Arizona Constitution

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Arizona Constitution
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The Arizona Constitution is the governing document of Arizona. The current constitution is the first and only adopted by the state of Arizona.

As of the November 2014 election, when Proposition 122 was approved by the state's voters, the Arizona Constitution has been amended 152 times.[1]


See also: Preambles to state constitutions

The preamble to the Arizona Constitution states:

We the people of the State of Arizona, grateful to Almighty God for our liberties, do ordain this Constitution.

Article 1

Article 1 is titled "State Boundaries" and has two sections.[2]

Article 2: Declaration of Rights

Article 2 is titled Declaration of Rights and has 37 sections.[2]

Article 3

Article 3 is titled "Distribution of Powers."[2]

Article 4

Article 4 is titled "Legislative Department" and is composed of two parts with a total of 27 sections between them.[2]

Article 5

Article 5 is titled "Executive Department" and has 12 sections.[2]

Article 6

Article 6 is titled "Judicial Department" and has 42 sections.[2]

Article 6.1

Article 6.1 is titled "Commission on Judicial Conduct" and has six sections.[2]

Article 7

Article 7 is titled "Suffrage and Elections" and has 18 sections.[2]

Article 8

Article 8 is titled "Removal from Office" and has two parts with a total of eight sections between them.[2]

Article 9

Article 9 is titled "Public Debt, Revenue and Taxation" and has 24 sections.[2]

Article 10

Article 10 is titled "State and School Lands" and has 12 sections.[2]

Article 11

Article 11 is titled "Education" and has 10 sections.[2]

Article 12

Article 12 is titled "Counties" and has nine sections.[2]

Article 13

Article 13 is titled "Municipal Corporations" and has seven sections.[2]

Article 14

Article 14 is titled "Corporations Other Than Municipal" and has 19 sections.[2]

Article 15

Article 15 is titled "The Corporation Commission" and has 19 sections.[2]

Article 16

Article 16 is titled "Militia" and has three sections.[2]

Article 17

Article 17 is titled "Water Rights" and has two sections.[2]

Article 18

Article 18 is titled "Labor" and has 10 sections.[2]

Article 19

Article 19 is titled "Mines."[2]

Article 20

Article 20 is titled "Ordinance" and has 13 sections.[2]

Article 21

Article 21 is titled "Mode of Amending" and has two sections.[2]

Article 22

Article 22 is titled "Schedule and Miscellaneous" and has 22 sections.[2]

Articles 23 and 24

Articles 23 and 24 were both repealed.[2]

Article 26 and 27

Articles 26 and 27 deal with the right to work and real estate rights.[2]

Article 28

Article 28 is titled "English as the Official Language" and has six sections.[2]

Article 29

Article 29 is titled "Public Retirement Systems."[2]

Article 30

Article 30 is titled "Marriage."[2]

Amending the Constitution

See also: Amending state constitutions

Article 21 of the Arizona Constitution allows three methods of amending the Arizona Constitution:[3][4]

  • Initiated constitutional amendments. These go on the Arizona ballot if an initiative petition is signed by qualified electors equalling 15 percent of the total number of votes cast for all candidates for governor in the most recent gubernatorial election.
  • Legislatively-referred constitutional amendments. Either chamber of the Arizona State Legislature is allowed to propose an amendment. A majority of members of both chambers must approve it; if they do, the proposed amendment goes on a statewide ballot for a popular vote of the people where if a simple majority approves it, it becomes part of the constitution.
  • The Arizona Secretary of State is required to publish a copy of the proposed amendment in a newspaper in each of Arizona's 15 counties for a period of at least 90 days before the election.
  • Proposed amendments must be voted on separately.
  • The state legislature is allowed to call a special election for the purposes of voting on proposed amendments. If no special election is called, amendments are voted on in the next statewide general election.
  • A constitutional convention may be called by a statewide vote of the people. In the absence of such a vote, the state legislature is not allowed to call a convention. Any proposed changes to the constitution that are reported out of a constitutional convention must be submitted to a statewide popular vote where, if approved by a majority of those voting, become part of the constitution.


The Arizona Territory was authorized to hold a constitutional convention in 1910. The constitution drafted at that convention was signed by delegates on December 9, 1910. It was then submitted to Congress. Though the original constitution was approved by Congress, it was vetoed by President William H. Taft on his objections to a provision that included judges in the recalling process. After the constitutional convention amended the document to remove that provision, President Taft approved Arizona's statehood on February 14, 1912.[5]

On November 5, 1912, the people of Arizona voted to put the provision on recalling judges back into the constitution.[5]

See also

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External links

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