The newspaper was founded in 1890 under the name The Arizona Republican.
Dwight B. Heard, a Phoenix land and cattle baron, ran the newspaper from 1912 until his death in 1929. The paper was then run by two of its top executives, Charles Stauffer and W. Wesley Knorpp, until it was bought by midwestern newspaper magnate Eugene C. Pulliam in 1946. Stauffer and Knorpp had changed the newspaper's name to The Arizona Republic in 1930.
Pulliam, who bought the two Gazettes as well as the Republic, ran all three newspapers until his death in 1975 at the age of 86. A strong period of growth came under Pulliam, who imprinted the newspaper with his conservative brand of politics and his drive for civic leadership. Pulliam was considered one of the influential business leaders who created the modern Phoenix area as it is known today.
Pulliam's holding company, Central Newspapers, Inc., as led by Pulliam's widow and son, assumed operation of the Republic/Gazette family of papers upon the elder Pulliam's death. The Phoenix Gazette was closed in 1997 and its staff merged with that of the Republic. The Arizona Business Gazette is still published to this day.
Central Newspapers was purchased by Gannett in 2000, bringing it into common ownership with USA Today, the Tucson Citizen (the afternoon newspaper in Tucson which Gannett purchased in 1977) and the local Phoenix NBC television affiliate, KPNX. The Republic often supplements its coverage of Southern Arizona with stories from the Citizen. The Republic and KPNX combine their forces to produce their common local news website, www.azcentral.com. It is the most-visited site in the state of Arizona and is among the most-trafficked newspaper-affiliated sites in the U.S.
The editorial pages promote a center-left viewpoint on most issues, however tends to split the ticket for endorsements.
The Arizona Republic editorial board endorsed President George W. Bush in both the 2000 and 2004 U.S. presidential elections and Senataor McCain in 2008. However, it endorsed Democratic candidates, such as current Arizona Governor Janet Napolitano.
The paper has produced special reports on the massive population growth of the greater Phoenix area, as well as on controversial topics of interest to the American Southwest, such as illegal immigration. However, the paper requires illegal immigrants to be referred to as "undocumented immigrants" or (preferably) "migrants."
According to the 2005 World Almanac, the Arizona Republic has the 15th highest newspaper circulation in the United States.
- The Arizona Republic on Wikipedia
- Official web site
- History of the Republic from Arizona Newspapers Association website (dead link)