Arizona's 7th Congressional District elections, 2014

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2012

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Arizona's 7th Congressional District

General Election Date
November 4, 2014

Primary Date
August 26, 2014

Incumbent prior to election:
Ed Pastor Democratic Party
Ed Pastor.jpg

Arizona U.S. House Elections
District 1District 2District 3District 4District 5District 6District 7District 8District 9

2014 U.S. Senate Elections

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The 7th Congressional District of Arizona will hold an election for the U.S. House of Representatives on November 4, 2014.

Four Democratic candidates are competing in the primary for the open seat left by the retirement of Rep. Ed Pastor: Randy Camacho, Ruben Gallego, Jarrett Maupin and Mary Rose Wilcox. There were challenges to the candidacies of Camacho and Gallego in this contentious primary, but they were dismissed. However, candidate Cesar Chavez was removed from the ballot after a number of his nominating signatures were ruled invalid.[1] The winner of the Democratic primary will face no major party opposition in November.

Candidate Filing Deadline Primary Election General Election
May 28, 2014
August 26, 2014
November 4, 2014

Primary: Arizona is one of 21 states with a mixed primary system. The primary is considered semi-closed. Unaffiliated voters may choose which party's primary they will vote in, but voters registered with a party can only vote in that party's primary.[2][3][4]

Voter registration: Voters must register to vote in the primary by July 28, 2014. For the general election, the voter registration deadline is October 6, 2014.[5]

See also: Arizona elections, 2014

Incumbent: Ed Pastor (D), who was first elected in 1990, announced that he will retire at the end of his term, leaving the seat open.[6]

The 7th District is one of five primarily urban districts centered around Phoenix, Arizona.[7]

Candidates

Democratic Party Randy Camacho
Democratic Party Ruben Gallego - Former state representative
Democratic Party Jarrett Maupin
Democratic Party Mary Rose Wilcox - Maricopa County Supervisor
Libertarian Party Joe Cobb

Withdrew

Democratic Party Steve Gallardo - State senator
Democratic Party Johnnie Robinson
Republican Party Brianna Wasserman
Libertarian Party Ted Rogers

Disqualified

Democratic Party Cesar Chavez

Endorsements

Ruben Gallego

Gallego received the endorsement of former congressman Harry Mitchell. Mitchell said, "Since becoming a Marine, Ruben's whole life has been dedicated to public service. At the state legislature, Ruben proved himself to be one of the state's most effective public servants. I have no doubt that he would do the same in Congress."[8]

Gallego also picked up the endorsement of Rep. Raul Grijalva. He said, "I worked with Ed Pastor for many years. He was the best partner I could have asked for in Phoenix, and I couldn’t think of a better candidate to replace him than Ruben Gallego. He’ll be a force for Arizona in Congress and I can’t wait to work with him."[9]

Mary Rose Wilcox

Wilcox received the endorsement of retiring Rep. Ed Pastor.[10]

Wilcox also received the endorsement of EMILY's List.[11]

Polls

Democratic primary

Ruben Gallego vs Mary Rose Wilcox
Poll Ruben Gallego Mary Rose WilcoxUndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Ruben Gallego internal poll from Lake Research Partners (May 20-22, 2014)
38%32%29%+/-4.9401
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org

Controversy

Cesar Chavez name change

Chavez changed his name from Scott Fistler to Cesar Chavez in November 2013. This name change, along with his party change from Republican to Democratic, brought significant media coverage and criticism.[12][13][14] However, it also brought a lawsuit from the grandson of the late civil rights leader Cesar Chavez. Alejandro Chavez's lawsuit sought to remove Chavez from the ballot for attempting to confuse voters. The lawsuit claimed that he is guilty of a misdemeanor, corruption by confusing voters.[15]

Leaders of the Arizona Democratic Party also challenged Chavez's candidacy for making "a mockery of the system." Chavez responded by embracing his strategy to gain name recognition. He said, "It’s almost as simple as saying Elvis Presley is running for president. You wouldn’t forget it, would you?"[15]

By the end of the court hearing on the matter, Alejandro Chavez's attorney withdrew the charge that Chavez changed his name to attempt to confuse voters. Alejandro Chavez said, "I believed it was an attempt to try and fool voters, but now that I've met him, I don't believe that was his intent." However, the judge ruled that 711 of Chavez's 1,455 signatures were invalid. As a result, Chavez was ultimately removed from the ballot.[16]

Jarrett Maupin felony conviction

Candidate Jarrett Maupin is unable to vote for himself due to the fact that he is a felon who is still serving probation. The U.S. Constitution does not bar felons from running for office, but the Arizona Constitution does forbid felons on probation or with outstanding restitution from voting. He was convicted of a felony for lying to the FBI about criminal behavior by former Phoenix Mayor Phil Gordon. As a result of the conviction, Maupin was required to resign from the Phoenix school board, pay restitution for offering legal services without a law degree to at least two people and serve five years of probation. Maupin's probation was set to end in April but was extended by a judge after prosecutors claimed his performance while on probation was "nothing more than a continuation of his predilection for lying and half-truths."[17]

Key votes

Below are important votes the current incumbent cast during the 113th Congress.

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "No" On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[18] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[19] Ed Pastor voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[20]

Voted "Yes" The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[21] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Ed Pastor voted for HR 2775.[22]

Campaign contributions

Mary Rose Wilcox

Mary Rose Wilcox (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[23]April 15, 2014$0$92,132$(4,798)$87,333
Running totals
$92,132$(4,798)

Ruben Gallego

Ruben Gallego (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[24]April 15, 2014$0$161,935$(6,386)$155,548
Running totals
$161,935$(6,386)

District history

Candidate Ballot Access
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2012

On November 6, 2012, Ed Pastor (D) won re-election to the United States House. He defeated Scott Fistler (R write-in) and Joe Cobb (L) in the general election.

U.S. House, Arizona District 7 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngEd Pastor Incumbent 81.7% 104,489
     Libertarian Joe Cobb 18.3% 23,338
Total Votes 127,827
Source: Arizona Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"

2010

On November 2, 2010, Raul Grijalva won re-election to the United States House. He defeated Ruth McClung (R), Harley Meyer (I) and George Keane (L) in the general election.[25]

U.S. House, Arizona District 7 General Election, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngRaul Grijalva incumbent 50.2% 79,935
     Republican Ruth McClung 44.2% 70,385
     Independent Harley Meyer 2.8% 4,506
     Libertarian George Keane 2.7% 4,318
Total Votes 159,144

See also

External links

References

  1. Arizona Daily Independent, "2014 Nomination Petition Challenges in Statewide, Legislative, or Federal Offices," accessed June 16, 2014
  2. National Conference of State Legislatures Website, "State Primary Election Types," accessed January 6, 2014
  3. Fair Vote, "Congressional and Presidential Primaries: Open, Closed, Semi-Closed, and 'Top Two,'" accessed January 6, 2014
  4. Ballotpedia research conducted December 26, 2013 through January 3, 2014 researching and analyzing various state websites and codes.
  5. Arizona Secretary of State Website, "Voter Registration and Education," accessed January 3, 2014
  6. Reuters, "Arizona Democratic Rep. Ed Pastor says will retire," February 27, 2014
  7. Arizona Redistricting "Map" accessed July 7, 2012
  8. azcentral, "Mitchell endorses Gallego in AZ07," March 11, 2014
  9. Politico, "Raul Grijalva takes sides in Arizona primary," March 19, 2014
  10. KTAR, "Retiring Ed Pastor endorses Mary Rose Wilcox in Arizona congressional race," March 31, 2014
  11. Azcentral, "Gallego tops fundraising in race to replace Rep. Pastor," April 18, 2014
  12. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named change
  13. The Huffington Post, "Arizona Candidate Cesar Chavez Faces Legal Challenge," June 11, 2014
  14. Fox News, "Arizona's 'Cesar Chavez' Faces Legal Challenge To Congressional Candidacy," June 11, 2014
  15. 15.0 15.1 Politico, "Suit over ‘Cesar Chavez’ name change," June 11, 2014
  16. AZ Central, "Cesar Chavez to be removed from ballot, plans to appeal," June 17, 2014
  17. Azcentral, "Arizona congressional candidate can't vote for himself," June 30, 2014
  18. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  19. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  20. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  21. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  22. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  23. Federal Election Commission, "Mary Rose Wilcox April Quarterly," accessed April 30, 2014
  24. Federal Election Commission, "Ruben Gallego April Quarterly," accessed April 30, 2014
  25. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013