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California Proposition 114, Reclassification of Peace Officers Covered by the Death Penalty Act (1990)
Proposition 114 made some changes in California statutes to bring those statutes into compliance with the provisions of California Proposition 7 (1978), the "Death Penalty Initiative." Specifically, it incorporated legislative changes in the definition of a peace officer into the provisions of Proposition 7, thereby expanding the number and types of peace officers the murder of whom is a special circumstance potentially warranting the death penalty under the 1978 law.
The ballot summary for Proposition 114 said, "The Briggs Death Penalty Initiative Act defined "peace officer" for cases where a defendant is found guilty of first degree murder and the victim was a peace officer. No changes have been made to this section since its enactment. The Legislature has reclassified peace officers by grouping them into different categories and has made other changes since 1979. This statute conforms the definition found in the Initiative Act to the new classifications, thereby increasing the numbers and types of peace officers covered by the act. Summary of Legislative Analyst's estimate of net state and local government fiscal impact: Increases the number of peace officers for which the special circumstance for first degree murder applies. To the extent longer prison terms result, there will be unknown increases in state costs."
The fiscal estimate provided by the California Legislative Analyst's Office said:
- "This measure increases the number of crimes for which the special circumstances for first-degree murder may apply. To the extent these changes result in longer prison terms, there will be unknown increases in state costs."
Path to the ballot
The California State Legislature voted to put Proposition 114 on the ballot via Senate Bill 353 (Statutes of 1989, Chapter 1165).