California Proposition 128, Environmental Protection Act (1990)
Proposition 128, if it had passed, would have made significant changes to California's laws governing pesticides and food safety, air pollution emissions, old-growth redwood forest preservation, marine and coastal resources protection, and the coordination and enforcement of state environmental laws.
Proposition 128's official ballot summary said:
- Requires regulation of pesticide use to protect food and agricultural worker safety
- Phases out use on food of pesticides known to cause cancer or reproductive harm, chemicals that potentially deplete ozone layer.
- Requires reduced emissions of gases contributing to global warming. Limits oil, gas extraction within bay, estuarine and ocean waters. Requires oil spill prevention, contingency plans.
- Creates prevention, response fund from fees on oil deliveries.
- Establishes water quality criteria, monitoring plans. Creates elective office of Environmental Advocate.
- Appropriates $40,000,000 for environmental research.
- Authorizes $300,000,000 general obligation bonds for ancient redwoods acquisition, forestry projects.
The fiscal estimate provided by the California Legislative Analyst's Office said:
- Annual state administrative and program costs of approximately $90 million, decreasing in future years; partially offset by $10 million increased annual fee revenue.
- Local governments would incur $8 million one-time cost; $5 million to $10 million annually, decreasing in future years.
- State General Fund to incur one-time $750,000 appropriation in 1992-93 for Office of Environmental Advocate, future office administrative costs unknown; $40 million for environmental research grants.
- If all bonds authorized for ancient redwood acquisition, forestry projects were sold at 7.5 percent interest and paid over the typical 20-year period, General Fund would incur approximately $535 million in costs to pay off principal ($300 million) and interest ($235 million).
- Estimated average annual costs of bond principal and interest would be $22 million.
- Per-barrel fee on oil would increase revenues by $500 million by 1996-97, used to pay oil spill prevention/clean-up costs. Indefinite deferral of potentially $2 billion in future state oil and gas revenues resulting from limits on oil and gas leases in marine waters.
- Indirect fiscal impact could increase or decrease state and local government program costs and revenues from general and special taxes in an unknown amount. The overall impact is unknown.
- Hastings California I&R database
- Los Angeles Law Library, 1990 ballot propositions
- November 1990 election results (pages 9-10)