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Changes in 2014 to laws governing ballot measures

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Changes in 2013

As of February 26, 2014, 72 laws concerning ballot measures in 19 states have been put before legislatures in 2014. There are 69 pending, of which 67 were carried over from 2013. Two have been defeated, and one has been approved.

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This page lists changes and proposed changes in 2014 to laws governing the initiative and referendum process. Given the complexity of the initiative process, these laws can address a wide range of initiative-related law, including:
  • The legal right of citizens to initiate statutes, amendments, or veto referendums.
  • Signature and distribution requirements for placing measures on the ballot.
  • Regulations governing signature collection and petition circulators.
  • Campaign finance requirements for initiative, referendum, and recall campaigns.
  • Administrative rules, involving filing deadlines, fiscal analyses, petition forms, etc.

Note: This database is only periodically updated. For the status of a single bill, click the title to view its state bill status page.

Legend
Simple icon time.svg = This legislation is still pending.
Right-facing-Arrow-icon.jpg = This legislation was carried over to the next session.
Approveda = This legislation was approved.
Defeatedd = This legislation was defeated or is dead.








Laws approved in 2014

Approveda HB 2196: Repeals 2013 Arizona House Bill 2305, which contained multiple election and ballot law reform provisions; introduced in 2014.[1]

Legislation by state

Arizona

See also: Laws governing the initiative process in Arizona

The following bills were introduced in the Arizona State Legislature:

Defeatedd SCR 1003: Requires voter re-approval every eight years for any measure that spends or collects public dollars; introduced in 2014.[2][3]

Approveda HB 2196: Repeals 2013 Arizona House Bill 2305, which contained multiple election and ballot law reform provisions; introduced in 2014.[4]

California

See also: Laws governing the initiative process in California

The following bills were introduced in the California State Legislature:

Simple icon time.svg AB 1117: Requires the Secretary of State to provide on the agency's Web site an electronic mail address at which the proponent of a proposed initiative or referendum measure may submit a copy of the petition for the measure in portable document format. Provides that, after receiving the petition, the petition is to be made available to the public through a hyperlink on the Web site that can be downloaded and printed. Requires a specified disclaimer that makes the petition available to the public. This bill was carried over from 2013.[5]

Simple icon time.svg AB 882: Amends existing provisions regarding recall petition. Provides that if 500 or more signatures are submitted to the elections official, the election official may verify, using a random sampling technique, either 3% of the signatures submitted or 500 signatures, whichever is greater. This bill was carried over from 2013.[5]

Simple icon time.svg SB 477: Declares the intent of the Legislature to enact legislation that would prohibit a political campaign committee from accepting large contributions made for the purpose of supporting a statewide initiative ballot measure until the committee has first received a significant number of small individual contributions made for the same purpose. This bill was carried over from 2013.[5]

Simple icon time.svg AB 400: Requires a state or local initiative, referendum, or recall petition circulated by a paid circulator who is paid by a committee to include a disclosure statement identifying the persons from whom the committee received the 5 largest cumulative contributions in support of the measure and the name of their employer, if 2 or more of these contributors have the same employer. Requires this disclosure statement to be updated as specified. This bill was carried over from 2013.

Simple icon time.svg ACA 6: Increases the vote requirement of votes cast for the electors to amend the Constitution by an initiative measure to 55%. Permits the electors to repeal a previously adopted initiative or legislative amendment to the Constitution, including certain subsequent amendments to the constitutional amendment, by an initiative measure passed by a majority vote. This bill was carried over from 2013.

Simple icon time.svg AB 510: Requires that a committee file a report if they pay any amount to an individual for his or her appearance in an advertisement to support or oppose the qualification, passage, or defeat of a ballot measure if the advertisement states or otherwise communicates that the individual is a practitioner or member of a profession having expertise or specialized knowledge relating to the subject of the measure. This bill was carried over from 2013.

Simple icon time.svg SCA 6: Proposes an amendment to the Constitution to prohibit an initiative measure that would result in a net increase in state or local government costs, from being submitted to the electors or having any effect unless and until the Legislative Analyst and the Director of Finance jointly determine that the initiative measure provides for additional revenues in an amount that meets or exceeds the net increase in costs. This bill was carried over from 2013.

Simple icon time.svg SB 121 Requires a corporation that has shareholders located in this state and that makes a contribution or expenditure to, or in support of or in opposition to, a candidate, ballot measure campaign, or a signature-gathering effort on behalf of a ballot measure, political party, or political action committee to issue a report on the political expenditures of the corporation in the previous fiscal year, and to notify shareholders prior to each political contribution.[5][6]

Georgia

See also: Laws governing ballot measures in Georgia

The following bills were introduced in the Georgia State Legislature:

Simple icon time.svg HR 162: Proposes an amendment that provides that the ballot language shall be provided by the Attorney General, summarize the proposed constitutional amendment accurately and objectively.

Simple icon time.svg SR 692: Proposes an amendment that provides for public initiative referendums; provides for procedures, number of signatures required, verification methods, form of petition and other I & R specifics.

Hawaii

See also: Laws governing ballot measures in Hawaii

Simple icon time.svg SB 771: Amends the State constitution to provide for initiative, referendum, and recall.

Illinois

See also: Laws governing the initiative process in Illinois

The following bills were introduced in the Illinois State Legislature:

Simple icon time.svg HJRCA 12: Provides for the recall of all state executive branch officers and members of the general assembly. Changes the signature requirements for affidavits and petitions for recall of the governor.

Massachusetts

See also: Laws governing the initiative process in Massachusetts

The following bills were introduced in the Massachusetts State Legislature:

Simple icon time.svg HB 556: Relates to state recall elections.

Simple icon time.svg HB 602: Relates to limiting contributions to ballot question committees.

Simple icon time.svg HB 627: Requires the state secretary to promulgate regulations governing the conduct of paid signature gatherers for ballot questions, designed to achieve and maintain security from forgery and fraud in the collection of signatures on petitions for ballot questions and names thereon.

Simple icon time.svg HB 67: Adds the following to the state constitution: "No initiative petition shall propose a constitutional amendment that would restrict the rights set forth in this constitution to freedom and equality, or the right of each individual to be protected by society in the enjoyment of life, liberty and property, according to standing laws."

Simple icon time.svg SB 13: Adds the following to the state constitution: "No initiative petition shall propose a constitutional amendment that would restrict the rights set forth in this constitution to freedom and equality, or the right of each individual to be protected by society in the enjoyment of life, liberty and property, according to standing laws."

Simple icon time.svg SB 1438: Provides that Part B taxable income shall not be taxed at a rate of more than 5.3 per cent unless said rate is approved by the initiative petition process.

Simple icon time.svg SB 332: Determines that the state secretary shall further promulgate regulations governing the conduct of paid signature gatherers for ballot questions, designed to achieve and maintain security from forgery and fraud in the collection of signatures on petitions for ballot questions and names therein.

Michigan

See also: Laws governing the initiative process in Michigan

The following bills were introduced in the Michigan State Legislature:

Simple icon time.svg HB 4046: Prohibits being paid for each petition signature collected, and require petition circulators to wear identification badges.

Simple icon time.svg HB 4883: Requires that proposals be placed on the ballot before candidate names, with local proposals first, then county, then statewide.

Simple icon time.svg HJR E: Protects legislation making appropriations by reducing spending, from referendum.

Simple icon time.svg HJR Q: Provides for a constitutional amendment clarifying appropriation bills subject to referendum.

Simple icon time.svg SB 10: Requires the name of individual or organization providing compensation to a circulator of a ballot question petition to be printed on the front of the petition.

Simple icon time.svg SJR C: Provides for a constitutional amendment that clarifies appropriations bills subject to referendum.

Simple icon time.svg SJR X: Provides for a constitutional amendment that requires two-thirds majority vote of the legislature for passage of a law that is the same or similar to a law rejected by a referendum.

Minnesota

The following bills were introduced in the Minnesota State Legislature:

Simple icon time.svg HB 1762: Prohibits the use of public fund to promote or defeat ballot questions.

Simple icon time.svg HB 196: Constitutional amendment that would require a two-thirds vote of each house of the legislature to submit a constitutional amendment to the people.

Simple icon time.svg HB 93: Constitutional amendment that would require a two-thirds vote of each house of the legislature to submit a constitutional amendment to the people.

Simple icon time.svg SB 1597: Prohibits the use of public fund to promote or defeat ballot questions.

Nebraska

See also: Laws governing the initiative process in Nebraska

The following bills were introduced in the Nebraska State Legislature:

Simple icon time.svg LB 160: Provide for electronic signatures on recall, initiative, and referendum petitions.

New Mexico

The following bills were introduced in the New Mexico State Legislature:

Defeatedd NM SJR 17: Requires a two-thirds majority approval of any proposed constitutional amendment in both the Senate and House before the amendment is presented to the voters for ratification; introduced in 2014.[7]

New York

The following bills were introduced in the New York State Legislature:

Simple icon time.svg A 1557: Establishes an initiative and referendum process so that voters are able to bring issues to the state legislature for consideration; defines terms.

Simple icon time.svg A 3118: Establishes a procedure for a people's veto of laws enacted by the legislature.

Simple icon time.svg A 3672: Provides for regulation of delegates to a constitutional convention, their election and public financing for such elections.

Simple icon time.svg A 3972: Provides for regulation of delegates to a constitutional convention, their election, and public financing for such elections.

Simple icon time.svg 5392: Provides for initiative and referendum and recall; empowers the electors with the ability to propose statutes and amendments to the constitution, approve or reject statutes or parts of statutes, and remove elective officers.

Simple icon time.svg A 6161: Provides for the recall power of the electors to remove an elective officer.

Simple icon time.svg AB 1557: Provides for initiative and referendum petitions for electors.

Simple icon time.svg S 1651: Establishes a procedure for a people's veto of laws enacted by the legislature.

Simple icon time.svg S 2214: Provides for initiative and referendum and recall.

Simple icon time.svg S 2763: Proposes an amendment to the constitution providing the electors with the power of initiative, indirect initiative and referendum.

Simple icon time.svg S 3253: Provides for regulation of delegates to a constitutional convention, their election, and public financing for such.

Simple icon time.svg S 329: Provides for recall; empowers the electors with the ability to remove elective officers.

Simple icon time.svg S 4049: Provides for initiative and referendum in New York State for the People as electors to propose or reject laws and submit amendments to the state constitution.

Simple icon time.svg S 5512: Provides for the recall power of the electors to remove an elective officer.

Simple icon time.svg SB 1651: Establishes a procedure for a people's veto of laws enacted by the legislature.

Simple icon time.svg SB 329: Provides for recall; empowers the electors with the ability to remove elective officers.

Ohio

See also: Laws governing the initiative process in Ohio

The following bills were introduced in the Ohio State Legislature:

Simple icon time.svg HB 118: Revises language regarding bond issues.

Simple icon time.svg HB 157: Establishes a procedure to recall an elective township officer.

Oklahoma

See also: Laws governing the initiative process in Oklahoma

The following bills were introduced in the Oklahoma State Legislature:

Simple icon time.svg HB 1008: Provides for the recall of elected officers and details petitions to be used for recall efforts.

Simple icon time.svg HB 1635: Provides for the recall of elected officers and details petitions to be used for recall efforts.

Simple icon time.svg HB 1823: Placeholder for the Oklahoma Initiative and Referendum Act.

Pennsylvania

The following bills were introduced in the Pennsylvania State Legislature:

Simple icon time.svg HB 1376: An Act amending the act of June 27, 2006 (1st Sp.Sess., P.L.1873, No.1), known as the Taxpayer Relief Act, further providing for public referendum requirements for increasing certain taxes.

Simple icon time.svg HB 989: An act providing for a Citizens Constitutional Convention and for a referendum on the question and for the selection of delegates.

Simple icon time.svg SB 365: An amendment to the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, authorizing the use of the indirect initiative and referendum as powers reserved to the people.

South Carolina

The following bills were introduced in the South Carolina State Legislature:

Simple icon time.svg SJR 16: Proposes a constitutional amendment establishing a specified procedure for the enactment or repeal of laws and constitutional amendments by initiative petition and referendum and to provide exceptions.

Utah

See also: Laws governing the initiative process in Utah

The following bills were introduced in the Utah State Legislature:

Simple icon time.svg HJR 4: Puts a question on the ballot about whether Utah voters should have the power to recall state-wide officials or not; introduced in 2014.[8]
Simple icon time.svg HB 192: adds a statement to a statewide or local initiative petition signature sheet stating that a signer has read, understands, and agrees to the law proposed by the petition; adds a statement to a statewide or local referendum petition signature sheet stating that a signer has read and understands the law the petition seeks to overturn; and makes technical corrections.[9]

Vermont

The following bills were introduced in the Vermont State Legislature:

Simple icon time.svg H 320: Proposes to establish a citizens’ initiative process and to require the General Assembly to vote on laws proposed by citizens in accordance with this process.

Washington

See also: Laws governing the initiative process in Washington

The following bills were introduced in the Washington State Legislature:

Simple icon time.svg HB 1211: Concerns primary election voters' pamphlets.

Simple icon time.svg HB 1720: Increases transparency of donors to candidates and ballot measures.

Simple icon time.svg HB 1966: Permits electronic submission of application to circulate initiative petition.

Simple icon time.svg HB 2033: Reduces the costs and inefficiencies in elections by eliminating a requirement to include the full text of ballot measures in the printed version of voters' pamphlets.

Simple icon time.svg HB 2066: Reduces the costs and inefficiencies in elections by eliminating a requirement to include the full text of ballot measures in the printed version of voters' pamphlets.

Simple icon time.svg SB 5347: Declares that any state or local initiative for which sufficient valid voter signatures are submitted within the time period required must be submitted to a vote of the people at the next election date.

Simple icon time.svg SB 5499: Changes deadline for filing initiative petitions from ten to twenty months before the election.

Simple icon time.svg SB 5505: Concerning individual voter signatures on a petition, the secretary of state must accept and must not reject a valid voter signature if it matches the signature on the voter's registration as long as the requirements in existing law are met.

Simple icon time.svg SB 5676: Protects personal voter signatures.

Wisconsin

The following bills were introduced in the Wisconsin State Legislature:

Simple icon time.svg SB 114: Relates to recall petition requirements.

See also

References