California Proposition 178, Water Conservation Equipment Tax Exemptions (1994)

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California Proposition 178 was on the June 7, 1994 primary election ballot in California as a legislatively-referred constitutional amendment, where it was defeated.

Proposition 178, if it had passed, would have amended the California Constitution to exempt from property taxation the value of a property that was related to the installation on the property of water conservation equipment.

Election results

Proposition 178
ResultVotesPercentage
Defeatedd No2,370,44655.0%
Yes 1,939,767 45.0%

Constitutional changes

California Constitution
Flag of California.png
Preamble
Articles
IIIIIIIVVVI
VIIVIIIIXXXA
XBXIXIIXIIIXIII A
XIII BXIII CXIII DXIVXVXVIXVIIIXIXXIX AXIX BXIX C
XXXXIXXII
XXXIVXXXV

Proposition 178 would have amended Section 2 of Article XIII A of the California Constitution.

Proposition 178 text.PNG

Text of measure

Proposition 178 1994.PNG

The ballot title read:

PROPERTY TAX EXCLUSION. WATER CONSERVATION EQUIPMENT. LEGISLATIVE CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT.

The ballot summary was:

  • Amends state constitution to provide for an exclusion from property taxation of that portion of any improvement made to real property which consists of the installation of water conservation equipment, as defined by the Legislature, for agricultural purposes.

The fiscal estimate provided by the California Legislative Analyst's Office said:

  • Property tax revenue losses to local governments would be under $1 million in 1994-95, increasing annually for several years to a maximum amount possibly up to $10 million annually. Cities, counties, and special districts would bear about half the loss; school and community college districts would bear the other half.
  • The state's General Fund would have to replace all, or nearly all, of the property tax revenue losses experienced by school and community college districts.

Path to the ballot

The California State Legislature voted to put Proposition 178 on the ballot via Senate Constitutional Amendment 4.

Chamber Ayes Noes
Assembly 73 5
Senate 29 2

External links