Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Oregon

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Who Runs the States

Main Report Pages
Main PagePart 1Partisanship InfographicPart 2Part 3

Partisanship Results Report (Part 1)
Executive SummaryState Partisanship AnalysisPartisan Control of GovernorshipsPartisan Control of State LegislaturesPartisan Control of State SenatesPartisan Control of State HousesState Government TrifectasOverall Partisan Control: Bright, Medium and Soft StatesChanges of Partisan Domination over 22 yearsYear-to-Year Changes in State Partisan ControlTrifectas and Presidential Election PatternsConclusionMethodologyAppendix AAppendix B

State Quality of Life Index (SQLI) Report (Part 2)
Executive SummaryState Quality of Life Index (SQLI)About the IndexOverall RankingsDramatic Changes from 1st Half to 2nd HalfIndividual IndicatorsMethodologyAppendices

Partisanship and (SQLI) Overlay Report (Part 3)
IntroductionComparing Partisanship and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI) RankingsDescription of the dataTrends and correlationsMethodologyKey Values for Fifty-State RegressionsAppendices
Praise or blame is extended to political parties for the economic, educational, health and other quality of life outcomes that result from the policies those parties enact into law. To better understand which political party enjoys power in each of the states, Ballotpedia has analyzed state government control from 1992-2013 using the concept of a "partisan trifecta." A partisan trifecta is defined as when a state's governorship and legislative chambers are controlled by the same political party.

The two major political parties claim that their policies will lead to better outcomes. What does the data show?

At Ballotpedia, we explored these issues in a three-part study, Who Runs the States.

This page takes a specific look at how Oregon performed in the study.

Background about the study

See also: Ballotpedia: Who Runs the States

Part One examines the partisanship of state government from 1992-2013. Part Two establishes a State Quality of Life Index (SQLI), aggregating a variety of existing state indices into one measurement. Part Three will overlay the two reports, looking for trends and correlations.

Part 1: Partisanship analysis

Oregon Governor

During every year from 1992 to 2013, there were Democratic governors in office for Oregon. Oregon is one of seven states that were run by a Democratic governor for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. Oregon was under a Democratic trifecta for the final year of the study.

Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

Oregon Senate

From 1992 to 2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Oregon State Senate for 12 years while the Republicans were the majority for eight years.

Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.

Oregon House of Representatives

From 1992 to 2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Oregon State House of Representatives for five years while the Republicans were the majority for 15 years. Oregon was under a Democratic trifecta for the final year of the study.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican state houses of representatives from 1992 to 2013.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Oregon, the Oregon State Senate and the Oregon House of Representatives from 1992-2013.

Partisan composition of Oregon state government(1992-2013).PNG

Partisan control changes

There were five partisan control changes in Oregon during the study period. The average number of changes in the 50 states was four, putting Oregon slightly higher than the average.

Oregon legislature pie chart 1992-2013.png
Oregon government pie chart 1992-2013.png
Oregon gubernatorial pie chart 1992-2013.png

Part 2: State Quality of Life Index (SQLI)

Oregon’s average ranking over the course of the study period was 32.38, which puts it at 36 in the overall SQLI ranking.[1]

  • The year that Oregon had the highest ranking was 2011, in which it ranked 18th.
  • The years that Oregon had the lowest ranking were 2003 and 2005, in which it ranked 39th.
  • The index type that Oregon had the highest ranking in was Voter Turnout, in which it ranked 3rd.
  • The index type that Oregon had the lowest ranking in was Unemployment Rate, in which it ranked 43rd.
Oregon SQLI 1992-2012
Index 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
24/7 Wall St Best/Worst Governed States N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 27 31 17
America's Health Rankings 22 21 20 20 19 21 20 18 17 19 18 19 22 20 24 21 18 13 14 8 13
CAFR Debt/GDP N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 34 33 37 33 33 31 29 N/A
Chief Executive Magazine Best and Worst States for Business Survey N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 39 42 41 27 24 38 33 42
CNBC Top States for Business N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 23 20 18 23 27 18
Forbes Best States for Business N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 31 28 16 10 6 9 14
Govt. Employment Share Population 31 30 27 29 31 30 30 32 31 30 30 26 27 27 27 27 29 29 28 26 26
Graduation Rate 33 35 31 34 31 33 34 33 35 34 33 34 38 37 35 31 34 33 34 24 27
Personal Income Per Capita 27 24 24 22 22 22 24 25 23 28 26 27 27 28 26 28 32 32 32 33 33
Poverty Rate 17 19 24 21 23 24 40 35 31 31 23 30 29 27 30 32 16 27 26 26 N/A
Real GDP per capita 36 34 35 33 21 36 35 37 34 36 33 34 26 26 19 18 17 21 10 9 N/A
S&P Credit Rating N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 22 21 36 36 40 41 21 24 26 26 13 14
State Govt. Spending/GDP 30 36 31 38 37 36 39 38 38 37 37 36 31 32 28 24 26 28 29 28 N/A
State & local tax burden 44 45 45 41 35 39 32 33 37 29 29 33 36 31 32 32 24 28 35 N/A N/A
Tax Freedom Day N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 26
Unemployment Rate 31 33 25 20 38 42 44 47 47 50 50 50 49 45 43 42 41 46 43 40 40
Unfunded Pension Liabilities per capita N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 14 13 9 N/A
Voter Turnout 7 5 5 7 7 10 10 5 5 4 4 4 4 7 7 9 9 5 5 15 15
Well-Being Index N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 18 26 28 20 22

Part 3: Partisanship and SQLI Overlay

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Oregon state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Oregon had Democratic trifectas from 2007-2010 and again in 2013. The state's lowest SQLI ranking, finishing 39th, occurred in 2005. Its highest ranking, finishing 18th, occurred in 2011. Both occurred when the government was divided.

Chart displaying the partisanship of the Oregon government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

See also

Additional information

External links

Footnotes

  1. Note: The average rank is compiled by adding up all years of rankings and then dividing by 21 to obtain the average state ranking. This average figure is ranked relative to the rest of the 49 states to derive an overall SQLI ranking.