Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Michigan

From Ballotpedia
Jump to: navigation, search

WhoRunsTheStates Badge.png

Who Runs the States

Main Report Pages
Main PagePart 1Partisanship InfographicPart 2Part 3

Partisanship Results Report (Part 1)
Executive SummaryState Partisanship AnalysisPartisan Control of GovernorshipsPartisan Control of State LegislaturesPartisan Control of State SenatesPartisan Control of State HousesState Government TrifectasOverall Partisan Control: Bright, Medium and Soft StatesChanges of Partisan Domination over 22 yearsYear-to-Year Changes in State Partisan ControlTrifectas and Presidential Election PatternsConclusionMethodologyAppendix AAppendix B

State Quality of Life Index (SQLI) Report (Part 2)
Executive SummaryState Quality of Life Index (SQLI)About the IndexOverall RankingsDramatic Changes from 1st Half to 2nd HalfIndividual IndicatorsMethodologyAppendices

Partisanship and (SQLI) Overlay Report (Part 3)
IntroductionComparing Partisanship and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI) RankingsDescription of the dataTrends and correlationsMethodologyKey Values for Fifty-State RegressionsAppendices
Praise or blame is extended to political parties for the economic, educational, health and other quality of life outcomes that result from the policies those parties enact into law. To better understand which political party enjoys power in each of the states, Ballotpedia has analyzed state government control from 1992-2013 using the concept of a "partisan trifecta." A partisan trifecta is defined as when a state's governorship and legislative chambers are controlled by the same political party.

The two major political parties claim that their policies will lead to better outcomes. What does the data show?

At Ballotpedia, we explored these issues in a three-part study, Who Runs the States.

This page takes a specific look at how Michigan performed in the study.

Background about the study

See also: Ballotpedia: Who Runs the States

Part One examines the partisanship of state government from 1992-2013. Part Two establishes a State Quality of Life Index (SQLI), aggregating a variety of existing state indices into one measurement. Part Three will overlay the two reports, looking for trends and correlations.

Part 1: Partisanship analysis

Michigan Governor

From 1992 to 2013, there were Democratic governors in office for eight years while there were Republican governors in office for 14 years, including the last three. Michigan was under Republican trifectas for the last three years of the study period.

Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

Michigan Senate

During every year from 1992 to 2013, the Republican Party was the majority in the Michigan State Senate. The Michigan State Senate is one of 13 state senates that was Republican for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013.

Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.

Michigan House of Representatives

From 1992 to 2013, the Republican Party was the majority in the Michigan State House of Representatives for 13 years while the Democrats were the majority for seven years.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican state houses of representatives from 1992 to 2013.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Michigan, the Michigan State Senate and the Michigan House of Representatives from 1992-2013.

Partisan composition of Michigan state government(1992-2013).PNG

Partisan control changes

There were six partisan control changes in Michigan during the study period. The average number of changes in the 50 states was four, putting Michigan higher than the average.

Michigan legislature pie chart 1992-2013.png
Michigan government pie chart 1992-2013.png
Michigan gubernatorial pie chart 1992-2013.png

Part 2: State Quality of Life Index (SQLI)

Michigan’s average ranking over the course of the study period was 30.86, which puts it at 32 in the overall SQLI ranking.[1]

  • The year that Michigan had the highest ranking was 1999, in which it ranked 17th.
  • The years that Michigan had the lowest ranking were 2009 and 2010, in which it ranked 47th.
  • The index type that Michigan had the highest ranking in was Government Employment Share of the Population, in which it ranked 5th.
  • The index type that Michigan had the lowest ranking in was Unemployment Rate, in which it ranked 50th.
Michigan SQLI 1992-2012
Index 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
24/7 Wall St Best/Worst Governed States N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 47 48 31
America's Health Rankings 32 33 33 32 30 28 28 30 28 28 30 29 35 32 30 33 31 30 28 33 37
CAFR Debt/GDP N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 10 13 12 15 17 21 17 N/A
Chief Executive Magazine Best and Worst States for Business Survey N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 45 47 46 48 48 48 46 46
CNBC Top States for Business N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 41 40 41 41 34 33
Forbes Best States for Business N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 45 46 47 49 47 47 47
Govt. Employment Share Population 10 11 7 5 5 6 7 7 9 8 7 7 7 7 5 5 5 6 5 5 5
Graduation Rate 34 37 35 37 35 33 32 30 25 23 35 16 25 32 33 37 38 36 24 27 30
Personal Income Per Capita 20 20 17 17 19 19 18 17 18 20 21 21 26 30 35 37 39 40 39 36 35
Poverty Rate 27 33 31 26 18 18 25 17 21 17 30 26 35 27 36 23 29 32 32 29 N/A
Real GDP per capita 25 21 19 22 23 23 24 23 24 29 28 29 34 37 39 38 40 42 42 40 N/A
S&P Credit Rating N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 1 1 10 10 17 20 43 46 45 45 45 45
State Govt. Spending/GDP 24 20 21 37 38 32 30 28 33 33 31 33 36 35 37 36 37 40 40 38 N/A
State & local tax burden 26 31 28 25 30 30 30 31 31 28 28 29 28 29 29 26 29 37 33 N/A N/A
Tax Freedom Day N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 24
Unemployment Rate 48 42 35 28 21 18 20 21 22 38 41 47 48 47 50 50 50 50 49 45 43
Unfunded Pension Liabilities per capita N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 23 31 37 N/A
Voter Turnout 20 20 20 22 22 18 18 14 14 20 20 12 12 8 8 7 7 22 22 10 10
Well-Being Index N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 40 33 41 37 36

Part 3: Partisanship and SQLI Overlay

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Massachusetts state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Michigan has had spurts of divided government and a Republican trifecta. The state had a Republican trifecta during three separate periods (1995-1996, 1999-2002, and 2011-2013) and divided government during three separate periods (1992-1994, 1997-1998, and 2003-2010). The state’s highest SQLI ranking came in 1999 under a Republican trifecta (19th). Beginning in 2007, Michigan has slipped into the bottom-10 of the SQLI ranking and has remained there since. Michigan saw its most precipitous drop in the SQLI ranking between 2001 and 2002 and again between 2003 and 2004, under both a Republican trifecta and divided government, respectively. The state had not had a Democratic trifecta.

  • SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: N/A
  • SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 26.88
  • SQLI average with divided government: 33.31
Chart displaying the partisanship of Michigan government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

See also

Additional information

External links

Footnotes

  1. Note: The average rank is compiled by adding up all years of rankings and then dividing by 21 to obtain the average state ranking. This average figure is ranked relative to the rest of the 49 states to derive an overall SQLI ranking.