|U.S. House, Texas, District 16|
|January 3, 2013-Present|
|January 3, 2017|
|Years in position||2|
|Predecessor||Silvestre Reyes (D)|
|Elections and appointments|
|Last election||November 4, 2014|
|Cost per vote||$6.10 in 2012|
|First elected||November 6, 2012|
|Next general||November 8, 2016|
|El Paso City Council|
|Date of birth||September 26, 1972|
|Place of birth||El Paso, Texas|
|Profession||Small Business Owner|
|Net worth||(2012) $7,568,536|
- 1 Biography
- 2 Career
- 3 Committee assignments
- 4 Key votes
- 4.1 113th Congress
- 4.2 National security
- 4.3 Economy
- 4.4 Immigration
- 4.5 Healthcare
- 4.6 Social issues
- 5 Issues
- 6 Elections
- 7 Campaign donors
- 8 Personal Gain Index
- 9 Analysis
- 10 Personal
- 11 Recent news
- 12 See also
- 13 External links
- 14 References
O’Rourke is barred from becoming a member of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus, despite representing a congressional district that borders Mexico and is predominantly Hispanic. In July 2013 reports circulated that O’Rourke is ineligible to join the caucus because he lacks Hispanic heritage.
O’Rourke won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He ran unopposed in the Democratic primary on March 4, 2014. He defeated Corey Roen (R) and Jaime Perez (L) in the general election on November 4, 2014.
Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, O'Rourke is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.
O'Rourke grew up in El Paso. He graduated from Columbia University in 1995 with a degree in English. After he graduated, he got a job with a Manhattan web technology company. After three years, he returned to El Paso and co-founded Stanton Street Technology, an internet services and software company, in 1999.
- 2005-2011: El Paso City Council
- 1999-present: Owner, Stanton Street Technology Group
- 2013-present: U.S. House of Representatives from Texas
O'Rourke served on the following committees:
- Committee on Homeland Security
- Subcommittee on Border, Maritime Security
- Subcommittee on Oversight and Management Efficiency
- Committee on Veterans' Affairs
- Subcommittee on Disability Assistance and Memorial Affairs
- Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations
The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 114 out of the 3,036 introduced bills (3.8 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session. For more information pertaining to O'Rourke's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.
- See also: Bowe Bergdahl exchange
On September 9, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 644, a resolution condemning President Barack Obama's act of exchanging five Guantanamo Bay prisoners for Sgt. Bowe Bergdahl. The House voted 249-163 for resolution, with all Republicans and 22 Democrats supporting the bill. Fourteen Democrats and five Republicans did not vote on the resolution, while all other Democrats opposed its passage. O'Rourke dissented from the majority of the Democratic party and voted in favor of the bill.
O'Rourke voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.
O'Rourke voted against HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.
O'Rourke voted against HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.
On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, known as the Farm Bill. The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill provides for the reform and continuation of agricultural and other programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop. However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states. O'Rourke voted with 102 other Democratic representatives against the bill.
On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014. The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill. The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations. It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. O'Rourke joined with the majority of the Democratic party and voted in favor of the bill.
- See also: United States budget debate, 2013
On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201. At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference. O'Rourke voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.
The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies. The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. O'Rourke voted for HR 2775.
In a statement released October 1, 2013, O'Rourke said, “As long as the shut-down continues, I will not accept my pay. I will be donating my entire pay for the length of the government closure to veterans’ service organizations (VSOs) in El Paso." He added that "In order to continue to serve El Paso, my offices will remain open, but at a reduced capacity. I will continue to use my Facebook page to keep you posted.”
Federal Pay Adjustment Act
O'Rourke voted against HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill called for a stop to a 0.5 percent pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.
Morton Memos Prohibition
O'Rourke voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.
Healthcare Reform Rules
O'Rourke voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.
O'Rourke voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.
On The Issues Vote Match
- See also: On The Issues Vote Match
On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, O'Rourke is a Moderate Liberal. O'Rourke received a score of 64 percent on social issues and 35 percent on economic issues.
The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.
|On The Issues Vote Quiz|
|Economic Issues||Social Issues|
|Legally require hiring women & minorities||Strongly Favors||Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right||Strongly Favors|
|Expand ObamaCare||Strongly Favors||Comfortable with same-sex marriage||Strongly Favors|
|Vouchers for school choice||Opposes||Keep God in the public sphere||Opposes|
|Absolute right to gun ownership||Unknown||Human needs over animal rights||Strongly Opposes|
|Higher taxes on the wealthy||Unknown||Stricter punishment reduces crime||Unknown|
|Support & expand free trade||Favors||Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens||Favors|
|Stricter limits on political campaign funds||Strongly Favors||Maintain US sovereignty from UN||Unknown|
|Prioritize green energy||Unknown||Expand the military||Strongly Opposes|
|Stimulus better than market-led recovery||Neutral||Stay out of Iran||Unknown|
|Privatize Social Security||Strongly Opposes||Never legalize marijuana||Opposes|
|Note: Information last updated: 2014.|
American response in Syria
- See also: United States involvement in Syria
Rep. Scott Rigell wrote in the letter in August 2013, “engaging our military in Syria when no direct threat to the United States exists and without prior congressional authorization would violate the separation of powers that is clearly delineated in the Constitution.”
The members of Congress believed that Obama should have asked Congress for permission before engaging in Libya. The letter asked, “If the use of 221 Tomahawk cruise missles, [sic] 704 Joint Direct Attack Munitions, and 42 Predator Hellfire missiles expended in Libya does not constitute ‘hostilities,’ what does?”
The letter stated, “If you deem that military action in Syria is necessary, Congress can reconvene at your request. We stand ready to come back into session, consider the facts before us, and share the burden of decisions made regarding U.S. involvement in the quickly escalating Syrian conflict."
On August 29, 2013, more than 50 House Democrats signed a letter written by California Rep. Barbara Lee that called for a congressional resolution on strikes, and cautioned that the dire situation in Syria "should not draw us into an unwise war—especially without adhering to our constitutional requirements." The letter also called on the Obama administration to work with the U.N. Security Council “to build international consensus” condemning the alleged use of chemical weapons. O'Rourke was one of the 50 Democrats in the House to sign the letter.
Exclusion from the Congressional Hispanic Caucus
O’Rourke is barred from becoming a member of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus, despite representing a congressional district that borders Mexico and is predominantly Hispanic. In July 2013, reports circulated that O’Rourke is ineligible to join the caucus because he lacks Hispanic heritage.
- See also: United States Farm Bill 2013
In June 2013, more than two dozen House Democrats, including O'Rourke, took part in a SNAP challenge, feeding themselves for a week on the average benefit level of a SNAP recipient. Participants agreed to eat all meals from a limited food budget comparable to that of a SNAP participant, approximately $1.50 per meal, or $4.50 a day.
O'Rourke's campaign website listed the following issues:
- End Corruption
- Excerpt: "The corruption that plagues our community has to stop, but we need reform and new leadership, especially in D.C. where members of Congress use our tax dollars to get re-elected. I will sponsor a bill to set term limits for representatives, so that they focus on getting the job done instead of the special interests that keep them in office."
- True Democrat
- Excerpt: "Instead of focusing on issues that are important to El Pasoans like the economy, jobs and ensuring that our community is well-represented in D.C., the incumbent has chosen to ask if I am a Democrat. Although I put community and country before party and partisan politics, I think my track record shows that I represent the best aspects of the Democratic Party."
- Congressional Reform
- Excerpt: "Each year the same people in Congress make the same self-serving decisions that leave us unprepared to revive a depressed economy, reverse a growing debt burden and renew America's leadership in the 21st century. The country is fed up. Congress' approval rating is now at 9%. So why does Congress have a re-election rate that rivals that of a Middle East dictator (93% over the last 5 years), despite having the lowest approval rating in history?"
- Healthcare Reform
- Excerpt: "While these are important issues to address, the act fails to address problems that are specific to El Paso and the border. As your congressman I will work to make sure that future legislation that carries out the provisions of the PPACA will help, and not hurt, El Paso."
- Reyes Works?
- Excerpt: "You may have seen the billboards reading "Reyes Works," here are the facts: Reyes has one of the worst voting and attendance records in Congress."
- Jobs and the Economy
- Excerpt: "There is greater economic opportunity in this region than in almost any other part of Americas right now. Whether it's our enviable position as the world's largest bi-national metroplex, having the country's largest military installation at Ft. Bliss or the country's newest four-year medical school as the anchor for the Medical Center of the Americas, there is abundant opportunity here."
- Veterans Affairs
- Excerpt: "Our veterans have honorably served our nation. It's time that our nation return the commitment and ensure that they are treated fairly, with dignity and respect. Unfortunately, as far too many veterans in El Paso have shared with me, they do not have the support they are owed."
- Excerpt: "Investment in education is key to the economic vitality of the nation and the region. As we move away from becoming a manufacturing nation, most jobs will come from a highly skilled labor force. Currently, the U.S. must hire 227,000 scientists and engineers from abroad to keep up with the demand in the U.S. economy."
- Fort Bliss
- Excerpt: "From the time of General John Pershing to the stewardship provided today by Major General Pittard, El Paso has been fortunate to have a strong relationship with Ft. Bliss. I will work to ensure that relationship produces more jobs and economic activity for local businesses in the future."
- Term Limits
- Excerpt: "Unfortunately, most house members are career politicians who are more concerned with the next election cycle than in making these tough decisions. They put personal considerations, party loyalty and payback to lobbyists and big donors before principle. "
O'Rourke won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He won the Democratic nomination in the primary election on March 4, 2014, with no opposition. He defeated Corey Roen (R) and Jaime Perez (L) in the general election on November 4, 2014.
|U.S. House, Texas District 16 General Election, 2014|
|Democratic||Beto O'Rourke Incumbent||67.5%||49,338|
|Source: Texas Secretary of State|
O'Rourke won election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing Texas' 16th District. He defeated incumbent Silvestre Reyes, Ben Mendoza and Jerome Tilghman in the Democratic primary on May 29, 2012. He then defeated Barbara Carrasco (R) and Junart Sodoy (L) in the general election on November 6, 2012.
According to Politico, Beto O'Rourke presented Reyes' first real primary threat since the incumbent was elected. O'Rourke portrayed Reyes as unresponsive and entrenched; the challenger also raised significant funding and stands to receive support from the Campaign for Primary Accountability. Reyes responded by gathering endorsements from Barack Obama and Bill Clinton, as well as pointing out O'Rourke's support of marijuana legalization.
|U.S. House, Texas District 16 General Election, 2012|
|Source: Texas Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"|
|U.S. House, Texas District 16 Democratic Primary, 2012|
|Silvestre Reyes Incumbent||44.3%||20,440|
|Paul Johnson, Jr.||0.9%||419|
O'Rourke's opponent, incumbent Silvestre Reyes was targeted by the Super PAC Campaign for Primary Accountability in the 16th District Democratic primary. The PAC targeted Reyes, because he served for a long time, his constituents were dissatisfied and there was a capable challenger.
A Reyes spokesperson criticized the Campaign for Primary Accountability's implicit support of primary Reyes challenger O'Rourke, pointing out that Republican House Majority Leader Eric Cantor had contributed to the PAC for its efforts in a Republican primary in Illinois. The Huffington Post reported that O'Rourke responded by distancing himself from Cantor and saying he was unfamiliar with the House Majority Leader's politics, but that "if he is emblematic about Republican ideology," O'Rourke would rarely agree with Cantor.
The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events O'Rourke attends.
Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.
Comprehensive donor history
Comprehensive donor information for O'Rourke is available dating back to 2012. Based on available campaign finance records, O'Rourke raised a total of $1,188,901 during that time period. This information was last updated on January 27, 2015.
|Beto O'Rourke's Campaign Contribution History|
|2014||US House (Texas, District 16)||$503,240|
|2012||US House (Texas, District 16)||$685,661|
|Grand Total Raised||$1,188,901|
|Beto O'Rourke (2014) Campaign Finance Reports|
|Report||Date Filed||Beginning Balance||Total Contributions|
for Reporting Period
|Expenditures||Cash on Hand|
|April Quarterly||April 15, 2013||$66,920.12||$116,506.56||$(38,346.24)||$145,080.44|
|July Quarterly||July 15, 2013||$145,080.44||$102,846.00||$(30,746.58)||$217,179.86|
|October Quarterly||October 15, 2013||$217,179.86||$113,580.00||$(26,548.28)||$304,211.58|
|Year-End||January 31, 2014||$304,211||$18,209||$(36,133)||$286,287|
|Pre-Primary||February 20, 2014||$286,287||$14,285||$(5,636)||$294,935|
|April Quarterly||April 15, 2014||$294,935||$16,920||$(9,492)||$302,363|
|July Quarterly||July 15, 2014||$302,363||$8,678||$(44,208)||$266,832|
|October Quarterly||October 16, 2014||$266,832||$25,607||$(52,727)||$239,712|
O'Rourke won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, O'Rourke's campaign committee raised a total of $685,661 and spent $618,526. This is less than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.
Cost per vote
O'Rourke spent $6.10 per vote received in 2012.
|U.S. House, Texas District 16, 2012 - Beto O'Rourke Campaign Contributions|
|Total Raised by Election Runner-up||$132,479|
|Total Spent by Election Runner-up||$132,575|
|Top contributors to Beto O'Rourke's campaign committee|
|Hoy Fox Automotive||$7,000|
|Alameda Thrifty Pharmacy||$6,650|
|Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee|
To view the breakdown of campaign funding by type click [show] to expand the section.
Personal Gain Index
- See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)
- See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)
The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:
- Changes in Net Worth
- The Donation Concentration Metric
- The K-Street Metric
- The Stock Oversight and Trades Metric
PGI: Change in net worth
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, O'Rourke's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $-1,392,926 and $16,529,998. That averages to $7,568,536, which is higher than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. O'Rourke ranked as the 51st most wealthy representative in 2012. Between 2011 and 2012, O'Rourke's calculated net worth increased by an average of 11 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.
|Beto O'Rourke Yearly Net Worth|
|Year||Average Net Worth|
|Growth from 2011 to 2012:||11%|
|Average annual growth:||11%|
|Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.|
PGI: Donation Concentration Metric
Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). O'Rourke received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Real Estate industry.
From 2011-2014, 22.55 percent of O'Rourke's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.
|Beto O'Rourke Campaign Contributions|
|Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee|
|Building Trade Unions||$39,500|
|% total in top industry||9.2%|
|% total in top two industries||13.07%|
|% total in top five industries||22.55%|
Ideology and leadership
The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.
O'Rourke most often votes with:
O'Rourke least often votes with:
Lifetime voting record
According to the website GovTrack, O'Rourke missed 2 of 1,072 roll call votes from January 2013 to July 2014. This amounts to 0.2 percent, which is better than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.
National Journal vote ratings
- See also: National Journal vote ratings
Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.
O'Rourke ranked 54th in the liberal rankings in 2013.
Voting with party
The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.
O'Rourke voted with the Democratic Party 93.8 percent of the time, which ranked 77th among the 204 House Democratic members as of July 2014.
O'Rourke voted with the Democratic Party 96.2 percent of the time, which ranked 63rd among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.
O'Rourke lives in Sunset Heights with his wife, Amy Sanders, and their three children.
This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Beto + O'Rourke + Texas + Congress
- All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.
- United States House of Representatives
- United States congressional delegations from Texas
- Texas' 16th Congressional District elections, 2014
- Texas' 16th Congressional District
- Social media:
- Political profiles:
- Financial (federal level):
- Interest group ratings:
- Issue positions:
- Public statements:
- Voting record:
- Media appearances:
- Media coverage:
- El Paso Times, "Beto O'Rourke to challenge Reyes for Congress," September 1, 2011
- Newspaper Tree, "Congressional Hispanic Caucus continues to exclude El Paso congressman," accessed October 2, 2013
- The Huffington Post, "Election 2014," November 4, 2014
- National Journal, "Texas, 16th House District: Beto O'Rourke (D)," November 7, 2012
- CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
- The Hill, "House votes to condemn administration over Taliban prisoner swap," September 9, 2014
- U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 485," accessed September 10, 2014
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
- Politico, "House clears Farm Bill," accessed February 12, 2014
- New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled Farm Bill, with clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
- CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
- U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
- Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
- Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
- Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
- Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
- The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
- U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
- Washington Post, "Which lawmakers will refuse their pay during the shutdown?," accessed October 2, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- On The Issues, "Beto O'Rourke Vote Match," accessed June 18, 2014
- The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
- Yahoo, "65 Lawmakers Ask Obama to Consult on Syria," accessed August 28, 2013
- Politico, "33 lawmakers: Congress must approve Syria action," accessed August 28, 2013
- Washington Post, "More than 50 House Democrats also want Syria strike resolution," accessed September 2, 2013
- Newspaper Tree, "Congressional Hispanic Caucus continues to exclude El Paso congressman," accessed October 2, 2013
- U.S. House.gov, "Full Member List of Congressional Snap Challenge," accessed September 25, 2013 (dead link)
- Feeding America, "Taking the SNAP Challenge," accessed September 25, 2013
- Campaign website, "Home," accessed June 30, 2012
- Texas GOP, "Republican candidate list," accessed May 10, 2012
- Texas Secretary of State, "Unofficial Republican primary results," May 29, 2012 (timed out)
- Politico, "5 incumbents facing primary fight," May 3, 2012
- Houston Chronicle blog, "Houston-based super PAC targeting more Texas incumbents," April 8, 2012
- Huffington Post, "Eric Cantor Chaos: Campaign For Primary Accountability Donation Becomes Texas Democratic Issue," April 11, 2012
- Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Beto O'Rourke," accessed January 27, 2015
- Federal Election Commission, "Beto O'Rourke Summary Report," accessed July 24, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Beto O'Rourke April Quarterly," accessed July 24, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Beto O'Rourke July Quarterly," accessed July 24, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Beto O'Rourke October Quarterly," accessed October 22, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Beto O'Rourke Year-End," accessed February 6, 2014
- Federal Election Commission, "Beto O'Rourke Pre-Primary," accessed April 20, 2014
- Federal Election Commission, "Beto O'Rourke April Quarterly," accessed April 20, 2014
- Federal Election Commission, "Beto O'Rourke July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2014
- Federal Election Commission, "Beto O'Rourke October Quarterly," accessed October 20, 2014
- Open Secrets, "Beto O'Rourke 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 5, 2013
- Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
- OpenSecrets, "Beto O'Rourke (D-Texas), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
- This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
- This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
- This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
- This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
- OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Beto O'Rourke," accessed September 23, 2014
- GovTrack, "Beto O'Rourke," accessed June 4, 2013
- OpenCongress, "Beto O'Rourke," accessed July 18, 2014
- GovTrack, "Beto O'Rourke," accessed July 21, 2014
- National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 18, 2014
- OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
- OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
|U.S. House of Representatives - Texas District 16
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