Attorney General of Alabama

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Alabama Attorney General
General information
Office Type:  Partisan
Office website:  Official Link
2013 FY Budget:  $21,000,366
Term limits:  2 terms
Structure
Length of term:   4 years
Authority:  Constitution of Alabama, Article V, Section 112
Selection Method:  Elected
Current Officeholder

Luther Strange.jpg
Name:  Luther Strange
Officeholder Party:  Republican
Assumed office:  2011
Compensation:  $166,002
Elections
Next election:  November 6, 2018
Last election:  November 4, 2014
Other Alabama Executive Offices
GovernorLieutenant GovernorSecretary of StateAttorney GeneralTreasurerAuditorSuperintendent of EducationAgriculture CommissionerInsurance CommissionerNatural Resources CommissionerLabor CommissionerPublic Service Commission
The Attorney General of Alabama is an elected constitutional officer in the Alabama state government. The attorney general serves as the state's chief law officer and chief law enforcement officer. He may also initiate both civil and criminal court action to protect the state's interests or to enforce state law.[1]

Current officeholder

The current and 49th Attorney General of Alabama is Republican Luther Strange. Strange was first elected on November 2, 2010, and assumed office on January 17, 2011.[2] He was re-elected to a second four-year term on November 4, 2014.

Prior to becoming attorney general, Strange operated his own practice in Birmingham. Before that, he worked for the lobbying firm Bradley Arant Boult Cummings, LLC.

Authority

The attorney general's authority derives from Article V, Section 112 of the Alabama Constitution.

Constitution of Alabama, Article V, Section 112

The executive department shall consist of a governor, lieutenant governor, attorney-general, state auditor, secretary of state, state treasurer, superintendent of education, commissioner of agriculture and industries, and a sheriff for each county.

Qualifications

Qualifications for the office of attorney general are described in Article V, Section 132 of the state constitution. Candidates for the office must have been a citizen of the United States for seven years, a resident of Alabama for five years, and at least 25 years of age.

Constitution of Alabama, Article V, Section 132

No person shall be eligible to the office of attorney-general, state auditor, secretary of state, state treasurer, superintendent of education, or commissioner of agriculture and industries unless he shall have been a citizen of the United States at least seven years, and shall have resided in this state at least five years next preceding his election, and shall be at least twenty-five years old when elected.

Elections

Click here to view a large-scale image of the Alabama state government organizational chart, as of 9/11/12.

Per Section 114 of the state constitution, Alabama elects its attorneys general during federal midterm election years (e.g. 2018, 2022, 2026 and 2030). Section 116 sets the attorney general's inauguration for the first Monday after the second Tuesday in the January following an election.

Constitution of Alabama, Article V, Section 114

The governor, lieutenant governor, attorney-general, state auditor, secretary of state, state treasurer, superintendent of education, and commissioner of agriculture and industries shall be elected by the qualified electors of the state at the same time and places appointed for the election of members of the legislature in the year nineteen hundred and two, and in every fourth year thereafter.

Constitution of Alabama, Article V, Section 116

The governor, lieutenant governor, attorney-general, state auditor, secretary of state, state treasurer, superintendent of education, commissioner of agriculture and industries, elected after the ratification of this Constitution, shall hold their respective offices for the term of four years from the first Monday after the second Tuesday in January next succeeding their election, and until their successors shall be elected and qualified.

Term limits

Per Amendment 282 to Article V, Section 116 of the Alabama Constitution, attorneys general are limited to two terms in office.[3]

2014

See also: Alabama attorney general election, 2014
Attorney General of Alabama, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngLuther Strange Incumbent 58.4% 681,973
     Democratic Joseph Lister Hubbard 41.4% 483,771
     Nonpartisan Write-in votes 0.2% 2,157
Total Votes 1,167,901
Election Results via Alabama Secretary of State.

Full history


Vacancies

Article V, Section 136 of the Alabama Constitution requires the governor to appoint a replacement if the office of attorney general becomes vacant or if the incumbent "shall become of unsound mind." The replacement serves until the next scheduled election.[4]

Constitution of Alabama, Article V, Section 136'

Should the office of attorney-general, state auditor, secretary of state, state treasurer, superintendent of education, or commissioner of agriculture and industries become vacant from any cause, the governor shall fill such vacancy until the disability is removed or a successor elected and qualified. In case any of said officers shall become of unsound mind, such unsoundness shall be ascertained by the supreme court upon the suggestion of the governor.

Duties

Section 137 of the Alabama Constitution provides that the "attorney general may be required to defend suits against state, political subdivisions, officers, etc." The attorney general's other duties are prescribed by law. Besides representing the state in court, the incumbent is required to give legal advice to state and county officers or agencies and represent the state before the Alabama Supreme Court or state courts of criminal or civil appeals. He may also represent municipalities before appeals courts in cases where the constitutionality of a municipal ordinance is questioned.

The attorney general's office issues an annual report including "suggestions for the suppression of crime and the improvement of criminal administration." He is also required to report on laws held invalid by state courts and give his opinion on the constitutional validity and clarity of bills being considered by the legislature.

Alabama state law requires the attorney general to fulfill several other minor duties, including keeping an official record of all of his correspondence and approving extradition forms.[5]

Divisions

The attorney general's office includes the following divisions:[6]

  • Administrative Services
  • Capital Litigation
  • Constitutional Defense
  • Consumer Affairs*
  • Criminal Appeals
  • Environmental
  • General Civil and Administrative Law
  • Investigations
  • Legislative Affairs
  • Medicaid Fraud
  • Opinions
  • Public Corruption & White Collar Crime
  • Public Information
  • Violent Crimes

State budget

See also: Alabama state budget and finances

The budget for the Attorney General's Office in Fiscal Year 2012-2013 was $21,000,366.[7]

Compensation

See also: Compensation of state executive officers

The salary of the attorney general is established by the Alabama State Legislature, as required by constitutional provision.[8] The Attorney General of Alabama receives the same compensation as an Associate Justice of the Alabama Supreme Court.[9] Article V, Section 118 of the state constitution requires that changes in compensation take effect in the term after they were passed.

Alabama Constitution, Article V, Section 118

The governor, lieutenant governor, attorney-general, state auditor, secretary of state, state treasurer, superintendent of education, and commissioner of agriculture and industries, shall receive compensation to be fixed by law, which shall not be increased or diminished during the term for which they shall have been elected, and shall, except the lieutenant governor, reside at the state capital during the time they continue in office, except during epidemics.

2014

In 2014, the attorney general's salary increased to $166,002, according to the Council of State Governments.[10]

2013

In 2013, the attorney general was paid an estimated $160,003. This figure comes from the Council of State Governments.

Historical officeholders

There have been 48 attorneys general since 1819.[11]

List of Former Officeholders from 1819-Present
# Name Tenure Party
1 Henry Hitchcock 1819 - 1823
2 Thomas White 1823 - 1825
3 Constantine Perkins 1825 - 1832
4 Peter Martin 1832 - 1836
5 Alexander Meek 1836 - 1836
6 John D. Phelan 1836 - 1838
7 Lincoln Clark 1838 - 1839
8 Matthew W. Lindsay 1839 - 1843
9 Thomas D. Clarke 1843 - 1847
10 William H. Martin 1847 - 1847
11 Marion A. Baldwin 1847 - 1865
12 John W. A. Sanford 1865 - 1868
13 Benjamin Gardner 1868 - 1870
14 John W. A. Sanford 1870 - 1872
15 Henry Tompkins 1878 - 1884
16 Thomas McClellan 1884 - 1889
17 William L. Martin 1889 - 1894
18 William C. Fitts 1894 - 1898
19 Charles G. Brown 1898 - 1903
20 Massey Wilson 1903 - 1907 Democratic Party
21 Alexander M. Garber 1907 - 1911 Democratic Party
22 Robert Brickell 1911 - 1915 Democratic Party
23 William Logan Martin 1915 - 1918
24 F. Lloyd Tate 1918 - 1918
25 Emmet S. Thigpen 1918 - 1919 Democratic Party
26 James Q. Smith 1919 - 1921 Democratic Party
27 Harwell G. Davis 1921 - 1927 Democratic Party
28 Charlie C. McCall 1927 - 1931 Democratic Party
29 Thomas E. Knight 1931 - 1935 Democratic Party
30 A. A. Carmichael 1935 - 1939
31 Thomas S. Lawson 1939 - 1942 Democratic Party
32 William N. McQueen 1943 - 1945 Democratic Party
33 William N. McQueen 1945 - 1947 Democratic Party
34 A. A. Carmichael 1947 - 1951
35 S. I. Garrett 1951 - 1954 Democratic Party
36 Bernard Sykes 1954 - 1955 Democratic Party
37 John Malcolm Patterson 1955 - 1959 Democratic Party
38 MacDonald Gallion 1959 - 1963 Democratic Party
39 Richmond Flowers 1963 - 1967 Democratic Party
40 MacDonald Gallion 1967 - 1971 Democratic Party
41 William J. Baxley 1971 - 1979 Democratic Party
42 Charles A. Graddick 1979 - 1987 Democratic Party
43 Don Siegelman 1987 - 1991 Democratic Party
44 Jimmy Evans 1991 - 1995 Democratic Party
45 Jeff Sessions 1995 - 1997 Republican Party
46 Bill Pryor 1997 - 2004 Republican Party
47 Troy King 2004 - 2011 Republican Party
48 Luther Strange 2011 - present Republican Party

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the terms "Alabama Attorney General."

Some of the stories below may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of Google's news search engine.

Attorney General of Alabama - Google News Feed

  • Loading...

Contact info

Alabama

Capitol Address:
Office of the Attorney General
500 Dexter Avenue
Montgomery, AL 36130

Phone: (334) 242-7300

See also

External links

References