Governor of California
|Office website:||Official Link|
|2012-2013 FY Budget:||$12,660,000|
|Term limits:||2 terms|
|Length of term:||4 years|
|Authority:||California Constitution, Article 5, Section 1|
|Assumed office:||January 2011|
|Next election:||November 6, 2018|
|Last election:||November 4, 2014|
|Other California Executive Offices|
|Governor • Lieutenant Governor • Secretary of State • Attorney General • Treasurer • Auditor • Controller • Superintendent of Public Instruction • Agriculture Secretary • Insurance Commissioner • Natural Resources Secretary • Industrial Relations Director • Public Utilities Commission|
- 1 Current officeholder
- 2 Authority
- 3 Qualifications
- 4 Elections
- 5 Vacancies
- 6 Duties
- 7 Divisions
- 8 State budget
- 9 Compensation
- 10 Historical officeholders
- 11 Recent news
- 12 Contact information
- 13 History
- 14 See also
- 15 External links
- 16 References
As of March 2015, California is one of 7 Democratic state government trifectas.
Brown previously served as the 34th Governor of California, from 1975 to 1983. Because Brown was elected to both of his terms as the 34th governor before a term limits law was passed in 1990, he was eligible to run again in 2010.
Before becoming governor for the first time, Brown served one term as California Secretary of State, and then served one term as state attorney general from 2006 to 2010, before his re-entry into the governorship. Before returning to statewide office, he was mayor of Oakland, CA from 1998 to 2006. Brown also made three unsuccessful runs for President of the United States in 1976, 1980 and 1991, and served as chair of the California Democratic Party from 1989 to 1991. He also founded the Oakland School for the Arts and the Oakland Military Institute and worked as an attorney for the firm of Tuttle and Taylor.
The supreme executive power of this State is vested in the Governor.
|2015 • 2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
|Current Lt. Governors|
|Lt. Governor Elections|
|2015 • 2014 • 2013 • 2012 • 2011 • 2010|
The governor may not hold any other public offices, engage in any lobbying, or accept any honorariums. Additionally, he or she must be a registered voter in California, a resident of the state for at least five years on election day, and an American citizen for at least five years.
[...] The Governor shall be an elector who has been a citizen of the United States and a resident of this State for 5 years immediately preceding the Governor's election. The Governor may not hold other public office.
California elects governors in federal midterm election years, e.g. 2018, 2022, 2026, 2030 and 2034. The gubernatorial inauguration is always set for the first Monday in the new year following the election.
The Governor shall be elected every fourth year at the same time and places as members of the Assembly and hold office from the Monday after January 1 following the election until a successor qualifies.
As in several other states, governors of California may be subject to recall elections. To initiate a recall, citizens must submit petitions signed by California voters equal in number to 12% of the last vote for the office of governor. Additionally, petitioners must collect signatures from each of 5 counties equal in number to 1% of the last vote for governor in the county. The last California gubernatorial recall saw Gray Davis removed from office in favor of Arnold Schwarzenegger.
- See also: California Gubernatorial election, 2014
|Governor of California, 2014|
|Democratic||Jerry Brown Incumbent||60%||4,388,368|
|Election Results via California Secretary of State.|
- See also: States with gubernatorial term limits
California governors are restricted to two terms in office during their lifetime.
|No Governor may serve more than 2 terms.|
- See also: How gubernatorial vacancies are filled
Article 5, Section 10 of the state constitution requires the Lieutenant Governor of California to assume the office of governor if the incumbent is unable to discharge the office. The legislature sets the rest of the order of precedence for filling vacancies in the office of governor. Disputes over the line of succession are under the sole jurisdiction of the California Supreme Court.
The governor has the power to veto bills from the California State Legislature. The Legislature can override a veto by a two-thirds majority vote in both the Assembly and the Senate. The governor can veto particular items from an appropriations bill while leaving others intact.
Law-enforcement powers include the ability to grant pardons and commute sentences, excepting cases of impeachment, as well as serving as the commander-in-chief of the state militia. In addition to calling the National Guard into active duty, the governor can call the California State Military Reserve to active duty to support the Guard.
The governor also has full membership and voting powers to the Regents of the University of California, the governing board of the University of California system, along with other elected officials, and a majority of members on the Regents of the University of California are appointed by the governor.
Each year, the governor must make a "State of the State" address to the legislature. He may also order reports and information from other state officers.
Unless otherwise provided by law, the governor fills vacancies in all state offices. Specifically, vacancies in the Superintendent of Public Instruction, the Lieutenant Governor, Secretary of State, Controller, Treasurer, Attorney General, and on the State Board of Equalization are filled by a gubernatorial nominee, with Senate confirmation.
- Constituent Affairs
- External Affairs
- Judicial Appointments
- Legal Affairs
- Legislative Affairs
- Press Secretary
- Senior Advisors
- Special Advisor
- Special Counsel
Role in state budget
- See also: California state budget and finances
- Budget instructions are sent to state agencies beginning in April.
- Agencies submit their budget requests to the governor in September.
- Agency hearings are held from September through November.
- Public hearings are held from March through June.
- The governor submits his or her proposed budget to the state legislature in January.
- The legislature adopts a budget in June. A two-thirds majority is required to pass a budget. The fiscal year begins July 1.
The governor is legally required to submit a balanced budget to the legislature. In turn, the legislature is legally required to adopt a balanced budget.
Governor's office budget
The budget for the California Governor's Office in the 2012-2013 Fiscal Year was $12,660,000.
The salaries of California's elected executives are determined by the California Citizens Compensation Commission, a seven-member board appointed by the governor to six-year terms. The commission was established after voters passed Proposition 112, an amendment to the California Constitution, in 1990. Commissioners meet prior to June 30 of each year to determine salary recommendations with changes effective the following December. From 2003 to 2013, the commission voted to increase salaries or benefits five times and decreased or made no changes to salaries eight times.
In 2013, the governor received a salary of $173,987.
In 2010, the governor received a salary of $173,987.
|1||Peter H. Burnett||December 20, 1849-January 9, 1851||Democratic|
|2||John McDougal||January 9, 1851-January 8, 1852||Democratic|
|3||John Bigler||January 8, 1852-January 9, 1856||Democratic|
|4||John N. Johnson||January 9, 1856-January 8, 1858||American Know-Nothing|
|5||John B. Weller||January 8, 1858-January 9, 1860||Democratic|
|6||Milton S. Latham||January 9, 1860-January 14, 1860||Democratic|
|7||John G. Downey||January 14, 1860-January 10, 1862||Democratic|
|8||Leland Stanford||January 10, 1862-December 10, 1863||Republican|
|9||Frederick F. Low||December 10, 1863-December 5, 1867||Union|
|10||Henry H. Haight||December 5, 1867-December 8, 1871|
|11||Newton Booth||December 8, 1871-February 27, 1875||Republican|
|12||Romualdo Pacheo||February 27, 1875-December 9, 1875||Republican|
|13||William Irwin||December 9, 1875-January 8, 1880||Democratic|
|14||George C. Perkins||January 10, 1880-January 10, 1883||Republican|
|15||George Stoneman||January 10, 1883-January 8, 1887||Democratic|
|16||Washington Bartlett||January 8, 1887-September 12, 1887||Democratic|
|17||Robert W. Waterman||September 12, 1887-January 8, 1891||Republican|
|18||Henry H. Markham||January 8, 1891-January 11, 1895||Republican|
|19||James H. Budd||January 11, 1895-January 4, 1899||Democratic|
|20||Henry T. Gage||January 4, 1899-January 7, 1903||Republican|
|21||George C. Pardee||January 7, 1903-January 9, 1907||Republican|
|22||James N. Gillett||January 9, 1907-January 3, 1911||Republican|
|23||Hiram Johnson||January 3, 1911-March 15, 1917||Republican, Progressive|
|24||William D. Stephens||March 15, 1917-January 8, 1923||Republican|
|25||Friend William Richardson||January 8, 1923-January 4, 1927||Republican|
|26||Clement C. Young||January 4, 1927-January 8, 1931||Republican|
|27||James Rolph||January 8, 1931-June 2, 1934||Republican|
|28||Frank F. Merriam||June 2, 1934-January 2, 1939||Republican|
|29||Culbert L. Olson||January 2, 1939-January 4, 1943||Democratic|
|30||Earl Warren||January 4, 1943-October 5, 1953||Republican|
|31||Goodwin J. Knight||October 5, 1953-January 5, 1959||Republican|
|32||Pat Brown||January 5, 1959-January 2, 1967||Democratic|
|33||Ronald Reagan||January 2, 1967-January 6, 1975||Republican|
|34||Jerry Brown||January 5, 1975-January 4, 1983||Democratic|
|35||George Deukmejian||January 3, 1983-January 7, 1991||Republican|
|36||Pete Wilson||January 7, 1991-January 4, 1999||Republican|
|37||Gray Davis||January 4, 1999-November 17, 2003||Democratic|
|38||Arnold Schwarzenegger||November 17, 2003-January 3, 2011||Republican|
|39||Jerry Brown||January 3, 2011-present||Democratic|
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State Capitol Building
Sacramento, CA 95814
Partisan balance 1992-2013
From 1992-2013, there were Democratic governors in office for eight years while there were Republican governors in office for 14 years. During the final three years of the study, California was under Democratic trifectas.
Across the country, there were 493 years of Democratic governors (44.82%) and 586 years of Republican governors (53.27%) from 1992-2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
SQLI and partisanship
The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Arkansas state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. California has never had a Republican trifecta, but did have Democratic trifectas between the years 1999 and 2003 and again after 2010 to the present. California fell steadily in the SQLI ranking until finally reaching the bottom-10 in 2010. The state reached its highest ranking (28th) in 1998 and 1999, first under divided government and then under a Democratic trifecta. The state’s lowest ranking (48th) occurred recently in 2012 under a Democratic trifecta. Except for the years 1995 and 1996, the California legislature has been consistently under Democratic control.
- SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: 37.00
- SQLI average with Republican trifecta: N/A
- SQLI average with divided government: 35.21
- Official site of Governor's office
- Official California Secretary of State Election and Voter Information site
- Project VoteSmart, "Bio of Jerry Brown," accessed June 23, 2011
- California State Government, "Organizational Chart," accessed July 7, 2011
- National Conference of State Legislatures, "State Experiences with Annual and Biennial Budgeting," updated April 2011
- National Association of State Budget Officers, "Budget Processes in the States, Summer 2008," accessed February 21, 2014
- California Department of Finance, "Enacted Budget FY 2012-2013," accessed May 28, 2013
- California Citizens Compensation Commission, "About the Commission," accessed February 19, 2015
- Council of State Governments, "SELECTED STATE ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICIALS: ANNUAL SALARIES," accessed November 14, 2014
- Council of State Governments, "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries," June 25, 2013
- Council of State Governments, "Book of the States 2010 -- Table 4.11," accessed June 23, 2011
- National Governors Association, "California: Past Governors Bios," accessed February 8, 2015
- http://www.nga.org/cms/home/governors/current-governors/col2-content/main-content-list/edmund-gerald-brown.html National Governors Association, "California Governor Edmund G. Brown, Jr.," accessed February 8, 2015
State of California
|Ballot measures by year||
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|State executive offices||
Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Controller | Treasurer | State Auditor | Superintendent of Public Instruction | Commissioner of Insurance | Secretary of Agriculture | Secretary for Natural Resources | Director of Industrial Relations | President of Public Utilities |
List of Counties |
List of Cities |
California school districts A - L |
California school districts M - Z |