Arkansas school districts
|K-12 Education in Arkansas|
|State Superintendent: Tom W. Kimbrell|
|Number of students: 483,114|
|Number of teachers: 33,983|
|Teacher/pupil ratio: 1:14.2|
|Number of school districts: 289|
|Number of schools: 1,108|
|Graduation rate: 84%|
|Per-pupil spending: $9,353|
|Arkansas Department of Education|
Arkansas school districts
List of school districts in Arkansas
School boards portal
|Education policy project|
|Public education in the United States |
Public education in Arkansas
Glossary of education terms
- 1 Quick facts
- 2 In the news
- 3 State law
- 4 School board elections
- 5 See also
- 6 External links
- 7 References
Arkansas is home to 1,108 schools and 483,114 K-12 students.
State school administrators
- State Board of Education
- Brenda Gullett, Chairman
- Samuel Ledbetter, Vice Chairman
- Joe Black
- Alice Williams Mahony
- Toyce Newton
- Mireya Reith
- Vicki Saviers
- Jay Barth
- Diane Zook
The following tables display the state's top nine school districts by total student enrollment and the top 10 school districts by per-pupil spending.
The following table displays the ethnic distribution of students in Arkansas as reported in the Common Core of Data for 2011-2012.
|Demographic information for Arkansas's K-12 public school system|
|Ethnicity||Students||State Percentage||United States Percentage**|
|Hawaiian Nat./Pacific Isl. Students||2,346||0.49%||0.42%|
|Two or more||7,745||1.60%||2.54%|
|**Note: This is the percentage of all students in the United States that are reported to be of this ethnicity.|
In the news
Access to high speed internet
Education officials in Arkansas have asked lawmakers to allow public schools access to the state-owned internet network Arkansas Research Education Optical Network (ARE-ON). The law currently allows only state universities and select hospitals to access the network. Out of the 42 states that have state-owned internet networks, Arkansas is the only one that does not give access to public schools. According to a committee formed by the Arkansas Department of Education, ARE-ON could easily accommodate all of Arkansas's schools.
Opponents of allowing public schools access to the network said it would create unfair competition for private companies. Advocates said access to the network would drive down costs and benefit schools. If access to ARE-ON is allowed, school districts would have to pay for the service.
Common Core, or the Common Core State Standards Initiative, is an American education initiative that outlines quantifiable benchmarks in English and mathematics at each grade level from kindergarten through high school. The Arkansas State Board of Education adopted the standards on July 12, 2010. Full implementation was set to be achieved in the 2013-2014 academic year.
School board composition
School board members in Arkansas serve terms between three and five years in length. Within a school board, all members have the same term length. The expiration of terms for a specific board must be staggered so that as near as possible to an equal number of members are up for election each election year. If a school board has a vacancy, it must be filled by a majority vote of the remaining members of the school board. School boards have the authority to choose if they would like to be elected at-large, by zone or a combination of the two. To change their current structure, they must adopt a majority resolution describing the procedure of the switch for the next four years. School boards can have five, seven or nine members, depending on the population of the school district.
Arkansas has only one type of school district. A state act in 1947 reorganized all school districts in the state to have the same structure. Thus, all Arkansas school districts are governed by a board of directors, and each district may levy taxes and issue bonds.
The state does not impose term limits on school board members.
School board elections
- See also: Arkansas school board elections, 2014
A total of seven Arkansas school districts among America's largest school districts by enrollment held elections in 2014 for 12 seats. Each district held elections on September 16, 2014.
Here are several quick facts about Arkansas's school board elections in 2014:
- The largest school district by enrollment with an election in 2014 was Little Rock School District with 25,685 K-12 students.
- The smallest school district by enrollment with an election in 2014 was Conway Public Schools with 9,455 K-12 students.
- Five school districts were tied for the most seats on the ballot in 2014 with two seats up for election in each district.
- Rogers School District and Springdale Public Schools had the fewest seats on the ballot in 2014 with one seat up for election in each district.
The districts listed below served 106,835 K-12 students during the 2010-2011 school year, according to the National Center for Education Statistics. Click on the district names for more information on the district and its school board elections.
|2014 Arkansas School Board Elections|
|District||Date||Seats up for election||Total board seats||Student enrollment|
|Bentonville School District||9/16/2014||2||7||13,530|
|Cabot Public School District||9/16/2014||2||7||10,307|
|Conway Public Schools||9/16/2014||2||7||9,455|
|Fort Smith Public Schools||9/16/2014||2||7||14,107|
|Little Rock School District||9/16/2014||2||7||25,685|
|Rogers School District||9/16/2014||1||7||14,340|
|Springdale Public Schools||9/16/2014||1||7||19,411|
Path to the ballot
To qualify for the ballot as a school board candidate in Arkansas, an individual must:
- Be a registered voter and resident in the school district he or she wishes to represent, as well as within the electoral zone in which he or she will be elected, if candidates are elected by zone.
- Be an Arkansas resident and U.S. citizen.
- Not be employed by the school district to be served.
- Not be judged mentally incompetent by a court of competent jurisdiction.
- Never have been convicted of embezzlement of public money, bribery, forgery or any other related crime.
Candidates must file with and be certified by the county clerk of the county in which the school district resides.
School board candidates are required to file the following campaign finance reports with their county elections department:
- A pre-election report no later than seven days prior to any election in which the candidate's name will appear on the ballot.
- A final report no later than 30 days after any election in which the candidate's name appeared on the ballot.
- Supplemental reports for all contributions received and expenditures made after the final report, within 30 days after the receipt of the contribution or the making of an expenditure.
- School board elections portal
- United States school districts
- List of school districts in Arkansas
- Arkansas Department of Education
- Public education in Arkansas
- Arkansas Secretary of State
- Arkansas Department of Education
- Arkansas School Boards Association
- Arkansas Education Association
- Arkansas State Teachers Association
- National Center for Education Statistics school district search tool
- National Center for Education Statistics, "Table 2. Number of operating public schools and districts, state enrollment, teacher and pupil/teacher ratio by state: School year 2011–12," accessed March 18, 2014
- ED Data Express, "State Tables Report," accessed March 17, 2014 The site includes this disclaimer: "States converted to an adjusted cohort graduation rate [starting in the 2010-2011 school year], which may or may not be the same as the calculation they used in prior years. Due to the potential differences, caution should be used when comparing graduation rates across states."
- United States Census Bureau, "Public Education Finances: 2011," accessed March 18, 2014
- National Center for Education Statistics, "State Education Data Profiles," accessed August 14, 2013
- Homesurfer, "School District Ranking Report," accessed July 8, 2014
- United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, "Common Core of Data (CCD), State Nonfiscal Public Elementary/Secondary Education Survey, 2011-2012," accessed May 7, 2014
- UALR Public Radio, "Arkansas Public Schools and Access to High-Speed Internet," June 9, 2014
- Common Core State Standards Initiative, "Core Standards in your State,” accessed June 12, 2014
- Arkansas Department of Education, "Common Core State Standards," accessed June 13, 2014
- Arkansas Code, "Title 6, Chapter 13, Section 608," accessed July 8, 2014
- Arkansas Code, "Title 6, Chapter 13, Section 611," accessed July 8, 2014
- Arkansas Code, "Title 6, Chapter 13, Section 630," accessed July 8, 2014
- Arkansas Code, "Title 6, Chapter 13, Section 634," accessed July 8, 2014
- United States Census Bureau, "Arkansas," accessed July 8, 2014
- National Association of Counties, "History of County Term Limits," accessed July 8, 2014
- National Center for Education Statistics, "Elementary/Secondary Information System," accessed March 21, 2014
- Arkansas School Board Association, "Board Candidates," accessed July 8, 2014
- Arkansas Secretary of State, "Rules on Campaign Finance and Disclosure," accessed July 8, 2014
State of Arkansas
Little Rock (capital)
|State executive officers||
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Arkansas Department of Education | Arkansas school districts |