California Tribal-State Gaming Compact Initiative (1998)

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The Tribal-State Gaming Compact Initiative, also known as "Proposition 5," was on the California ballot in November 1998 as an initiated statute.

Approveda It passed with 62.38% of the vote.[1]

The campaign in favor of Proposition 5 was heavily financed, with over $63,000,000 spent to promote it, with about $25,000,000 spent unsuccessfully to defeat it.[2]

Arguments for and against

The supporter's short statement in the California ballot pamphlet said:

Proposition 5 protects Native Americans' rights to have limited gaming, restricted to their tribal land. Proposition 5 promotes self-reliance among California's Indians, keeping them off welfare. Proposition 5 shares gaming revenue with non-gaming tribes for education and health programs, and saves taxpayers hundreds of millions annually.

The opponent's short statement in the ballot pamphlet said:

Proposition 5 isn't about allowing tribes to operate casinos on their lands. Federal law already guarantees that tribes can operate Indian casinos. Proposition 5 is a dramatic expansion of unregulated, untaxed casino gambling throughout California!

External links


  1. California general election vote totals, November 1998
  2. Proposition 5: Tribal-State Gaming Compacts History of donations, provided by the California Secretary of State