Charlie Dent

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Charles W. Dent
Charles Dent.jpg
U.S. House, Pennsylvania, District 15
In office
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 9
PredecessorPat Toomey (R)
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$8.95 in 2012
First electedNovember 2, 2004
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$9,329,454
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Pennsylvania Senate
Pennsylvania House of Representatives
Bachelor'sPennsylvania State University, 1982
Master'sLehigh University, 1993
BirthdayMay 24, 1960
Place of birthAllentown, Pennsylvania
Net worth$458,525.50
Office website
Campaign website
Charles W. Dent campaign logo

Charles W. "Charlie" Dent (b. May 24, 1960, in Allentown, Pennsylvania) is a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives from the state of Pennsylvania. Dent represents Pennsylvania's 15th Congressional District. He was first elected in 2004.

Dent is running for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He ran unopposed in the Republican primary on May 20, 2014.[1] The general election takes place November 4, 2014.

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Dent is a more moderate right of center Republican Party vote. As a result, he may break with the Republican Party line more than his fellow members.


Dent was born May 24, 1960, in Allentown, Pennsylvania. He graduated from Penn State University in 1982 and Lehigh University in 1983.[2] Before becoming a congressman, Dent served in both the Pennsylvania State Senate and State House.


Committee assignments

U.S. House


Dent serves on the following committees:[3]


Legislative actions

113th Congress


The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1%) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14% of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[4] For more information pertaining to Dent's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[5]

National security

American response in Syria
See also: United States involvement in Syria

Dent opposes President Barack Obama's proposed military strikes against Syria. He stated, "The time has long passed to intervene in a constructive manner," Dent said. "There is a war-weary American public, and a half-measured and poorly thought out military strike is only going to expose America and its friends to greater risk."[6]

DHS Appropriations

Voted "No" Dent voted against HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[7]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Voted "Yes" Dent voted in favor of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[7]

CISPA (2013)

Voted "Yes" Dent voted in favor of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[8] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[7]


Voted "Yes" Dent voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[7]


Farm bill

Voted "Yes" On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[9] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[10][11] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[11] Dent voted with 161 other Republican representatives in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Voted "Yes" On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[12][13] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[13] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[14] It included a 1% increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Dent voted with the majority of the Republican party in favor of the bill.[12]

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "No" On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[15] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[16] Dent voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[17]

Voted "Yes" The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[18] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Dent voted for HR 2775.[19]

Medical device tax

A bipartisan House measure to repeal the 2.3% medical device excise tax that helps fund the healthcare reform law had been rumored as a compromise to end the shutdown.[20][21] Sponsored by Dent and Ron Kind (D-WI), the proposal reportedly would have funded the government at the sequester cut levels for six months, repealed the device tax and offset the nearly $30 billion revenue loss over 10 years by changing employer pension rules.[21]

Democratic leaders in both the House and Senate said they opposed the measure because they were not willing to negotiate reform law provisions as part of the spending fight and because it would extend the sequester cuts for six months, rather than the shorter period they wanted.[21][20]

A spokesperson for Kind said the Democrats were not committed to a device tax repeal though it was not off the table. “There are a lot of proposals, the medical device issue being just one of them. It's a fluid situation. Going forward, I hope that there's a lot more to discuss, a lot more ideas, a lot more thoughts.”[20][21]


Morton Memos Prohibition

Voted "Yes" Dent voted in favor of House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.[7]


House vote on abortion ban

Voted "No" On June 18, 2013, the House voted 228-196, mostly along party lines, to approve a ban on late-term abortions, or abortions occurring after 20 weeks of pregnancy[22][23] A number of members crossed over party lines in their votes. The vote was largely symbolic as the Senate is not expected to take up the bill and the White House has threatened to veto the legislation.[24] Dent was one of six Republican members who voted against the ban.

Healthcare Reform Rules

Voted "Yes" Dent voted in favor of House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[7]

Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act

Voted "Yes" Dent voted in favor of HR 2009 - Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act of 2013. The bill passed through the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 232-185. The bill would prevent the IRS and Treasury Secretary from enforcing the powers provided to them in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The vote largely followed party lines.[7]

Social issues

Amash amendment

Voted "No" Dent voted against House Amendment 413 - Prohibits the National Security Agency from Collecting Records Under the Patriot Act. The amendment failed on July 4, 2013, by a vote of 205-217. The amendment would have prohibited the collection of records by the National Security Agency under the Patriot Act. Both parties were split on the vote.[7]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "Yes" Dent voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 85 Republicans that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[25]

Presidential preference


See also: Endorsements by state officials of presidential candidates in the 2012 election

Charlie Dent endorsed Mitt Romney in the 2012 presidential election. [26]


On The Issues Vote Match

Dent's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Dent is a Populist Conservative. Dent received a score of 22 percent on social issues and 57 percent on economic issues.[27]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[28]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Favors Comfortable with same-sex marriage Favors
Vouchers for school choice Favors Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Strongly Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Opposes
Support & expand free trade Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Strongly Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Opposes Expand the military Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Favors Stay out of Iran Opposes
Privatize Social Security Unknown Never legalize marijuana Strongly Favors
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[27]

Campaign themes


Dent's campaign website lists the following issues:[29]

  • Jobs and the Economy
Excerpt: "If re-elected to serve the people of the 15th District in Congress I intend to focus my efforts on supporting and leading efforts to enact pro-growth, pro-jobs legislation."
  • Health Care
Excerpt: "I believe every American should have access to affordable health insurance, and no government bureaucrat should stand between you and your doctor. That’s why I voted against the President’s health care law and later to repeal it."
  • Social Security & Medicare
Excerpt: "Since the creation of Social Security and Medicare, the Federal Government has made a promise not just to our senior citizens but to future generations as well. I will continue working to make sure that our government keeps its promise."
  • Spending & Taxes
Excerpt: "Every dollar that Washington spends is a dollar that Washington has taken from you and your family. I have a straightforward goal in Congress – make sure that Washington takes less of your money."
  • Serving our Veterans
Excerpt: "The sacrifices of the men and women who wear the uniforms of America’s Armed Forces to defend my family and yours are many and great. We owe them a measureless debt of gratitude and the appreciation they so richly deserve."
  • American Energy
Excerpt: "The saying goes that small businesses are the engine of our national economy. Like all engines they need fuel. That’s why I support an energy policy that includes more domestic production of conventional and alternative sources while embracing efficiency and conservation."



See also: Pennsylvania's 15th Congressional District elections, 2014

Dent is running for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He ran unopposed in the Republican primary on May 20, 2014.[1] The general election takes place November 4, 2014.


See also: Pennsylvania's 15th Congressional District elections, 2012

Dent ran in the 2012 election for the U.S. House to represent Pennsylvania's 15th District. He ran unopposed in the April 24, 2012, Republican primary and faced Rick Daugherty (D), in the general election on November 6, 2012.[30]

The Washington Post listed the House of Representatives elections in Pennsylvania in 2012 as one of the ten states that could have determined whether Democrats gained control of the House or Republicans would hold its majority in 2013.[31] Ohio tied with Pennsylvania for 9th on the list.[31]

U.S. House, Pennsylvania District 15 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Rick Daugherty 43.2% 128,764
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngCharlie Dent Incumbent 56.8% 168,960
Total Votes 297,724
Source: Pennsylvania Department of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"

Full history

Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Dent is available dating back to 2004. Based on available campaign finance records, Dent raised a total of $9,329,454 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 17, 2013.[36]

Charlie Dent's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (Pennsylvania, District 15) Won $1,706,451
2010 US House (Pennsylvania, District 15) Won $2,415,571
2008 US House (Pennsylvania, District 15) Won $1,881,014
2006 US House (Pennsylvania, District 15) Won $1,282,680
2004 US House (Pennsylvania, District 15) Won $2,043,738
Grand Total Raised $9,329,454


Candidates for Congress are required to file reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Charles Dent's reports.[37]

Charlie Dent (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[38]April 15, 2013$235,006.41$33,125.44$(132,588.03)$135,935.82
July Quarterly[39]July 15, 2013$135,935.82$371,518.07$(73,289.69)$433,772.20
October Quarterly[40]October 13, 2013$433,772.20$174,020.06$(103,731.20)$504,061.06
Year-End[41]January 30, 2014$504,061$137,180$(95,257)$545,983
April Quarterly[42]April 15, 2014$545,983.94$275,850.97$(165,161.33)$656,673.58
Running totals


Breakdown of the source of Dent's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Dent won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, his campaign committee raised a total of $1,706,451 and spent $1,511,724.[43] This is slightly more than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[44]

Cost per vote

Dent spent $8.95 per vote received in 2012.


Dent won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Dent's campaign committee raised a total of $2,415,571 and spent $2,553,936.[45]

His top 5 contributors between 2009-2010 were:

U.S. House, Pennsylvania District 15, 2010 - Charlie Dent Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $2,415,571
Total Spent $2,553,936
Total Raised by General Election Opponent $1,995,389
Total Spent by General Election Opponent $1,970,811
Top contributors to Charlie Dent's campaign committee
PPL Corp$32,800
Air Products & Chemicals Inc$25,075
Lutron Electronics$19,300
Comcast Corp$18,500
Jaindl Farms$16,900
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Health Professionals$162,500
Leadership PACs$135,000
Real Estate$84,000
Chemical & Related Manufacturing$67,925

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics pioneered by the Government Accountability Institute:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by, Dent's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $130,051 to $787,000. That averages to $458,525.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican House members in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Dent ranked as the 279th most wealthy representative in 2012.[46] Between 2004 and 2012, Dent‘s calculated net worth[47] decreased by an average of 2 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[48]

Charlie Dent Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
Growth from 2004 to 2012:-20%
Average annual growth:-2%[49]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[50]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.


Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Dent is a "centrist Republican" as of June 2013.[51]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[52]

Dent most often votes with:

Dent least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Dent missed 20 of 6,459 roll call votes from January 2005 to April 2013. This amounts to 0.3 percent, which is better than the median of 2.2% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving as of April 2013.[53]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Dent paid his congressional staff a total of $918,914 in 2011. Overall, Pennsylvania ranked 34th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[54]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.


Dent ranked 227th in the conservative rankings in 2012.[55][56]


Dent ranked 211th in the conservative rankings in 2011.[57]

Voting with party


Charles W. Dent voted with the Republican Party 92.0 percent of the time, which ranked 204th among the 234 House Republican members as of June 2013.[58]


Charles W. Dent voted with the Republican Party 86.6 percent of the time, which ranked 221 among the 242 House Republican members as of December 2011.[59]


Dent is married to Pamela. They have three children.

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Charlie + Dent + Pennsylvania + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Charlie Dent News Feed

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See also

External links

Political Tracker has an article on:
Charlie Dent


  1. 1.0 1.1 Associated Press, "Pennsylvania - Summary Vote Results," May 20, 2014
  2. U.S. House of Representatives, "Charlie Dent," accessed December 9, 2013
  3., "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  4. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  5. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  6. The Morning Call, "Rep. Dent, Sen. Casey split on military action against Syria," September 3, 2013
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 Project Vote Smart, "Charlie Dent Key Votes," accessed October 16, 2013
  8. The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
  9. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  10. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  11. 11.0 11.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled farm bill, with clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  12. 12.0 12.1, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  13. 13.0 13.1 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  14. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  15. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  16. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  17. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  18. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  19. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 Modern Healthcare, "House floats repeal of medical device tax as compromise to end government shutdown," accessed October 7, 2013
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 21.3 The Morning Call, "U.S. Rep. Charlie Dent offers shutdown compromise: Fund government but drop medical device tax," accessed October 7, 2013
  22. CNN, "House passes late term abortion ban," accessed June 20, 2013
  23. U.S. House, "June 18 Roll Call Vote," accessed June 20, 2013
  24. Politico, "House OKs 20-week abortion ban bill," accessed June 20, 2013
  25. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  26. McCall, "Dent to endorse Romney for president," March 12, 2012
  27. 27.0 27.1 On The Issues, "Dent Vote Match," accessed July 7, 2014
  28. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  29. Campaign website, "Issues," accessed March 18, 2014
  30. Pennsylvania Department of State, "2012 General Primary Unofficial Returns," April 24, 2012
  31. 31.0 31.1 Washington Post, "The 10 states that will determine control of the House in 2012," accessed April 25, 2012
  32. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  33. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  34. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  35. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  36. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Charlie Dent," accessed April 17, 2013
  37. Federal Election Commission, "Charlie Dent 2014 Summary reports," accessed October 28, 2013
  38. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed July 22, 2013
  39. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed July 22, 2013
  40. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 28, 2013
  41. Federal Election Commission, "Dent Year-End," accessed February 5, 2014
  42. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
  43. Open Secrets, "Charles Dent's 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 4, 2013
  44. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  45. Open Secrets, "Charles W. Dent 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 16, 2011
  46. OpenSecrets, "Dent, 2012," accessed January 14, 2014
  47. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  48. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  49. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  50. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  51. GovTrack, "Dent," accessed June 19, 2013
  52. OpenCongress, "Rep. Charles W. Dent," accessed August 22, 2013
  53. GovTrack, "Charles Dent," accessed April 17, 2013
  54. LegiStorm, "Charles W. Dent," accessed September 18, 2012
  55. National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 21, 2013
  56. National Journal, "TABLE: House Conservative Scores by Issue Area," February 21, 2013
  57. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  58. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  59. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Pat Toomey
U.S. House of Representatives - Pennsylvania, District 15
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Pennsylvania Senate
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Pennsylvania House of Representatives
Succeeded by