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Austin Scott

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Austin Scott
Austin Scott 113th Congress.jpg
U.S. House, Georgia, District 8
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 2011-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2017
Years in position 4
PartyRepublican
PredecessorJim Marshall (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$6.16 in 2014
First electedNovember 2, 2010
Next generalNovember 8, 2016
Campaign $$3,138,117
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Georgia House of Representatives, District 153
2005-2011
Georgia House of Representatives, District 138
2003-2005
Georgia House of Representatives, District 165
1996-2003
Education
Bachelor'sUniversity of Georgia
Personal
Date of birthDecember 10, 1969
Place of birthAugusta, Georgia
ProfessionBusiness Executive
Net worth(2012) $1,975,741
ReligionSouthern Baptist
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
James Austin Scott (b. December 10, 1969, in Augusta, GA) is a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives. Scott was elected by voters from Georgia's 8th Congressional District. He was first elected to the U.S. House in 2010.

He previously represented District 153 of the Georgia House of Representatives from 2005 to 2011, District 138 of the Georgia House of Representatives from 2003 to 2005 and District 165 of the Georgia House of Representatives from 1996 to 2003.[1]

He ran for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He won an uncontested general election.[2] He ran unopposed in the Republican primary on May 20, 2014.[3]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Scott is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Scott graduated from the University of Georgia with a B.B.A. in risk management and insurance.[4]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Scott's academic, professional and political career:[5]

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2015-2016

Scott serves on the following committees:[6]

2013-2014

Scott served on the following committees:[7]

  • Agriculture Committee
    • Subcommittee on Department Operations, Oversight and Nutrition
    • General Farm Commodities and Risk Management
    • Subcommittee on Horticulture, Research, Biotechnology, and Foreign Agriculture, (Chair)
  • Armed Services Committee
    • Subcommittee on Military Personnel
    • Subcommittee on Oversight & Investigations
    • Subcommittee on Readiness

2011-2012

Scott served on the following committees:[8]

  • Agriculture Committee
    • Subcommittee on General Farm Commodities and Risk Management
    • Subcommittee on Rural Development, Research, Biotechnology, and Foreign Agriculture
  • Armed Services Committee
    • Subcommittee on Military Personnel
    • Subcommittee on Readiness
    • Subcommittee on Strategic Forces

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png
The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 114 out of the 3,036 introduced bills (3.8 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[9] For more information pertaining to Scott's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[10]

National security

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Scott voted in favor of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[11]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Nay3.png Scott voted against House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[11]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Scott voted in favor of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[12] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[11]

NDAA

Yea3.png Scott voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[11]

Economy

Farm bill

Yea3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[13] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[14][15] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[15] Scott voted with 161 other Republican representatives in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Nay3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[16][17] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[17] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[18] It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Scott joined with the 63 other Republicans and 3 Democrats who voted against the bill.[16][17]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[19] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[20] Scott voted to approve the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[21]

Nay3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[22] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Scott voted against HR 2775.[23]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Yea3.png Scott voted in favor of House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.[11]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Yea3.png Scott voted in favor of House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[11]

Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act

Yea3.png Scott voted in favor of HR 2009 - Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act of 2013. The bill passed through the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 232-185. The bill would prevent the IRS and Treasury Secretary from enforcing the powers provided to them in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The vote largely followed party lines.[11]

Social issues

Amash amendment

Nay3.png Scott voted against House Amendment 413 - Prohibits the National Security Agency from Collecting Records Under the Patriot Act. The amendment failed on July 4, 2013, by a vote of 205-217. The amendment would have prohibited the collection of records by the National Security Agency under the Patriot Act. Both parties were split on the vote.[11]

Government affairs

HR 676

See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

Yea3.png On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five RepublicansThomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas—voted with Democrats against the lawsuit.[24] Scott joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.[25][26]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Nay3.png Scott voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 151 Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[27]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Austin Scott's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Scott is a Hard-Core Conservative. Scott received a score of 22 percent on social issues and 81 percent on economic issues.[28]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[29]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Opposes Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Strongly Favors
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Strongly Favors
Support & expand free trade Unknown Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Strongly Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Unknown
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Opposes Stay out of Iran Opposes
Privatize Social Security Opposes Never legalize marijuana Unknown
Note: Information last updated: April 19, 2015.[28] If you notice the rating has changed, email us.

Presidential preference

2012

See also: Endorsements by state officials of presidential candidates in the 2012 election

Austin Scott endorsed Newt Gingrich in the 2012 presidential election. [30]

Elections

2014

See also: Georgia's 8th Congressional District elections, 2014

Scott ran for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He ran unopposed in the Republican primary on May 20, 2014.[3] He ran uncontested in the general election.

U.S. House, Georgia District 8 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngAustin Scott Incumbent 100% 129,938
Total Votes 129,938
Source: Georgia Secretary of State

2012

See also: Georgia's 8th Congressional District elections, 2012

Scott ran in the 2012 election for the U.S. House to represent Georgia's 8th District. Scott sought re-election on the Republican ticket. The signature filing deadline was May 25, 2012, and the primary took place on July 31, 2012. Scott ran unopposed in the Republican primary. He also ran unopposed in the general election on November 6, 2012.

In 2011 redistricting, The Hill published a list of the Top Ten House Members who were helped by redistricting.[31] Scott ranked 5th on the list, and neighboring incumbent Sanford D. Bishop, Jr. ranked 4th on the list.[31] The article noted that in the redistricting process, controlled by a Republican legislature, many African Americans voters were moved from Scott's district into Bishop's 2nd Congressional District, giving Scott a safe Republican seat, and inadvertently giving Bishop a Democratic boost as well.[31]

U.S. House, Georgia District 8 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngAustin Scott Incumbent 100% 197,789
Total Votes 197,789
Source: Georgia Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"

Full history


Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Scott attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Scott is available dating back to 2010. Based on available campaign finance records, Scott raised a total of $3,138,117 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 5, 2013.[33]

Austin Scott's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2014 U.S. House (Georgia, District 8) Won $956,177
2012 U.S. House (Georgia, District 8) Won $1,146,640
2010 U.S. House (Georgia, District 8) Won $1,035,300
Grand Total Raised $3,138,117


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2014

Scott won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. During that election cycle, Scott's campaign committee raised a total of $956,177 and spent $800,954.[34] This is less than the average $1.45 million spent by House winners in 2014.[35]

Cost per vote

Scott spent $6.16 per general election vote received in 2014.

U.S. House, Georgia District 8, 2014 - Austin Scott Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $956,177
Total Spent $800,954
Total Raised by Election Runner-up $0
Total Spent by Election Runner-up $0
Top contributors to Austin Scott's campaign committee
United Parcel Service$12,500
National Cattlemen's Beef Assn$12,000
Coca-Cola Co$10,500
Home Depot$10,500
Northrop Grumman$10,500
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Crop Production & Basic Processing$72,200
Agricultural Services/Products$65,100
Health Professionals$63,500
Insurance$56,300
Retail Sales$39,750

Below are Scott's FEC reports.[36]

2012

Scott won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Scott's campaign committee raised a total of $1,114,640 and spent $761,854.[44] This is less than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[45]

Cost per vote

Scott spent $3.85 per vote received in 2012.


2010

Scott won election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that election cycle, Scott's campaign committee raised a total of $1,035,300 and spent $1,024,631.[46]


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of two different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Scott's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $739,758 and $3,211,724 . That averages to $1,975,741, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $6,956,438.47. Scott ranked as the 149th most wealthy representative in 2012.[47] Between 2009 and 2012, Scott's calculated net worth[48] increased by an average of 2 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[49]

Austin Scott Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2009$1,841,289
2012$1,975,741
Growth from 2009 to 2012:7%
Average annual growth:2%[50]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[51]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Scott received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Health Professionals industry.

From 2009-2014, 25.83 percent of Scott's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[52]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Austin Scott Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $2,939,250
Total Spent $2,356,580
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Health Professionals$240,833
Crop Production & Basic Processing$159,987
Retired$122,900
Insurance$118,750
Leadership PACs$116,600
% total in top industry8.19%
% total in top two industries13.64%
% total in top five industries25.83%

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Scott was a "rank-and-file Republican," as of July 28, 2014. This was the same rating Scott received in June 2013.[53]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[54]

Scott most often votes with:

Scott least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Scott missed 36 of 2,700 roll call votes from January 2011 to July 2014. This amounts to 1.3 percent, which is better than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.[55]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Scott paid his congressional staff a total of $753,382 in 2011. He ranked 28th on the list of the lowest paid Republican representative staff salaries and ranked 30th overall of the lowest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Georgia ranked 24th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[56]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year.

2013

Scott ranked 68th in the conservative rankings in 2013.[57]

2012

Scott ranked 2nd in the conservative rankings in 2012.[58]

2011

Scott ranked 98th in the conservative rankings in 2011.[59]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Scott voted with the Republican Party 95.9 percent of the time, which ranked 37th among the 234 House Republican members as of July 2014.[60]

2013

Austin Scott voted with the Republican Party 97.8 percent of the time, which ranked 33rd among the 233 House Republican members as of June 2013.[61]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Austin + Scott + Georgia + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Austin Scott News Feed

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See also

External links


References

  1. U.S. House, "Austin Scott," accessed June 13, 2013
  2. Politico, "House Elections Results," accessed November 11, 2014
  3. 3.0 3.1 Associated Press, "Primary election results," accessed May 20, 2014
  4. SCOTT, Austin, "Biographical Information," accessed October 25, 2011
  5. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "SCOTT, Austin, (1969 - )," accessed February 9, 2015
  6. U.S. House of Representatives, Office of the Clerk, "Committee Information," accessed February 18, 2015
  7. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  8. Congressman Austin Scott:Representing the 8th District of Georgia, "Committees and Caucuses," accessed October 25, 2011
  9. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  10. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 11.7 Project Vote Smart, "Austin Scott Key Votes," accessed September 30, 2013
  12. The Library of Congress, "Bill Summary & Status - 113th Congress (2013 - 2014) - H.R.624," accessed August 27, 2013
  13. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  14. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  15. 15.0 15.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled farm bill, with clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  16. 16.0 16.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  18. Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  19. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  20. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  21. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  22. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  23. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  24. U.S. House, "House Resolution 676," accessed July 30, 2014
  25. Yahoo News, "Suing Obama: GOP-led House gives the go-ahead," accessed July 30, 2014
  26. Washington Post, "House clears way for lawsuit against Obama," accessed July 30, 2014
  27. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  28. 28.0 28.1 On The Issues, "Austin Scott Vote Match," accessed April 19, 2015
  29. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers.
  30. Team Gingrich, "Newt 2012 Press Release on Georgia Endorsements," accessed August 26, 2011
  31. 31.0 31.1 31.2 The Hill, "House members most helped by redistricting," accessed April 17, 2012
  32. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  33. Open Secrets, "Austin Scott," accessed April 5, 2013
  34. Open Secrets, "Austin Scott 2014 Election Cycle," accessed April 1, 2015
  35. Open Secrets, "Winning vs. Spending," accessed April 1, 2015
  36. Federal Election Commission, "Austin Scott 2014 Summary reports," accessed July 23, 2013
  37. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  38. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  39. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2013
  40. Federal Election Commission, "Year End Report," accessed February 11, 2014
  41. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
  42. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed October 20, 2014
  43. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 20, 2014
  44. Open Secrets, "Austin Scott 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 20, 2013
  45. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  46. Open Secrets, "Austin Scott 2010 Election Cycle," accessed October 25, 2011
  47. OpenSecrets, "Scott, (R-GA), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  48. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  49. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  50. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  51. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  52. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Austin Scott," accessed September 23, 2014
  53. GovTrack, "Austin Scott," accessed July 28, 2014
  54. OpenCongress, "Rep. Austin Scott," accessed July 28, 2014
  55. GovTrack, "Austin Scott," accessed July 28, 2014
  56. LegiStorm, "Austin Scott," accessed 2012
  57. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 28, 2014
  58. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed February 27, 2013
  59. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  60. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  61. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Jim Marshall
U.S. House of Representatives - Georgia, District 8
2011–Present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
Georgia House of Representatives, District 165
2005-2011
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
Georgia House of Representatives, District 138
2003-2005
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
Georgia House of Representatives, District 153
1996-2003
Succeeded by
'