Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Missouri

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Who Runs the States

Main Report Pages
Main PagePart 1Partisanship InfographicPart 2Part 3

Partisanship Results Report (Part 1)
Executive SummaryState Partisanship AnalysisPartisan Control of GovernorshipsPartisan Control of State LegislaturesPartisan Control of State SenatesPartisan Control of State HousesState Government TrifectasOverall Partisan Control: Bright, Medium and Soft StatesChanges of Partisan Domination over 22 yearsYear-to-Year Changes in State Partisan ControlTrifectas and Presidential Election PatternsConclusionMethodologyAppendix AAppendix B

State Quality of Life Index (SQLI) Report (Part 2)
Executive SummaryState Quality of Life Index (SQLI)About the IndexOverall RankingsDramatic Changes from 1st Half to 2nd HalfIndividual IndicatorsMethodologyAppendices

Partisanship and (SQLI) Overlay Report (Part 3)
IntroductionComparing Partisanship and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI) RankingsDescription of the dataTrends and correlationsMethodologyKey Values for Fifty-State RegressionsAppendices
Praise or blame is extended to political parties for the economic, educational, health and other quality of life outcomes that result from the policies those parties enact into law. To better understand which political party enjoys power in each of the states, Ballotpedia has analyzed state government control from 1992-2013 using the concept of a "partisan trifecta." A partisan trifecta is defined as when a state's governorship and legislative chambers are controlled by the same political party.

The two major political parties claim that their policies will lead to better outcomes. What does the data show?

At Ballotpedia, we explored these issues in a three-part study, Who Runs the States.

This page takes a specific look at how Missouri performed in the study.

Background about the study

See also: Ballotpedia: Who Runs the States

Part One examines the partisanship of state government from 1992-2013. Part Two establishes a State Quality of Life Index (SQLI), aggregating a variety of existing state indices into one measurement. Part Three will overlay the two reports, looking for trends and correlations.

Part 1: Partisanship analysis

Missouri Governor

From 1992 to 2013, Missouri had Democratic governors in office for 17 years, including the last five, while there were Republican governors in office for five years.

Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

Missouri Senate

From 1992 to 2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Missouri State Senate for the first 9 years while the Republicans were the majority for the last 13 years.

Across the country, there were 544 Democratic and 517 Republican State Senates from 1992 to 2013.

Missouri House of Representatives

From 1992 to 2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Missouri House of Representatives for the first 11 years while the Republicans were the majority for the last 11 years.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican state houses of representatives from 1992 to 2013.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Missouri, the Missouri State Senate and the Missouri House of Representatives from 1992-2013.

Partisan composition of Missouri state government(1992-2013).PNG

Partisan control changes

There were five partisan control changes in Missouri during the study period. The average number of changes in the 50 states was four, putting Missouri slightly higher than the average.

Missouri legislature pie chart 1992-2013.png
Missouri government pie chart 1992-2013.png
Missouri gubernatorial pie chart 1992-2013.png

Part 2: State Quality of Life Index (SQLI)

Missouri’s average ranking over the course of the study period was 18.81, which puts it at 17 in the overall SQLI ranking.[1]

  • The year that Missouri had the highest ranking was 2000, in which it ranked 13th.
  • The years that Missouri had the lowest ranking were 1993 and 2008, in which it ranked 23rd.
  • The index type that Missouri had the highest ranking in was S&P Credit Rating, in which it ranked 1st.
  • The index type that Missouri had the lowest ranking in was America’s Health Rankings, in which it ranked 37th.
Missouri SQLI 1992-2012
Index 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
24/7 Wall St Best/Worst Governed States N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 24 20 25
America's Health Rankings 33 34 34 37 35 39 37 36 36 34 35 37 38 36 36 36 38 38 39 40 42
CAFR Debt/GDP N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 3 3 3 2 1 3 4 N/A
Chief Executive Magazine Best and Worst States for Business Survey N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 21 41 25 20 26 26 23 24
CNBC Top States for Business N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 25 24 14 17 16 27
Forbes Best States for Business N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 22 16 30 29 18 31 29
Govt. Employment Share Population 17 17 18 18 20 21 21 22 22 20 20 22 20 19 19 20 19 22 21 22 20
Graduation Rate 32 30 32 32 30 27 29 26 14 24 22 24 24 20 17 14 15 12 10 11 9
Personal Income Per Capita 26 26 25 27 27 27 28 31 31 30 29 29 30 31 29 31 30 31 30 30 31
Poverty Rate 34 36 39 8 9 25 14 26 17 21 16 22 30 25 27 32 32 37 29 31 N/A
Real GDP per capita 28 31 28 25 24 24 25 27 27 30 30 33 32 36 37 37 35 34 35 36 N/A
S&P Credit Rating N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
State Govt. Spending/GDP 6 6 5 3 3 5 10 11 9 12 15 14 12 12 16 13 12 14 15 15 N/A
State & local tax burden 16 17 18 23 21 21 24 25 19 22 22 22 21 23 22 19 20 17 17 N/A N/A
Tax Freedom Day N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 9
Unemployment Rate 12 22 15 17 20 18 20 11 14 25 20 23 38 38 35 39 34 33 31 29 19
Unfunded Pension Liabilities per capita N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 18 20 19 N/A
Voter Turnout 19 17 17 23 23 27 27 17 17 15 15 15 15 12 12 10 10 21 21 18 18
Well-Being Index N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 40 36 34 43 37

Part 3: Partisanship and SQLI Overlay

Missouri was one of eight states to demonstrate a dramatic partisan shift in the 22 years studied. A dramatic shift was defined by a movement of 40 percent or more toward one party over the course of the study period.

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Missouri state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Missouri had Democratic trifectas from 1993-2000 and Republican trifectas from 2005-2008. Of the 22 years studied, Missouri never finished in the top-10 or bottom-10. It received its highest ranking of 13th overall in 2000, the most recent year of a Democratic trifecta. Its lowest ranking of 23rd overall occurred in 1993 and 2008, both years of which had government trifectas. In 1993 it was a Democratic trifecta, and in 2008 it was a Republican trifecta.

  • SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: 18.75
  • SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 20.00
  • SQLI average with divided government: 18.33
Chart displaying the partisanship of Missouri government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

See also

Additional information

External links

Footnotes

  1. Note: The average rank is compiled by adding up all years of rankings and then dividing by 21 to obtain the average state ranking. This average figure is ranked relative to the rest of the 49 states to derive an overall SQLI ranking.