Brad Wenstrup

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Brad Wenstrup
Brad Wenstrup.jpg
U.S. House, Ohio, District 2
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 2013-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 1
PartyRepublican
PredecessorJean Schmidt (R)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$4.60 in 2012
First electedNovember 6, 2012
Campaign $$998,233
Term limitsN/A
Education
High schoolSt. Xavier High School
Bachelor'sUniversity of Cincinnati
OtherWilliam M. Scholl College of Podiatric Medicine (DPM)
Military service
Service/branchU.S. Army Reserve Medical Corps
Years of service1998 - 2011
Personal
BirthdayJune 17, 1958
Place of birthCincinnati, Ohio
ProfessionDoctor
Net worth$2,413,521
ReligionCatholic
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Brad Wenstrup campaign logo
Brad Wenstrup (b. June 17, 1958, in Cincinnati, OH) is a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives from the state of Ohio. Wenstrup represents Ohio's 2nd Congressional District and was first elected in 2012. Wenstrup successfully ran for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He defeated Marek Tyszkiewicz (D) in the general election on November 4, 2014.[1]

Wenstrup serves as a Lieutenant Colonel in the Army Reserve. He served as a combat surgeon in Iraq in 2005 as part of the U.S. Army Reserve Medical Corps.[2]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Wenstrup is one of the most reliable Republican votes, meaning he can be considered a safe vote for the Republican Party in Congress.

Biography

After earning a Doctor of Podiatric Medicine, Wenstrup established a private practice in the Cincinnati area. In 1998, he accepted an officer's commission in the U.S. Army Reserve Medical Corps. He deployed for a year of active duty in Iraq in 2005, where he served as a combat surgeon. Wenstrup continues to serve in the Army Reserve as a Lieutenant Colonel.[2]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Wenstrup's academic, professional and political career:[3]

  • 1999-Present: Physician, Wellington Orthopaedic & Sports Medicine
  • 1998-2011: Army Reserve Officer
  • 2005-2006: Combat surgeon, Iraq
  • 1986-1999: Private practice doctor
  • 1980-1985: Attended William M. Scholl College of Podiatric Medicine, earned a B.S. & D.P.M.
  • 1976-1980: Attended University of Cincinnati, earned a B.A.

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Wenstrup serves on the following committees:[4]

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[5] For more information pertaining to Wenstrup's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[6]

National security

NDAA

Yea3.png Wenstrup voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[7]

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Wenstrup voted for HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[8]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Wenstrup voted for HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[9]

Economy

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[10] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[11] Wenstrup voted in favor of the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[12]

Nay3.pngThe shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[13] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Wenstrup voted against HR 2775.[14]

Wenstrup donated his shutdown earnings to the Wounded Warrior Project and Cincinnati’s Freestore Foodbank.

“I can't accept a salary while veterans and government employees are left empty-handed. It’s not appropriate and it’s not fair," he said in a statement.[15]

Federal Pay Adjustment Act

Yea3.png Wenstrup voted for HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill called for a stop to a 0.5 percent pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.[16]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Yea3.png Wenstrup voted for House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[17] The vote largely followed party lines.[18]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Yea3.png Wenstrup voted for House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[19]

Social issues

Abortion

Yea3.png Wenstrup voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[20]

Government affairs

HR 676

See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

Yea3.png On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five Republicans--Thomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas-- voted with Democrats against the lawsuit.[21] Wenstrup joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.[22][23]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Brad Wenstrup's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Wenstrup is a Libertarian-Leaning Conservative. Wenstrup received a score of 31 percent on social issues and 79 percent on economic issues.[24]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[25]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Opposes Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Favors Keep God in the public sphere Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Unknown
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Unknown
Support & expand free trade Strongly Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Unknown
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Unknown Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Strongly Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Opposes Stay out of Iran Opposes
Privatize Social Security Unknown Never legalize marijuana Unknown
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[24]

Campaign themes

2014

The following issues were listed on Wenstrup's campaign website:[26]

  • Jobs and the Economy: "People in Southwest Ohio have been hard hit by the economic crisis. They need help. They need more jobs. And that starts with this simple notion — government needs to stay out of the way of small businesses instead of strangling these job creators with over-regulation. The people who live here want to work – they are willing and able. They want leaders who will advance policies that will attract more businesses – and the jobs that come with them – to Southwest Ohio. Brad has fought to cut burdensome government regulations and help small business owners regain the freedom they need to create jobs. He also worked to pass the “No Budget, No Pay” act, which ensures that Members of Congress won’t be paid if they don’t do their job and pass a budget."
  • National Security and National Defense: "Killing Bin Laden was a significant benchmark in the War on Terror, but it wasn’t the conclusion. When serving as a Combat Surgeon with the U.S. Army in Iraq, Brad saw the effects of violent anti-American activism first hand. Whether it’s Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, or other places around the world – there are still far too many havens for terrorists who want to kill Americans. Starting with securing our borders, and continuing with a strong, able, and ready military, Brad believes that we must remain active and vigilant to ensure our nation remains safe and free."
  • Gun Rights: "Brad is a proud gun owner, and Life Member of the NRA. Like so many other Ohioans, he's frustrated that our constitutional right to keep and bear arms continues to be under attack by liberals. Unfortunately, even recent U.S. Supreme Court decisions reaffirming that the Second Amendment guarantees the individual’s right to keep and bear arms were close votes. And President Obama is working overtime to limit the ability of law-abiding citizens to have guns. That’s why we must be vigilant to ensure that Congress and the courts don’t encroach upon our gun rights."
  • Good Government and Leadership: "Some people's views of Congress have never been worse. They're simply fed up with partisan bickering, ethics violations and politicians who refuse to lead. As an Army Officer, Brad knew how to lead, and he's proven it by not going to Washington and fading into the background – He has stood up and spoken out. Instead of becoming one of "them" in Washington, Brad has fought hard to ensure that Congress represents 'us.'"
  • Pro-Life: "Brad is pro-life and believes that life begins at conception. He's a supporter of organizations that support life such as Family First and Right to Life. Brad also strongly supports efforts to repeal Obamacare and halt its expansion of public funding for abortion. He'll compassionately support a culture of life in America and around the world. "

[27]

—Brad Wenstrup, Campaign website

2012

On his campaign website, Wenstrup listed six issues that were his top priorities:[28]

  • Jobs and the Economy: Wenstrup said that people in Ohio's 2nd District were struggling and needed more jobs, but government intervention and regulation prevented job creation. He said that government strangled small businesses.
Excerpt: "The people who live here want to work – they are willing and able. They want leaders who will advance policies that will attract more businesses – and the jobs that come with them – to Southwest Ohio."
  • National Security: Wenstrup, who was a Combat Surgeon in Iraq, applauded the killing of Osama Bin Laden. He advocated remaining active in combating terrorism to keep the U.S. safe. Wenstrup also supported securing the borders.
Excerpt: "Whether it’s Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, or other places around the world – there are still far too many havens for terrorists who want to kill Americans. Starting with securing our borders and continuing with increased emphasis on intelligence gathering and expanded use of Special Forces teams like Navy SEALs and Army Green Berets, we must remain active and vigilant to ensure our nation remains safe and free."
  • Gun Rights: Wenstrup referred to himself as a proud gun owner who promised to work to ensure the right for law-abiding citizens to have guns. Wenstrup also said he would be vigilant in ensuring that Congress and the courts did not infringe on gun rights.
Excerpt: "Like so many other Ohioans, I’m frustrated that our constitutional right to keep and bear arms continues to be under attack by liberals and anti-gun zealots. Unfortunately, even the recent U.S. Supreme Court decision reaffirming that the Second Amendment guarantees the individual’s right to keep and bear arms was upheld only by a single vote."
  • Good Government: Citing Congress' record-low approval rating and frustration over partisan fighting and ethics violations, Wenstrup said he would lead in Washington.
Excerpt: "And I won’t go to Washington and fade into the background – I’ll stand up and speak out. It’s time we elected leaders with courage to face our problems. Too many people we elect go to Washington and become one of “them.” If you send me to Washington, I’ll remind them that they are one of 'us.'"
  • Abortion: During his 2012 campaign, Wenstrup said he believed that life began at conception, which was why he held a strongly pro-life stance. He supported Family First and Right to Life. Wenstrup also promised to fight federal funding for abortion.
Excerpt: "One of the dangers inherent in Obamacare is that federal funding for abortion will be codified. In Congress, I’ll support efforts to ensure that doesn’t happen. Further, I’ll work to make sure our nation isn’t supporting a culture of abortion around the world by rejecting funding for the UN’s controversial Population Fund."
  • Healthcare: Wenstrup opposed President Obama's health care bill. He believed the bill would hurt patients and doctors and promised to fight to repeal it in Congress.
Excerpt: "We must all work to repeal ObamaCare and replace it with patient-centered solutions such as the ability to keep insurance between jobs and states. We need to encourage more Health Savings Accounts for routine office visits and minor medical expenses. And we must adopt additional lawsuit abuse reform to make sure good doctors can afford to treat patients."

Campaign attacks

In February 2012, Wenstrup's campaign spokesperson, Brian Shrive, accused Jean Schmidt, the Republican incumbent whom Wenstrup challenged in the 2012 primary, of using campaign funds to pay off attorney fees from her legal battles against Democratic challenger David Krikorian. Shrive pointed to a line in Schmidt's finance report showing the congresswoman repaid herself $20,000 from a campaign loan in 2005, then around the same time, used funds from her personal bank account to pay more than $40,000 in legal debt.

Schmidt's spokesperson, Barrett Brunsman, responded, calling the charge "innuendo and lies." Brunsman then accused Wenstrup of working with Krikorian, noting that the Democrat's attorney, Christopher Finney, held a fundraiser for Wenstrup[29]

Wenstrup also questioned Schmidt's trustworthiness and cited Schmidt's past ethics controversies to suggest the congresswoman had lost the support of her constituents. In a meeting with the Cincinnati Enquirer editorial board, Wenstrup pointed to an instance when Schmidt unknowingly allowed the Turkish American Coalition to pay her legal fees. Wenstrup asked, "How can [Schmidt] sit on a foreign affairs committee when she owes $500,000 to a special interest group?" Schmidt's spokesperson responded saying, "Voters know Jean Schmidt well, and she has earned their trust by focusing on actual issues."[30]

Elections

2014

See also: Ohio's 2nd Congressional District elections, 2014

Wenstrup ran for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He ran unopposed in the primary election on May 6, 2014. He defeated Marek Tyszkiewicz (D) in the general election.[1] The general election took place November 4, 2014.

U.S. House, Ohio District 2 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngBrad Wenstrup Incumbent 66.1% 130,479
     Democratic Marek Tyszkiewicz 33.9% 66,933
Total Votes 197,412
Source: Ohio Secretary of State Vote totals above are unofficial and will be updated once official totals are made available.

2012

See also: Ohio's 2nd Congressional District elections, 2012

Wenstrup won the election to the U.S. House, representing Ohio's 2nd District. Wenstrup defeated incumbent Rep. Jean Schmidt, businessman Tony Brush, businessman Joe Green and Air Force veteran Fred Kundrata in the primary on March 6, 2012. He went on to defeat William R. Smith (D) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[31][32]

The Washington Post listed the House of Representatives elections in Ohio in 2012 as one of the 10 states that could have determined whether Democrats retook the House or Republicans held their majority in 2013.[33] Ohio tied with Pennsylvania for ninth on the list.[33]

U.S. House, Ohio District 2 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic William R. Smith 41.4% 137,077
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngBrad Wenstrup 58.6% 194,296
Total Votes 331,373
Source: Ohio Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, Ohio's 2nd Congressional District Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngBrad Wenstrup 48.7% 42,482
Jean Schmidt Incumbent 42.9% 37,383
Fred Kundrata 3.4% 2,999
Tony Brush 4.9% 4,275
Joe Green 0% 29
Total Votes 87,168

Ads

In February 2012, Wenstrup released his first radio ad. In it, he attacked Schmidt for being too close to President Barack Obama.

Endorsements

Wenstrup received endorsements from the following:

  • Ohio Veterans United[34]
  • Combat Veterans for Congress PAC[35]
  • Anderson Tea Party[36]
  • Clermont Liberty PAC[37]
  • Ohio Liberty Council[38]

2009

In 2009, Wenstrup ran for Mayor of Cincinnati, challenging incumbent Mayor Mark Mallory (D). Wenstrup lost in the general election, however, with 46 percent of the vote.[39]

Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Wenstrup attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Wenstrup is available dating back to 2012. Based on available campaign finance records, Wenstrup raised a total of $998,233 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 25, 2013.[40]

Brad Wenstrup's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House of Representatives (Ohio District 2) Won $998,233
Grand Total Raised $998,233


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2014

Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Wenstrup’s reports.[41]

Brad Wenstrup (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[42]April 15, 2013$105,242.77$70,922.03$(72,106.61)$104,058.19
July Quarterly[43]July 15, 2013$104,058.19$175,127.98$(97,951.66)$181,234.51
October Quarterly[44]October 14, 2013$181,234.51$151,507.88$(72,070.00)$260,672.39
Year-End Quarterly[45]December 31, 2013$260,672.00$98,989.00$(68,051.00)$290,109.00
April Quarterly[46]April 15, 2014$290,109.51$97,559.00$(89,975.97)$297,692.54
Pre-Primary[47]April 24, 2014$297,692.54$20,770.00$(5,238.390)$313,224.15
July Quarterly[48]July 15, 2014$313,224.15$196,998.12$(43,404.66)$466,817.61
October Quarterly[49]October 15, 2014$466,817.61$179,980.56$(331,077.19)$315,720.98
Pre-General[50]October 23, 2014$315,720.98$24,598.73$(25,218.30)$315,101.41
Running totals
$1,016,453.3$(805,093.78)

2012

Wenstrup won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Wenstrup's campaign committee raised a total of $998,233 and spent $892,990.[51]

Cost per vote

Wenstrup spent $4.60 per vote received in 2012.


According to FindTheData, in the fourth quarter of 2011, Wenstrup raised $151,290. By the end of 2011, his campaign had spent $68,885, and he started 2012 with $97,404 cash on hand. About 98 percent, or $148,790, of the money Wenstrup raised came from individual contributions.[52]

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Wenstrup's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $1,411,042 to $3,416,000. That averages to $2,413,521, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican House members in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Wenstrup ranked as the 131st most wealthy representative in 2012.[53] Between 2011 and 2012, Wenstrup's calculated net worth[54] decreased by an average of 22 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[55]

Brad Wenstrup Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2011$3,114,188
2012$2,413,521
Growth from 2011 to 2012:-22%
Average annual growth:-22%[56]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[57]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Wenstrup received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Health Professionals industry.

From 2011-2014, 29.19 percent of Wenstrup's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[58]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Brad Wenstrup Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $1,810,031
Total Spent $1,343,213
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Health Professionals$204,385
Insurance$88,000
Retired$86,900
Misc Manufacturing & Distributing$81,305
Real Estate$67,700
% total in top industry11.29%
% total in top two industries16.15%
% total in top five industries29.19%

Media

2012

  • In February 2012, Wenstrup did an interview with WLWT News Channel 5.

Wenstrup media interview (February 24, 2012).

Analysis

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[59]

Wenstrup most often votes with:

Wenstrup least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Wenstrup missed 12 of 1,120 roll call votes from January 2013 to August 2014. This amounts to 1.1 percent, which is better than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of August 2014.[60]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Wenstrup ranked 70th in the conservative rankings in 2013.[61]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Wenstrup voted with the Republican Party 95.9 percent of the time, which ranked 30th among the 234 House Republican members as of August 2014.[62]

2013

Wenstrup voted with the Republican Party 97.3 percent of the time, which ranked 55th among the 234 House Republican members as of June 2013.[63]

Personal

Wenstrup is married to Monica. They have one child.[64]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Brad + Wenstrup + Ohio + Congress + House

All stories may not be relevant to this legislator due to the nature of the search engine.

Brad Wenstrup News Feed

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See also

External links


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Politico, "2014 Ohio House Election Results," accessed November 10, 2014
  2. 2.0 2.1 USABrad.com, "Bio," accessed December 30, 2011
  3. National Journal, "Ohio, 2nd House District," November 6, 2012
  4. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed January 22, 2013
  5. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  6. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  7. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  8. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  9. Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  10. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  11. Buzzfeed, "Government shutdown: How we got here," October 1, 2013
  12. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  13. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  14. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  15. Washington Post, "Which lawmakers will refuse their pay during the shutdown?," accessed October 2, 2013
  16. Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  17. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
  18. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  19. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  20. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  21. U.S. House, "House Resolution 676," accessed July 30, 2014
  22. Yahoo News, "Suing Obama: GOP-led House gives the go-ahead," accessed July 30, 2014
  23. Washington Post, "House clears way for lawsuit against Obama," accessed July 30, 2014
  24. 24.0 24.1 On The Issues, "Brad Wenstrup Vote Match," accessed June 20, 2014
  25. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  26. Campaign website, "Issues," accessed February 6, 2014
  27. Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
  28. Campaign website, "Issues," accessed February 15, 2012
  29. Cincinnati Enquirer, "GOP foes in 2nd District House race dive into mud," accessed February 17, 2012
  30. Cincinnati Enquirer, "Wenstrup questions Schmidt's trustworthiness," accessed February 24, 2012
  31. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named concede
  32. Politico, "2012 Election Map, Ohio," accessed March 20, 2013
  33. 33.0 33.1 Washington Post, "The 10 states that will determine control of the House in 2012," accessed April 25, 2012
  34. Examiner.com, "Brad Wenstrup receives Ohio Veterans United endorsement for US Congress," accessed February 17, 2012
  35. Combat Veterans For Congress, "Congressman Brad Wenstrup," accessed February 17, 2012
  36. Campaign Website, "Press Release," accessed February 22, 2012
  37. Campaign Website, "Press Release," accessed February 22, 2012
  38. Cincinnati Enquirer, "Tea Party group endorses Wenstrup in Ohio's 2nd District," accessed February 24, 2012
  39. Wikipedia.org, "Election Results, Mayor of Cincinnati, Ohio," accessed February 17, 2012
  40. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Brad Wenstrup," accessed March 2013
  41. Federal Election Commission, "Brad Wenstrup Summary Report," accessed August 1, 2013
  42. Federal Election Commission, "Brad Wenstrup April Quarterly," accessed August 1st, 2013
  43. Federal Election Commission, "Brad Wenstrup July Quarterly," accessed July 30, 2013
  44. Federal Election Commission, "Brad Wenstrup October Quarterly," accessed October 22, 2013
  45. Federal Election Commission, "Brad Wenstrup Year-End Quarterly," accessed February 6, 2014
  46. Federal Election Commission, "Brad Wenstrup April Quarterly," accessed May 13, 2014
  47. Federal Election Commission, "Brad Wenstrup Pre-Primary," accessed October 31, 2014
  48. Federal Election Commission, "Brad Wenstrup July Quarterly," accessed October 31, 2014
  49. Federal Election Commission, "Brad Wenstrup October Quarterly," accessed October 31, 2014
  50. Federal Election Commission, "Brad Wenstrup Pre-General," accessed October 31, 2014
  51. Open Secrets, "Brad Wenstrup 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 4, 2013
  52. FindTheData.org, "Wenstrup, Brad - 2012 Ohio House Candidate," accessed February 17, 2012
  53. OpenSecrets, "Brad Wenstrup (R-Ohio), 2012," accessed January 14, 2014
  54. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  55. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  56. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  57. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  58. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Brad Wenstrup," accessed September 29, 2014
  59. OpenCongress, "Brad Wenstrup," accessed August 19, 2014
  60. GovTrack, "Brad Wenstrup," accessed August 19, 2014
  61. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed August 19, 2014
  62. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  63. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  64. Heard on the Hill, "Brad Wenstrup prepares for first child," accessed October 1, 2013
Political offices
Preceded by
Jean Schmidt (R)
U.S. House of Representatives - Ohio, District 2
2013-Present
Succeeded by
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