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Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Ohio

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Who Runs the States

Main Report Pages
Main PagePart 1Partisanship InfographicPart 2Part 3

Partisanship Results Report (Part 1)
Executive SummaryState Partisanship AnalysisPartisan Control of GovernorshipsPartisan Control of State LegislaturesPartisan Control of State SenatesPartisan Control of State HousesState Government TrifectasOverall Partisan Control: Bright, Medium and Soft StatesChanges of Partisan Domination over 22 yearsYear-to-Year Changes in State Partisan ControlTrifectas and Presidential Election PatternsConclusionMethodologyAppendix AAppendix B

State Quality of Life Index (SQLI) Report (Part 2)
Executive SummaryState Quality of Life Index (SQLI)About the IndexOverall RankingsDramatic Changes from 1st Half to 2nd HalfIndividual IndicatorsMethodologyAppendices

Partisanship and (SQLI) Overlay Report (Part 3)
IntroductionComparing Partisanship and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI) RankingsDescription of the dataTrends and correlationsMethodologyKey Values for Fifty-State RegressionsAppendices
Praise or blame is extended to political parties for the economic, educational, health and other quality of life outcomes that result from the policies those parties enact into law. To better understand which political party enjoys power in each of the states, Ballotpedia has analyzed state government control from 1992-2013 using the concept of a "partisan trifecta." A partisan trifecta is defined as when a state's governorship and legislative chambers are controlled by the same political party.

The two major political parties claim that their policies will lead to better outcomes. What does the data show?

At Ballotpedia, we explored these issues in a three-part study, Who Runs the States.

This page takes a specific look at how Ohio performed in the study.

Background about the study

See also: Ballotpedia: Who Runs the States

Part One examines the partisanship of state government from 1992-2013. Part Two establishes a State Quality of Life Index (SQLI), aggregating a variety of existing state indices into one measurement. Part Three will overlay the two reports, looking for trends and correlations.

Part 1: Partisanship analysis

Ohio Governor

From 1992 to 2013, Ohio had Democratic governors in office for four years while there were Republican governors in office for 18 years, including the last three. Ohio is one of eight states that were run by a Republican governor for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. Ohio was under Republican trifectas for the last three years of the study period.

Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

Ohio Senate

During every year from 1992 to 2013, the Republican Party was the majority in the Ohio State Senate. The Ohio State Senate is one of 13 state senates that was Republican for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013.

Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.

Ohio House of Representatives

From 1992 to 2013, the Republican Party was the majority in the Ohio State House of Representatives for 17 years while the Democrats were the majority for five years.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican state houses of representatives from 1992 to 2013.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Ohio, the Ohio State Senate and the Ohio House of Representatives from 1992-2013.

Partisan composition of Ohio state government(1992-2013).PNG

Partisan control changes

There were four partisan control changes in Ohio during the study period. The average number of changes in the 50 states was four, putting Ohio equal to the average.

Ohio legislature pie chart 1992-2013.png
Ohio government pie chart 1992-2013.png
Ohio gubernatorial pie chart 1992-2013.png

Part 2: State Quality of Life Index (SQLI)

Ohio’s average ranking over the course of the study period was 29.19, which puts it at 30 in the overall SQLI ranking.[1]

  • The year that Ohio had the highest ranking was 1997, in which it ranked 20th.
  • The years that Ohio had the lowest ranking were 2008-2010, when it ranked 38th.
  • The index type that Ohio had the highest ranking in was Government Employment Share of the Population, in which it ranked 10th.
  • The index type that Ohio had the lowest ranking in was the Well-being Index, in which it ranked 46th.
Ohio SQLI 1992-2012
Index 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
24/7 Wall St Best/Worst Governed States N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 31 24 30
America's Health Rankings 25 28 26 30 27 29 30 29 31 33 32 32 32 35 26 31 34 33 33 36 35
CAFR Debt/GDP N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 34 35 34 35 35 35 35 N/A
Chief Executive Magazine Best and Worst States for Business Survey N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 20 22 42 34 44 43 41 35
CNBC Top States for Business N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 30 30 29 34 23 25
Forbes Best States for Business N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 34 38 39 37 38 38 33
Govt. Employment Share Population 9 9 9 10 9 10 10 10 11 11 10 10 13 12 12 12 12 12 11 11 11
Graduation Rate 27 32 34 27 25 22 30 29 22 31 28 26 18 17 16 12 16 19 19 19 18
Personal Income Per Capita 21 21 21 21 23 21 22 22 24 27 25 26 29 29 30 34 34 33 31 31 30
Poverty Rate 24 23 31 23 33 19 26 30 22 26 14 24 25 30 32 32 34 26 31 30 N/A
Real GDP per capita 22 26 22 23 22 22 20 22 22 25 25 27 28 28 33 35 34 33 36 35 N/A
S&P Credit Rating N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 11 11 10 10 10 10 10 12 12 12 13 14
State Govt. Spending/GDP 26 27 26 21 21 21 22 24 25 24 28 29 33 34 38 38 35 35 37 37 N/A
State & local tax burden 32 30 31 34 37 34 34 36 40 42 42 42 42 44 41 39 38 32 31 N/A N/A
Tax Freedom Day N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 21
Unemployment Rate 33 31 29 20 23 24 23 28 28 22 30 37 42 43 45 46 42 39 36 30 25
Unfunded Pension Liabilities per capita N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 15 18 24 N/A
Voter Turnout 26 27 27 21 21 24 24 23 23 34 34 10 10 16 16 15 15 19 19 12 12
Well-Being Index N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 46 47 45 46 44

Part 3: Partisanship and SQLI Overlay

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Ohio state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Ohio had Republican trifectas during most of the years of the study, from 1995-2006 and from 2011-2013. The state's highest SQLI ranking, finishing 20th, occurred in 1997 during a Republican trifecta. Its lowest ranking, finishing 38th, occurred from 2008-2010 during a divided government.

Chart displaying the partisanship of Ohio government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

See also

Additional information

External links

Footnotes

  1. Note: The average rank is compiled by adding up all years of rankings and then dividing by 21 to obtain the average state ranking. This average figure is ranked relative to the rest of the 49 states to derive an overall SQLI ranking.