Bruce A. Salzburg
|Bruce A. Salzburg|
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|Attorney General of Wyoming|
|Predecessor||Patrick J. Crank|
|Elections and appointments|
|Appointed by||Governor Dave Freudenthal|
|Senior Assistant Attorney General|
|Bachelor's||University of Miami (FL)|
|J.D.||University of Miami (FL)|
|Service/branch||U.S. Army Security Agency|
|Place of birth||Massachusetts|
- Bachelor's degree, University of Miami (1972) in economics
- Juris Doctorate degree, University of Miami (1975)
Salzburg served with the United States Army Security Agency in West Berlin at the height of the Cold War from 1965 to 1969. Shortly after completing his law degree, he took up the position as senior assistant attorney general in Wyoming for four years beginning 1979, practically running the day-to-day operations of the office.
EEOC v. Wyoming (1983)
Near the end of his career as a senior assistant to the Wyoming Attorney General's office, Salzburg represented the state in a case against the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) that appeared before the United States Supreme Court in 1982. A suit was brought against the state of Wyoming after a supervisor for the Wyoming Game and Fish Department who was forced to retire at the age of fifty-five in accordance with a Wyoming statute filed a complaint with EEOC. The EEOC filed the lawsuit against the state of Wyoming, arguing that the state's statute violated the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) of 1967 which made it illegal for any employer to discriminate against an employee or potential employee between the ages of 40 and 70 on the basis of age, the sole exception to this being "where age is a bona fide occupational qualification reasonably necessary to the normal operation of the particular business, or where the differentiation is based on reasonable factors other than age." The definition of "employer" in the legislation was expanded in 1974 to include both state and local governments.
In a five-to-four decision delivered on March 2, 1983, the opinion of the Supreme Court, delivered by Justice William J. Brennan, Jr., declared that the extension of the ADEA to include state and local governments was indeed "a valid exercise of Congress' powers under the Commerce Clause, both on its face and as applied in this case, and is not precluded by virtue of external constraints imposed on Congress' commerce powers by the Tenth Amendment."
- Salzburg was one of twenty-three State Attorneys General that signed a petition on June 11, 2009, calling upon United States Attorney General Eric Holder to oppose a renewal of the 1994 Clinton administration’s ban on semiautomatic firearms, erroneously dubbed "assault weapons."
- The top law enforcer of Wyoming was one of two state attorneys general, the other being South Dakota, that joined Utah in filing an amicus brief expressing support for a disputed Montana law known as the "Firearms Freedom Act" that "exempts firearms made and sold in the same state from federal regulation." This law, along with similar legislation in other states, has been challenged by the federal government in federal district court who argues that this interpretation of the Interstate Commerce Clause is incorrect. Four other states - Alabama, Idaho, South Carolina, and West Virginia - all later followed suit.
Speaking to reporters at a press conference the day after President Barack Obama signed into law his controversial health care reform bill, the one that narrowly passed the United States House of Representatives just two days before, Democrat Governor Dave Freudenthal said Salzburg would not be joining thirteen other state attorneys general in a suit against the federal government opposing the measure. His reasoning behind this decision was, he said, based on the fact that "they have plenty of plaintiffs and plenty of lawyers and when the Supreme Court rules, whichever way they rule, it still affects Wyoming."
- Member, American Inns of Court
- Member, Defense Research Institute
- Member, Wyoming Trial Lawyers Association
Salzburg currently resides in Cheyenne, Wyoming with his wife, Phyllis. They have two children together.
Attorney General's Office
123 Capitol Building
200 W. 24th Street
Cheyenne, WY 82002
Phone: (307) 777-7841
Fax: (307) 777-6869 FAX
- Wyoming News, "Bruce Salzburg named Wyoming attorney general" 6 Aug. 2007
- FindLaw - EEOC v. WYOMING, 460 U.S. 226 (1983)
- Examiner, "Twenty-three AGs tell Holder no dice on semi-auto ban renewal" 15 June, 2009
- Deseret News, "Utah joins legal fight against federal gun laws" 7 April, 2010
- Sioux City Journal, "S.D. supporting Montana gun rights lawsuit" 8 April, 2010
- The Salt Lake Tribune, "Shurtleff leads 7 states in gun fight" 13 April, 2010
- Cowboy State Free Press, "Wyo won’t join lawsuit seeking to block health care reform" 24 March, 2010
Patrick J. Crank
|Wyoming Attorney General
| Succeeded by|