California Proposition 195, Special Circumstances Punishable by the Death Penalty (1996)
Proposition 195 added three types of first-degree murder to the state's list of special circumstances that are punishable by the death penalty or by life imprisonment with no parole. The three types of first-degree murder added to the special circumstances list are:
- First-degree murder committed during a carjacking.
- First-degree murder committed during a carjacking-kidnap.
- First-degree murder of a juror in retaliation for performing his or her official actions or to prevent the juror from carrying out his or her official duties.
Proposition 196, on the same March 1996 ballot, also passed, and added an additional type of first-degree murder to the list of special circumstances.
Text of measure
The official ballot summary that appeared on the ballot said:
- Adds murder during a carjacking, murder resulting from a carjacking kidnap and the intentional murder of a juror in retaliation for, or prevention of, the performance of the juror's official duties to the existing list of special circumstances for first-degree murder for which the death penalty or life imprisonment without the possibility of parole is authorized.
- Joined to Proposition 196 (Chapter 478, Statutes of 1995). If both measures pass, murder by intentional discharge of firearm at persons from a motor vehicle is also added to the list of special circumstances.
The California Legislative Analyst's Office provided an estimate of net state and local government fiscal impact for Proposition 195. That estimate was:
- "Probably minor additional state costs."
Path to the ballot
Proposition 195 was voted onto the ballot by the California State Legislature via Senate Bill 32 (Statutes of 1995, Chapter 477).
|Votes in legislature to refer to ballot|
- Official Voter Guide to Proposition 195
- Full text of Proposition 195
- March 26, 1996 California elections results
- PDF of the March 26 voter guide