security provide. During this economic downturn, seniors are counting on Social Security and Medicare more than ever, and after years of hard work, they deserve the peace of mind these programs provide."
  • Building Critical Infrastructure
Excerpt: "I strongly support creating thousands of good-paying jobs in Greater Arizona and empowering our economic recovery through investments in critical infrastructure projects."

Elections

2016

See also: Arizona's 1st Congressional District election, 2016

Kirkpatrick is one of the initial 14 members of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee's Frontline Program. The program is designed to help protect vulnerable Democratic incumbents heading into the 2016 election.[40]

2014

BattlegroundRace.jpg
See also: Arizona's 1st Congressional District elections, 2014

Arizona's 1st Congressional District was a battleground district in 2014 due to the fact that the seat was held by a Democrat, but the district had a slight Republican lean. Incumbent Ann Kirkpatrick faced no challenger in the Democratic primary. In the Republican primary, Andy Tobin triumphed over Gary Kiehne and Adam Kwasman. The race between Tobin and Kiehne remained too close to call for over a week following the primary. In the end, Tobin won by 0.7 percent of the vote. Kirkpatrick ultimately defeated Tobin in the general election on November 4, 2014.[41][42][5]

According to a Washington Post article in December 2012, Kirkpatrick was one of the 10 most vulnerable incumbents in 2014.[43]

The National Republican Congressional Committee listed Kirkpatrick's seat as one of seven early targets in the 2014 congressional elections.[44] The seven targets aligned perfectly with the seven most Republican districts held by Democrats, according to FairVote's partisanship index. Kirkpatrick's district ranked as the 6th most Republican.[45]

Kirkpatrick was a member of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee's Frontline Program. The program was designed to help protect vulnerable Democratic incumbents heading into the 2014 election.[46]

U.S. House, Arizona District 1 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngAnn Kirkpatrick Incumbent 52.6% 97,391
     Republican Andy Tobin 47.4% 87,723
Total Votes 185,114
Source: Arizona Secretary of State

Endorsements

Kirkpatrick was endorsed by EMILY's List, a political action committee that supports pro-choice Democrats.[47]

2012

See also: Arizona's 1st Congressional District elections, 2012

Kirkpatrick won the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing Arizona's 1st District. She defeated Wenona Benally Baldenegro in the Democratic primary on August 28, 2012. She defeated Jonathan Paton (R) and Kim Allen (L) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[48][49]

According to the website Daily Kos, this race was one of nine top-ballot 2012 races that contained a Libertarian candidate who received more total votes than was the difference between the Democratic winner and the GOP runner-up. In this case, Kim Allen took in over 6,500 more votes than the number that separated Kirkpatrick and Paton.[50]

U.S. House, Arizona District 1 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngAnn Kirkpatrick 48.8% 122,774
     Republican Jonathon Paton 45.1% 113,594
     Libertarian Kim Allen 6.1% 15,227
Total Votes 251,595
Source: Arizona Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, Arizona District 1 Democratic Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngAnn Kirkpatrick 63.7% 33,831
Wenona Benally Baldenegro 36.3% 19,247
Total Votes 53,078

Full history


Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Kirkpatrick attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Kirkpatrick is available dating back to 2012. Based on available campaign finance records, Kirkpatrick raised a total of $5,731,498 during that time period. This information was last updated on January 26, 2015.[53]

Ann Kirkpatrick's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2014 US House (Arizona, District 1) Won $3,382,295
2012 US House (Arizona, District 1) Won $2,349,203
Grand Total Raised $5,731,498


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2014

Kirkpatrick won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. During that election cycle, Kirkpatrick's campaign committee raised a total of $3,403,185 and spent $3,323,324.[54] This is more than the average $1.45 million spent by House winners in 2014.[55]

Cost per vote

Kirkpatrick spent $34.12 per vote received in 2014.

U.S. House, Arizona District 1, 2014 - Ann Kirkpatrick Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $3,403,185
Total Spent $3,323,324
Total Raised by Election Runner-up $1,385,768
Total Spent by Election Runner-up $1,377,528
Top contributors to Ann Kirkpatrick's campaign committee
EMILY's List$68,208
Pinnacle West Capital$20,500
Democratic Congressional Campaign Cmte$13,450
Washington State University$12,800
Democrats Win Seats PAC$12,600
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Retired$230,678
Women's Issues$207,779
Leadership PACs$200,200
Lawyers/Law Firms$152,066
Candidate Committees$98,000

Below are Kirkpatrick's FEC reports.[56]

2012

Kirkpatrick won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Kirkpatrick's campaign committee raised a total of $2,349,203 and spent $2,355,342.[66] This is more than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[67]

Cost per vote

Kirkpatrick spent $19.18 per vote received in 2012.


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of two different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Kirkpatrick's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $693,015 and $1,645,000. That averages to $1,169,007, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Kirkpatrick ranked as the 190th most wealthy representative in 2012.[68] Between 2007 and 2012, Kirkpatrick's calculated net worth[69] increased by an average of 40 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[70]

Ann Kirkpatrick Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2007$387,645
2012$1,169,007
Growth from 2007 to 2012:202%
Average annual growth:40%[71]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[72]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Kirkpatrick received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Women's Issues industry.

From 2007-2014, 31.53 percent of Kirkpatrick's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[73]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Ann Kirkpatrick Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $8,420,263
Total Spent $7,057,293
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Women's Issues$699,721
Retired$618,632
Lawyers/Law Firms$592,136
Leadership PACs$477,349
Public Sector Unions$266,700
% total in top industry8.31%
% total in top two industries15.66%
% total in top five industries31.53%

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Kirkpatrick was a "centrist Democrat" as of July 2014. This was the same rating Kirkpatrick received in June 2013.[74]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[75]

Kirkpatrick most often votes with:

Kirkpatrick least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Kirkpatrick missed 145 of 2,727 roll call votes from January 2009 to July 2014. This amounts to 5.3 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.[76]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Kirkpatrick ranked 184th in the liberal rankings in 2013.[77]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Kirkpatrick voted with the Democratic Party 86.7 percent of the time, which ranked 173rd among the 204 House Democratic members as of July 2014.[78]

2013

Kirkpatrick voted with the Democratic Party 90.7 percent of the time, which ranked 172nd among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[79]

Personal

Kirkpatrick and her husband, Roger, have two children.[80]

Recent news

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See also

External links

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References

  1. The New York Times, "Election brings seasoned politicians to congress," December 8, 2012
  2. The Washington Post, "Political comeback kids to take seats again in the House," November 18, 2012
  3. Politico, "2012 Election Map" November 6, 2012
  4. Washington Post, "House Democrats Face Long Odds in 2014," accessed December 7, 2012
  5. 5.0 5.1 The Huffington Post, "Election 2014," November 4, 2014
  6. National Journal, "Kirkpatrick, Arizona 1st House District," November 7, 2012
  7. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "Ann Kirkpatrick," accessed June 11, 2011
  8. Arizona Republic, "2 Arizona Democrats pumped up payrolls after loss," June 11, 2011
  9. U.S. House of Representatives, Office of the Clerk, "Committee Information," accessed February 18, 2015
  10. CQ.com - Roll Call, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed January 18, 2013
  11. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  12. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  13. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  14. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - DHS Appropriations Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  15. Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  16. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  17. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  18. 18.0 18.1 NY Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  19. 19.0 19.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  21. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  22. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  23. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  24. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  25. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  26. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  27. Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  28. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
  29. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  30. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  31. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  32. The Hill, "Dem Rep. Ann Kirkpatrick returns for second stint on Capitol Hill", February 25, 2013
  33. Washington Post, "How Ann Kirkpatrick voted on all votes", accessed August 23, 2014
  34. Before its News, "Ann Kirkpatrick joins Democrats in voting against Arizona veterans benefits", October 7, 2013
  35. 35.0 35.1 On The Issues, "Ann Kirkpatrick Vote Match," accessed June 18, 2014
  36. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers.
  37. 37.0 37.1 37.2 Azcentral.com, "Job creation at copper plant credited for Gosar-Kirkpatrick alliance," February 17, 2013
  38. Politico, "Ann Kirkpatrick, Paul Gosar: Congress’s Arizona odd couple," August 19, 2013
  39. Campaign website, "Issues," accessed June 10, 2014
  40. Roll Call, "Exclusive: DCCC Announces 14 Incumbents in Frontline Program," February 12, 2015
  41. Politico, "2014 Arizona House Primaries Results," accessed August 27, 2014
  42. KTAR, "Andy Tobin wins Arizona's 1st Congressional District GOP primary," September 2, 2014
  43. Washington Post, "House Democrats Face Long Odds in 2014," accessed December 7, 2012
  44. The Hill, "NRCC, promising to 'stay on offense,' targets seven Dems," accessed January 16, 2013
  45. FairVote, "NRCC Targets Foreshadow Power of Partisanship in 2014 Elections," January 18, 2013
  46. Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee, "DCCC Chairman Steve Israel Announces 2013-2014 Frontline Members," accessed March 5, 2013
  47. EMILY's List, "Moves From "On the List" To A Full Recommendation", accessed August 23, 2014
  48. Arizona Secretary of State, "Official primary candidate list," November 6, 2012
  49. Associated Press, "Primary results," August 28, 2012
  50. Daily Kos, "Libertarians provided the margin for Democrats and at least nine elections," November 15, 2012
  51. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  52. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  53. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Ann Kirkpatrick," accessed January 26, 2015
  54. Open Secrets, "Ann Kirkpatrick 2014 Election Cycle," accessed February 24, 2015
  55. Open Secrets, "Winning vs. Spending," accessed February 23, 2015
  56. Federal Election Commission, "Ann Kirkpatrick Summary Report," accessed July 22, 2013
  57. Federal Election Commission, "Ann Kirkpatrick April Quarterly," accessed July 22, 2013
  58. Federal Election Commission, "Ann Kirkpatrick July Quarterly," accessed July 22, 2013
  59. Federal Election Commission, "Ann Kirkpatrick October Quarterly," accessed October 21, 2013
  60. Federal Election Commission, "Ann Kirkpatrick Year-End," accessed February 4, 2014
  61. Federal Election Commission, "Ann Kirkpatrick April Quarterly," accessed April 20, 2014
  62. Federal Election Commission, "Ann Kirkpatrick July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2014
  63. Federal Election Commission, "Ann Kirkpatrick Pre-Primary," accessed October 20, 2014
  64. Federal Election Commission, "Ann Kirkpatrick October Quarterly," accessed October 20, 2014
  65. Federal Election Commission, "Ann Kirkpatrick Pre-General," accessed November 24, 2014
  66. Open Secrets, "Ann Kirkpatrick 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 19, 2013
  67. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  68. OpenSecrets, "Ann Kirkpatrick (D-Ariz), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  69. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  70. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  71. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  72. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  73. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Ann Kirkpatrick," accessed September 22, 2014
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Political offices
Preceded by
Paul Gosar
U.S. House, Arizona, District 1
January 3, 2013-Present
Succeeded by
'